Home / Coins by Country / Coins from United Kingdom / Coin Type: Penny (Pre-decimal)

Detailed information about coin type: Penny (Pre-decimal) from United Kingdom:

Coin type: Penny (Pre-decimal)
Description

The pre-decimal penny (1d) was a coin worth one two-hundred-and-fortieth of a pound sterling. Its symbol was d, from the Roman denarius. It was a continuation of the earlier English penny, and in Scotland it had the same monetary value of one pre-1707 shilling. The penny was originally minted in silver, but from the late eighteenth-century onward it was minted in copper, and then after 1860 in bronze.

The plural of "penny" is "pence" when referring to a quantity of money and "pennies" when referring to a number of coins. Thus a 8d is eight pence, but "eight pennies" means specifically eight individual penny coins.

Before Decimal Day in 1971 twelve pence made a shilling, and twenty shillings made a pound, hence 240 pence in one pound. Values less than a pound were usually written in terms of shillings and pence, e.g. 42 pence would be three shillings and six pence (3/6), pronounced "three and six". Values of less than a shilling were simply written in terms of pence, e.g. eight pence would be 8d.

This version of the penny was made obsolete in 1971 due to decimalisation, and was replaced by the decimal penny which had a value 2.4 times as great.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type of Sub-types Penny (Britannia, first design)
Penny (Silver, circulating)
Penny (Britannia, second design)
Penny (Britannia, third design, large)
Penny (Britannia, third design, small)
Penny (Britannia, fourth design)
Face value1 (x Penny)
Years produced1806 - 1970 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Material Designer
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)
Obverse

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend in Latin.

Obverse inscription

Legend of the ruling British monarch

Reverse

Reverse inscription

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Bressett, Kenneth E. 1962. A Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Wisconsin, USA. pp 31-40
[Book] Freeman, Michael J. 1970. The Bronze Coinage of Great Britain. Motherwell, Scotland.
[Book] Remick, Jerome. 1971. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins., pp 202-206

Penny (Pre-decimal): Photos

Coin - Penny, George III, Great Britain, 1806
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source

Proof Coin - Penny, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source

Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1863
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source

Coin - Penny, George III, Great Britain, 1806
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1806 - 1808).
source

Proof Coin - Penny, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source

Coin - Penny, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source

Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1849
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source

Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1863
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
List of 38 coins of type: Penny (Pre-decimal) from United Kingdom
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Penny 1806 unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1806
Penny 1807 unknown King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1807
Penny 1808 (Proof only) 1 King George III Laureate head by Conrad Küchler GEORGIUS III · D : G · REX. 1808
Penny 1817 (Silver, circulating) unknown King George III Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
Penny 1818 (Silver, circulating) unknown King George III Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1818
Penny 1820 (Silver, circulating) unknown King George III Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1820
Penny 1825 1,075,200 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1825
Penny 1826 5,913,600 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1826
Penny 1827 1,451,520 King George IV Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1827
Penny 1831 806,400 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1831
Penny 1834 322,560 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1834
Penny 1837 174,720 King William IV Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1837
Penny 1839 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Penny 1841 913,920 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
Penny 1843 483,840 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
Penny 1844 215,040 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Penny 1845 322,560 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Penny 1846 483,840 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
Penny 1847 430,080 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1847
Penny 1848 161,280 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
Penny 1849 268,800 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1849
Penny 1851 532,224 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1851
Penny 1853 1,021,440 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
Penny 1854 6,720,000 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1854
Penny 1855 5,273,856 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1855
Penny 1856 1,212,288 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1856
Penny 1857 752,640 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1857
Penny 1858 1,559,040 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1858
Penny 1859 1,075,200 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1859
Penny 1860 (Large) 32,256 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1860
Penny 1860 (Small) 5,053,440 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1861 36,449,280 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1862 50,534,400 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1863 28,062,720 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1864 3,440,640 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1865 8,601,600 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1866 9,999,360 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny 1867 5,483,520 Queen Victoria Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Penny (Pre-decimal): Some useful external links
The Royal Mint Museum: Penny