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Detailed information about Coin: Waitangi Crown 1935 from New Zealand

Coin: Waitangi Crown 1935
Description

This coin was struck to commemorate the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi on 6 February 1840.

It depicts Chief Tamati Waka Nene shaking hands with Captain William Hobson, R.N., beneath a crown.

Chief Tamati Waka Nene is described in the Annual Report of the Royal Mint, 1934 as "one of the paramount chiefs of the time, who was largely instrumental in persuading his fellow chiefs to sign the Treaty". He is depicted shaking hands with Captain William Hobson, the Lieutenant- Governor. The Treaty was written shortly before it was signed and translated into Maori on 4th February for consideration by about 500 Maori people. On the 6th. February about 40 chiefs signed the Maori version of the document starting with Hone Heke. Copies of the document were then sent around the country and by September 1840 about 500 more chiefs had signed.

"The Treaty is a broad statement of principles on which the British and Maori made a political compact to found a nation state and build a government in New Zealand. The Treaty has three articles. In the English version, these are that Maori ceded the sovereignty of New Zealand to Britain; Maori gave the Crown an exclusive right to buy lands they wished to sell, and, in return, they were guaranteed full rights of ownership of their lands, forests, fisheries and other possessions; and that Maori would have the rights and privileges of British subjects."

The coin was not issued to mark a particular anniversary of the signing of the Treaty, nor, as is sometimes suggested, was it to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of George V which occurred in 1935.

According to Te Ara, The Encyclopaedia of New Zealand:

"The Waitangi Crown, which was issued in 1935, is not strictly a commemorative coin, but the circumstances of its issue means it functions like one. It was struck after the New Zealand Numismatic Society approached the government to suggest a new coin marking the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, New Zealand's founding document, in 1840. The coin was designed by New Zealand artist James Berry and adapted by British artist Percy Metcalfe. It shows Ngāpuhi chief Tāmati Waka Nene and the first governor of New Zealand, William Hobson, shaking hands above the legend 'Waitangi'.

Because the issue was limited (1,128 coins were struck) and the government charged more for each coin than their face value, they were purchased as souvenirs and did not circulate."

CountryNew Zealand CurrencyNew Zealand Pound
Face value5 (x Shilling) TypeCrown (Silver)
Year1935 CurrentNo (demonetised 1967)
Mintage1,128 (1128)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint London No mint mark 1,128 (1128)
MaterialSilver DesignerReginald George James Berry
MonarchKing George V EffigyPortrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Bust)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)38.5000 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)28.2800
Obverse

Crowned bust of George V facing left (extends to rim); around, GEORGE V KING EMPEROR (by Percy Metcalf).

Obverse inscription GEORGE V KING EMPEROR
Reverse

Below a large crown Chief Tamati Waka Nene, on left, and Captain William Hobson, on right, shake hands; around, NEW ZEALAND CROWN + 1935; in exergue, WAITANGI.

Reverse inscription

NEW ZEALAND CROWN + 1935 WAITANGI

EdgeMilled Edge inscription

None

Notes

From "New Zealand Coin Catalogue, First Edition 1965":

Total 364 proof sets containing crown, half-crown, florin, shilling, sixpence and threepence. The remaining 764 crowns were released to the public through the trading banks at seven shillings and sixpence each."

Some biographies of the designer Berry suggest the design was done in 1934 or 1935; however the 1934 Annual Report of the Royal Mint states that sketches were received from New Zealand for the 1933 coinage (including the crown) in 1933 and that Kruger Gray who had designed a series of coins for New Zealand and received approval from the Prime Minister earlier in 1933 had to start over with the new concepts. The crown was delayed until 1935 with the dies being done by Percy Metcalf.

Krause catalogues wrongly list 660 regular and 468 proof coins.

Original Information:
- Sixty-fourth Annual Report of the Deputy Master and Comptroller of the Royal Mint 1933, p.8
- Sixty-fifth Annual Report of the Deputy Master and Comptroller of the Royal Mint 1934, p.13-14

Waitangi Crown 1935: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Proof 364 (included in main number)
Waitangi Crown 1935: Photos
Waitangi Crown 1935: Photo Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), New Zealand, 1935
Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), New Zealand, 1935
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Waitangi Crown 1935: Photo Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), New Zealand, 1935
Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), New Zealand, 1935
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Waitangi Crown 1935: Photo New Zealand 1935 crown
New Zealand 1935 crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Waitangi Crown 1935: Photo New Zealand 1935 crown
New Zealand 1935 crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Waitangi Crown 1935: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsNew Zealand KM# 6
Davenport433
Renniks, New Zealand Coinage Guide184
Australian Coin ChartNZC1
Waitangi Crown 1935: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 2016 Coin description link
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
John Bertrand, New Zealand Coin and Banknote Catalogue 1965 Mint
Reserve Bank of New Zealand 15 Oct 2014 Mintage link Combined mintage
Renniks, New Zealand Coinage Guide 1965 - 1966 Mintage Circulation and proof mintage
John Bertrand, New Zealand Coin and Banknote Catalogue 1965 Mintage Circulation and proof mintage
Australian Coin Chart 1966 Mintage Combined mintage
John Bertrand, New Zealand Coin and Banknote Catalogue 1965 Varieties Proof
Renniks, New Zealand Coinage Guide 1965 Varieties Proof
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Varieties Proof
John Bertrand, New Zealand Coin and Banknote Catalogue 1965 - Valuations
Renniks, New Zealand Coinage Guide 1965 - 1966 Valuations
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Waitangi Crown 1935 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: NZD. See FAQ before use!
Years
MintVarietyGrade201620172018
Royal Mint LondonProof FDC 17686.64 18596.12 19505.60
Royal Mint LondonBrilliant Uncirculated (BU) 16071.34 16690.51 17309.69
Royal Mint LondonAlmost Uncirculated (aUNC) 12507.96 12869.01 13230.06
Royal Mint LondonExtra Fine (EF, XF) 10532.54 10956.72 11380.89
Royal Mint LondonGood Very Fine (gVF) 8722.03 9097.66 9473.29
Royal Mint LondonProofProof FDC 15726.82 16232.41 16738.00
Waitangi Crown 1935 / Best-effort future value guesstimates based on past value trends in currency: USD. See FAQ before use!
Years
MintVarietyGrade201620172018
Royal Mint LondonGem Uncirculated 4098.42 3938.17 3777.92
Royal Mint LondonBrilliant Uncirculated (BU) 4803.74 4645.35 4486.95
Royal Mint LondonUncirculated (UNC) 4098.48 3977.50 3856.52
Royal Mint LondonExtra Fine (EF, XF) 2829.24 2700.00 2570.76
Royal Mint LondonVery Fine (VF) 1841.99 1727.33 1612.67
Royal Mint LondonFine (F) 1190.74 1162.94 1135.14
Royal Mint LondonProofProof 6848.16 6909.19 6970.23
Historic values in NZD for Waitangi Crown 1935 / Royal Mint London / (generated 10/2016). Inflation-corrected to 2015.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in NZD for Waitangi Crown 1935 / Proof / Royal Mint London / (generated 10/2016). Inflation-corrected to 2015.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for Waitangi Crown 1935 / Royal Mint London / (generated 10/2016). Inflation-corrected to 2015.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Historic values in USD for Waitangi Crown 1935 / Proof / Royal Mint London / (generated 10/2016). Inflation-corrected to 2015.
(hover mouse over grades in the left-hand column to see values highlighted; hover mouse over graph points to see exact values and additional information)
Waitangi Crown 1935: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
Coins New Zealand > NZ Pre Decimal coins (1933 to 1965) > Crown > 1935
Waitangi Crown 1935: Some useful external links
Waitangi Crown, 1935 - Coins and banknotes - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand New Zealand 1935 crown - CoinFactsWiki
Coin Value: New Zealand Waitangi Crown (Fakes are possible) 1935 - CoinQuest 1935 Newzealand Treaty Of Waitangi Crown PF Coin Auctions And Prices | NGC
Numista: 1 Crown - George V Museums Victoria: Proof Coin - Crown (5 Shillings), New Zealand, 1935
American Numismatic Society: Silver crown, New Zealand, 1935
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List of all (3) coins of type: New Zealand / Crown
Waitangi Crown 1935 Royal Visit Crown 1949 Coronation Crown 1953