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Detailed information about coin type: Penny (Pre-decimal) from United Kingdom:

Coin type: Penny (Pre-decimal)
Description

The pre-decimal penny (1d) was a coin worth one two-hundred-and-fortieth of a pound sterling. Its symbol was d, from the Roman denarius. It was a continuation of the earlier English penny, and in Scotland it had the same monetary value of one pre-1707 shilling. The penny was originally minted in silver, but from the late eighteenth-century onward it was minted in copper, and then after 1860 in bronze.

The plural of "penny" is "pence" when referring to a quantity of money and "pennies" when referring to a number of coins. Thus a 8d is eight pence, but "eight pennies" means specifically eight individual penny coins.

Before Decimal Day in 1971 twelve pence made a shilling, and twenty shillings made a pound, hence 240 pence in one pound. Values less than a pound were usually written in terms of shillings and pence, e.g. 42 pence would be three shillings and six pence (3/6), pronounced "three and six". Values of less than a shilling were simply written in terms of pence, e.g. eight pence would be 8d.

This version of the penny was made obsolete in 1971 due to decimalisation, and was replaced by the decimal penny which had a value 2.4 times as great.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type of Sub-types Penny (Britannia, first design)
Penny (Silver, circulating)
Penny (Britannia, second design)
Penny (Britannia, third design, large)
Penny (Britannia, third design, small)
Penny (Britannia, fourth design)
Face value1 (x Penny)
Years produced1806 - 1970 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Material Designer
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)
Obverse

Effigy of the ruling monarch, legend

Obverse inscription

Legend of the ruling monarch

Reverse

Reverse inscription

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

List of 6 coins of type: Penny (Pre-decimal) from United Kingdom
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Penny 1806 unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1806
Penny 1807 unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1807
Penny 1808 (Proof only) unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1808
Penny 1817 (Silver, circulating) unknown King George III Small Head GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1817
Penny 1818 (Silver, circulating) unknown King George III Small Head GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1818
Penny 1820 (Silver, circulating) unknown King George III Small Head GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA 1820
Penny (Pre-decimal): Some useful external links
The Royal Mint Museum: Penny