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Detailed information about Coin: One Dollar 2016 Changeover from Australia

Coin: One Dollar 2016 Changeover
Description

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint’s released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from today and years past. The one dollar coin shows a Coat of Arms design which was used on pre-decimal florin coins after 1937.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Face value1 (x Dollar) TypeOne Dollar Circulating Commemorative
Year2016 CurrentYes
Mintageunknown
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Australian Mint No mint mark unknown
MaterialAluminium-Bronze DesignerStuart Devlin
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)22 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)9
Obverse

Crowned head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth portrait"). In tiny letters below head the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of a coin carrying the Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia as authorised by Royal Warrant 19 September 1912, which was displayed on florin coins after 1937. It comprises a shield divided into six parts, each containing a representation of the badge of a State (although that of South Australia is depicted as three sheaves of wheat above a rising sun instead of the authorised Piping Shrike). The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound accompanied by small branches of wattle. Above the shield is a crown instead of the Federation star. Around below, AUSTRALIA. Denomination and date are not depicted.

Around above, ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse

Five kangaroos, the closest facing right but looking to left; below, the denomination 1 DOLLAR.

Reverse inscription

1 DOLLAR

EdgeMilled interrupted, in seven sections Edge inscription

None

One Dollar 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
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One Dollar 2016 Changeover: Some useful external links
Mint makes decimal currency history with the flip of a coin | Royal Australian Mint
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The biggest New Zealand numismatic event of 2017 – the Numismatic Society of Auckland and Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand DECIMAL 50 conference
The biggest New Zealand numismatic event of 2017 – the Numismatic Society of Auckland and Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand DECIMAL 50 conference
List of all (45) coins of type: Australia / One Dollar
One Dollar 1984 One Dollar 1985 One Dollar 1986 Year of Peace One Dollar 1987 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1988 Australian Bicentenary One Dollar 1989 (mint sets only)
One Dollar 1990 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1991 (mint sets only) One Dollar 1992 One Dollar 1993 Landcare One Dollar 1994 One Dollar 1995
One Dollar 1996 Sir Henry Parkes One Dollar 1997 Kingsford-Smith One Dollar 1998 One Dollar 1999 International Year of Older Persons One Dollar 2000 One Dollar 2001 Centenary of Federation
One Dollar 2001 International Year of Volunteers One Dollar 2002 Year of the Outback One Dollar 2003 Volunteers One Dollar 2003 Centenary of Women's Suffrage One Dollar 2004 One Dollar 2005
One Dollar 2005 60th Anniversary of the End of WWII One Dollar 2006 One Dollar 2007 (mint sets only) One Dollar 2007 APEC One Dollar 2008 One Dollar 2008 Centenary of Scouting
One Dollar 2009 One Dolar 2009 Age Pension One Dollar 2010 One Dollar 2010 Centenary of Girl Guiding One Dollar 2011 One Dollar 2011 CHOGM
One Dollar 2012 (mint sets only) One Dollar 2013 One Dollar 2014 One Dollar 2014 ANZAC One Dollar 2015 One Dollar 2015 ANZAC
One Dollar 2016 One Dollar 2016 ANZAC One Dollar 2016 Changeover