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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1920 from Australia

Coin: Penny 1920
Description

A bronze coin (30.8 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a crowned and robed bust of George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP: ; below bust in small lettering the artist's initials B.M. The reverse features, within a circle of beads, the words ONE PENNY in two lines between upper and lower ornate scrolls; around the circle of beads, COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA . 1920 . There is a small dot below the lower scroll.

The dots on the 1919 and 1920 pennies were part of a series of tests on die steels that were undertaken at Melbourne. Dies were supplied to Sydney from Melbourne and it is argued that the steel marks can sometimes reflect the mint which produced the coin. According to the Australian Coin Chart 1966, the "Dot above top scroll" variety was minted at the Melbourne Mint and the "Dot below scroll variety" at the Sydney Mint. There is no indication as to the other varieties.

Sydney did not "mark" bronze planchets before striking at that time and had difficulty with the clarity of the rim (as illustrated in the photo below).

Master dies (London or Indian obverse) are judged by the alignment of letters and rim beads. Most catalogues however do not distinguish varieties based on different obverse.

Greg McDonald's Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes lists the Proof variety as "Dot above top scroll" only.

The varieties listed below comprise all of the known 1920 Australian one penny coins (i.e. there is no "regular" coin which is not listed as a variety).

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Pound
Face value1 (x Penny) TypePenny - Commonwealth of Australia
Year1920 CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintage9,041,600 (9.0 million)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Melbourne Mint No mint mark unknown
Sydney Mint No mint mark unknown
MaterialBronze DesignerWilliam Henry James Blakemore
MonarchKing George V EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)30.8000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)9.4500
Obverse

Crowned and robed bust of George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP: ; below bust in small lettering the artist's initials B.M.

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Reverse

At centre within a circle of beads, the words ONE PENNY in two lines between upper and lower ornate scrolls; around the circle of beads, COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA . 1920 .

There may be smalls dot below the lower scroll and above the top scroll.

Reverse inscription

ONE PENNY COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 1920

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Penny 1920: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Proof (Melbourne Mint) unknown (hover mouse for text)
Plain (no dots, Indian obverse) unknown (hover mouse for text)
Dot below lower scroll, Indian obverse unknown (hover mouse for text)
Dot above lower scroll, Indian obverse unknown (hover mouse for text)
Double dot, Indian obverse unknown (hover mouse for text)
Dot above top scroll, Indian obverse unknown (hover mouse for text)
Plain (no dots, London obverse) unknown (hover mouse for text)
Dot below lower scroll, London obverse unknown (hover mouse for text)
Dot above lower scroll, London obverse unknown (hover mouse for text)
Penny 1920: Photos
Penny 1920: Photo Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: No dots.
source
Penny 1920: Photo Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Proof Strike, Australia, 1920
Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Proof Strike, Australia, 1920
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Dot below lower scroll. Proof.
source
Penny 1920: Photo Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Dot above top scroll.
source
Penny 1920: Photo Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Proof Strike, Australia, 1920
Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Proof Strike, Australia, 1920
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: London obverse. Proof.
source
Penny 1920: Photo Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920
Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Indian obverse.
source
Penny 1920: Photo Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Indian obverse. Sydney Mint (weak rim).
source
Penny 1920: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 23
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB12 (Melbourne Mint), B13 (Sydney Mint) no dots
Australian Coin ChartP12 (No dots)
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB14 (Dot under scroll)
Australian Coin ChartP13 (Dot under scroll)
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB15 (Dot over bottom scroll)
Australian Coin ChartP14 (Dot over scroll)
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB14A (Dot above and below scrolls)
Australian Coin ChartP15 (Dot above and below scrolls)
Penny 1920: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mint
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage
Australian Coin Chart 1965 Mintage
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Varieties link London and Indian obverse
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Varieties Dots; London and Indian obverse
Australian Coin Chart 1965 Varieties Dots
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Penny 1920: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
1920 dots George V Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com 1920(m&sy) George V Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com
1920(m) dot George V Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com 1920(sy) dot George V Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com
Penny 1920: Some useful external links
Museums Victoria: Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920 (No dots) Museums Victoria: Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Proof Strike, Australia, 1920
Museums Victoria: Specimen Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920, Indian obverse Museums Victoria: Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920 (Sydney Mint)
Museums Victoria: Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1920 (Dot above top scroll)
List of all (53) coins of type: Australia / Penny
Penny 1911 Penny 1912 Penny 1913 Penny 1914 Penny 1915 Penny 1916
Penny 1917 Penny 1918 Penny 1919 Penny 1920 Penny 1921 Penny 1922
Penny 1923 Penny 1924 Penny 1925 Penny 1926 Penny 1927 Penny 1928
Penny 1929 Penny 1930 Penny 1931 Penny 1932 Penny 1933 Penny 1934
Penny 1935 Penny 1936 Penny 1937 (pattern) Penny 1938 Penny 1939 Penny 1940
Penny 1941 Penny 1942 Penny 1943 Penny 1944 Penny 1945 Penny 1946
Penny 1947 Penny 1948 Penny 1949 Penny 1950 Penny 1951 Penny 1952
Penny 1953 Penny 1955 Penny 1956 Penny 1957 Penny 1958 Penny 1959
Penny 1960 Penny 1961 Penny 1962 Penny 1963 Penny 1964