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Detailed information about Coin: Half Sovereign 1890 from United Kingdom

Coin: Half Sovereign 1890
Description

A gold coin (19 mm diameter with plain edge) featuring the Jubilee bust of Queen Victoria wearing imperial crown and facing left, a long veil falls behind the head, the bust is draped and decorated with the Star of the Garter, and also the badge of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India; around, VICTORIA DEI GRATIA, the artist's initials J.E.B. below the shoulder.

On the reverse, a garnished shield, crowned and lined, around, BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID:DEF: and below 1890, the mint mark (if any) at the middle of the date.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1/2 (x Pound) TypeHalf Sovereign (Pre-decimal, Shield)
Year1890 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Mintage2,266,023 (2.3 million)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint London No mint mark 2,266,023 (2.3 million), Rarity: C (Common)
Melbourne Mint Letter M unknown
Material0.9167 Gold DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
MonarchQueen Victoria EffigyPortrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm (Jubilee head)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)19.3000 Thickness (mm)0.9900
Mass (g)3.9940
Obverse

The obverse features the Jubilee bust of Queen Victoria wearing imperial crown and facing left, a long veil falls behind the head, the bust is draped and decorated with the Star of the Garter, and also the badge of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India; around, the legend VICTORIA DEI GRATIA, the artist's initials J.E.B. below the shoulder.

Obverse inscription VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Reverse

Crowned and garnished shield quartered with the arms of England (1 & 4), Scotland (2) and Ireland (3); around, the monarch's legend BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID: DEF:, the date 1890 is below divided by the bottom of the shield.

Royal Mint London coins do not have a mint mark. The mint mark for the Melbourne Mint (M) is below the shield dividing the date. No die number, unlike earlier coins of the type.

Reverse inscriptionBRITANNIARUM REGINA FID: DEF: 1890
EdgeMilled Edge inscriptionNone
Notes

Melbourne Mint half sovereigns are not listed for this year in Marsh, Friedberg, Spink or Renniks.

Marsh lists the Royal Mint London mintage as 2,243,200.

The "ordinary" Royal Mint London sovereigns for 1890 are taken to be of the type listed in Spink as 3869C (No JEB).

References to additional information:

[Book] Marsh, Michael A. The Gold Half Sovereign. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Coins, 1982. pp. 13-40.

Half Sovereign 1890: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Lower shield, complete cross (Royal Mint London) S-3869B unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Normal JEB, higher shield (Royal Mint London) S-3869 unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Lower shield (Royal Mint London) S-3869D unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Proof (Melbourne Mint) unknown
Half Sovereign 1890: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Marsh, The Gold Half Sovereign479 (Royal Mint London)
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldGreat Britain 251 (Royal Mint London)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 766 (Royal Mint London)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3869C, 3869, 3869B, 3869D (Royal Mint London)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 9 (Melbourne Mint)
McDonald, Australian Coins and BanknotesMcD 037 (Melbourne Mint)
Half Sovereign 1890: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint Royal Mint London
Krause, Standard Catalog of World Coins Mint Melbourne Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage Royal Mint mintage
McDonald, Australian Coins and Banknotes Varieties Proof (Melbourne Mint)
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Tax Free Gold: Half Sovereigns For Sale: Victoria 1837 - 1901 1890M Proof Victoria Australian Gold Half Sovereign (Jubilee head) - Silveragecoins.com
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List of all (100) coins of type: United Kingdom / Half Sovereign (Pre-decimal)
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Half Sovereign 1848 Half Sovereign 1849 Half Sovereign 1850 Half Sovereign 1851 Half Sovereign 1852 Half Sovereign 1853
Half Sovereign 1854 Half Sovereign 1855 Half Sovereign 1856 Half Sovereign 1857 Half Sovereign 1858 Half Sovereign 1859
Half Sovereign 1860 Half Sovereign 1861 Half Sovereign 1862 Half Sovereign 1863 Half Sovereign 1864 Half Sovereign 1865
Half Sovereign 1866 Half Sovereign 1867 Half Sovereign 1869 Half Sovereign 1870 Half Sovereign 1871 Half Sovereign 1872
Half Sovereign 1873 Half Sovereign 1874 Half Sovereign 1875 Half Sovereign 1876 Half Sovereign 1877 Half Sovereign 1878
Half Sovereign 1879 Half Sovereign 1880 Half Sovereign 1881 Half Sovereign 1882 Half Sovereign 1883 Half Sovereign 1884
Half Sovereign 1885 Half Sovereign 1886 Half Sovereign 1887 Young head Half Sovereign 1887 Jubilee head Half Sovereign 1888 (Proof only) Half Sovereign 1889
Half Sovereign 1890 Half Sovereign 1891 Half Sovereign 1892 Half Sovereign 1893 Shield Half Sovereign 1893 St George Half Sovereign 1894
Half Sovereign 1895 Half Sovereign 1896 Half Sovereign 1897 Half Sovereign 1898 Half Sovereign 1899 Half Sovereign 1900
Half Sovereign 1901 Half Sovereign 1902 Half Sovereign 1903 Half Sovereign 1904 Half Sovereign 1905 Half Sovereign 1906
Half Sovereign 1907 Half Sovereign 1908 Half Sovereign 1909 Half Sovereign 1910 Half Sovereign 1911 Half Sovereign 1912
Half Sovereign 1913 Half Sovereign 1914 Half Sovereign 1915 Half Sovereign 1916 Half Sovereign 1918 Half Sovereign 1923 (Proof only)
Half Sovereign 1925 Half Sovereign 1926 Half Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) Half Sovereign 1953 (not released)