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Detailed information about Coin: Guinea 1813 from United Kingdom

Coin: Guinea 1813
Description

In 1813 it was necessary to strike 80,000 guineas to pay the Duke of Wellington's army in the Pyrenees, as the local people would accept only gold in payment. This issue has become known as the "Military Guinea". At this time, gold was still scarce and the guinea was trading on the open market for 27 shillings in paper money, so the coining of this issue for the army's special needs was a poor deal for the government, and this was the last issue of guineas to be minted.

The reverse of the military guinea is a unique design, showing a crowned shield within a Garter, with HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE on the Garter, and BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR ("King of the British, Defender of the Faith") around the edge, and "1813" between the edge inscription and the garter.

The design was by Mr Nathaniel Marchant from the Royal Mint, London. Engraver: Thomas Wyon Junior.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value21 (x Shilling) TypeGuinea
Year1813 CurrentNo (demonetised 1816)
Mintageunknown
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark unknown
Material0.9167 Gold DesignerNathaniel Marchant
MonarchKing George III EffigySeventh Head (Military Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm) Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)8.3500
Obverse

Laureate head of King George III facing right; around, GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA.

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA
Reverse

At centre, a shield set within the Garter, crowned; the shield is quartered with the arms of England, Scotland, France and Ireland with inescutcheon the arms of the Electorate of Brunswick and Luneburg surmounted by the Electoral cap; motto on the Garter; HONI SOI QUI MAL Y PENSE; the base of the Garter divides the date 1813; around, BRITANNIANUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR.

Reverse inscriptionHONI SOI QUI MAL Y PENSE 1813 BRITANNIANUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Guinea 1813: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Proof unknown
Guinea 1813: Photos
Guinea 1813: Photo Great Britain 1813 guinea
Great Britain 1813 guinea
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Guinea 1813: Photo Great Britain 1813 guinea
Great Britain 1813 guinea
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
source
Guinea 1813: Photo Coin - 1 Guinea, George III, Great Britain, 1813
Coin - 1 Guinea, George III, Great Britain, 1813
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Guinea 1813: Photo Coin - 1 Guinea, George III, Great Britain, 1813
Coin - 1 Guinea, George III, Great Britain, 1813
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Guinea 1813: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldGreat Britain 222
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 664
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3730
Guinea 1813: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
CoinFactsWiki Varieties link Proof
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Design link
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Guinea 1813: Some useful external links
Wikipedia: Guinea (coin) Museums Victoria: Coin - 1 Guinea, George III, Great Britain, 1813
Great Britain 1813 guinea - CoinFactsWiki American Numismatic Society: Gold guinea, Great Britain
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