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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1856 from United Kingdom

Coin: Penny 1856
Description

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1 (x Penny) TypePenny (Britannia, second design)
Year1856 CurrentNo (demonetised 1869)
Mintage1,212,288 (1.2 million)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 1,212,288 (1.2 million)
MaterialCopper DesignerWilliam Wyon
MonarchQueen Victoria EffigyPortrait by William Wyon (Young Head)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)34 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)18.8000
Obverse

Head of Queen Victoria facing left, ribbon in her hair; incuse on neck truncation the artist's initials W.W. (for William Wyon); around, the legend VICTORIA DEI GRATIA (Victoria, by the Grace of God); below, the date 1856.

Obverse inscription VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1856
Reverse

Figure of Britannia seated facing right, resting her right hand on a shield bearing a saltire of arms, and holding a trident in her left hand; around, the rest of the monarch's legend: BRITANNIAR: REG: FID: DEF: (Queen of the Britains, Defender of the Faith); in exergue, a rose, a thistle and a shamrock combined.

Notes:
- plain trident prongs, no extra space after DEF on most coins
- ornamental trident prongs, DEF : (extra space between DEF and the colon) on others

Reverse inscriptionBRITANNIAR: REG: FID: DEF:
EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone
Penny 1856: Known varieties
VarietyMintageDetails
Ornamental trident, DEF : unknown (included in main number) (hover mouse for text)
Proof FDC unknown
Penny 1856: Photos
Penny 1856: Photo Great Britain 1856 penny
Great Britain 1856 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Ornamental trident, DEF :
source
Penny 1856: Photo Great Britain 1856 penny
Great Britain 1856 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
source
Penny 1856: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3948
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 739
Penny 1856: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Whitman, Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 1962 Mint
Whitman, Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 1962 Mintage
Whitman, Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 1962 Varieties Proof, DEF :
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Penny 1856: Some useful external links
Great Britain 1856 penny - CoinFactsWiki
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The biggest New Zealand numismatic event of 2017 – the Numismatic Society of Auckland and Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand DECIMAL 50 conference
List of all (129) coins of type: United Kingdom / Penny (Pre-decimal)
Penny 1806 Penny 1807 Penny 1808 (Proof only) Penny 1817 (Silver, circulating) Penny 1818 (Silver, circulating) Penny 1820 (Silver, circulating)
Penny 1825 Penny 1826 Penny 1827 Penny 1831 Penny 1834 Penny 1837
Penny 1839 (Proof only) Penny 1841 Penny 1843 Penny 1844 Penny 1845 Penny 1846
Penny 1847 Penny 1848 Penny 1849 Penny 1851 Penny 1853 Penny 1854
Penny 1855 Penny 1856 Penny 1857 Penny 1858 Penny 1859 Penny 1860 (Large)
Penny 1860 (Small) Penny 1861 Penny 1862 Penny 1863 Penny 1864 Penny 1865
Penny 1866 Penny 1867 Penny 1868 Penny 1869 Penny 1870 Penny 1871
Penny 1872 Penny 1873 Penny 1874 Penny 1875 Penny 1876 Penny 1877
Penny 1878 Penny 1879 Penny 1880 Penny 1881 Penny 1882 Penny 1883
Penny 1884 Penny 1885 Penny 1886 Penny 1887 Penny 1888 Penny 1889
Penny 1890 Penny 1891 Penny 1892 Penny 1893 Penny 1894 (Bun Head) Penny 1894 (Veiled Head, Pattern)
Penny 1895 Penny 1896 Penny 1897 Penny 1898 Penny 1899 Penny 1900
Penny 1901 Penny 1902 Penny 1903 Penny 1904 Penny 1905 Penny 1906
Penny 1907 Penny 1908 Penny 1909 Penny 1910 Penny 1911 Penny 1912
Penny 1913 Penny 1914 Penny 1915 Penny 1916 Penny 1917 Penny 1918
Penny 1919 Penny 1920 Penny 1921 Penny 1922 Penny 1926 Penny 1927
Penny 1928 Penny 1929 Penny 1930 Penny 1931 Penny 1932 Penny 1933
Penny 1934 Penny 1935 Penny 1936 Penny 1937 Edward VIII (not released) Penny 1937 George VI Penny 1938
Penny 1939 Penny 1940 Penny 1944 Penny 1945 Penny 1946 Penny 1947
Penny 1948 Penny 1949 Penny 1950 Penny 1951 Penny 1952 Penny 1953
Penny 1954 Penny 1961 Penny 1962 Penny 1963 Penny 1964 Penny 1965
Penny 1966 Penny 1967 Penny 1970 (Proof only)