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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1953 from Australia

Coin: Penny 1953
Description

A bronze coin (30.8 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring a laureate head of Elizabeth II facing right; around, ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA + The reverse features a kangaroo leaping to the left; around above AUSTRALIA, around below, PENNY; the Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date, 1953 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG are above the tip of the tail.

First One penny issue in Australia for Queen Elizabeth II.

On this issue the Perth mint mark was a dot after the word AUSTRALIA.

Specimens (proofs) were produced this year for official purposes only. According to CoinFactsWiki:

"Struck for Queen Elizabeth II's Coronation in 1953, a minuscule total of twelve, penny through florin, sets were officially produced at the Melbourne Mint, with the entire mintage ending up in the possession of the Chase Manhattan Bank in New York for their currency museum. Clearly, later deaccessioned or distributed, less than half of these have made their way to auction over the following six decades. The Halfpenny, missing from the standard Coronation set, was actually struck separately at the Perth mint (identified by the dot after Australia). While the true mintage remains unknown, its rarity likely even surpasses that of the sets."

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Pound
Face value1 (x Penny) TypePenny - Kangaroo
Year1953 CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintage13,138,816 (13.1 million)
Mints
NameMintageMint mark
Melbourne Mint 6,936,000 (6.9 million) No mint mark
Perth Mint 6,202,816 (6.2 million) Dot after A in Australia
MaterialBronze DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)30.8000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)9.4500
Obverse

Laureate head of Elizabeth II facing right; around, + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA.

Obverse inscription + ELIZABETH . II . DEI . GRATIA . REGINA
Reverse

Kangaroo leaping to the left; around above AUSTRALIA, around below, PENNY; the Federation star is in the field to the left of the kangaroo and the date, 1953 is in the field below its tail. The artist's initials KG are above the tip of the tail.

On this issue the Perth mint mark was a dot after the word AUSTRALIA.

Reverse inscription

AUSTRALIA 1953 PENNY

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Notes

Krause catalogues list the following mintages:
- Melbourne Mint: 6,936,000
- Perth Mint: 6,203,000

References to additional information:

[Article] Sharples, John P. Perth Mint Proof Record Coins 1940 - 1954. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 8

[Article] Pearce, Murray. 1987. Royal Titles and Australian Coins: the "Defender of the Faith" Controversy of 1953. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 3: 12-17.

Penny 1953: Known varieties
VarietyMintageRarityDetails
Proof (Perth Mint) 16 (included in main number)
Proof (Melbourne Mint) unknown
Long 5, no dot (Melbourne Mint) unknown (hover mouse for text)
Penny 1953: Photos
Penny 1953: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museum Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Melbourne Mint.
source
Penny 1953: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museum Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Melbourne Mint.
source
Penny 1953: Photo Australia 1953(m) penny
Australia 1953(m) penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint. Proof.
source
Penny 1953: Photo Australia 1953(m) penny
Australia 1953(m) penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint. Proof.
source
Penny 1953: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museum Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
source
Penny 1953: Photo Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953
Copyright: Museum Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof. Perth Mint.
source
Penny 1953: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 50
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesB64 (Melbourne), B65 (Perth) and B64A (Long 5)
Australian Coin ChartP66 (Melbourne), P67 (Perth) and P68 (Long 5)
Penny 1953: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museum Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mint
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage Circulation mintage
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins 1988 Mintage Proof mintage
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Varieties Long 5
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof
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Penny 1953: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
1953(m) Elizabeth II Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com 1953(p) Elizabeth II Australian Bronze Penny - Silveragecoins.com
Penny 1953: Some useful external links
Australia 1953(m) penny - CoinFactsWiki Museum Victoria Collections: Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953 (Melbourne Mint)
Museum Victoria Collections: Proof Coin - 1 Penny, Australia, 1953 (Perth Mint)
List of all (53) coins of type: Australia / Penny
Penny 1911 Penny 1912 Penny 1913 Penny 1914 Penny 1915 Penny 1916
Penny 1917 Penny 1918 Penny 1919 Penny 1920 Penny 1921 Penny 1922
Penny 1923 Penny 1924 Penny 1925 Penny 1926 Penny 1927 Penny 1928
Penny 1929 Penny 1930 Penny 1931 Penny 1932 Penny 1933 Penny 1934
Penny 1935 Penny 1936 Penny 1937 (pattern) Penny 1938 Penny 1939 Penny 1940
Penny 1941 Penny 1942 Penny 1943 Penny 1944 Penny 1945 Penny 1946
Penny 1947 Penny 1948 Penny 1949 Penny 1950 Penny 1951 Penny 1952
Penny 1953 Penny 1955 Penny 1956 Penny 1957 Penny 1958 Penny 1959
Penny 1960 Penny 1961 Penny 1962 Penny 1963 Penny 1964