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Detailed information about coin type: Penny from Australia:

Coin type: Penny
Description

The Australian Penny was a coin of the Australian pound used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation in 1966. It was worth one twelfth of an Australian shilling and 1/240 of an Australian pound. The coin was equivalent in its dimensions, composition and value to the British penny, as the two currencies were fixed at par.

The coin was first introduced in 1911, and stopped being minted in 1964, with the introduction of decimalisation. When decimalisation happened on 14 February 1966, the coin value was equal to 0.8333¢.

The obverse of the coin featured the reigning Australian monarch. Three were featured: George V, George VI and Elizabeth II. All of the pennies featuring George VI and Elizabeth II had a kangaroo on the reverse. The same image was on the Australian half-penny and has since been included on the dollar coin and the bullion silver kangaroo.

During the George VI era, coins minted at Melbourne had a dot at the end of the word "PENNY", while coins from Perth did not have a dot. This continued through the end of the coin's lifetime.

Counting the known mintages of proofs, a total of 814,788,088 (815 million) coins of the denomination were minted during its existence.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Pound
Sub-type of Sub-types Penny - Commonwealth of Australia
Penny - Kangaroo
Face value1 (x Penny)
Years produced1911 - 1964 CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
MaterialBronze Designer
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)30.8000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)9.4500
Obverse

Effigy of the monarch. Throughout the existence of the coin, these were:
- King George V
- King George VI
- Queen Elizabeth II

There were no coins minted for King Edward VIII.

Obverse inscription

Legend of the monarch.

Reverse

Reverse inscription

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Notes

If you keep your coins in 2x2 cardboard holders, the best size for pennies is 32.5mm.

Penny: Photos

Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1911
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Commonwealth of Australia reverse (1911 - 1936).
source

Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Kangaroo reverse (1938 - 1964).
source

Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1911
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1936).
source

Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1945
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor of India (1938 - 1948).
source

Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1949 - 1952).
source

Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953).
source

Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1956
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Defender of the Faith (1955 - 1964).
source
List of 53 coins of type: Penny from Australia
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Penny 1911 3,768,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1912 3,600,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1913 2,520,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1914 720,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1915 2,280,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1916 3,324,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1917 6,240,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1918 1,200,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1919 5,810,160 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1920 9,041,600 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1921 7,438,320 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1922 12,697,440 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1923 5,654,400 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1924 4,665,840 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1925 1,639,200 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1926 1,860,000 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1927 4,922,450 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1928 3,038,400 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1929 2,599,200 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1930 unknown King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Penny 1931 494,400 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1932 2,116,800 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1933 5,817,600 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1934 5,808,100 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1935 3,724,900 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1936 9,890,400 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D.G: BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Penny 1937 (pattern) 12 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX: F:D:IND:IMP.
Penny 1938 5,552,650 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1939 6,240,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1940 5,188,800 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1941 14,382,800 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX: F:D:IND:IMP.
Penny 1942 21,244,800 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1943 53,198,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX: F:D:IND:IMP.
Penny 1944 29,942,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1945 15,172,806 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1946 240,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1947 11,174,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1948 28,150,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Penny 1949 27,064,800 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1950 57,846,800 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1951 52,128,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1952 57,922,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1953 13,138,816 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA
Penny 1955 17,447,101 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1956 25,994,917 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1957 15,979,112 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1958 24,443,334 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1959 16,048,136 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1960 20,516,230 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1961 30,608,240 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1962 34,852,664 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1963 10,259,660 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny 1964 109,180,401 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA F: D:
Penny: Some useful external links
Wikipedia: Penny (Australian coin)