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Detailed information about coin type: Threepence (Brass, Thrift Plant) from United Kingdom:

Coin type: Threepence (Brass, Thrift Plant)
Description

By the end of George V's reign the threepence had become unpopular in England because of its small size, but it remained popular in Scotland. It was consequently decided to introduce a more substantial threepenny coin which would have a more convenient weight/value ratio than the silver coinage.

The silver threepence continued to be minted, as there may have been some uncertainty about how well the new coin would be accepted.

The Edward VIII era saw the planned introduction of a new, larger, nickel-brass twelve-sided threepence coin. This coin weighed 6.6 grams and the diameter was 21 mm across the sides and 22 mm across the corners. The obverse shows a left-facing effigy of the king (not right as would have been the convention to alternate the direction) with the inscription EDWARDVS VIII D G BR OMN REX F D IND IMP, and the reverse shows a three-headed thrift plant with the inscription THREE PENCE 1937. A total of just 12 of these coins were struck for experimental purposes and sent to a slot machine manufacturing company for testing. The whereabouts of six of those 12 are known. However, the other six are still out there somewhere and, as such, they are extremely rare today. An example was sold at auction in 2013 for £30,000. There are two types of Edward VIII brass threepences. The first type has the date broken by a thrift plant design and the second has the date below.

During the reign of King George VI, the nickel-brass threepence took over the bulk of the production of the denomination, being produced in all years between 1937 and 1952 except 1947. Apart from the king's head and name, and the weight being increased to 6.8 grams, the coin was identical to that prepared for Edward VIII.

At first the coins had sharp corners, but during 1941 a more rounded collar was used, as failure of the collars was occurring too frequently. In 1948, and from 1950, sharp edged collars were used again. Both types are known for 1949.

Nickel-brass three pence coins were demonetised together with most (but not all) pre-decimal denominations on 31st August 1971.

The Maundy coins continued the traditional numeral 3 reverse.

Composition: 79% copper, 20% zinc, 1% nickel.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofThreepence (Circulating) Sub-types
Face value3 (x Penny)
Years produced1937 - 1952 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
MaterialNickel-Brass (Neusilber) Designer
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapePolygon (12-sided)
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)6.8000
Obverse

Effigy of the monarch, legend (in Latin).

Obverse inscription

Legend of the ruling British monarch

Reverse

At centre, a three-headed thrift plant (allium porum); around, THREE PENCE; below, the date.

Reverse inscription

THREE PENCE [year]

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Threepence (Brass, Thrift Plant): Photos

Great Britain 1949 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Common reverse (1937 - 1952).
source

Great Britain 1949 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1949 - 1952).
source
List of 15 coins of type: Threepence (Brass, Thrift Plant) from United Kingdom
NameMintageReignEffigyLegend
Threepence 1937 (Brass) 45,734,359 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1938 (Brass) 14,532,332 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1939 (Brass) 5,603,021 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1940 (Brass) 12,636,018 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1941 (Brass) 60,239,489 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1942 (Brass) 103,214,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1943 (Brass) 101,702,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1944 (Brass) 69,760,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1945 (Brass) 33,942,466 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1946 (Brass) 620,734 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1948 (Brass) 4,230,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP.
Threepence 1949 (Brass) 464,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1950 (Brass) 1,617,513 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1951 (Brass) 1,204,000 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1952 (Brass) 25,494,400 King George VI Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D: G: BR: OMN: REX FIDEI DEF.