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Detailed information about coin type: Halfpenny from New Zealand:

Coin type: Halfpenny
Description

Initially, British and Australian coins circulated in New Zealand. The devaluation of the New Zealand pound relative to sterling in the 1930s led to the issue of distinct New Zealand coins in 1933, in denominations of 3d, 6d, 1s, 2s (the florin) and 2½s (the half-crown), minted in 50% silver until 1946 and in cupro-nickel from 1947. In 1940, bronze ½d and 1d coins were introduced.

All these denominations were the same size and weight as their equivalents in the Australian and UK coinage (although Australia never minted the half-crown).

According to Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966, the original specifications for the coin were (in measurement units of the time):

Diameter of Coin: 25.5 mm
Standard Weight: 87.5 grains

The composition of the metal was: 95.5% copper, 3% tin and 1.5% zinc.

In regards to statistics, it has to be noted that the mintage figures provided by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand include, in some cases (like the 1953 mintages), the proof issue of the year while in most other cases they do not.

According to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, the total mintage of the denomination during its existence was 49,251,800 (49 mln). Counting the (few) known proof mintages, the total mintage adds up to 49,276,815 (49 mln).

CountryNew Zealand CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
Sub-type of Sub-types
Face value1/2 (x Penny)
Years produced1940 - 1965 CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
MaterialBronze DesignerLeonard Cornwall Mitchell
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)25.5000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)5.7000
Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

During the existence of the denomination, ruling monarchs were King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.

After the Independence of India in 1947, the title "Emperor" was dropped from the legend of King George VI.

Obverse inscription

Reverse

A Māori hei-tiki (neck pendant) with ornamental tukutuku patterns on each side.

The reverse of this coin was designed by Leonard Cornwall Mitchell (1901-1971), born in Wellington. He was an important 20th Century NZ commercial artist and graphic designer. He completed a signwriting apprenticeship in Palmerston North, then worked at the "Government Publicity Department". Designed posters, booklet covers as well as coins as designing over 90 NZ stamps. Father of artist and owner of Wellington's mid century "Lambton Art Galleries" Victor Leonard William Mitchell.

Reverse inscription

NEW ZEALAND HALF PENNY [year]

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Halfpenny: Photos

Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Tiki reverse (1940 - 1965).
source

Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1940
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Emperor (1940 - 1947).
source

Proof Coin - 1/2 Penny, New Zealand, 1949
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1949 - 1952).
source

New Zealand 1960 1/2 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1965).
source
List of 24 coins of type: Halfpenny from New Zealand
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Halfpenny 1940 3,432,005 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1941 960,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1942 1,920,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1944 2,035,200 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1945 1,516,800 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1946 3,120,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1947 2,726,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR
Halfpenny 1949 1,766,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Halfpenny 1950 1,425,600 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Halfpenny 1951 2,342,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Halfpenny 1952 2,400,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget KING GEORGE THE SIXTH
Halfpenny 1953 727,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN · ELIZABETH · THE · SECOND +
Halfpenny 1954 240,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND +
Halfpenny 1955 240,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND +
Halfpenny 1956 1,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1957 1,440,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1958 1,920,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1959 1,920,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1960 2,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1961 2,880,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1962 2,880,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1963 1,680,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1964 2,880,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny 1965 5,225,010 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Halfpenny: Some useful external links
Coins New Zealand > NZ Pre Decimal coins (1933 to 1965) > Halfpenny Wikipedia: New Zealand Pound