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Information about Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire).

Country: Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire)
From year330
Existed to1453
Description

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.

During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe. Both "Byzantine Empire" and "Eastern Roman Empire" are historiographical terms created after the end of the realm; its citizens continued to refer to their empire as the Roman Empire (Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων; Latin: Imperium Romanum), or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as "Romans".

Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_Empire
Monarch reigns
NameFromTo
Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 28 March 364
Flavius Julius Valens Augustus (Emperor Valens) 28 March 364 9 August 378
Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II 9 August 378 19 January 379
Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 19 January 379 17 January 395
Flavius Arcadius Augustus (Emperor Arcadius) 17 January 395 1 May 408
Flavius Theodosius Iunior Augustus (Emperor Theodosius II) 1 May 408 28 July 450
Flavius Marcianus Augustus (Emperor Marcian) 450 27 January 457
Aelia Pulcheria (Empress Pulcheria) 28 July 450 July 453
Λέων Α' ὁ Θρᾷξ / Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus (Emperor Leo I) 27 January 457 18 January 474
Λέων Β' / Flavius Leo Iunior Augustus (Emperor Leo II) 18 January 474 17 November 474
Ζήνων / Flavius Zeno Augustus (Emperor Zeno), first reign 9 February 474 9 January 475
Βασιλίσκος / Flavius Basiliscus Augustus (Emperor Basiliscus) 9 January 475 August 476
Ζήνων / Flavius Zeno Augustus (Emperor Zeno), second reign August 476 9 April 491
Ἀναστάσιος Α' ὁ Δίκορος / Flavius Anastasius Augustus (Emperor Anastasius I) 11 April 491 9 July 518
Ἰουστίνος / Flavius Iustinus Augustus (Emperor Justin I) July 518 1 August 527
Φλάβιος Πέτρος Σαββάτιος Ἰουστινιανός / Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus (Justinian I) 1 August 527 14 November 565
Φλάβιος Ἰουστίνος ὁ νεώτερος / Flavius Iustinus Iunior Augustus (Emperor Justin II) 15 November 565 7 December 574
Τιβέριος Β' / Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Tiberius II Constantine) 7 December 574 13 August 582
Φλάβιος Μαυρίκιος Τιβέριος Αὔγουστος / Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus (Emperor Maurice) 13 August 582 27 November 602
Φωκᾶς / Flavius Phocas Augustus (Emperor Phocas) 13 August 582 5 October 610
Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος / Flavius Heraclius Augustus (Emperor Heraclius) 5 October 610 22 January 613
Emperors Heraclius and Constantine III 22 January 613 4 July 638
Emperors Heraclius, Constantine III and Heraklonas 4 July 638 11 February 641
Emperors Constantine III and Heraklonas 11 February 641 20 April 641
Κωνσταντῖνος Ἡράκλειος / Flavius Constantinus Heraclius (Emperor Heraklonas) 20 April 641 September 641
Κώνστας Β' / Heraclius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Constans II) September 641 15 September 668
Μιζίζιος (Mizizios), usurper in Sicily 15 September 668 669
Κωνσταντῖνος Δ' / Flavius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Constantine IV) 15 September 668 14 September 685
Ἰουστινιανός Β΄ / Iustinianus Augustus (Emperor Justinian II), first reign 14 September 685 695
Λεόντιος / Leontius Augustus (Emperor Leontios) 695 698
Τιβέριος Γʹ / Tiberius Augustus (Emperor Tiberius III) 698 21 August 705
Ἰουστινιανός Β΄ / Iustinianus Augustus (Emperor Justinian II), second reign 21 August 705 706
Emperors Justinian II and Tiberius 706 11 December 711
Φιλιππικός (Emperor Philippikos) 11 December 711 3 June 713
Ἀρτέμιος Ἀναστάσιος Β΄ (Emperor Anastasius II) 3 June 713 November 715
Θεοδόσιος Γ΄ (Emperor Theodosius III) May 715 25 March 717
Λέων Γ΄ ὁ Ἴσαυρος (Emperor Leo III the Isaurian) 25 March 717 August 720
Emperors Leo III and Constantine V August 720 18 June 741
Ἀρταύασδος (Artavasdos), usurper June 741 November 743
Κωνσταντῖνος Ε΄ (Emperor Constantine V) 18 June 741 751
Emperors Constantine V and Leo IV 751 14 September 775
Λέων Δ΄ ὁ Χάζαρος (Leo IV the Khazar) 14 September 775 24 April 776
Emperors Leo IV the Khazar and Constantine VI 24 April 776 8 September 780
Κωνσταντῖνος Ϛ΄ (Emperor Constantine VI) 8 September 780 August 797
Εἰρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία (Empress Irene) August 797 31 October 802
Νικηφόρος Α΄ (Emperor Nikephoros I) 31 October 802 December 803
Emperors Nikephoros I and Staurakios December 803 26 July 811
Σταυράκιος (Emperor Staurakios) 26 July 811 2 October 811
Μιχαῆλ A' Ῥαγγαβέ (Emperor Michael I Rhangabe) 2 October 811 22 June 813
Λέων ὁ ἐξ Ἀρμενίας (Emperor Leo V the Armenian) 22 June 813 25 December 820
Μιχαήλ Β' (Emperor Michael II) 25 December 820 2 October 829
Θεόφιλος (Emperor Theophilos) 2 October 829 20 January 842
Μιχαήλ Γʹ (Emperor Michael III) 20 January 842 23 September 867
Βασίλειος ὁ Μακεδών (Emperor Basil I the Macedonian) 23 September 867 29 August 886
Λέων ΣΤ΄ ὁ Σοφός (Emperor Leo VI) 29 August 886 11 May 912
Αλέξανδρος (Emperor Alexander) 11 May 912 6 June 913
Κωνσταντῖνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος (Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos), first sole reign 6 June 913 17 December 920
Emperors Romanos I Lekapenos and Constantine VII 17 December 920 16 December 944
Κωνσταντῖνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος (Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos), second sole reign 16 December 944 9 November 959
Ρωμανός Β΄ (Emperor Romanos II) 9 November 959 15 March 963
Νικηφόρος Β΄ Φωκᾶς (Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas) 16 August 963 11 December 969
Ἰωάννης Α΄ Τζιμισκής (Emperor John I Tzimiskes) 11 December 969 10 January 976
Βασίλειος Β΄ (Emperor Basil II) 10 January 976 15 December 1025
Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄ (Emperor Constantine VIII) 15 December 1025 11 November 1028
Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Ῥωμανὸς Γ΄ Ἀργυρὸς (Emperor Romanos III Argyros) 15 November 1028 11 April 1034
Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Μιχαὴλ Δ΄ ὁ Παφλαγὼν (Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian) 11 April 1034 10 December 1041
Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Μιχαὴλ Ε΄ ὁ Καλαφάτης (Emperor Michael V the Caulker) 10 December 1041 20 April 1042
Empresses Zoë and Theodora 20 April 1042 11 June 1042
Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος (Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos) 11 June 1042 June 1050
Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος (Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos) June 1050 11 January 1055
Θεοδώρα Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Theodora) 11 January 1055 31 August 1056
Μιχαήλ ΣΤ΄ Βρίγγας (Emperor Michael VI Bringas) September 1056 31 August 1057
Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός (Emperor Isaac I Komnenos) 5 June 1057 22 November 1059
Κωνσταντῖνος Ι΄ Δούκας (Emperor Constantine X Doukas) 24 November 1059 22 May 1067
Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας (Emperor Michael VII Doukas), first sole reign 22 May 1067 1 January 1068
Ρωμανός Δʹ Διογένης (Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes) and Michael VII 1 January 1068 24 October 1071
Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας (Emperor Michael VII Doukas), second sole reign 24 October 1071 24 March 1078
Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης (Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates) 7 January 1078 1 April 1081
Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios I Komnenos) 1 April 1081 15 August 1118
Ίωάννης Βʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor John II Komnenos) 15 August 1118 8 April 1143
Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός (Emperor Manuel I Komnenos) 8 April 1143 24 September 1180
Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios II Komnenos) 24 September 1180 October 1183
Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos) 24 September 1183 12 September 1185
Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος (Emperor Isaac II Angelos), first sole reign 12 September 1185 March 1195
Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος (Emperor Alexios III Angelos) March 1195 17 July 1203
Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος (Emperor Isaac II Angelos), second sole reign 17 July 1203 August 1204
Emperor Alexios IV Angelos and Isaac II Angelos August 1203 27 January 1204
Ἀλέξιος Εʹ Δούκας (Emperor Alexios V Doukas) 5 February 1204 12 April 1204
Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos) 25 December 1261 11 December 1282
Ἀνδρόνικος Βʹ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos) 11 December 1282 23 May 1328
Ανδρόνικος Γʹ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos) 23 May 1328 15 June 1341
Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), first sole rule 15 June 1341 31 March 1347
Emperors John V Palaiologos and John VI Kantakouzenos 31 March 1347 13 April 1353
Emperors John V Palaiologos, John VI Kantakouzenos and Matthew Kantakouzenos 13 April 1353 10 December 1354
Emperors John V Palaiologos and Matthew Kantakouzenos 10 December 1354 1357
Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), second sole rule 1357 12 August 1376
Ἀνδρόνικος Δ' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos IV Palaiologos) 12 August 1376 1 July 1379
Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), third sole rule 1 July 1379 14 April 1390
Ιωάννης Ζ' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John VII Palaiologos) 14 April 1390 17 September 1390
Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), fourth sole rule 17 September 1390 16 February 1391
Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos) 16 February 1391 21 July 1425
Ίωάννης Η' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John VIII Palaiologos) 21 July 1425 31 October 1448
Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos) 6 January 1449 29 May 1453