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Detailed information about coin type: One Penny from United Kingdom:

Coin type: One Penny
Description

The British decimal one penny (1p) coin, usually simply known as a penny, is a unit of currency equalling one one-hundredth of a pound sterling. The penny’s symbol is p. Its obverse has featured the profile of Queen Elizabeth II since the coin’s introduction in 1971, the year British currency was decimalised. Three different portraits of the Queen have been used on the coin, with the latest design by Ian Rank-Broadley being introduced in 1998. The second and current reverse, featuring a segment of the Royal Shield, was introduced in 2008.

The correct plural form for multiple 1p coins is pennies, and the correct term for monetary sums less than £1 is pence (often pee informally), e.g. fifty pence.

One penny and two pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of 20p; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 1p and 2p coins in order to settle a debt.

The penny was originally minted from bronze, but since 1992 it has been minted in copper-plated steel due to the increasing price of metal. Soaring copper prices in the mid-2000s caused the value of the copper in the pre-1992 coins (which are 97% copper) to exceed the coins' face value. For example, in May 2006, the intrinsic metal value of a pre-1992 1p coin was about 1.5 pence. During 2008, the value of copper fell dramatically from these peaks.

As of 2013/14 the penny is the lowest value coin ever circulated (and used) in the United Kingdom.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling
Sub-type of Sub-types One Penny (Bronze, Ironside design)
One Penny (Steel, Ironside design)
One Penny (Steel, Dent design)
Face value1 (x Penny)
Years produced1971 - ? CurrentYes
MaterialBronze Designer
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)
Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend.

Obverse inscription

Reverse

Reverse inscription

Edge Edge inscription

List of 47 coins of type: One Penny from United Kingdom
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
One Penny 1971 1,522,016,250 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1972 (Proof only) 150,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1973 280,296,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1974 330,992,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1975 221,704,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1976 300,260,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1977 285,623,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1978 292,856,100 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1979 459,081,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1980 416,447,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1981 301,900,300 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1982 100,603,800 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1983 243,746,800 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1984 155,034,965 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1985 200,885,635 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1986 370,260,951 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1987 500,207,084 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1988 793,705,381 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1989 658,305,273 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1990 529,229,158 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1991 206,587,719 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1992 253,989,758 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1993 602,713,025 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1994 844,056,614 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1995 303,462,489 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1996 723,972,856 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1997 397,064,305 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Raphael David Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1998 739,886,192 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 1999 891,628,492 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2000 1,060,652,750 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2001 928,815,336 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2002 601,573,967 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2003 539,592,512 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2004 739,883,637 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2005 536,440,263 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2006 524,723,324 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2007 548,040,215 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2008 (Ironside design) 180,600,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2008 (Dent design) 507,952,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2009 556,412,800 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2010 609,603,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2011 431,046,500 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2012 227,234,500 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2013 260,844,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2014 464,801,520 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2015 (Fourth Portrait) 154,600,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II D · G · REG · F · D · [year]
One Penny 2015 (Fifth Portrait) 418,201,016 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · [year]
One Penny: Some useful external links
The Royal Mint Museum: One penny coin