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Detailed information about Coin: Fourpence 1888 from United Kingdom

Coin: Fourpence 1888
Description

The groat is a fourpence coin. Circulation issue groats (like this one) had the Britannia reverse; Maundy Groats did not.

The fourpence denomination was discontinued after 1858, with the single exception of 1888 when a small number were issued for use in British Guiana and the West Indies.

In 1840 the value of the British Guiana guilder was fixed at 1 shilling and 4 pence (16 pence) and as a result the 4 pence piece was equated to the important 1/4 guilder denomination, known in British Guiana as a 'bit'. The 4 pence or groat therefore became the principle coin circulating in the colony although 3 pence, 2 pence and 1 1/2 pence silver coins were also provided. Although the standard design of the Imperial groat, the 1888 coins were struck only for British Guiana and the West Indies. They featured the Jubilee head of the Queen, not used for circulation coinage on this denomination elsewhere.

The groat remained in circulation in British Guiana right up until that territory adopted the decimal system in 1955.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value4 (x Penny) TypeFourpence
Year1888 CurrentNo (demonetised 1955)
Mintage120,000 (120000)
Mints
NameMintageMint mark
Royal Mint 120,000 (120000) No mint mark
Material0.925 Silver DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
MonarchQueen Victoria EffigyPortrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)1.8900
Obverse

Crowned and veiled bust of Queen Victoria facing left; around, VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:.

Obverse inscription VICTORIA D: G: BRITANNIAR: REGINA F: D:
Reverse

Figure of Britannia, draped and wearing helmet, seated facing right holding trident and resting right hand on an oval shield which bears the crosses of the Union flag; around, FOUR PENCE; in exergue, the date 1888.

Reverse inscription

FOUR PENCE 1888

EdgeMilled Edge inscription

None

Fourpence 1888: Known varieties
VarietyMintageRarityDetails
Proof unknown
Fourpence 1888: Photos
Fourpence 1888: Photo Coin - 4 Pence, British Guiana & West Indies, 1888
Coin - 4 Pence, British Guiana & West Indies, 1888
Copyright: Museum Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Fourpence 1888: Photo Coin - 4 Pence, British Guiana & West Indies, 1888
Coin - 4 Pence, British Guiana & West Indies, 1888
Copyright: Museum Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Fourpence 1888: Photo Great Britain 1888 4 pence
Great Britain 1888 4 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
source
Fourpence 1888: Photo Great Britain 1888 4 pence
Great Britain 1888 4 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
source
Fourpence 1888: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 772
Spink/Seaby, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3930
Fourpence 1888: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museum Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins Mintage
Spink/Seaby, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Varieties Proof
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Fourpence 1888: Some useful external links
Museum Victoria Collections: Coin - 4 Pence, British Guiana & West Indies, 1888 Great Britain 1888 4 pence - CoinFactsWiki
List of all (23) coins of type: United Kingdom / Fourpence
Fourpence 1836 Fourpence 1837 Fourpence 1837 (Victoria, Proof only) Fourpence 1838 Fourpence 1839 Fourpence 1840
Fourpence 1841 Fourpence 1842 Fourpence 1843 Fourpence 1844 Fourpence 1845 Fourpence 1846
Fourpence 1847 Fourpence 1848 Fourpence 1849 Fourpence 1851 Fourpence 1852 Fourpence 1853
Fourpence 1854 Fourpence 1855 Fourpence 1857 (Proof only) Fourpence 1858 (Proof only) Fourpence 1888