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Detailed information about Coin: Australian Half Sovereign 1856 from New South Wales

Coin: Australian Half Sovereign 1856
Description

A gold coin (19 mm diameter with milled edge) featuring a head of Queen Victoria facing left with the date 1856 below. The reverse features the word AUSTRALIA below a royal crown within a wreath of laurel and with the words SYDNEY MINT above and HALF SOVEREIGN below.

CountryNew South Wales CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1/2 (x Pound) TypeAustralian Half Sovereign
Year1856 CurrentNo
Mintage478,000 (478000)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Sydney Mint Sydney Mint 478,000 (478000)
Material0.9167 Gold DesignerLeonard Charles Wyon
MonarchQueen Victoria EffigyPortrait by James Wyon (Fillet head)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)19.3000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)3.9940
Obverse

Young head of Victoria left, below 1856; around, VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:

Obverse inscription VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D: 1856
Reverse

At centre within a laurel wreath AUSTRALIA under a royal crown; above, SYDNEY MINT; below, HALF SOVEREIGN.

Reverse inscriptionSYDNEY MINT AUSTRALIA HALF SOVEREIGN
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

Australian Coins and Banknotes by Greg McDonald lists three varieties based on die variations: 1/2 (obverse Type 1, reverse Type 2) with reference 003, 1/3 with reference 003a (which seems to be the "regular" type listed elsewhere) and a 2/3 pattern which is proof only, reference 003b.

Australian Half Sovereign 1856: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Die variety 1/2 unknown (hover mouse for text)
Pattern (Die variety 2/3, proof only) unknown (hover mouse for text)
Australian Half Sovereign 1856: Photos
Australian Half Sovereign 1856: Photo Coin - Half Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1856
Coin - Half Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1856
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
source
Australian Half Sovereign 1856: Photo Coin - Half Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1856
Coin - Half Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1856
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
source
Australian Half Sovereign 1856: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 1
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldAustralia 10
McDonald, Australian Coins and BanknotesMcD 003a (regular), McD 003 (1/2 variety)
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesH2
McDonald, Australian Coins and BanknotesMcD 003b (Pattern)
Australian Half Sovereign 1856: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mint
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage
McDonald, Australian Coins and Banknotes Varieties Die varieties
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Design link
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Australian Half Sovereign 1856: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
1856(sy) Victoria Australian Gold Half Sovereign (fillet head) - Silveragecoins.com
Australian Half Sovereign 1856: Some useful external links
Museums Victoria: Coin - Half Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1856
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List of all (13) coins of type: New South Wales / Australian Half Sovereign
Australian Half Sovereign 1853 (pattern) Australian Half Sovereign 1855 Australian Half Sovereign 1856 Australian Half Sovereign 1857 Australian Half Sovereign 1858 Australian Half Sovereign 1859
Australian Half Sovereign 1860 Australian Half Sovereign 1861 Australian Half Sovereign 1862 Australian Half Sovereign 1863 Australian Half Sovereign 1864 Australian Half Sovereign 1865
Australian Half Sovereign 1866