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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1978 (Maundy) from United Kingdom

Coin: Penny 1978 (Maundy)
Description

Maundy coins are specially minted in varying (but always small) mintage for ceremonial purposes and not intended as circulating currency. They are handed by the British monarch in person to selected deserving individuals once every year. They are issued in "prooflike" condition and usually remain in it, especially the more recent ones.

The Royal Maundy is an ancient ceremony which has its origin in the commandment Christ gave after washing the feet of his disciples on the day before Good Friday.

The commandment (also known as a 'mandatum' from which the word Maundy is derived) ‘that ye love one another’ (John XIII 34) is still recalled regularly by Christian churches throughout the world. The ceremony of washing the feet of the poor which was accompanied by gifts of food and clothing can be traced back to the fourth century.

It seems to have been the custom as early as the thirteenth century for members of the royal family to take part in Maundy ceremonies, to distribute money and gifts, and to recall Christ's simple act of humility by washing the feet of the poor.

Henry IV began the practice of relating the number of recipients of gifts to the sovereign's age, and as it became the custom of the sovereign to perform the ceremony, the event became known as the Royal Maundy.

Maundy money has remained in much the same form since 1670, and the coins used for the Maundy ceremony have traditionally been struck in sterling silver, save for the brief interruptions of Henry VIII’s debasement of the coinage and the general change to 50% silver coins in 1920.

The sterling silver standard (92.5%) was resumed following the Coinage Act of 1946.

The 1978 Maundy ceremony was at Carlisle Cathedral.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling
Face value1 (x Penny) TypeMaundy Penny (Decimal)
Year1978 CurrentYes
Mintage1,178 (1178)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 1,178 (1178)
Material0.925 Silver DesignerJean Baptise Merlen
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II EffigyPortrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)11 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)0.4700
Obverse

Laureate bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right ("First Portrait" Mary Gillick); around, ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +.

Obverse inscription ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +
Reverse

At centre within an open oak wreath; the numeral 1; above, crown; the numeral dividing the date 1978.

Reverse inscription

1 1978

EdgeMilled Edge inscription

None

Penny 1978 (Maundy): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 898
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom4215
Penny 1978 (Maundy): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 2016 Mint link
Royal Mint 2016 Mintage link
Royal Mint 2016 History link
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List of all (46) coins of type: United Kingdom / Maundy Penny (Decimal)
Penny 1971 (Maundy) Penny 1972 (Maundy) Penny 1973 (Maundy) Penny 1974 (Maundy) Penny 1975 (Maundy) Penny 1976 (Maundy)
Penny 1977 (Maundy) Penny 1978 (Maundy) Penny 1979 (Maundy) Penny 1980 (Maundy) Penny 1981 (Maundy) Penny 1982 (Maundy)
Penny 1983 (Maundy) Penny 1984 (Maundy) Penny 1985 (Maundy) Penny 1986 (Maundy) Penny 1987 (Maundy) Penny 1988 (Maundy)
Penny 1989 (Maundy) Penny 1990 (Maundy) Penny 1991 (Maundy) Penny 1992 (Maundy) Penny 1993 (Maundy) Penny 1994 (Maundy)
Penny 1995 (Maundy) Penny 1996 (Maundy) Penny 1997 (Maundy) Penny 1998 (Maundy) Penny 1999 (Maundy) Penny 2000 (Maundy)
Penny 2001 (Maundy) Penny 2002 (Maundy) Penny 2003 (Maundy) Penny 2004 (Maundy) Penny 2005 (Maundy) Penny 2006 (Maundy)
Penny 2007 (Maundy) Penny 2008 (Maundy) Penny 2009 (Maundy) Penny 2010 (Maundy) Penny 2011 (Maundy) Penny 2012 (Maundy)
Penny 2013 (Maundy) Penny 2014 (Maundy) Penny 2015 (Maundy) Penny 2016 (Maundy)