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Information about Sweden.

Country: Sweden
ISO code/s SE / SWE
From year800
Description

Sweden (officially the Kingdom of Sweden), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. Sweden borders Norway and Finland, and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of about 9.7 million. Sweden has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre, with the population mostly concentrated in the southern half of the country. About 85% of the population lives in urban areas. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the collective geographical group of nations Fennoscandia.

Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear and contributing to the sea peoples known as the Vikings.

Swedish pre-history ends around 800 CE, when the Viking Age begins and written sources are available. The Viking Age lasted until the mid-11th century, when the Christianization of Scandinavia was largely completed. The period 1050 to 1350 - when the Black Death struck Europe - is considered the Older Middle Ages. The period 1350 to 1523 - when king Gustav Vasa, who led the unification of Sweden, was crowned - is considered the Younger Middle Ages.

During this period, Sweden was gradually consolidated as a single nation. Scandinavia was formally Christianized by AD 1100. The Kalmar Union between the Scandinavian countries was established in 1397 and lasted until Gustav Vasa ended it upon seizing power.

In the 17th century, the country expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire. The empire grew to be one of the great powers of Europe in the 17th and early 18th centuries. Most of the conquered territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries. The eastern half of Sweden, present-day Finland, was lost to Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Sweden by military means forced Norway into a personal union. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, remaining a largely neutral nation. The union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden played a role in humanitarian efforts during World Wars I and II, taking in refugees from German-occupied Europe. With the ending of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union, but declined NATO membership.

Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweden
Monarch reigns
NameFromTo
Erik Segersäll (King Eric the Victorious) 970 995
King Olof Skötkonung 995 1022
King Anund Jacob 1022 1050
King Emund the Old 1050 1060
King Stenkil 1060 1066
King Halsten Stenkilsson 1067 1070
King Anund Gårdske 1070 1075
Håkan Röde (King Håkan the Red) 1075 1079
Inge Stenkilsson (King Inge the Elder), first reign 1079 1084
Blot-Sven (King Blot-Sweyn) 1084 1087
Inge Stenkilsson (King Inge the Elder), second reign 1087 1105
Filip Halstensson (King Philip) 1105 1118
King Inge the Younger 1110 1125
King Ragnvald Knaphövde 1125 1126
King Sverker I 1125 25 December 1156
Erik Jedvardsson (King Eric IX) 1156 18 April 1160
Karl Sverkersson (King Charles VII) 1161 12 April 1167
Knut Eriksson (King Canute I) 1167 1195
Sverker Karlsson (King Sverker II) 1196 1208
Erik Knutsson (King Eric X) 1208 10 April 1216
Johan Sverkersson (King John I) 1216 10 March 1222
Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), first reign 1222 1229
Knut Holmgersson (King Canute II) 1229 1234
Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), second reign 1234 1250
Valdemar Birgersson (King Valdemar) 1250 1275
Magnus Birgersson (King Magnus III) 1275 18 December 1290
Birger Magnusson (King Birger) 18 December 1290 March 1318
King Magnus IV Eriksson 8 July 1319 February 1364
Erik Magnusson (King Eric XII, rival king) 18 December 1356 March 1359
Håkan Magnusson (King Haakon Magnusson) 1362 1364
Albrekt av Mecklenburg (King Albert) 1364 24 February 1389
Margareta Valdemarsdotter (Queen Margaret) 24 February 1389 28 October 1412
Erik av Pommern (King Eric XIII) 1396 1439
King Christopher 1441 5 January 1448
Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), first reign 20 June 1448 24 February 1457
Kristian I (King Christian I) 23 June 1457 23 June 1464
Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), second reign 9 August 1464 30 January 1465
Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), third reign 12 November 1467 15 May 1470
Johan II (King John II) 6 October 1497 August 1501
Kristian II (King Christian II) 1 November 1520 23 August 1523
Gustav Vasa (King Gustav I) 6 June 1523 29 September 1560
Erik XIV (King Eric XIV) 29 September 1560 29 September 1568
Johan II (King John III) 30 September 1568 17 November 1592
Sigismund III Vasa (King Sigismund III) 17 November 1592 24 June 1599
Karl IX (King Charles IX) 22 March 1604 30 October 1611
Gustav II Adolf (King Gustav II Adolph) 30 October 1611 6 November 1632
Queen Christina 6 November 1632 6 June 1654
Karl X Gustav (King Charles X Gustav) 6 June 1654 13 February 1660
Karl XI (King Charles XI) 13 February 1660 5 April 1697
Karl XII (King Charles XII) 5 April 1697 29 November 1718
Queen Ulrika Eleonora 5 December 1718 29 February 1720
Fredrik I (King Frederick I) 24 March 1720 25 March 1751
Adolf Fredrik (King Adolph Frederick) 25 March 1751 12 February 1771
King Gustav III 12 February 1771 29 March 1792
Gustav IV Adolf (King Gustav IV Adolph) 29 March 1792 29 March 1809
Karl XIII (King Charles XIII) 6 June 1809 5 February 1818
Karl XIV Johan (King Charles XIV John) 5 February 1818 8 March 1844
King Oscar I 8 March 1844 8 July 1859
Karl XV (King Charles XV) 8 July 1859 18 September 1872
King Oscar II 18 September 1872 8 December 1907
King Gustaf V 8 December 1907 29 September 1950
King Gustaf VI Adolf 29 October 1950 15 September 1973
King Carl XVI Gustaf 15 August 1973