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Detailed information about Coin: Shilling 1919 (pattern) from Australia

Coin: Shilling 1919 (pattern)
Description

A silver coin (23.5 mm diameter with milled edge) featuring a crowned and robed bust of George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP: ; below bust in small lettering the artist's initials B.M.

The reverse features the Ensigns Armorial of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 7th May 1908 - composed of a simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons, i.e., small shields. The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath. Below on a ribbon the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed. Around above, ONE SHILLING and below, between arrow heads, the date, 1919. Below the date is the mint mark M.

No regular shilling coins were issued dated 1919, this is an experimental piece produced as part of planned debasement of the silver alloy (0.625 silver). The debasement, in the end did not occur.

According to The Australian Coin Chart 1966 "A few Pattern Shillings dated 1919 and 1937 have been reported and would realise over £500 at Auction".

Greg McDonald's "Australian Coins and Banknotes" catalogue calls this an "unissued circulation strike".

The "Renniks Australian Coins and Banknote Values" catalogue (Pocket Edition 1986) says: "Only two specimens are known to exist. One in Science Museum Victoria and specimen sold ex Spinks [1981, for $40,000]. The two known coins have been punched in the field of the coin with two small S's on the obverse and reverse to officially denote that they are specimens and to distinguish them from the currency issue. None were issued for circulation."

It has to be noted though that the specimen in the photo belonging to Museum Victoria (ex Science Museum Victoria) does not have said S punch marks.

According to the Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1649 - 1971, 4 specimens are known. Krause 1988 Edition lists 6 pieces, later editions show mintage as unknown.

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Pound
Face value1 (x Shilling) TypeShilling - Coat of Arms
Year1919 CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintageunknown
Mints
NameMintageMint mark
Melbourne Mint unknown Letter M
MaterialSterling silver DesignerWilliam Henry James Blakemore
MonarchKing George V EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)23.5000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)5.6500
Obverse

Crowned and robed bust of George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP: ; below bust in small lettering the artist's initials B.M.

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:
Reverse

At centre, simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons, i.e., small shields. The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath and on a ribbon at the base the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed; around above, ONE SHILLING; below, between arrow heads, the date, 1919. Below the date is the mint mark M.

Reverse inscription

ONE SHILLING 1919 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA

EdgeMilled Edge inscription

None

Notes

Original References:

Sharples, John. 1985. Australian Coins 1919 to 1924. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 1 (July): 4-18.

Shilling 1919 (pattern): Known varieties
VarietyMintageRarityDetails
Proof unknown
Shilling 1919 (pattern): Photos
Shilling 1919 (pattern): Photo Pattern Coin - 1 Shilling, Australia, 1919
Pattern Coin - 1 Shilling, Australia, 1919
Copyright: Museum Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Shilling 1919 (pattern): Photo Pattern Coin - 1 Shilling, Australia, 1919
Pattern Coin - 1 Shilling, Australia, 1919
Copyright: Museum Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Shilling 1919 (pattern): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# Pn12 (debased) and KM# 26 (Proof)
Shilling 1919 (pattern): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museum Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values Coin description S punch marks
Australian Coin Chart Coin description
Museum Victoria Collections 2016 Mint link
Museum Victoria Collections 2016 Varieties link Proof
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Shilling 1919 (pattern): Some useful external links
Museum Victoria Collections: Pattern Coin - 1 Shilling, Australia, 1919
List of all (47) coins of type: Australia / Shilling
Shilling 1910 Shilling 1911 Shilling 1912 Shilling 1913 Shilling 1914 Shilling 1915
Shilling 1916 Shilling 1917 Shilling 1918 Shilling 1919 (pattern) Shilling 1920 Shilling 1921
Shilling 1922 Shilling 1924 Shilling 1925 Shilling 1926 Shilling 1927 Shilling 1928
Shilling 1931 Shilling 1933 Shilling 1934 Shilling 1935 Shilling 1936 Shilling 1937 (pattern)
Shilling 1938 Shilling 1939 Shilling 1940 Shilling 1941 Shilling 1942 Shilling 1943
Shilling 1944 Shilling 1945 (not released) Shilling 1946 Shilling 1948 Shilling 1950 Shilling 1952
Shilling 1953 Shilling 1954 Shilling 1955 Shilling 1956 Shilling 1957 Shilling 1958
Shilling 1959 Shilling 1960 Shilling 1961 Shilling 1962 Shilling 1963