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Information about Portugal, Kingdom of.

Country: Portugal, Kingdom of
From year1139
Existed to1910
Description

The Kingdom of Portugal (Latin: Regnum Portugalliae, Portuguese: Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal. It was in existence from 1139 until 1910. After 1248, it was also known as the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, and between 1815 and 1822, it was part of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. The name is also often applied to the Portuguese Empire, the realm's extensive overseas colonies.

The nucleus of the Portuguese state was the County of Portugal, established in the 9th century as part of the Reconquista, by Vímara Peres, a vassal of the King of Asturias. The county became part of the Kingdom of León in 1097, and the Counts of Portugal established themselves as rulers of an independent kingdom in the 12th century, following the battle of São Mamede. The kingdom was ruled by the Alfonsine Dynasty until the 1383-85 Crisis, after which the monarchy passed to the House of Aviz.

During the 15th and 16th century, Portuguese exploration established a vast colonial empire. From 1580 to 1640, the Kingdom of Portugal was in personal union with Habsburg Spain.

After the Portuguese Restoration War of 1640-1668, the kingdom passed to the House of Braganza and thereafter to the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. From this time, the influence of Portugal declined, but it remained a major power due to its most valuable colony, Brazil. After the independence of Brazil, Portugal sought to establish itself in Africa, but was ultimately forced to yield to the British interests, leading to the collapse of the monarchy in the 5 October 1910 revolution and the establishment of the First Portuguese Republic.

Portugal was a decisive absolute monarchy before 1822. It rotated between absolute and constitutional monarchy from 1822 until 1834, and was a decisive constitutional monarchy after 1834.

Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Portugal
Monarch reigns
NameFromTo
Dom Afonso I (King Afonso I) 26 July 1139 6 December 1185
Dom Sancho I (King Sancho I) 6 December 1185 26 March 1211
Dom Afonso II (King Afonso II) 26 March 1211 25 March 1223
Dom Sancho II (King Sancho II) 26 March 1223 4 December 1247
Dom Afonso III (King Afonso III) 4 January 1248 16 February 1279
Dom Dinis (King Denis) 16 February 1279 7 January 1325
Dom Afonso IV (King Afonso IV) 7 January 1325 28 May 1357
Dom Pedro I (King Pedro I) 28 May 1357 18 January 1367
Dom Fernando I (King Ferdinand I) 18 January 1367 22 October 1383
Dom João I (King João) 6 April 1385 14 August 1433
Dom Duarte (King Duarte) 14 August 1433 9 September 1438
Dom Afonso V (King Afonso V) 9 September 1438 28 August 1481
Dom João II (King João II) 28 August 1481 25 October 1495
Dom Manuel I (King Manuel I) 25 October 1495 13 December 1521
Dom João III (King João III) 13 December 1521 11 June 1557
Dom Sebastião I (King Sebastião I) 11 June 1557 4 August 1578
Dom Henrique (King Henry) 4 August 1578 31 January 1580
Dom António (King António), disputed 24 July 1580 25 August 1580
Dom Filipe I (King Philip I), King of Spain as Philip II 16 April 1581 13 September 1598
Dom Filipe II (King Philip II), King Philip III of Spain 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Dom Filipe III (King Philip III), King of Spain as Philip IV 31 March 1621 1 December 1640
Dom João IV (King João IV) 1 November 1640 6 November 1656
Dom Afonso VI (King Afonso VI) 6 November 1656 12 September 1683
Dom Pedro II (King Pedro II) 12 September 1683 9 December 1706
Dom João V (King João V) 9 December 1706 31 July 1750
Dom José I (King José I) 31 July 1750 24 February 1777
Dona Maria I and Dom Pedro III (Queen Mary I and King Peter III) 24 February 1777 25 May 1786
Dona Maria I (Queen Mary I) 25 May 1786 20 March 1816
Dom João VI (King John VI) 20 March 1816 10 March 1826
Dom Pedro IV (King Peter IV), Emperor of Brazil as Peter I 10 March 1826 2 May 1826
Dona Maria II (Queen Maria II), first reign 2 May 1826 23 June 1828
Dom Miguel I (King Miguel I) 11 July 1828 26 May 1834
Dona Maria II (Queen Maria II), second reign (alone) 26 May 1834 16 September 1837
Dona Maria II and Dom Ferdinand II (Queen Maria II and King Ferdinand II) 16 September 1837 15 November 1853
Dom Pedro V (King Pedro V) 15 November 1853 11 November 1861
Dom Luís I (King Luís I) 11 November 1861 19 October 1889
Dom Carlos I (King Carlos I) 19 October 1889 1 February 1908
Dom Manuel II (King Manuel II) 1 February 1908 5 October 1910