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Detailed information about Coin: Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only) from United Kingdom

Coin: Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only)
Description

Part of a plain edged proof set struck for the coronation of William IV. Proof only this year. Not listed in Friedberg or Marsh.

"The Gold Half Sovereign" by Marsh says:

"Though William IV succeeded his brother on the throne on 26th June 1830 no currency gold coins were issued for that year. An Order in Council, dated 22nd November 1830, did however specify that a double sovereign, sovereign and half sovereign be struck in gold. These became current by proclamation on 13th April 1831, although the double sovereign was not issued.

The obverse was engraved by William Wyon from a superb bust of King William IV by Sir Francis L. Chantrey. The reverse features a magnificently garnished shield modeled and engraved by Jean Baptiste Merlen.

The overall design differs slightly from that of the sovereign, the main difference being seen in the diminishing panels that appear in the lower garnishment on either side of the shield of both coins. On the half sovereign these panels are filled with diagonal lines giving a shaded appearance, whereas on the sovereign small round pellets are shown in this area."

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1/2 (x Pound) TypeHalf Sovereign (Pre-decimal, Shield)
Year1831 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Mintageunknown
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark unknown
Material0.9167 Gold DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
MonarchKing William IV EffigyPortrait by William Wyon
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)19.3000 Thickness (mm)0.9900
Mass (g)3.9940
Obverse

Bare head of King William IV facing right; around, GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:

Obverse inscription GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Reverse

A garnished shield, surmounted by the royal crown, bearing the Ensigns Armorial of the United Kingdom; the shield is quartered with the arms of England (1 & 4), Scotland (2) and Ireland (3). The Hanoverian arms (of the Duchy of Brunswick and Luneberg) within an escutcheon surmounted by the royal crown in the centre of the shield.

The date 1831 is shown in the field at the bottom of the right side, the word ANNO (Latin for "year") appears in a similar position on the left side.

The coin is struck with a reverse die axis.

Reverse inscription

ANNO 1831

EdgePlain Edge inscription

None

Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Marsh, Michael A. The Gold Half Sovereign. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Coins, 1982. pp. 9-12.

Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only): Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Milled edge unknown
Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only): Photos
Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only): Photo Proof Coin - Half-Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Proof Coin - Half-Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only): Photo Proof Coin - Half-Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Proof Coin - Half-Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
source
Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 716
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3830
Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Marsh, The Gold Half Sovereign 1982 Coin description
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Marsh, The Gold Half Sovereign 1982 Design
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Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only): Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
Tax Free Gold: Half Sovereigns For Sale: William IV 1830 - 1837
Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only): Some useful external links
Cruzi's Coins: Gold Half Sovereigns: 1831 Royal Mint Proof Museums Victoria: Proof Coin - Half-Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
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List of all (100) coins of type: United Kingdom / Half Sovereign (Pre-decimal)
Half Sovereign 1817 Half Sovereign 1818 Half Sovereign 1820 Half Sovereign 1821 Half Sovereign 1823 Half Sovereign 1824
Half Sovereign 1825 Half Sovereign 1826 Half Sovereign 1827 Half Sovereign 1828 Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only) Half Sovereign 1834
Half Sovereign 1835 Half Sovereign 1836 Half Sovereign 1837 Half Sovereign 1838 Half Sovereign 1839 (Proof only) Half Sovereign 1841
Half Sovereign 1842 Half Sovereign 1843 Half Sovereign 1844 Half Sovereign 1845 Half Sovereign 1846 Half Sovereign 1847
Half Sovereign 1848 Half Sovereign 1849 Half Sovereign 1850 Half Sovereign 1851 Half Sovereign 1852 Half Sovereign 1853
Half Sovereign 1854 Half Sovereign 1855 Half Sovereign 1856 Half Sovereign 1857 Half Sovereign 1858 Half Sovereign 1859
Half Sovereign 1860 Half Sovereign 1861 Half Sovereign 1862 Half Sovereign 1863 Half Sovereign 1864 Half Sovereign 1865
Half Sovereign 1866 Half Sovereign 1867 Half Sovereign 1869 Half Sovereign 1870 Half Sovereign 1871 Half Sovereign 1872
Half Sovereign 1873 Half Sovereign 1874 Half Sovereign 1875 Half Sovereign 1876 Half Sovereign 1877 Half Sovereign 1878
Half Sovereign 1879 Half Sovereign 1880 Half Sovereign 1881 Half Sovereign 1882 Half Sovereign 1883 Half Sovereign 1884
Half Sovereign 1885 Half Sovereign 1886 Half Sovereign 1887 Young head Half Sovereign 1887 Jubilee head Half Sovereign 1888 (Proof only) Half Sovereign 1889
Half Sovereign 1890 Half Sovereign 1891 Half Sovereign 1892 Half Sovereign 1893 Shield Half Sovereign 1893 St George Half Sovereign 1894
Half Sovereign 1895 Half Sovereign 1896 Half Sovereign 1897 Half Sovereign 1898 Half Sovereign 1899 Half Sovereign 1900
Half Sovereign 1901 Half Sovereign 1902 Half Sovereign 1903 Half Sovereign 1904 Half Sovereign 1905 Half Sovereign 1906
Half Sovereign 1907 Half Sovereign 1908 Half Sovereign 1909 Half Sovereign 1910 Half Sovereign 1911 Half Sovereign 1912
Half Sovereign 1913 Half Sovereign 1914 Half Sovereign 1915 Half Sovereign 1916 Half Sovereign 1918 Half Sovereign 1923 (Proof only)
Half Sovereign 1925 Half Sovereign 1926 Half Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) Half Sovereign 1953 (not released)