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Detailed information about Coin: Two Dollars 2016 Changeover from Australia

Coin: Two Dollars 2016 Changeover
Description

On the 50th anniversary of Australian decimal currency, the Royal Australian Mint’s released a special series of coins commemorating the earlier, pre-decimal currency of the country. The modern circulating designs were joined by depictions of Australia's pre decimal coins on the obverse.

The story of Australian currency runs parallel with the nation's history of progression. As early European settlers improvised a monetary system, international coins, promissory notes and the infamous rum trade were all visible in the early 1800s. The first coins "minted" in Australia were created by removing a piece from the centre of a Spanish dollar, forming two separate coins known as the Holey Dollar and Dump.

The gold rush of the mid-19th Century resulted in many unofficial tokens and ingots until the Sydney Mint opened in 1855, producing sovereigns which were largely identical to their British counterparts. This English influence remained strong and the new national currency of 1910 inevitably emulated English pounds, shillings and pence.

On 14 February 1966, the changeover to decimal currency transformed the nation, as Australia joined a worldwide currency trend. The uniquely Australian images of the decimal coins are still cherished on their 50th anniversary.

As a tribute to Australia's coin history, each coin of the Changeover series features depictions of coin designs from today and years past. The two dollar coin shows a Crown design (coins of the Crown denomination were only issued in Australia in 1937 and 1938).

CountryAustralia CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Face value2 (x Dollar) TypeTwo Dollars Circulating Commemorative
Year2016 CurrentYes
Mintageunknown
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Australian Mint No mint mark unknown
MaterialAluminium-Bronze Designer
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)20.5000 Thickness (mm)2.8000
Mass (g)6.6000
Obverse

Crowned head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy known as the "Fourth portrait"). In tiny letters below head the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley). The effigy is much smaller than on regular coins.

Below the effigy, a stylised depiction of an Australian one crown coin, showing the Imperial Crown. Around, COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA. The artist's initials K.G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in small letters in the field at the bottom right of the crown. Denomination and date not depicted.

Around above, ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016. Below, FIFTY YEARS.

Obverse inscription ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016 FIFTY YEARS
Reverse

The reverse design includes a representation of the head and shoulders of a traditional Australian Aboriginal, a representation of the Southern Cross and a representation of Australian flora. In two lines, the denomination 2 DOLLARS.

Reverse inscription

2 DOLLARS

EdgeMilled interrupted (20 notches in 4 sections) Edge inscription

None

Two Dollars 2016 Changeover: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Australian Mint 2016 Mint link
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Two Dollars 2016 Changeover: Some useful external links
Mint makes decimal currency history with the flip of a coin | Royal Australian Mint
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The biggest New Zealand numismatic event of 2017 – the Numismatic Society of Auckland and Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand DECIMAL 50 conference
The biggest New Zealand numismatic event of 2017 – the Numismatic Society of Auckland and Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand DECIMAL 50 conference
List of all (41) coins of type: Australia / Two Dollars
Two Dollars 1988 Two Dollars 1989 Two Dollars 1990 Two Dollars 1991 (mint sets only) Two Dollars 1992 Two Dollars 1993
Two Dollars 1994 Two Dollars 1995 Two Dollars 1996 Two Dollars 1997 Two Dollars 1998 Two Dollars 1999
Two Dollars 2000 Two Dollars 2001 Two Dollars 2002 Two Dollars 2003 Two Dollars 2004 Two Dollars 2005
Two Dollars 2006 Two Dollars 2007 Two Dollars 2008 Two Dollars 2009 Two Dollars 2010 Two Dollars 2011
Two Dollars 2012 Two Dollars 2012 Remembrance Day (Poppy) Two Dollars 2013 Two Dollars 2013 Coronation (Purple) Two Dollars 2014 Two Dollars 2014 Remembrance Day (Green)
Two Dollars 2015 Two Dollars 2015 Remembrance Day (Red) Two Dollars 2015 Remembrance Day (Orange) Two Dollars 2016 Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Blue Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Black
Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Red Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Yellow Two Dollars 2016 Olympics Green Two Dollars 2016 Paralympic Two Dollars 2016 Changeover