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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1930 from Australia

Coin: Penny 1930
Description

A bronze coin (30.8 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a crowned and robed bust of George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP: ; below bust in small lettering the artist's initials B.M. The reverse features, within a circle of beads, the words ONE PENNY in two lines between upper and lower ornate scrolls; around the circle of beads, COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA . 1930 .

In 1930 the country was in an economic depression and the Melbourne Mint received no orders from the Commonwealth Government for new coins. Orders for silver coins were always treated differently at the mint to those for bronze; silver could only be struck after an order was received. Bronze however could be stockpiled.

The new dies bearing the changed date 1930 were therefore tested for the bronze halfpenny and penny denominations even though no order existed. Stocks of the halfpenny were a little low so a small production run was undertaken; however there were plenty of 1929 pennies in store so only a few small trial runs to test the dies were made. The output of these runs were placed in the store with the 1929 coins but were so few that no record was made of their number.

A small number of specially prepared proof coins were made, six penny and six halfpenny pieces. These proofs were sent to the two major public numismatic collections in Australia, the National Gallery of Victoria (these were later transferred to Museum Victoria) and the Art Gallery of South Australia, and to the British Museum. It was 1931 before any new order for bronze coins was received and the stock of 1929 pieces with the additional few 1930 pennies was released.

The 1930 penny became the best known rare Australian coin and the proof examples, two of which were officially released by the museums to which they had been sent, are currently the most valuable Australian coins among collectors.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Pound
Face value1 (x Penny) TypePenny - Commonwealth of Australia
Year1930 CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintageunknown
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Melbourne Mint No mint mark unknown
MaterialBronze DesignerWilliam Henry James Blakemore
MonarchKing George V EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)30.8000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)9.4500
Obverse

Crowned and robed bust of George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP: ; below bust in small lettering the artist's initials B.M.

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Reverse

At centre within a circle of beads, the words ONE PENNY in two lines between upper and lower ornate scrolls; around the circle of beads, COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA . 1930 .

Reverse inscription

ONE PENNY COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Notes

Mintage is unknown. Variously estimated between 1200 and 3000.

References to additional information:

[Article] Bloom, Walter R. The proof (specimen) Australian 1930 penny. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia 21 2010(2011): 1-10

[Article] Sharples, John. 1987. The 1930 Penny. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 3: 3-11.

[Book] Mullett, William J. 1991. Australian Coinage. An Account of Particular Coins.

Penny 1930: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Proof 6 (hover mouse for text)
Penny 1930: Photos
Penny 1930: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Penny 1930: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Penny 1930: Photo Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Penny 1930: Photo Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Penny 1930: Photo Australia 1930 penny
Australia 1930 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
source
Penny 1930: Photo Australia 1930 penny
Australia 1930 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
source
Penny 1930: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 23
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB29
Australian Coin ChartP27
Penny 1930: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Mint link
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Mintage link Proof mintage
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Varieties link Proof
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Penny 1930: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
1930(m) George V Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com
Penny 1930: Some useful external links
1930 Penny - Australia's Best Known Rare Coin | Sterling and Currency Australia 1930 penny - CoinFactsWiki
Museums Victoria: The 1930 Australian Penny Museums Victoria: Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
The Perth Mint | Coin Collector Blog | 1930 Penny – Detecting a Forgery Museums Victoria: Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1930
List of all (53) coins of type: Australia / Penny
Penny 1911 Penny 1912 Penny 1913 Penny 1914 Penny 1915 Penny 1916
Penny 1917 Penny 1918 Penny 1919 Penny 1920 Penny 1921 Penny 1922
Penny 1923 Penny 1924 Penny 1925 Penny 1926 Penny 1927 Penny 1928
Penny 1929 Penny 1930 Penny 1931 Penny 1932 Penny 1933 Penny 1934
Penny 1935 Penny 1936 Penny 1937 (pattern) Penny 1938 Penny 1939 Penny 1940
Penny 1941 Penny 1942 Penny 1943 Penny 1944 Penny 1945 Penny 1946
Penny 1947 Penny 1948 Penny 1949 Penny 1950 Penny 1951 Penny 1952
Penny 1953 Penny 1955 Penny 1956 Penny 1957 Penny 1958 Penny 1959
Penny 1960 Penny 1961 Penny 1962 Penny 1963 Penny 1964