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We know of 3 currency periods in Australia, being:

Australian Pound (1910 - 1966)
     

The pound (symbol £, or A£ when distinguished from other currencies called the pound) was the currency of Australia from 1910 until 14 February 1966, when it was replaced by the Australian dollar. It was subdivided into 20 shillings (symbol s), each of 12 pence (symbol d).

Crown 1937 - 1938
  Crown 1937
  Crown 1938

Florin 1910 - 1963
  Florin 1910
  Florin 1911
  Florin 1912
  Florin 1913
  Florin 1914
  Florin 1915
  Florin 1916
  Florin 1917
  Florin 1918
  Florin 1919
  Florin 1920 (pattern)
  Florin 1921
  Florin 1922
  Florin 1923
  Florin 1924
  Florin 1925
  Florin 1926
  Florin 1927
  Florin 1927 Parliament House
  Florin 1928
  Florin 1931
  Florin 1932
  Florin 1933
  Florin 1934
  Florin 1934-1935 Centenary of Victoria
  Florin 1935
  Florin 1936
  Florin 1937 (pattern)
  Florin 1938
  Florin 1939
  Florin 1940
  Florin 1941
  Florin 1942
  Florin 1943
  Florin 1944
  Florin 1945
  Florin 1946
  Florin 1947
  Florin 1951
  Florin 1951 Federation Jubilee
  Florin 1952
  Florin 1953
  Florin 1954
  Florin 1954 Royal Visit
  Florin 1956
  Florin 1957
  Florin 1958
  Florin 1959
  Florin 1960
  Florin 1961
  Florin 1962
  Florin 1963

Shilling 1910 - 1963
  Shilling 1910
  Shilling 1911
  Shilling 1912
  Shilling 1913
  Shilling 1914
  Shilling 1915
  Shilling 1916
  Shilling 1917
  Shilling 1918
  Shilling 1919 (pattern)
  Shilling 1920
  Shilling 1921
  Shilling 1922
  Shilling 1924
  Shilling 1925
  Shilling 1926
  Shilling 1927
  Shilling 1928
  Shilling 1931
  Shilling 1933
  Shilling 1934
  Shilling 1935
  Shilling 1936
  Shilling 1937 (pattern)
  Shilling 1938
  Shilling 1939
  Shilling 1940
  Shilling 1941
  Shilling 1942
  Shilling 1943
  Shilling 1944
  Shilling 1945 (not released)
  Shilling 1946
  Shilling 1948
  Shilling 1950
  Shilling 1952
  Shilling 1953
  Shilling 1954
  Shilling 1955
  Shilling 1956
  Shilling 1957
  Shilling 1958
  Shilling 1959
  Shilling 1960
  Shilling 1961
  Shilling 1962
  Shilling 1963

Sixpence 1910 - 1963
  Sixpence 1910
  Sixpence 1911
  Sixpence 1912
  Sixpence 1914
  Sixpence 1916
  Sixpence 1917
  Sixpence 1918
  Sixpence 1919
  Sixpence 1920
  Sixpence 1921
  Sixpence 1922
  Sixpence 1923
  Sixpence 1924
  Sixpence 1925
  Sixpence 1926
  Sixpence 1927
  Sixpence 1928
  Sixpence 1934
  Sixpence 1935
  Sixpence 1936
  Sixpence 1937 (pattern)
  Sixpence 1938
  Sixpence 1939
  Sixpence 1940
  Sixpence 1941
  Sixpence 1942
  Sixpence 1943
  Sixpence 1944
  Sixpence 1945
  Sixpence 1946
  Sixpence 1948
  Sixpence 1950
  Sixpence 1951
  Sixpence 1952
  Sixpence 1953
  Sixpence 1954
  Sixpence 1955
  Sixpence 1956
  Sixpence 1957
  Sixpence 1958
  Sixpence 1959
  Sixpence 1960
  Sixpence 1961
  Sixpence 1962
  Sixpence 1963

Threepence 1910 - 1964
  Threepence 1910
  Threepence 1911
  Threepence 1912
  Threepence 1914
  Threepence 1915
  Threepence 1916
  Threepence 1917
  Threepence 1918
  Threepence 1919
  Threepence 1920
  Threepence 1921
  Threepence 1922
  Threepence 1923
  Threepence 1924
  Threepence 1925
  Threepence 1926
  Threepence 1927
  Threepence 1928
  Threepence 1934
  Threepence 1935
  Threepence 1936
  Threepence 1937 (pattern)
  Threepence 1938
  Threepence 1939
  Threepence 1940
  Threepence 1941
  Threepence 1942
  Threepence 1943
  Threepence 1944
  Threepence 1947
  Threepence 1948
  Threepence 1949
  Threepence 1950
  Threepence 1951
  Threepence 1952
  Threepence 1953
  Threepence 1954
  Threepence 1955
  Threepence 1956
  Threepence 1957
  Threepence 1958
  Threepence 1959
  Threepence 1960
  Threepence 1961
  Threepence 1962
  Threepence 1963
  Threepence 1964

Penny 1911 - 1964
  Penny 1911
  Penny 1912
  Penny 1913
  Penny 1914
  Penny 1915
  Penny 1916
  Penny 1917
  Penny 1918
  Penny 1919
  Penny 1920
  Penny 1921
  Penny 1922
  Penny 1923
  Penny 1924
  Penny 1925
  Penny 1926
  Penny 1927
  Penny 1928
  Penny 1929
  Penny 1930
  Penny 1931
  Penny 1932
  Penny 1933
  Penny 1934
  Penny 1935
  Penny 1936
  Penny 1937 (pattern)
  Penny 1938
  Penny 1939
  Penny 1940
  Penny 1941
  Penny 1942
  Penny 1943
  Penny 1944
  Penny 1945
  Penny 1946
  Penny 1947
  Penny 1948
  Penny 1949
  Penny 1950
  Penny 1951
  Penny 1952
  Penny 1953
  Penny 1955
  Penny 1956
  Penny 1957
  Penny 1958
  Penny 1959
  Penny 1960
  Penny 1961
  Penny 1962
  Penny 1963
  Penny 1964

Halfpenny 1911 - 1964
  Halfpenny 1911
  Halfpenny 1912
  Halfpenny 1913
  Halfpenny 1914
  Halfpenny 1915
  Halfpenny 1916
  Halfpenny 1917
  Halfpenny 1918
  Halfpenny 1919
  Halfpenny 1920
  Halfpenny 1921
  Halfpenny 1922
  Halfpenny 1923
  Halfpenny 1924
  Halfpenny 1925
  Halfpenny 1926
  Halfpenny 1927
  Halfpenny 1928
  Halfpenny 1929
  Halfpenny 1930
  Halfpenny 1931
  Halfpenny 1932
  Halfpenny 1933
  Halfpenny 1934
  Halfpenny 1935
  Halfpenny 1936
  Halfpenny 1938
  Halfpenny 1939 Commonwealth of Australia
  Halfpenny 1939 Kangaroo
  Halfpenny 1940
  Halfpenny 1941
  Halfpenny 1942
  Halfpenny 1943
  Halfpenny 1944
  Halfpenny 1945
  Halfpenny 1946
  Halfpenny 1947
  Halfpenny 1948
  Halfpenny 1949
  Halfpenny 1950
  Halfpenny 1951
  Halfpenny 1952
  Halfpenny 1953
  Halfpenny 1954
  Halfpenny 1955
  Halfpenny 1959
  Halfpenny 1960
  Halfpenny 1961
  Halfpenny 1962
  Halfpenny 1963
  Halfpenny 1964


Australian Dollar (1966 - )
     

In February 1959 the Commonwealth Government appointed a Decimal Currency Committee to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of a decimal currency, and, if a decimal currency was favoured, the unit of account and denominations of subsidiary currency most appropriate for Australia, the method of introduction and the cost involved.

The Committee presented its report in August 1960. It recommended the date of introduction of the new system to be the second Monday in February, 1963.

In July 1961 the Commonwealth Government confirmed its support of a decimal currency system, but considered it undesirable to make final decisions on the detailed arrangement that would be necessary to effect the change.

On 7 April 1963 the Commonwealth Government announced that a system of decimal currency was to be introduced into Australia at the earliest practicable date, and gave February 1966, as the tentative change-over date.

On 14 February 1966, a decimal currency, the dollar of one hundred cents, was introduced.

Under the implementation conversion rate, £1 was set as the equivalent of $2. Thus, 10s became $1 and 1s became 10c. The conversion rate was problematic for the pre-decimal penny since the shilling was divided into twelve pence. An exchange rate of $2.40:£1 would have allowed for accurate conversion down to the penny, with one penny becoming one cent, however the Government thought it more important that the new currency unit be more valuable than the United States dollar which it would not have been under a 2.4:1 ratio.

Two Dollars 1988 -
  Two Dollars 1988
  Two Dollars 1989
  Two Dollars 1990
  Two Dollars 1991 (mint sets only)
  Two Dollars 1992
  Two Dollars 1993
  Two Dollars 1994
  Two Dollars 1995
  Two Dollars 1996
  Two Dollars 1997
  Two Dollars 1998
  Two Dollars 1999
  Two Dollars 2000
  Two Dollars 2001
  Two Dollars 2002
  Two Dollars 2003
  Two Dollars 2004
  Two Dollars 2005
  Two Dollars 2006
  Two Dollars 2007
  Two Dollars 2008
  Two Dollars 2009
  Two Dollars 2010
  Two Dollars 2011
  Two Dollars 2012
  Two Dollars 2012 Remembrance Day (Poppy)
  Two Dollars 2013
  Two Dollars 2013 Coronation (Purple)
  Two Dollars 2014
  Two Dollars 2014 Remembrance Day (Green)
  Two Dollars 2015
  Two Dollars 2015 Remembrance Day (Red)
  Two Dollars 2015 Remembrance Day (Orange)
  Two Dollars 2016
  Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Blue
  Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Black
  Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Red
  Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Yellow
  Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Green
  Two Dollars 2016 Paralympic
  Two Dollars 2016 Changeover

One Dollar 1984 -
  One Dollar 1984
  One Dollar 1985
  One Dollar 1986 Year of Peace
  One Dollar 1987 (mint sets only)
  One Dollar 1988 Australian Bicentenary
  One Dollar 1989 (mint sets only)
  One Dollar 1990 (mint sets only)
  One Dollar 1991 (mint sets only)
  One Dollar 1992
  One Dollar 1993 Landcare
  One Dollar 1994
  One Dollar 1995
  One Dollar 1996 Sir Henry Parkes
  One Dollar 1997 Kingsford-Smith
  One Dollar 1998
  One Dollar 1999 International Year of Older Persons
  One Dollar 2000
  One Dollar 2001 Centenary of Federation
  One Dollar 2001 International Year of Volunteers
  One Dollar 2002 Year of the Outback
  One Dollar 2003 Volunteers
  One Dollar 2003 Centenary of Women's Suffrage
  One Dollar 2004
  One Dollar 2005
  One Dollar 2005 60th Anniversary of the End of WWII
  One Dollar 2006
  One Dollar 2007 (mint sets only)
  One Dollar 2007 APEC
  One Dollar 2008
  One Dollar 2008 Centenary of Scouting
  One Dollar 2009
  One Dolar 2009 Age Pension
  One Dollar 2010
  One Dollar 2010 Centenary of Girl Guiding
  One Dollar 2011
  One Dollar 2011 CHOGM
  One Dollar 2012 (mint sets only)
  One Dollar 2013
  One Dollar 2014
  One Dollar 2014 ANZAC
  One Dollar 2015
  One Dollar 2015 ANZAC
  One Dollar 2016
  One Dollar 2016 ANZAC
  One Dollar 2016 Changeover

Fifty Cents 1966 -
  Fifty Cents 1966 (round, silver)
  Fifty Cents 1969
  Fifty Cents 1970 James Cook
  Fifty Cents 1971
  Fifty Cents 1972
  Fifty Cents 1973
  Fifty Cents 1974
  Fifty Cents 1975
  Fifty Cents 1976
  Fifty Cents 1977 Coat of Arms
  Fifty Cents 1977 Silver Jubilee
  Fifty Cents 1978
  Fifty Cents 1978 Fiji Mule
  Fifty Cents 1979
  Fifty Cents 1980
  Fifty Cents 1981
  Fifty Cents 1981 Royal Wedding
  Fifty Cents 1982 XII Commonwealth Games
  Fifty Cents 1983
  Fifty Cents 1984
  Fifty Cents 1985
  Fifty Cents 1986 (mint sets only)
  Fifty Cents 1987 (mint sets only)
  Fifty Cents 1988 Coat of Arms
  Fifty Cents 1988 Bicentenary
  Fifty Cents 1989 (mint sets only)
  Fifty Cents 1990 (mint sets only)
  Fifty Cents 1991 25th Anniversary of Decimal Currency
  Fifty Cents 1992 (mint sets only)
  Fifty Cents 1993
  Fifty Cents 1994 International Year of the Family
  Fifty Cents 1995 50th Anniversary of the End of WW2
  Fifty Cents 1996
  Fifty Cents 1997
  Fifty Cents 1998 Bass and Flinders
  Fifty Cents 1999
  Fifty Cents 2000 Millennium
  Fifty Cents 2000 Royal Visit
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australia
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australian Capital Territory
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - New South Wales
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Norfolk Island
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Northern Territory
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Queensland
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - South Australia
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Tasmania
  Fifty Cents 2001Centenary of Federation - Victoria
  Fifty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Western Australia
  Fifty Cents 2002 Year of the Outback
  Fifty Cents 2003 Volunteers
  Fifty Cents 2004
  Fifty Cents 2004 Primary School design
  Fifty Cents 2005 (PNC only)
  Fifty Cents 2005 60th Anniversary of the end of WWII
  Fifty Cents 2005 Commonwealth Games
  Fifty Cents 2006
  Fifty Cents 2007
  Fifty Cents 2008
  Fifty Cents 2009
  Fifty Cents 2010
  Fifty Cents 2010 Australia Day
  Fifty Cents 2011
  Fifty Cents 2012
  Fifty Cents 2013
  Fifty Cents 2014
  Fifty Cents 2014 AIATSIS
  Fifty Cents 2015
  Fifty Cents 2016
  Fifty Cents 2016 Changeover

Twenty Cents 1966 -
  Twenty Cents 1966
  Twenty Cents 1967
  Twenty Cents 1968
  Twenty Cents 1969
  Twenty Cents 1970
  Twenty Cents 1971
  Twenty Cents 1972
  Twenty Cents 1973
  Twenty Cents 1974
  Twenty Cents 1975
  Twenty Cents 1976
  Twenty Cents 1977
  Twenty Cents 1978
  Twenty Cents 1979
  Twenty Cents 1980
  Twenty Cents 1981
  Twenty Cents 1982
  Twenty Cents 1983
  Twenty Cents 1984
  Twenty Cents 1985
  Twenty Cents 1986 (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1987 (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1988 (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1989 (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1990 (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1991 (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1992 (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1993 (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1994
  Twenty Cents 1995 Platypus (mint sets only)
  Twenty Cents 1995 United Nations
  Twenty Cents 1996
  Twenty Cents 1997
  Twenty Cents 1998
  Twenty Cents 1999
  Twenty Cents 2000
  Twenty Cents 2001
  Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Australian Capital Territory
  Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - New South Wales
  Twenty Cents 2001 - Centenary of Federation - Norfolk Island
  Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Northern Territory
  Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Queensland
  Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - South Australia
  Twenty cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Tasmania
  Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Victoria
  Twenty Cents 2001 Centenary of Federation - Western Australia
  Twenty Cents 2001 Donald Bradman
  Twenty Cents 2002
  Twenty Cents 2003 Volunteers
  Twenty Cents 2004
  Twenty Cents 2005
  Twenty Cents 2005 60th Anniversary of the End of WW2
  Twenty Cents 2006
  Twenty Cents 2007
  Twenty Cents 2008
  Twenty Cents 2009
  Twenty Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern
  Twenty Cents 2010
  Twenty cents 2010 ATO
  Twenty Cents 2011
  Twenty Cents 2011 International Women's Day
  Twenty Cents 2011 Royal Wedding
  Twenty Cents 2011 International Year of Volunteers
  Twenty Cents 2012
  Twenty Cents 2013
  Twenty Cents 2013 Centenary of Canberra
  Twenty Cents 2014
  Twenty Cents 2015
  Twenty Cents 2016
  Twenty Cents 2016 Changeover

Ten Cents 1966 -
  Ten Cents 1966
  Ten Cents 1967
  Ten Cents 1968
  Ten Cents 1969
  Ten Cents 1970
  Ten Cents 1971
  Ten Cents 1972
  Ten Cents 1973
  Ten Cents 1974
  Ten Cents 1975
  Ten Cents 1976
  Ten Cents 1977
  Ten Cents 1978
  Ten Cents 1979
  Ten Cents 1980
  Ten Cents 1981
  Ten Cents 1982
  Ten Cents 1983
  Ten Cents 1984
  Ten Cents 1985
  Ten Cents 1986 (mint sets only)
  Ten Cents 1987 (mint sets only)
  Ten Cents 1988
  Ten Cents 1989
  Ten Cents 1990
  Ten Cents 1991
  Ten Cents 1992
  Ten Cents 1993
  Ten Cents 1994
  Ten Cents 1995 (mint sets only)
  Ten Cents 1996 (mint sets only)
  Ten Cents 1997
  Ten Cents 1998
  Ten Cents 1999
  Ten Cents 2000
  Ten Cents 2001
  Ten Cents 2002
  Ten Cents 2003
  Ten Cents 2004
  Ten Cents 2005
  Ten Cents 2006
  Ten Cents 2007
  Ten Cents 2008
  Ten Cents 2009
  Ten Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern
  Ten Cents 2010
  Ten Cents 2011
  Ten Cents 2012
  Ten Cents 2013
  Ten Cents 2014
  Ten Cents 2015
  Ten Cents 2016
  Ten Cents 2016 Changeover

Five Cents 1966 -
  Five Cents 1966
  Five Cents 1967
  Five Cents 1968
  Five Cents 1969
  Five Cents 1970
  Five Cents 1971
  Five Cents 1972
  Five Cents 1973
  Five Cents 1974
  Five Cents 1975
  Five Cents 1976
  Five Cents 1977
  Five Cents 1978
  Five Cents 1979
  Five Cents 1980
  Five Cents 1981
  Five Cents 1982
  Five Cents 1983
  Five Cents 1984
  Five Cents 1985 (mint sets only)
  Five Cents 1986 (mint sets only)
  Five Cents 1987
  Five Cents 1988
  Five Cents 1988 Cook Islands Mule
  Five Cents 1989
  Five Cents 1990
  Five Cents 1991
  Five Cents 1992
  Five Cents 1993
  Five Cents 1994
  Five Cents 1995
  Five Cents 1996
  Five Cents 1997
  Five Cents 1998
  Five Cents 1999
  Five Cents 2000
  Five Cents 2001
  Five Cents 2002
  Five Cents 2003
  Five Cents 2004
  Five Cents 2005
  Five Cents 2006
  Five Cents 2007
  Five Cents 2008
  Five Cents 2009
  Five Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern
  Five Cents 2010
  Five Cents 2011
  Five Cents 2012
  Five Cents 2013
  Five Cents 2014
  Five Cents 2015
  Five Cents 2016
  Five Cents 2016 Changeover

Two Cents 1966 - 1989
  Two Cents 1966
  Two Cents 1967
  Two Cents 1968
  Two Cents 1969
  Two Cents 1970
  Two Cents 1971
  Two Cents 1972
  Two Cents 1973
  Two Cents 1974
  Two Cents 1975
  Two Cents 1976
  Two Cents 1977
  Two Cents 1978
  Two Cents 1979
  Two Cents 1980
  Two Cents 1981
  Two Cents 1982
  Two Cents 1983
  Two Cents 1984
  Two Cents 1985
  Two Cents 1986 (mint sets only)
  Two Cents 1987 (mint sets only)
  Two Cents 1988
  Two Cents 1989
  Two Cents 1990 (mint sets only)
  Two Cents 1991 (mint sets only)
  Two Cents 2006 (mint sets only)
  Two Cents 2006 (Silver, Second Portrait)
  Two Cents 2009 Decimal Pattern
  Two Cents 2011 (Silver)
  Two Cents 2012 (Gold)

One Cent 1966 - 1990
  One Cent 1966
  One Cent 1967
  One Cent 1968
  One Cent 1969
  One Cent 1970
  One Cent 1971
  One Cent 1972
  One Cent 1973
  One Cent 1974
  One Cent 1975
  One Cent 1976
  One Cent 1977
  One Cent 1978
  One Cent 1979
  One Cent 1980
  One Cent 1981
  One Cent 1982
  One Cent 1983
  One Cent 1984
  One Cent 1985
  One Cent 1986 (mint sets only)
  One Cent 1987
  One Cent 1988
  One Cent 1989
  One Cent 1990
  One Cent 1991 (mint sets only)
  One Cent 2006 (mint sets only)
  One Cent 2006 (Silver, Second Portrait)
  One Cent 2009 Decimal Pattern
  One Cent 2011 (Silver)
  One Cent 2012 (Gold)

Five Dollars 1988 -

Ten Dollars 1982 -
  Ten dollars 1982
  Ten dollars 1985

Twenty Dollars 1993 -

Twenty-Five Dollars 1992 -

Thirty Dollars 2000 -

Forty Dollars 1995 -

One Hundred Dollars 1995 -

One Hundred and Fifty Dollars 1995 -

Two Hundred Dollars 1980 -
  Two hundred dollars 1980
  Two hundred dollars 1981
  Two hundred dollars 1982
  Two hundred dollars 1983
  Two hundred dollars 1984
  Two hundred dollars 1985
  Two hundred dollars 1986


Pound Sterling (1901 - 1910)
     

From the latter half of the 19th century until the outbreak of the first world war, a monetary union, based on the British gold sovereign existed in a part of the British Empire. This sterling part of the British Empire mainly consisted of Australia, New Zealand, the British Islands in the Pacific, British Southern Africa, British West Africa, The British West Indies, Gibraltar, Malta, and the South Atlantic territories. It had been the plan of the British government in 1825 to have sterling coinage circulating in all of the British colonies. But, by the 1860s, the British government had given up trying to impose sterling coinage in territories such as Canada, Newfoundland, British India, and Hong Kong against resistance from existing entrenched practices, just as the British East India Company has similarly given up trying to impose the rupee on the Straits Settlements. Eventually even India and the Straits Settlements adopted a sterling exchange standard, leaving only Canada, Newfoundland, British Honduras, and Hong Kong totally outside the sterling system.

In 1910, Australia introduced its own coinage in the likeness of sterling coinage. It was much the same as United Kingdom coinage, differing mainly in the use of distinctive Australian symbols on the reverse. At the same time, the law prohibited Australian banks from issuing banknotes, and such authority was reserved for the newly formed Commonwealth Bank. This left an interesting situation in which Australian private banknotes were limited to circulation in New Zealand, and such Australian notes were so marked with the words New Zealand. This action by Australia in issuing its own national variety of sterling coinage had no practical effect on the monetary union as such. Initially these Australian coins were minted at the Royal Mint at Tower Hill London, despite the fact that there were three Royal Mint branches operating in Australia at that time. The reason was that these Australian branch mints in Sydney, Melbourne, and Perth only had the facilities to mint gold sovereigns. However, by 1916, the Australian varieties of sterling coinage were being minted locally.