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Information about person: King George III of the United Kingdom

From4 June 1738
To29 January 1820
Description

George III (George William Frederick) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-L√ľneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.

His life and reign, which were longer than any other British monarch before him, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of Britain's American colonies were soon lost in the American Revolutionary War. Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

In the later part of his life, George III had recurrent, and eventually permanent, mental illness. Although it has since been suggested that he had the blood disease porphyria, the cause of his illness remains unknown. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established, and George III's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent. On George III's death, the Prince Regent succeeded his father as George IV.

King George III of the United Kingdom reigned in...
Reigned asIn countryFromTo
King George III Great Britain 25 October 1760 1 January 1801
King George III Kingdom of Ireland 25 October 1760 1 January 1801
King George III Bahamas, British Crown Colony 25 October 1760 29 January 1820
King George III Gibraltar 25 October 1760 29 January 1820
King George III, Lord of Mann Isle of Man 10 May 1765 29 January 1820
King George III New South Wales 18 January 1788 29 January 1820
King George III United Kingdom 1 January 1801 29 January 1820
King George III Ceylon (British) 10 March 1815 29 January 1820