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Detailed information about Coin: Two Shillings 1913 from British West Africa

Coin: Two Shillings 1913
Description

In 1912 a West African Currency Board was established to arrange for the production and supply of coins (small denomination coins had already been issued starting 1907).

The first issue of silver, in the denominations 3 pence, 6 pence, shilling and 2 shillings, was struck at the Royal Mint, London in 1913, and made legal tender in Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone and Gambia by a local Currency Act dated 26 June 1913.

1913 was also a year when a large crop of cocoa valued at almost 2 1/2 million pounds saw a great demand for silver coins. In addition to 889,000 pounds of West African silver (all the Royal Mint could strike) an additional 539,700 pounds of Imperial silver coin was needed. Such fluctuation in demand made the provision of a silver coinage very difficult.

During World War I 530,000 pound of silver coin was returned to Britain for sale as bullion to raise internationally accepted forms of money.

Interest in the production of a silver coinage led to the request for the provision of proof and specimen sets for official commemorative gifts. Sets containing two coins of each denomination were struck in proof quality while single coin sets were selected uncirculated specimens.

CountryBritish West Africa CurrencyBritish West African Pound
Face value2 (x Shilling) TypeTwo Shillings (Sterling Silver)
Year1913 CurrentNo (demonetised 1965)
Mintage3,276,000 (3.3 million)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 2,100,000 (2.1 million)
Heaton and Sons (Birmingham Mint) Letter H 1,176,000 (1.2 million)
Material0.925 Silver Designer
MonarchKing George V EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)11.3100
Obverse

Crowned and draped bust of King George V facing left (crowned effigy by Sir Bertram Mackennal); the King is wearing the Imperial Crown and the ermine Robe of State, the Collar of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and the Badge of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath; around, the legend GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: (George the Fifth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India); artist's initials BM on bust truncation.

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Reverse

At centre, dividing the date 1913, a palm tree; around outside a circle broken by decorative extensions adjacent to the date, BRITISH WEST AFRICA (above) and the denomination TWO SHILLINGS (below).

The mint mark (if any) is buried at the base of the palm tree.

Reverse inscriptionBRITISH WEST AFRICA TWO SHILLINGS 1913
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Two Shillings 1913: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Proof (Royal Mint) unknown
Two Shillings 1913: Photos
Two Shillings 1913: Photo Coin - 2 Shillings, British West Africa, 1913
Coin - 2 Shillings, British West Africa, 1913
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Royal Mint (no mint mark).
source
Two Shillings 1913: Photo Coin - 2 Shillings, British West Africa, 1913
Coin - 2 Shillings, British West Africa, 1913
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Two Shillings 1913: Photo British West Africa 1913-H 2 shillings
British West Africa 1913-H 2 shillings
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Heaton Mint (H mint mark).
source
Two Shillings 1913: Photo British West Africa 1913-H 2 shillings
British West Africa 1913-H 2 shillings
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
source
Two Shillings 1913: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsBritish West Africa KM# 13
Two Shillings 1913: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof
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Two Shillings 1913: Some useful external links
Museums Victoria Collections: Coin - 2 Shillings, British West Africa, 1913 British West Africa 1913-H 2 shillings - CoinFactsWiki
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List of all (26) coins of type: British West Africa / Two Shillings
Two Shillings 1913 Two Shillings 1914 Two Shillings 1915 Two Shillings 1916 Two Shillings 1917 Two Shillings 1918
Two Shillings 1919 Two Shillings 1920 (Sterling Silver) Two Shillings 1920 (Debased Silver) Two Shillings 1920 (Brass) Two Shillings 1922 Two Shillings 1923
Two Shillings 1924 Two Shillings 1925 Two Shillings 1926 Two Shillings 1927 Two Shillings 1928 Two Shillings 1936
Two Shillings 1938 Two Shillings 1939 Two Shillings 1942 Two Shillings 1946 Two Shillings 1947 Two Shillings 1949
Two Shillings 1951 Two Shillings 1952