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Detailed information about Coin: Fourpence 1916 (Maundy) from United Kingdom

Coin: Fourpence 1916 (Maundy)
Description

Maundy coins are specially minted in varying (but always small) mintage for ceremonial purposes and not intended as circulating currency. They are handed by the British monarch in person to selected deserving individuals once every year. They are issued in "prooflike" condition and usually remain in it, especially the more recent ones.

The Royal Maundy is an ancient ceremony which has its origin in the commandment Christ gave after washing the feet of his disciples on the day before Good Friday.

The commandment (also known as a 'mandatum' from which the word Maundy is derived) ‘that ye love one another’ (John XIII 34) is still recalled regularly by Christian churches throughout the world. The ceremony of washing the feet of the poor which was accompanied by gifts of food and clothing can be traced back to the fourth century.

It seems to have been the custom as early as the thirteenth century for members of the royal family to take part in Maundy ceremonies, to distribute money and gifts, and to recall Christ's simple act of humility by washing the feet of the poor.

Henry IV began the practice of relating the number of recipients of gifts to the sovereign's age, and as it became the custom of the sovereign to perform the ceremony, the event became known as the Royal Maundy.

Maundy money has remained in much the same form since 1670, and the coins used for the Maundy ceremony have traditionally been struck in sterling silver, save for the brief interruptions of Henry VIII’s debasement of the coinage and the general change to 50% silver coins in 1920.

The sterling silver standard (92.5%) was resumed following the Coinage Act of 1946.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value4 (x Penny) TypeMaundy Fourpence (Sterling silver)
Year1916 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Mintage1,499 (1499)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 1,499 (1499)
Material0.925 silver DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
MonarchKing George V EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)18 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)1.8900
Obverse

Bare head of King George V facing left; below on neck truncation in small letters, the designer's initials B.M. (for Bertram MacKennal); around, GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:.

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Reverse

Within an open oak wreath, the numeral 4 below a crown and dividing the date 1916.

Reverse inscription

4 1916

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Fourpence 1916 (Maundy): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 814
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom4017
Fourpence 1916 (Maundy): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage
Royal Mint 2016 History link
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List of all (152) coins of type: United Kingdom / Maundy Fourpence (Pre-decimal)
Fourpence 1817 (Maundy) Fourpence 1818 (Maundy) Fourpence 1820 (Maundy) Fourpence 1822 (Maundy) Fourpence 1823 (Maundy) Fourpence 1824 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1825 (Maundy) Fourpence 1826 (Maundy) Fourpence 1827 (Maundy) Fourpence 1828 (Maundy) Fourpence 1829 (Maundy) Fourpence 1830 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1831 (Maundy) Fourpence 1832 (Maundy) Fourpence 1833 (Maundy) Fourpence 1834 (Maundy) Fourpence 1835 (Maundy) Fourpence 1836 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1837 (Maundy) Fourpence 1838 (Maundy) Fourpence 1839 (Maundy) Fourpence 1840 (Maundy) Fourpence 1841 (Maundy) Fourpence 1842 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1843 (Maundy) Fourpence 1844 (Maundy) Fourpence 1845 (Maundy) Fourpence 1846 (Maundy) Fourpence 1847 (Maundy) Fourpence 1848 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1849 (Maundy) Fourpence 1850 (Maundy) Fourpence 1851 (Maundy) Fourpence 1852 (Maundy) Fourpence 1853 (Maundy) Fourpence 1854 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1855 (Maundy) Fourpence 1856 (Maundy) Fourpence 1857 (Maundy) Fourpence 1858 (Maundy) Fourpence 1859 (Maundy) Fourpence 1860 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1861 (Maundy) Fourpence 1862 (Maundy) Fourpence 1863 (Maundy) Fourpence 1864 (Maundy) Fourpence 1865 (Maundy) Fourpence 1866 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1867 (Maundy) Fourpence 1868 (Maundy) Fourpence 1869 (Maundy) Fourpence 1870 (Maundy) Fourpence 1871 (Maundy) Fourpence 1872 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1873 (Maundy) Fourpence 1874 (Maundy) Fourpence 1875 (Maundy) Fourpence 1876 (Maundy) Fourpence 1877 (Maundy) Fourpence 1878 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1879 (Maundy) Fourpence 1880 (Maundy) Fourpence 1881 (Maundy) Fourpence 1882 (Maundy) Fourpence 1883 (Maundy) Fourpence 1884 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1885 (Maundy) Fourpence 1886 (Maundy) Fourpence 1887 (Maundy) Fourpence 1888 (Maundy) Fourpence 1889 (Maundy) Fourpence 1890 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1891 (Maundy) Fourpence 1892 (Maundy) Fourpence 1893 (Maundy) Fourpence 1894 (Maundy) Fourpence 1895 (Maundy) Fourpence 1896 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1897 (Maundy) Fourpence 1898 (Maundy) Fourpence 1899 (Maundy) Fourpence 1900 (Maundy) Fourpence 1901 (Maundy) Fourpence 1902 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1903 (Maundy) Fourpence 1904 (Maundy) Fourpence 1905 (Maundy) Fourpence 1906 (Maundy) Fourpence 1907 (Maundy) Fourpence 1908 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1909 (Maundy) Fourpence 1910 (Maundy) Fourpence 1911 (Maundy) Fourpence 1912 (Maundy) Fourpence 1913 (Maundy) Fourpence 1914 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1915 (Maundy) Fourpence 1916 (Maundy) Fourpence 1917 (Maundy) Fourpence 1918 (Maundy) Fourpence 1919 (Maundy) Fourpence 1920 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1921 (Maundy) Fourpence 1922 (Maundy) Fourpence 1923 (Maundy) Fourpence 1924 (Maundy) Fourpence 1925 (Maundy) Fourpence 1926 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1927 (Maundy) Fourpence 1928 (Maundy) Fourpence 1929 (Maundy) Fourpence 1930 (Maundy) Fourpence 1931 (Maundy) Fourpence 1932 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1933 (Maundy) Fourpence 1934 (Maundy) Fourpence 1935 (Maundy) Fourpence 1936 (Maundy) Fourpence 1937 (Maundy) Fourpence 1938 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1939 (Maundy) Fourpence 1940 (Maundy) Fourpence 1941 (Maundy) Fourpence 1942 (Maundy) Fourpence 1943 (Maundy) Fourpence 1944 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1945 (Maundy) Fourpence 1946 (Maundy) Fourpence 1947 (Maundy) Fourpence 1948 (Maundy) Fourpence 1949 (Maundy) Fourpence 1950 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1951 (Maundy) Fourpence 1952 (Maundy) Fourpence 1953 (Maundy) Fourpence 1954 (Maundy) Fourpence 1955 (Maundy) Fourpence 1956 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1957 (Maundy) Fourpence 1958 (Maundy) Fourpence 1959 (Maundy) Fourpence 1960 (Maundy) Fourpence 1961 (Maundy) Fourpence 1962 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1963 (Maundy) Fourpence 1964 (Maundy) Fourpence 1965 (Maundy) Fourpence 1966 (Maundy) Fourpence 1967 (Maundy) Fourpence 1968 (Maundy)
Fourpence 1969 (Maundy) Fourpence 1970 (Maundy)