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General information about people who are somehow related to coins, coinage, banknotes, currencies etc.

Links (29):
Museum Victoria Collections: Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Sculptor (1863-1931)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/1930

Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, sculptor, was born on 12 June 1863 in Fitzroy, the second son of architectural modeller and sculptor John Simpson Mackennal and his wife Annabella, both Scottish. He was educated the the Melbourne Model School and King's College. His initial training was undertaken by his father, and reinforced by studies at the National Gallery School of Design.

Museum Victoria Collections: George Kruger Gray, Designer, Painter & Medallist (1880-1943)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/1984

George Kruger Gray was a designer, painter and medallist. He was born George Edward Kruger, and graduated from the Royal College of Art. After his marriage in 1918 he adopted his wife's surname.

Gray was a leading designer for the Royal Mint. He mostly designed coin reverses which he signed "KG" or "G".

Museum Victoria Collections: George William De Saulles, Medallist (1862-1903)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/3758

George William De Saulles was born on 4 February 1862 in Birmingham. He studied at the Birmingham School of Art and was apprenticed to Mr. Wilcox, a Birmingham die-sinker. De Saulles moved to London in 1884 to work with John H. Pinches, medalist and die-engraver, who was then in Oxenden Street, Haymarket. In 1888 he returned to Birmingham to work with Joseph Moore.

Museum Victoria Collections: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer, (1895-1970)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/2358

Percy Metcalfe was an accomplished designer of coins. His designs (with some modifications) were used for the reverse and obverse of all coins issued by the newly founded Irish Free State, although he was an Englishman. He undertook the work for the Irish Currency Commission of 1926, which was chaired by the poet W. B. Yeats. The coinage depicted various farm animals, with a harp on the obverse. In 1938 he re-designed the obverse harp for all the coins to improve the reverses of the Penny and the Half Crown.

Wikipedia: Arnold Machin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_Machin

Arnold Machin O.B.E., R.A. (30 September 1911 – 9 March 1999) was a British artist, sculptor, coin and stamp designer.

Museum Victoria Collections: HRH King George V (1865-1936)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/2054

George V was the second eldest son of Edward VII and Alexandra. Born in 1865, he first visited Australia with his elder brother Prince Albert as midshipmen aboard the HMS Bacchante in 1880. George seemed destined for a professional career in the Navy, but the heir apparent, Prince Albert, died in 1892 after contracting pneumonia. Prince George therefore became heir apparent (and hence Prince of Wales) and went on to marry his brother's former fiancee, who later became Queen Mary. He and his wife held the titles of Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York.

The Royal Mint Museum: Humphrey Paget
http://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk/history/people/artists/humphrey-paget/index.html

One of the best remembered designs of the pre-decimal coinage was the old sailing ship on the halfpenny. Based on Francis Drake’s Golden Hind, it was the work of one of the most prolific coin designers of the 20th century.

The Royal Mint Museum: Benedetto Pistrucci
http://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk//history/people/artists/benedetto-pistrucci/index.html

The association of Benedetto Pistrucci with the Royal Mint began soon after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. Arguably the most mercurial and temperamental engraver ever to work at the Royal Mint, Pistrucci had been born in Rome in 1783 and had established for himself a considerable reputation as a gem engraver. He had been in France during the final days of Napoleon’s regime and it may well be that William Wellesley Pole, the Master of the Royal Mint, was among those who tempted him to come to England.

The Royal Mint Museum: William Wyon
http://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk/history/people/artists/william-wyon/index.html

If the many thousands of coin collectors in the United Kingdom were asked to nominate the three finest engravers ever to produce designs for the coinage of Britain it is likely that William Wyon would find a place in everyone’s list.

The Royal Mint Museum: Arnold Machin
http://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk/history/people/artists/arnold-machin/index.html

Arnold Machin designed the royal portrait which featured on United Kingdom decimal coins from 1968 to 1984. The reverse of the crown issued in 1972 to mark the Silver Wedding of the Queen and Prince Philip was also his work, as were the obverse and reverse of the Silver Jubilee crown of 1977. In addition, he designed the royal portrait which has appeared on definitive British stamps since 1967.

The Royal Mint Museum: Christopher Ironside
http://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk/history/people/artists/christopher-ironside/index.html

Having won a public competition, Christopher Ironside prepared the reverse designs for all six new denominations, 50p to halfpenny, introduced at the time of decimalisation and for which he was awarded an OBE in 1971. Making their first appearance in 1968, when 5p and 10p coins were issued alongside shillings and florins, the Ironside designs remained in use for 40 years – until the new designs by Matthew Dent were introduced in 2008.

The Royal Mint Museum: Mary Milner Dickens
http://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk/history/people/artists/mary-milner-dickens/index.html

The first coin design by sculptor Mary Milner Dickens was the 50p of 1992-1993 celebrating the United Kingdom’s presidency of the European Council of Ministers and the completion of the Single Market. Her characteristically thoughtful designs were also chosen for the 50p of 2000 commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Public Libraries Act, the crown of 2001 marking the centenary of the death of Queen Victoria and the 50p of 2003 for the centenary of the foundation of the Women’s Social and Political Union. Medal commissions include the emotive Battle of Britain 50th anniversary medal of 1990 and the Royal Mint’s Fleur de Coin Club medal issued in 1994.

The Royal Mint Museum: James Butler
http://www.royalmintmuseum.org.uk/history/people/artists/james-butler/index.html

A professional sculptor, James Butler MBE RA designed the 2004-dated 50p celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of the first four-minute mile by Roger Bannister and the 2005-dated crown commemorating the bicentenary of Lord Nelson's death at the Battle of Trafalgar. He also designed the new Great Seal of the Realm adopted in July 2001 and still in use today.

Wikipedia: Percy Metcalfe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percy_Metcalfe

Percy Metcalfe, CVO, RDI (14 January 1895 Wakefield - 9 October 1970 Fulham Hospital, Hammersmith, London), (often spelled Metcalf without "e") was an English artist sculptor and designer. Metcalfe designed the first coinage of the Irish Free State in 1928. He was responsible for the design of the George Cross in 1940, particularly the head of King George VI on it; and was involved in the design of the Great Seal of the Realm. He produced designs for coinage of several countries including Ireland and Australia. He created a portrait of King George V which was used as the obverse for coins of Australia, Canada, Fiji, Mauritius, New Zealand and Southern Rhodesia.

In 2010, the Central Bank of Ireland issued euro coins featuring Metcalfe's Irish coin designs with slight modifications to represent the "new generation." This was the first time his work was presented on the euro currency.

Wikipedia: Bertram Mackennal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertram_Mackennal

Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, KCVO (12 June 1863 – 10 October 1931), usually known as Bertram Mackennal, was an Australian sculptor, most famous for designing the coinage and stamps bearing the likeness of King George V. Signature: "BM".

Wikipedia: Leonard Charles Wyon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Charles_Wyon

Leonard Charles Wyon (23 November 1826 - 20 August 1891) was a British engraver of the Victorian era most notable for his work on the gold and silver coinage struck for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 and the bronze coinage of 1860 with the second ("bun") head portrait, in use from 1860 to 1894.

Wikipedia: George William de Saulles
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_William_de_Saulles

eorge William de Saulles (1862 – 1903) was a British medallist. He authored and designed the obverse of coins from the United Kingdom and its colonies under Queen Victoria and Edward VII of the United Kingdom.

Wikipedia: William Henry James Blakemore
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Henry_James_Blakemore

William Henry James Blakemore (1871,West Midlands Birmingham, England-1945) was an English engraver, and medallist at the Royal Mint London.[1] Signature: WHJB. During his long career with the Royal Mint William Blakemore was the craftsman for the engraving of master dies for the Royal Mint London, and other Royal Mint branches, like the Royal Canadian Mint. He also engraved the designs for the first Australian coins of 1910.

Museum Victoria: James Berry, Medal Designer (1906-1979)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/2095

Reginald George James Berry (known as James) was born on 20 June 1906 in London, England. Following the death of his father in 1911, James was sent to board at Russell Hill School at the age of seven, and remained at the school until he was 16, in 1922. He won prizes for art and his talent was fostered by his aunt Lilian Berry, herself an artist. After leaving school he became an insurance clerk, but did not enjoy the work and decided instead to migrate to New Zealand. He arrived in 1925, and paid off his assisted passage as a farm cadet in Gisborne.

During his lifetime Berry completed more than 1,000 designs for stamps, coins and medals. Berry designed the Captain James Cook Bicentenary medal for the Australian Numismatic Society in 1970 (NU 23802); a medal to commemorate the Sydney Opera House in 1973; a Commercial Bank of Australasia medal for the Montreal Olympics in 1976; and a set of 60 models to record the medallic history of Australia, struck by Stokes in 1977.

Museum Victoria: Leonard Charles Wyon, Engraver (1826-1891)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/3762

L.C. Wyon was born in the Royal Mint, London in 1826. His father, William Wyon, was an engraver at the Mint and became Chief Engraver in 1828. While studying at the Merchant Taylor's School in London Leonard was tutored in die engraving by his father and was appointed Second Engraver at the mint in 1843. The position of Chief Engraver ceased with the death of William in 1851. Leonard took over its duties as Resident Engraver and later Modeler and Engraver.

Museum Victoria: HM Queen Victoria (1819-1901)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/2063

Victoria was born in London on 24 May 1819, the only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of George III. She became heir to the throne because her father died shortly after she was born and the three uncles ahead of her in succession - George IV, Frederick Duke of York, and William IV - had no legitimate children who survived.

Museum Victoria: William Wyon, Medallist (1795-1851)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/3774

William Wyon, the most famous of the Wyon family of medalists and engravers was born in 1795 in Birmingham where his father, Peter Wyon, was a die engraver. In 1809 William became apprenticed to his father who was apparently then working with Matthew Boulton at the Soho Mint, Birmingham.

Museum Victoria: Allan Wyon, Engraver (1843-1907)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/1824

Allan Wyon was a member of the celebrated dynasty of coin, medal and seal engravers. He became Chief Engraver of Her Majesty's Seals. Allan Wyon co-authored with his brother, Alfred Benjamin Wyon, the first major study of the 'Great Seals of England', published in 1887.

Museum Victoria: Benjamin Wyon, Coin & Medal Engraver, England (1802-1858)
http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/articles/1868

Benjamin Wyon received a major portion of his instruction from his elder brother, Thomas Wyon the younger. He succeeded his father as Chief Engraver of the Seals in 1831. Benjamin had two sons, Joseph Shepherd and Alfred Benjamin, both of whom also became medalists.

Wikipedia: Thomas Humphrey Paget
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Humphrey_Paget

Thomas Humphrey Paget OBE (13 August 1893 – May 1974) was an English medal and coin designer and modeller. Paget's designs are indicated by the initials 'HP'.

Wikipedia: William Wyon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wyon

William Wyon RA (1795 in Birmingham – 29 October 1851), was official chief engraver at the Royal Mint from 1828 until his death.

Te Arra: Berry, Reginald George James
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/4b26/berry-reginald-george-james

Reginald George James Berry (known as James) was born on 20 June 1906 in London, England, the second child of James Willie Berry, a clerk, and his wife, Amy Blanche Clarissa Wakefield. After the death of his father in 1911, James was sent to board at Russell Hill School from 1913 until 1922. He won prizes for art and his talent was fostered by an aunt, Lilian Berry, who exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts.

Wikipedia: James Berry (artist)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Berry_(artist)

Reginald George James Berry OBE (20 June 1906 – 6 November 1979) was a New Zealand artist, noted for creating a large number of postage stamp and coin designs. He was born in London in 1906, and emigrated to New Zealand in 1925. He went on to become a commercial artist at a Wellington advertising agency, and in 1932 became a freelance artist. His work included book covers and illustrations, but is most famous for more than 1,000 stamp, coin and medal designs.

Numismatic News: Elizabeth II reaches reign milestone
http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/elizabeth-ii-reaches-reign-milestone

On Sept. 9, 2015, Queen Elizabeth II achieved the longest reign of any monarch in any kingdom of the British Isles. On that date she surpassed the 63 years 216 days of rule by her great-great-grandmother Victoria. She also became the longest-reigning woman in history.