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Detailed information about Coin: Sovereign 1925 from United Kingdom

Coin: Sovereign 1925
Description

A gold coin (22.05 mm diameter with milled edge) featuring the effigy of King George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F:D: IND: IMP:.

The reverse features St. George on horseback holding a short sword in his right hand, the horse rearing to right over a fallen dragon which has a broken lance in its chest; in exergue, the date, 1925 and the artist's initials B.P.; the mint mark (if any) is in the ground above the middle of the date.

In 1916 the [Australian] Commonwealth Treasury ordered Melbourne to pay for gold by cheque instead of in gold coin. In 1922 arrangements were made with Melbourne that it should coin gold whenever the bullion held reached 200,000 pounds. This seems to have occurred only every six months, the coin being held to back issues of Commonwealth paper money. This did not meet the needs of the Gold Producers Association; it would appear that they were able to employ the Perth mint for their needs.

Melbourne coins of the early 1920s are very rare, most having been deposited against paper money issues; Perth Mint coins of the era remain common. In 1925 large shipments of gold from America arrived and the Melbourne Mint was authorised to pay for imported gold in sovereigns. As a result sovereigns dated 1925 from Melbourne are common while earlier dates in the 1920s tend to be scarcer.

During World War I Great Britain suspended the production of the sovereign at the Royal Mint (although Branch mints continued to produce large quantities of the coin). In 1925 Britain, under Winston Churchill, attempted a return to the gold standard. At that time the Royal Mint took the opportunity to melt and re-strike worn gold coins that the Bank of England was holding. There was no intention that the sovereign would reclaim its place among the coins in circulation, just that the Bank would be holding full weight coins. Branch mints continued sovereign production until 1931 (Australia) and 1932 (South Africa) but the Royal Mint did not resume the denomination.

However from 1949 until 1952 sovereigns bearing the date 1925 were again struck (138,000 in 1949; 318,000 in 1951 and 430,000 in 1952). The reason given for using the head of George V and the 1925 date at that time was that there was a 'perceived need for familiarity' and the reason for producing a sovereign at all was to 'maintain a craft skill' at the Royal Mint. While both of these points no doubt had some relevance, it seems the the need to address foreign unofficial sovereign production was paramount. The sovereign had become an important coin in European circulation during World War II and a demand needed to be met.

Sovereigns were struck for George VI in 1937 but these were plain edged and thus not legal tender. They were coronation commemoratives.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1 (x Pound) TypeSovereign (St George)
Year1925 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Mintage21,276,258 (21.3 million)
Mints
NameMint markMintage
Pretoria Mint Letters SA 6,086,264 (6.1 million)
Sydney Mint Letter S 5,632,000 (5.6 million)
Royal Mint London No mint mark 4,406,431 (4.4 million)
Melbourne Mint Letter M 3,313,662 (3.3 million)
Perth Mint Letter P 1,837,901 (1.8 million)
Material0.9167 Gold DesignerBenedetto Pistrucci
MonarchKing George V EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Bare Head)
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)22.0500 Thickness (mm)1.5200
Mass (g)7.9881
Obverse

Head of King George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F:D: IND: IMP:

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS V D.G.BRITT: OMN: REX F.D.IND:IMP:
Reverse

St. George on horseback holding a short sword in his right hand, the horse rearing to right over a fallen dragon which has a broken lance in its chest; in exergue, the date, 1925 and the artist's initials B.P.; the mint mark (if any) is in the ground above the middle of the date.

Reverse inscription

1925

EdgeMilled Edge inscription

None

Notes

Additional information:

Annual Report of the Royal Mint, 1952, p.55.

Sovereign 1925: Photos
Sovereign 1925: Photo Coin - Sovereign, George V, Great Britain, 1925
Coin - Sovereign, George V, Great Britain, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Royal Mint London (no mint mark).
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Coin - Sovereign, George V, Great Britain, 1925
Coin - Sovereign, George V, Great Britain, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Royal Mint London.
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Great Britain 1925 sovereign
Great Britain 1925 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Royal Mint London.
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Great Britain 1925 sovereign
Great Britain 1925 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Royal Mint London.
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1925
Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Sydney Mint.
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1925
Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Sydney Mint.
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1925
Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint.
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1925
Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Melbourne Mint.
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Coin - Sovereign, Western Australia, Australia, 1925
Coin - Sovereign, Western Australia, Australia, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Perth Mint.
source
Sovereign 1925: Photo Coin - Sovereign, Western Australia, Australia, 1925
Coin - Sovereign, Western Australia, Australia, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Perth Mint.
source
Sovereign 1925: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldGreat Britain 262 (Royal Mint London)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 820 (Royal Mint London)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom3996 (Royal Mint London)
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldAustralia 38 (Sydney), 39 (Melbourne), 40 (Perth)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# 29 (Sydney, Melbourne, Perth Mints)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom4003 (Sydney), 3999 (Melbourne) and 4001 (Perth)
McDonald, Australian Coins and BanknotesMcD 279 (Sydney), 280 (Melbourne) and 281 (Perth)
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote ValuesS186 (Sydney), S187 (Melbourne) and S188 (Perth)
Friedberg, Gold Coins of the WorldSouth Africa 5 (Pretoria Mint)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsSouth Africa KM# 21 (Pretoria Mint)
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom4004 (Pretoria Mint)
Sovereign 1925: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Coin description link
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint Royal Mint London and Pretoria Mint
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mint Sydney Mint, Melbourne Mint and Perth Mint
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage Royal Mint London and Pretoria Mint mintage
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values 1965 Mintage Sydney Mint, Melbourne Mint and Perth Mint mintage
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 History link
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Sovereign 1925: Links to sites that (may) sell similar coins
Gold Sovereigns: 1925 Gold Sovereigns 1925M George V Australian Gold Sovereign - Silveragecoins.com
1925P George V Australian Gold Sovereign - Silveragecoins.com 1925S George V Australian Gold Sovereign - Silveragecoins.com
1925 George V South African Gold Sovereign - Silveragecoins.com 1925 George V British Gold Sovereign - Silveragecoins.com
Sovereign 1925: Some useful external links
Museums Victoria: Coin - Sovereign, George V, Great Britain, 1925 Museums Victoria: Coin - Sovereign, New South Wales, Australia, 1925
Museums Victoria: Coin - Sovereign, Victoria, Australia, 1925 Museums Victoria: Coin - Sovereign, Western Australia, Australia, 1925
Cruzi's Coins: Gold Sovereigns: 1925 Royal Mint Gold Sovereign Great Britain 1925 sovereign - CoinFactsWiki
George V 1925 Gold Sovereigns
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List of all (148) coins of type: United Kingdom / Sovereign (Pre-Decimal)
Sovereign 1817 Sovereign 1818 Sovereign 1819 Sovereign 1820 Sovereign 1821 Sovereign 1822
Sovereign 1823 Sovereign 1824 Sovereign 1825 St George Sovereign 1825 Shield Sovereign 1826 Sovereign 1827
Sovereign 1828 Sovereign 1829 Sovereign 1830 George IV Sovereign 1830 William IV Sovereign 1831 Sovereign 1832
Sovereign 1833 Sovereign 1835 Sovereign 1836 Sovereign 1837 William IV Sovereign 1837 Victoria Sovereign 1838
Sovereign 1839 Sovereign 1841 Sovereign 1842 Sovereign 1843 Sovereign 1844 Sovereign 1845
Sovereign 1846 Sovereign 1847 Sovereign 1848 Sovereign 1849 Sovereign 1850 Sovereign 1851
Sovereign 1852 Sovereign 1853 Sovereign 1854 Sovereign 1855 Sovereign 1856 Sovereign 1857
Sovereign 1858 Sovereign 1859 Sovereign 1860 Sovereign 1861 Sovereign 1862 Sovereign 1863
Sovereign 1864 Sovereign 1865 Sovereign 1866 Sovereign 1868 Sovereign 1869 Sovereign 1870
Sovereign 1871 Shield Sovereign 1871 St George Sovereign 1872 Shield Sovereign 1872 St George Sovereign 1873 Shield Sovereign 1873 St George
Sovereign 1874 Shield Sovereign 1874 St George Sovereign 1875 Shield Sovereign 1875 St George Sovereign 1876 Shield Sovereign 1876 St George
Sovereign 1877 Shield Sovereign 1877 St George Sovereign 1878 Shield Sovereign 1878 St George Sovereign 1879 Shield Sovereign 1879 St George
Sovereign 1880 Shield Sovereign 1880 St George Sovereign 1881 Shield Sovereign 1881 St George Sovereign 1882 Shield Sovereign 1882 St George
Sovereign 1883 Shield Sovereign 1883 St George Sovereign 1884 Shield Sovereign 1884 St George Sovereign 1885 Shield Sovereign 1885 St George
Sovereign 1886 Shield Sovereign 1886 St George Sovereign 1887 Shield Sovereign 1887 St George, Young head Sovereign 1887 St George, Jubilee head Sovereign 1888
Sovereign 1889 Sovereign 1890 Sovereign 1891 Sovereign 1892 Sovereign 1893 Jubilee head Sovereign 1893 Veiled head
Sovereign 1894 Sovereign 1895 Sovereign 1896 Sovereign 1897 Sovereign 1898 Sovereign 1899
Sovereign 1900 Sovereign 1901 Sovereign 1902 Sovereign 1903 Sovereign 1904 Sovereign 1905
Sovereign 1906 Sovereign 1907 Sovereign 1908 Sovereign 1909 Sovereign 1910 Sovereign 1911
Sovereign 1912 Sovereign 1913 Sovereign 1914 Sovereign 1915 Sovereign 1916 Sovereign 1917
Sovereign 1918 Sovereign 1919 Sovereign 1920 Sovereign 1921 Sovereign 1922 Sovereign 1923
Sovereign 1924 Sovereign 1925 Sovereign 1926 Sovereign 1927 Sovereign 1928 Sovereign 1929
Sovereign 1930 Sovereign 1931 Sovereign 1932 Sovereign 1937 Edward VIII (not released) Sovereign 1937 (Proof only) Sovereign 1953 (not released)
Sovereign 1957 Sovereign 1958 Sovereign 1959 Sovereign 1962 Sovereign 1963 Sovereign 1964
Sovereign 1965 Sovereign 1966 Sovereign 1967 Sovereign 1968