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Detailed information about coin type: Sovereign (St George) from United Kingdom:

Coin type: Sovereign (St George)
Description

Circulation gold sovereigns were struck with a milled edge. A plain edge indicates a special issue ("specimen", later called "proof") which was not legal tender.

In 1916 the [Australian] Commonwealth Treasury ordered Melbourne to pay for gold by cheque instead of in gold coin. In 1922 arrangements were made with Melbourne that it should coin gold whenever the bullion held reached 200,000 pounds. This seems to have occurred only every six months, the coin being held to back issues of Commonwealth paper money. This did not meet the needs of the Gold Producers Association; it would appear that they were able to employ the Perth Mint for their needs. Melbourne coins of the early 1920s are very rare, most having been deposited against paper money issues [thus stayed with the bank and never entered circulation]; Perth Mint coins of the era remain common.

In ten of the first twelve years of its existence, the Royal Mint branch in Ottawa (like other branches of the mother facility in London) struck sovereigns of identical design and specifications as the corresponding English issues. They can be distinguished by the "C" mint mark located beneath St. George's horse and just above the date on the reverse. Issues struck during World War I were primarily used to help pay for war materials that England purchased from the US, saving the risk of sending gold coins minted in London across the Atlantic.

Composition: 0.9167 gold, 0.0833 copper.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofSovereign (Pre-Decimal) Sub-types
Face value1 (x Pound)
Years produced1871 - 1968 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Material0.9167 Gold DesignerBenedetto Pistrucci
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)22.0500 Thickness (mm)1.5200
Mass (g)7.9881
Obverse

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend.

Obverse inscription
Reverse

The reverse is the familiar St. George and Dragon design originally engraved by Benedetto Pistrucci about 1817.

Reverse inscription[year]
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Dyer, G.P. The Modern Sovereign, Chapter 3 Royal Sovereign 1489-1989, Royal Mint Publication.
[Book] Mullett, William J. 1991. Gold Coinage and Refining at the Melbourne Mint.

Sovereign (St George): Photos

Coin - Sovereign, George V, Great Britain, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Royal Mint London, no mint mark (1871 - 1968).
source

Proof Coin - Sovereign, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint, M mint mark (1872 - 1931).
source

Coin - Sovereign, Canada, 1918
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Ottawa Mint, C mint mark (1908 - 1919).
source

Coin - Sovereign, India, 1918
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Bombay Mint, I mint mark (1918).
source

Proof Coin - Sovereign, South Africa, 1923
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Pretoria Mint, SA mint mark (1923 - 1932).
source

Coin - Sovereign, Edward VII, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910).
source

Coin - Sovereign, Canada, 1918
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V (1911 - 1928).
source

Proof Coin - Sovereign, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V, "small head" (1929 - 1932).
source

Proof Coin - Sovereign, George VI, Great Britain, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1937).
source

Great Britain 1958 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1957 - 1968).
source
List of 86 coins of type: Sovereign (St George) from United Kingdom
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Sovereign 1817 3,235,239 King George III Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS III D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D: 1817
Sovereign 1818 2,347,230 King George III Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS III D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D: 1818
Sovereign 1819 3,574 King George III Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS III D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D: 1819
Sovereign 1820 931,994 King George III Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS III D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D: 1820
Sovereign 1821 9,405,114 King George IV Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head) GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sovereign 1822 5,356,787 King George IV Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head) GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sovereign 1823 616,770 King George IV Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head) GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sovereign 1824 3,767,904 King George IV Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head) GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sovereign 1825 St George 4,200,343 King George IV Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate head) GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sovereign 1871 St George 11,581,250 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D:
Sovereign 1872 St George 16,049,708 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1873 St George 4,598,215 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1874 St George 3,792,713 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1875 St George 4,010,000 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1876 St George 7,055,866 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1877 St George 1,487,002 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1878 St George 3,262,275 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1879 St George 4,126,013 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1880 St George 8,161,880 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1881 St George 3,684,000 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1882 St George 3,764,000 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1883 St George 3,158,000 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1884 St George 6,306,635 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1885 St George 5,160,223 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1886 St George 4,568,500 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head 2,915,000 Queen Victoria Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITANNIAR : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head 3,054,077 Queen Victoria Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1888 7,294,424 Queen Victoria Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Sovereign 1889 13,251,455 Queen Victoria Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1890 11,811,424 Queen Victoria Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1891 11,675,068 Queen Victoria Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1892 13,430,470 Queen Victoria Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head 3,147,352 Queen Victoria Portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head) VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D
Sovereign 1893 Veiled head 10,159,433 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP .
Sovereign 1894 11,016,485 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1895 9,209,186 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1896 10,334,997 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1897 7,662,565 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1898 12,418,485 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1899 17,045,127 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1900 20,604,734 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1901 11,467,982 Queen Victoria Portrait by Sir Thomas Brock (Veiled Head) VICTORIA DEI . GRA . BRITT . REGINA . FID . DEF . IND . IMP
Sovereign 1902 16,122,198 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1903 19,891,190 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1904 21,278,022 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1905 17,198,434 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1906 21,746,651 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1907 29,302,643 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1908 21,702,207 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT: OMN: REX F:D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1909 21,784,151 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1910 32,287,808 King Edward VII Portrait by George William de Saulles (Bare Head) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1911 40,048,431 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Sovereign 1912 39,292,322 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1913 33,750,854 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1914 20,118,033 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1915 27,652,715 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1916 8,171,636 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1917 7,741,314 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1918 13,900,265 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1919 5,480,498 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1920 3,311,196 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1921 3,339,481 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1922 3,485,190 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1923 3,051,743 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1924 2,139,740 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1925 21,276,258 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1926 13,663,346 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1927 18,073,404 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1928 19,981,682 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1929 14,067,451 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1930 12,020,682 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1931 9,743,139 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1932 1,066,680 King George V Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head) GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Sovereign 1937 Edward VIII (not released) 6 King Edward VIII Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget EDWARDVS VIII D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) 5,501 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Sovereign 1953 (not released) unknown Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH II DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REGINA F: D: +
Sovereign 1957 2,072,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1958 8,700,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Sovereign 1959 1,385,228 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1962 3,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1963 7,400,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1964 3,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1965 3,800,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1966 7,050,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1967 5,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign 1968 4,203,000 Queen Elizabeth II Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA . F: D: +
Sovereign (St George): Some useful external links
Royal Mint: The Sovereign Reverse Designs