Home / General Information / List of Monarch Reigns

Browse a list of all the monarch reigns that we know about.

List of monarch reigns, ordered by: Name A-Z / Name Z-A / Country A-Z / Country Z-A / Year 886-2015 / Year 2015-886

List of monarch reigns, with links to more detailed information (total 1357):
CountryNameFromTo
(click name to filter)
Japan 神武天皇 (Emperor Jimmu) 11 February 660 BC 9 April 585 BC
Japan 綏靖天皇 (Emperor Suizei) 581 BC 549 BC
Japan 安寧天皇 (Emperor Annei) 549 BC 511 BC
Japan 懿徳天皇 (Emperor Itoku) 510 BC 476 BC
Japan 孝昭天皇 (Emperor Kōshō) 475 BC 393 BC
Japan 孝安天皇 (Emperor Kōan) 392 BC 291 BC
Japan 孝霊天皇 (Emperor Kōrei) 290 BC 215 BC
Japan 孝元天皇 (Emperor Kōgen) 214 BC 158 BC
Japan 開化天皇 (Emperor Kaika) 157 BC 98 BC
Japan 崇神天皇 (Emperor Sujin) 97 BC 30 BC
Japan 垂仁天皇 (Emperor Suinin) 28 BC 70
Holy See Saint Peter 1 April 33 29 June 67
Holy See Papa Linus (Pope Linus) 29 June 67 23 September 76
Japan 景行天皇 (Emperor Keikō) 71 130
Holy See Papa Anacletus (Pope Anacletus) 23 September 76 26 April 88
Holy See Papa Clemens Romanus (Pope Clement I) 26 April 88 23 November 99
Holy See Papa Evaristus (Pope Evaristus) 23 November 99 27 October 107
Holy See Papa Alexander (Pope Alexander I) 27 October 107 3 May 115
Holy See Papa Xystus (Pope Sixtus I) 3 May 115 3 April 125
Holy See Papa Telesphorus (Pope Telesphorus) 3 April 125 5 January 136
Japan 成務天皇 (Emperor Seimu) 131 191
Holy See Papa Hyginus (Pope Hyginus) 5 January 136 11 January 140
Holy See Papa Pius (Pope Pius I) 11 January 140 11 July 155
Holy See Papa Anicetus (Pope Anicetus) 11 July 155 20 April 166
Holy See Papa Soterius (Pope Soter) 20 April 166 22 April 174
Holy See Papa Eleutherius (Pope Eleuterus) 22 April 174 26 May 189
Holy See Papa Victor (Pope Victor I) 26 May 189 28 July 199
Japan 仲哀天皇 (Emperor Chūai) 192 200
Holy See Papa Zephyrinus (Pope Zephyrinus) 28 July 199 20 December 217
Japan 神功皇后 (Empress Consort Jingū) 201 269
Holy See Papa Callistus (Pope Callixtus I) 218 223
Holy See Papa Urbanus (Pope Urban I) 223 23 May 230
Holy See Papa Pontianus (Pope Pontian) 21 July 230 28 September 235
Holy See Papa Anterus (Pope Anterus) 21 November 235 3 January 236
Holy See Papa Fabianus (Pope Fabian) 10 January 236 20 January 250
Holy See Papa Cornelius (Pope Cornelius) 6 March 251 June 253
Holy See Papa Lucius (Pope Lucius I) 25 June 253 5 March 254
Holy See Papa Stephanus (Pope Stephen I) 12 May 254 2 August 257
Holy See Papa Xystus Secundus (Pope Sixtus II) 31 August 257 6 August 258
Holy See Papa Dionysius (Pope Dionysius) 22 July 259 26 December 268
Holy See Papa Felix (Pope Felix I) 5 January 269 30 December 274
Japan 応神天皇 (Emperor Ōjin) 270 310
Holy See Papa Eutychianus (Pope Eutychian) 4 January 275 7 December 283
Holy See Papa Caius (Pope Caius) 17 December 283 22 April 296
Holy See Papa Marcellinus (Pope Marcellinus) 30 June 296 304
Western Roman Empire Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus (Emperor Constantine the Great) 25 July 306 29 October 312
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantine the Great and Constantine II 29 October 312 19 September 324
Japan 仁徳天皇 (Emperor Nintoku) 313 399
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Western Roman Empire Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Western Roman Empire Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Western Roman Empire Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 28 March 364
Western Roman Empire Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 17 November 375
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Julius Valens Augustus (Emperor Valens) 28 March 364 9 August 378
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only) 17 November 375 9 August 378
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II 9 August 378 19 January 379
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (whole Empire) 9 August 378 19 January 379
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only again) 19 January 379 25 August 383
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 19 January 379 17 January 395
Western Roman Empire Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 15 May 392 17 January 395
Visigothic Kingdom King Alaric I 395 410
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Arcadius Augustus (Emperor Arcadius) 17 January 395 1 May 408
Japan 履中天皇 (Emperor Richū) 400 405
Japan 反正天皇 (Emperor Hanzei) 406 410
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Theodosius Iunior Augustus (Emperor Theodosius II) 1 May 408 28 July 450
Visigothic Kingdom King Ataulf 410 15 August 415
Japan 允恭天皇 (Emperor Ingyō) 410 453
Visigothic Kingdom King Sigeric 15 August 415 22 August 415
Visigothic Kingdom King Wallia 22 August 415 419
Visigothic Kingdom King Theodoric I 419 24 June 451
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Marcianus Augustus (Emperor Marcian) 450 27 January 457
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Aelia Pulcheria (Empress Pulcheria) 28 July 450 July 453
Visigothic Kingdom King Thorismund 24 June 451 453
Japan 安康天皇 (Emperor Ankō) 453 456
Visigothic Kingdom King Theodoric II 24 June 453 466
Japan 雄略天皇 (Emperor Yūryaku) 456 479
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Α' ὁ Θρᾷξ / Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus (Emperor Leo I) 27 January 457 18 January 474
Visigothic Kingdom King Euric 466 28 December 484
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Β' / Flavius Leo Iunior Augustus (Emperor Leo II) 18 January 474 17 November 474
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζήνων / Flavius Zeno Augustus (Emperor Zeno), first reign 9 February 474 9 January 475
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασιλίσκος / Flavius Basiliscus Augustus (Emperor Basiliscus) 9 January 475 August 476
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζήνων / Flavius Zeno Augustus (Emperor Zeno), second reign August 476 9 April 491
Japan 清寧天皇 (Emperor Seinei) 480 484
Visigothic Kingdom King Alaric II 28 December 484 August 507
Japan 顕宗天皇 (Emperor Kenzō) 485 487
Japan 仁賢天皇 (Emperor Ninken) 488 498
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀναστάσιος Α' ὁ Δίκορος / Flavius Anastasius Augustus (Emperor Anastasius I) 11 April 491 9 July 518
Japan 武烈天皇 (Emperor Buretsu) 498 506
Japan 継体天皇 (Emperor Keitai) 507 531
Visigothic Kingdom King Gesalec August 507 511
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Clovis I 509 27 November 511
Visigothic Kingdom King Amalaric 511 531
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlodomer (Orléans) 27 November 511 524
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic I (Reims) 27 November 511 533
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childebert I (Paris 511-524, Paris and Orléans 524-558) 27 November 511 13 December 558
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlothar I 27 November 511 29 November 561
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστίνος / Flavius Iustinus Augustus (Emperor Justin I) July 518 1 August 527
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Πέτρος Σαββάτιος Ἰουστινιανός / Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus (Justinian I) 1 August 527 14 November 565
Japan 安閑天皇 (Emperor Ankan) 531 536
Visigothic Kingdom King Theudis 531 June 548
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theudebert I (Reims) 533 548
Japan 宣化天皇 (Emperor Senka) 536 539
Japan 欽明天皇 (Emperor Kinmei) 539 571
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theudebald (Reims) 548 555
Visigothic Kingdom King Theudigisel June 548 December 549
Visigothic Kingdom King Agila I December 549 March 554
Visigothic Kingdom King Athanagild March 554 December 567
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Charibert I (Paris) 29 November 561 December 567
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Sigebert I (Reims and Metz) 29 November 561 575
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chilperic I (Soissons) 29 November 561 September 584
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Guntram (Orléans) 29 November 561 28 January 592
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Ἰουστίνος ὁ νεώτερος / Flavius Iustinus Iunior Augustus (Emperor Justin II) 15 November 565 7 December 574
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva I December 567 568
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva I and King Liuvigild 568 571
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuvigild 571 21 April 586
Japan 敏達天皇 (Emperor Bidatsu) 572 14 September 585
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Τιβέριος Β' / Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Tiberius II Constantine) 7 December 574 13 August 582
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childebert II (Reims and Metz) 575 595
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Μαυρίκιος Τιβέριος Αὔγουστος / Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus (Emperor Maurice) 13 August 582 27 November 602
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φωκᾶς / Flavius Phocas Augustus (Emperor Phocas) 13 August 582 5 October 610
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlothar II September 584 18 October 629
Japan 用明天皇 (Emperor Yōmei) 585 587
Visigothic Kingdom King Reccared I 21 April 586 31 May 601
Japan 崇峻天皇 (Emperor Sushun) 587 592
Japan 推古天皇 (Empress Suiko) 593 15 April 628
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theudebert II (Reims and Metz) 595 612
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic II (Orléans) 595 613
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva II 31 May 601 December 603
Visigothic Kingdom King Witteric December 603 April 610
Visigothic Kingdom King Gundemar April 610 February 612
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος / Flavius Heraclius Augustus (Emperor Heraclius) 5 October 610 22 January 613
Visigothic Kingdom King Sisebut February 612 February 621
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Sigebert II (Orléans) 613 613
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Heraclius and Constantine III 22 January 613 4 July 638
Visigothic Kingdom King Reccared II February 621 16 April 621
Visigothic Kingdom King Suintila 16 April 621 631
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Dagobert I 623 19 January 639
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Charibert II (Aquitaine) 629 8 April 632
Japan 舒明天皇 (Emperor Jomei) 629 17 November 641
Visigothic Kingdom King Sisenand 631 12 March 636
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chilperic (Aquitaine) 632 632
Visigothic Kingdom King Iudila - pretender 632 633
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Sigebert III (Austrasia) 634 656
Visigothic Kingdom King Chintila 636 20 September 639
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Heraclius, Constantine III and Heraklonas 4 July 638 11 February 641
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Clovis II (Neustria and Burgundy) 19 January 639 27 November 657
Visigothic Kingdom King Tulga 640 642
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine III and Heraklonas 11 February 641 20 April 641
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ἡράκλειος / Flavius Constantinus Heraclius (Emperor Heraklonas) 20 April 641 September 641
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κώνστας Β' / Heraclius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Constans II) September 641 15 September 668
Japan 皇極天皇 (Empress Kōgyoku) 25 January 642 14 June 645
Visigothic Kingdom King Chindasuinth 30 April 642 649
Japan 孝徳天皇 (Emperor Kōtoku) 645 24 November 654
Visigothic Kingdom King Chindasuinth and King Recceswinth 649 30 September 653
Visigothic Kingdom King Recceswinth 30 September 653 1 September 672
Japan 斉明天皇 (Empress Saimei) 3 January 655 24 July 661
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childebert III the Adopted (Austrasia) 656 661
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlothar III (Neustria and Burgundy) 27 November 657 673
Japan 天智天皇 (Emperor Tenji) 661 7 January 672
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childeric II (Austrasia 662-673, Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy to 675) 662 675
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιζίζιος (Mizizios), usurper in Sicily 15 September 668 669
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Δ' / Flavius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Constantine IV) 15 September 668 14 September 685
Japan 弘文天皇 (Emperor Kōbun) 672 21 August 672
Visigothic Kingdom King Wamba 672 680
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic III (Neustria and Burgundy), first reign 673 673
Japan 天武天皇 (Emperor Tenmu) 673 1 October 686
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Clovis III (Austrasia) 675 676
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic III (Neustria and Burgundy second reign, then unified) 675 12 April 691
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Dagobert II (Austrasia) 676 23 December 679
Visigothic Kingdom King Erwig 680 687
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστινιανός Β΄ / Iustinianus Augustus (Emperor Justinian II), first reign 14 September 685 695
Japan 持統天皇 (Empress Jitō) 686 697
Visigothic Kingdom King Egica 687 694
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Clovis IV 691 695
Visigothic Kingdom King Egica and King Wittiza 694 702
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λεόντιος / Leontius Augustus (Emperor Leontios) 695 698
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childebert III 695 23 April 711
Japan 文武天皇 (Emperor Monmu) 697 707
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Τιβέριος Γʹ / Tiberius Augustus (Emperor Tiberius III) 698 21 August 705
Visigothic Kingdom King Wittiza 702 710
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστινιανός Β΄ / Iustinianus Augustus (Emperor Justinian II), second reign 21 August 705 706
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Justinian II and Tiberius 706 11 December 711
Japan 元明皇后 (Empress Genmei) 707 715
Visigothic Kingdom King Ruderic 710 712
Visigothic Kingdom King Achila II 710 714
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Dagobert III 23 April 711 31 December 715
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φιλιππικός (Emperor Philippikos) 11 December 711 3 June 713
Visigothic Kingdom King Ardo 713 721
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀρτέμιος Ἀναστάσιος Β΄ (Emperor Anastasius II) 3 June 713 November 715
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεοδόσιος Γ΄ (Emperor Theodosius III) May 715 25 March 717
Japan 元正天皇 (Empress Genshō) 3 October 715 3 March 724
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chilperic II 31 December 715 13 February 721
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlothar IV (rival king in Austrasia) 717 718
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Γ΄ ὁ Ἴσαυρος (Emperor Leo III the Isaurian) 25 March 717 August 720
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Leo III and Constantine V August 720 18 June 741
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic IV 13 February 721 737
Japan 聖武天皇 (Emperor Shōmu) 3 March 724 19 August 749
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀρταύασδος (Artavasdos), usurper June 741 November 743
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ε΄ (Emperor Constantine V) 18 June 741 751
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childeric III 743 March 751
Japan 孝謙天皇 (Empress Kōken) 749 758
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Pepin the Short 751 24 September 768
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine V and Leo IV 751 14 September 775
Japan 淳仁天皇 (Emperor Junnin) 758 764
Japan 称徳天皇 (Empress Shōtoku) 764 770
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Carloman I 24 September 768 4 December 771
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor 24 September 768 28 January 814
Japan 光仁天皇 (Emperor Kōnin) 28 August 770 781
Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) King Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor 10 July 774 28 January 814
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Δ΄ ὁ Χάζαρος (Leo IV the Khazar) 14 September 775 24 April 776
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Leo IV the Khazar and Constantine VI 24 April 776 8 September 780
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ϛ΄ (Emperor Constantine VI) 8 September 780 August 797
Japan 桓武天皇 (Emperor Kanmu) 781 5 February 806
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Εἰρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία (Empress Irene) August 797 31 October 802
Holy Roman Empire King Charlemagne of the Franks 25 December 800 28 January 814
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Α΄ (Emperor Nikephoros I) 31 October 802 December 803
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Nikephoros I and Staurakios December 803 26 July 811
Japan 平城天皇 (Emperor Heizei) 9 April 806 809
Japan 嵯峨天皇 (Emperor Saga) 18 May 809 23 May 823
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Σταυράκιος (Emperor Staurakios) 26 July 811 2 October 811
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαῆλ A' Ῥαγγαβέ (Emperor Michael I Rhangabe) 2 October 811 22 June 813
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων ὁ ἐξ Ἀρμενίας (Emperor Leo V the Armenian) 22 June 813 25 December 820
Holy Roman Empire King Louis the Pious of the Franks 11 September 813 20 June 840
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Louis the Pious, Holy Roman Emperor 28 January 814 20 June 840
Holy Roman Empire King Lothair I of Francia 817 29 September 855
Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) King Lothair I, Holy Roman Emperor 818 29 September 855
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Β' (Emperor Michael II) 25 December 820 2 October 829
Japan 淳和天皇 (Emperor Junna) 30 May 823 22 March 833
Navarre Eneko (King Íñigo Arista) 824 851
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεόφιλος (Emperor Theophilos) 2 October 829 20 January 842
Japan 仁明天皇 (Emperor Ninmyō) 22 March 833 6 May 850
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Charles the Bald 20 June 840 August 843
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Γʹ (Emperor Michael III) 20 January 842 23 September 867
Scotland King Kenneth MacAlpin 843 13 February 858
Middle Francia King Lothair I, Holy Roman Emperor August 843 29 September 855
East Francia King Louis the German August 843 28 August 876
West Francia King Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor August 843 6 October 877
Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) King Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor 844 12 August 875
Holy Roman Empire King Louis II of Italy 844 12 August 875
Japan 文徳天皇 (Emperor Montoku) 850 7 October 858
Navarre Gartzea Eneko (King García Íñiguez) 851 870
Japan 清和天皇 (Emperor Seiwa) 858 876
Scotland King Donald MacAlpin 13 February 858 13 April 862
Ireland, Gaelic Máel Sechnaill mac Máele Ruanaid, High King of Ireland 860 27 November 862
Scotland King Constantine I 13 April 862 877
Ireland, Gaelic Áed mac Neíll, High King of Ireland 27 November 862 20 November 879
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασίλειος ὁ Μακεδών (Emperor Basil I the Macedonian) 23 September 867 29 August 886
Navarre Orti Gartzez (King Fortún Garcés) 870 905
England, Anglo-Saxon King Alfred the Great 871 26 October 899
Norway Harald Hårfagre (King Harald I Halfdansson) 872 930
Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) King Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor 29 December 875 6 October 877
Holy Roman Empire King Charles II the Bald of the Franks 29 December 875 6 October 877
East Francia King Louis the Younger 28 August 876 20 January 882
Japan 陽成天皇 (Emperor Yōzei) 18 December 876 4 March 884
Scotland King Áed 877 878
West Francia King Louis the Stammerer 6 October 877 10 April 879
Scotland King Giric 878 889
Scotland King Eochaid 878 889
Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) King Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor 879 26 December 887
West Francia King Louis III 10 April 879 5 August 882
Ireland, Gaelic Flann Sinna, High King of Ireland 20 November 879 25 May 916
Holy Roman Empire King Charles III the Fat of the Franks 12 February 881 13 January 888
East Francia King Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor 20 January 882 17 November 887
West Francia King Carloman II 5 August 882 6 December 884
Japan 光孝天皇 (Emperor Kōkō) 23 March 884 17 September 887
West Francia King Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor 20 May 885 13 January 888
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων ΣΤ΄ ὁ Σοφός (Emperor Leo VI) 29 August 886 11 May 912
Japan 宇多天皇 (Emperor Uda) 887 897
East Francia King Arnulf of Carinthia, Holy Roman Emperor (disputed) 17 November 887 8 December 899
West Francia King Odo 29 February 888 1 January 898
Scotland King Donald II 889 900
Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) King Arnulf of Carinthia, Holy Roman Emperor (disputed) 894 8 December 899
Holy Roman Empire King Arnulf of Carinthia (disputed) 22 February 896 8 December 899
Japan 醍醐天皇 (Emperor Daigo) 897 16 October 930
West Francia King Charles III the Simple 28 January 898 30 June 922
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Elder 26 October 899 17 July 924
Scotland King Constantine II 900 943
East Francia King Louis the Child 4 February 900 20 September 911
Navarre Antso Ia. Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés I) 905 10 December 925
East Francia King Conrad I 10 November 911 23 December 918
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξανδρος (Emperor Alexander) 11 May 912 6 June 913
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος (Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos), first sole reign 6 June 913 17 December 920
Ireland, Gaelic Niall Glúndubh mac Aodha, High King of Ireland 25 May 916 14 September 919
Ireland, Gaelic Donnchadh Donn mac Flainn, High King of Ireland 919 944
Kingdom of Germany (Holy Roman Empire) King Henry the Fowler 24 May 919 2 July 936
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Romanos I Lekapenos and Constantine VII 17 December 920 16 December 944
West Francia King Robert I 30 June 922 15 June 923
West Francia Rodulfus (King Rudolph) 13 July 923 14 January 936
England, Anglo-Saxon Ælfweard of Wessex (disputed) 17 July 924 2 August 924
England, Anglo-Saxon King Æthelstan 17 July 924 27 October 939
Navarre Semero Gartzez (King Jimeno Garcés) 10 December 925 29 May 931
Navarre Gartzea I.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez I) 10 December 925 970
Japan 朱雀天皇 (Emperor Suzaku) 930 946
Norway Eirik Blodøks (King Eric I Haraldsson) 931 933
Norway Håkon den gode (King Haakon I Haraldsson) 934 960
Denmark Gorm den Gamle (King Gorm the Old) 936 958
West Francia King Louis IV 19 June 936 10 September 954
Kingdom of Germany (Holy Roman Empire) King Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor 2 July 936 7 May 973
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edmund the Elder 27 October 939 26 May 946
Scotland King Malcolm I 943 954
Ireland, Gaelic Conghalach Cnoghbha, High King of Ireland 944 956
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος (Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos), second sole reign 16 December 944 9 November 959
England, Anglo-Saxon King Eadred 26 May 946 23 November 955
Japan 村上天皇 (Emperor Murakami) 31 May 946 5 July 967
Scotland King Indulf 954 962
West Francia King Lothair 12 November 954 2 March 986
England, Anglo-Saxon King Eadwig 23 November 955 1 October 959
Ireland, Gaelic Domhnall ua Néill, High King of Ireland 956 980
Denmark Harald Blåtand Gormsen (King Harald I Bluetooth) 958 986
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edgar the Peaceful 1 October 959 8 July 975
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ρωμανός Β΄ (Emperor Romanos II) 9 November 959 15 March 963
Norway Harald Gråfell, (King Harald II Ericsson) 961 970
Norway Harald Blåtand Gormsson (King Harald Bluetooth) 961 980
Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) King Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor 25 December 961 7 May 973
Scotland King Dub 962 967
Holy Roman Empire King Otto I of Germany 2 February 962 7 May 973
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Β΄ Φωκᾶς (Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas) 16 August 963 11 December 969
Norway Håkon Sigurdsson (Earl Haakon Sigurdsson) 965 995
Japan 冷泉天皇 (Emperor Reizei) 967 969
Scotland King Cuilén 967 971
Japan 円融天皇 (Emperor En'yū) 969 24 September 984
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰωάννης Α΄ Τζιμισκής (Emperor John I Tzimiskes) 11 December 969 10 January 976
Navarre Antso II.a Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés II) 970 994
Sweden Erik Segersäll (King Eric the Victorious) 970 995
Scotland King Amlaíb 971 977
Scotland King Kenneth II 971 995
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Martyr 8 July 975 18 March 978
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασίλειος Β΄ (Emperor Basil II) 10 January 976 15 December 1025
England, Anglo-Saxon King Æthelred the Unready (first reign) 18 March 978 25 December 1013
Ireland, Gaelic Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, High King of Ireland (first reign) 980 1002
Japan 花山天皇 (Emperor Kazan) 984 986
Norway Sveinn Tjúguskegg (King Sweyn Forkbeard), first reign 986 995
Denmark Svend Tveskæg (King Sweyn I Forkbeard) 986 3 February 1014
West Francia King Louis V 8 June 986 22 May 987
Japan 一条天皇 (Emperor Ichijō) 1 August 986 16 July 1011
Kingdom of France King Hugh Capet 3 July 987 24 October 996
Navarre Gartzea II.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez II) 994 1000
Norway King Olaf I Tryggvason 995 1000
Sweden King Olof Skötkonung 995 1022
Kingdom of France Robert II le Pieux (King Robert II the Pious) 24 October 996 20 July 1031
Scotland King Kenneth III 997 1005
Norway Sveinn Tjúguskegg (King Sweyn Forkbeard), second reign 1000 3 February 1014
Norway Earls Eirik Håkonsson and Svein Håkonsson (joint de facto rule) 1000 1015
Ireland, Gaelic Brian Boru, High King of Ireland 1002 23 April 1014
Navarre Antso Gartzez Nagusia (King Sancho Garcés III) 1004 18 October 1035
Scotland King Malcolm II 1005 1034
Japan 三条天皇 (Emperor Sanjō) 1011 10 March 1016
England, Anglo-Saxon King Sweyn Forkbeard 25 December 1013 3 February 1014
Ireland, Gaelic Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, High King of Ireland (second reign) 1014 2 September 1022
England, Anglo-Saxon King Æthelred the Unready (second reign) 3 February 1014 23 April 1016
Denmark Harald 2. Svendsen (King Harald II Svendsen) 3 February 1014 1018
Norway King Olaf II Haraldsson 1015 1028
Japan 後一条天皇 (Emperor Go-Ichijō) 1016 15 May 1036
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edmund Ironside 23 April 1016 30 November 1016
England, Anglo-Saxon King Cnut the Great 30 November 1016 12 November 1035
Denmark Knud den Store (King Cnut the Great) 1018 12 November 1035
Sweden King Anund Jacob 1022 1050
Ireland, Gaelic Donnchadh mac Briain, High King of Ireland 1022 1063
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄ (Emperor Constantine VIII) 15 December 1025 11 November 1028
Norway Håkon Eiriksson (Earl Haakon Ericsson) 1028 1029
Norway King Cnut the Great 1028 12 November 1035
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Ῥωμανὸς Γ΄ Ἀργυρὸς (Emperor Romanos III Argyros) 15 November 1028 11 April 1034
Norway Sveinn Knútsson (Sweyn Cnutsson) and Ælfgifu (regents) 1030 1035
Kingdom of France Henri Ier (King Henry I) 20 July 1031 4 August 1060
Scotland King Duncan I 1034 14 August 1040
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Μιχαὴλ Δ΄ ὁ Παφλαγὼν (Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian) 11 April 1034 10 December 1041
Norway Magnus Olavsson (King Magnus I Olafsson) 1035 25 October 1047
Navarre Gartzea III.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez III) 18 October 1035 15 September 1054
England, Anglo-Saxon King Harold Harefoot 12 November 1035 17 March 1040
Denmark Hardeknud (King Harthacnut) 12 November 1035 8 June 1042
Japan 後朱雀天皇 (Emperor Go-Suzaku) 1036 5 February 1045
England, Anglo-Saxon King Harthacnut 17 March 1040 8 June 1042
Scotland King Macbeth 14 August 1040 15 August 1057
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Μιχαὴλ Ε΄ ὁ Καλαφάτης (Emperor Michael V the Caulker) 10 December 1041 20 April 1042
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Empresses Zoë and Theodora 20 April 1042 11 June 1042
Denmark Magnus Olavsson (King Magnus I Olafsson) 8 June 1042 25 October 1047
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Confessor 8 June 1042 5 January 1066
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος (Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos) 11 June 1042 June 1050
Japan 後冷泉天皇 (Emperor Go-Reizei) 1045 22 May 1068
Norway Harald Hardrada (King Harald III Sigurdsson) 1046 25 September 1066
Denmark Svend 2. Estridsen (King Sweyn II Estridsson) 25 October 1047 28 April 1074
Sweden King Emund the Old 1050 1060
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος (Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos) June 1050 11 January 1055
Navarre Antso IV.a Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés IV) 15 September 1054 4 June 1076
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεοδώρα Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Theodora) 11 January 1055 31 August 1056
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ ΣΤ΄ Βρίγγας (Emperor Michael VI Bringas) September 1056 31 August 1057
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός (Emperor Isaac I Komnenos) 5 June 1057 22 November 1059
Scotland King Lulach 15 August 1057 17 March 1058
Scotland King Malcolm III 17 March 1058 13 November 1093
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ι΄ Δούκας (Emperor Constantine X Doukas) 24 November 1059 22 May 1067
Sweden King Stenkil 1060 1066
Kingdom of France Philippe Ier l' Amoureux (King Philip I the Amorous) 4 August 1060 29 July 1108
Ireland, Gaelic Diarmait mac Máel na mBó, High King of Ireland 1063 7 February 1072
Aragon King Sancho Ramírez 1063 4 June 1094
England, Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson 5 January 1066 14 October 1066
Norway King Magnus II Haraldsson 25 September 1066 1067
England, Anglo-Saxon Edgar Ætheling (claimant) 15 October 1066 17 December 1066
England King William the Conqueror 25 December 1066 9 September 1087
Norway Magnus and Olaf Haraldsson (joint rule) 1067 28 April 1069
Sweden King Halsten Stenkilsson 1067 1070
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας (Emperor Michael VII Doukas), first sole reign 22 May 1067 1 January 1068
Japan 後三条天皇 (Emperor Go-Sanjō) 1068 18 January 1072
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ρωμανός Δʹ Διογένης (Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes) and Michael VII 1 January 1068 24 October 1071
Norway King Olaf III Haraldsson 28 April 1069 22 September 1093
Sweden King Anund Gårdske 1070 1075
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας (Emperor Michael VII Doukas), second sole reign 24 October 1071 24 March 1078
Ireland, Gaelic Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, High King of Ireland 7 February 1072 14 July 1086
Japan 白河天皇 (Emperor Shirakawa) 1073 3 January 1087
Denmark Harald 3. Hen (King Harald III) 1074 17 April 1080
Sweden Håkan Röde (King Håkan the Red) 1075 1079
Navarre Antso V.a Ramirez (King Sancho V Ramírez) 4 June 1076 4 June 1094
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης (Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates) 7 January 1078 1 April 1081
Sweden Inge Stenkilsson (King Inge the Elder), first reign 1079 1084
Denmark Knud 4. den Hellige (King Canute IV) 1080 10 July 1086
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios I Komnenos) 1 April 1081 15 August 1118
Sweden Blot-Sven (King Blot-Sweyn) 1084 1087
Ireland, Gaelic Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, High King of Ireland 1084 10 February 1121
Denmark Oluf Hunger (King Olaf I) 10 July 1086 18 August 1095
Sweden Inge Stenkilsson (King Inge the Elder), second reign 1087 1105
Japan 堀河天皇 (Emperor Horikawa) 1087 9 August 1107
England King William II 9 September 1087 2 August 1100
Norway Magnus Olavsson (King Magnus III Olafsson) September 1093 24 August 1103
Norway Håkon Magnusson (King Haakon (II) Magnusson) 22 September 1093 February 1095
Scotland King Donald III (first reign) 13 November 1093 May 1094
Scotland King Duncan II May 1094 12 November 1094
Aragon King Peter I 4 June 1094 27 September 1104
Navarre Petri I.a Sanoitz (King Peter I) 4 June 1094 27 September 1104
Scotland King Donald III (second reign) 12 November 1094 1097
Denmark Erik Ejegod (King Eric I) 1095 10 July 1103
Scotland King Edgar 1097 8 January 1107
England King Henry I 2 August 1100 1 December 1135
Ireland, Gaelic Muircheartach Ua Briain, High King of Ireland (self declared) 1101 10 March 1119
Norway King Olaf (IV) Magnusson 24 August 1103 22 December 1115
Norway Øystein and Sigurd Magnusson (joint rule) 24 August 1103 29 August 1123
Denmark King Niels 1104 25 June 1134
Aragon Alfonso I el Batallador (King Alfonso I the Battler) 28 September 1104 8 September 1134
Navarre Alfontso I.a Borrokalaria (King Alfonso I the Battler) 28 September 1104 8 September 1134
Sweden Filip Halstensson (King Philip) 1105 1118
Japan 鳥羽天皇 (Emperor Toba) 1107 25 February 1123
Scotland King Alexander I 8 January 1107 23 April 1124
Kingdom of France Louis VI le Gros (King Louis VI the Fat) 29 July 1108 1 August 1137
Sweden King Inge the Younger 1110 1125
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Βʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor John II Komnenos) 15 August 1118 8 April 1143
Ireland, Gaelic Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, High King of Ireland 1120 1156
Japan 崇徳天皇 (Emperor Sutoku) 1123 1142
Norway King Sigurd I Magnusson 29 August 1123 26 March 1130
Scotland King David I 23 April 1124 24 May 1153
Sweden King Ragnvald Knaphövde 1125 1126
Sweden King Sverker I 1125 25 December 1156
Norway King Magnus IV Sigurdsson (first reign) 26 March 1130 1135
Norway Harald Gille (King Harald IV Magnusson) April 1130 14 December 1136
Denmark Erik 2. Emune (King Eric II) 1134 18 July 1137
Navarre Gartzea IV.a Ramirez Berrezarlea (King García Ramírez the Restorer) 8 September 1134 21 November 1150
England King Stephen 22 December 1135 25 October 1154
Norway Sigurd Munn (King Sigurd II Haraldsson) 14 December 1136 6 February 1155
Norway King Inge I Haraldsson 14 December 1136 3 February 1161
Norway King Magnus IV Sigurdsson (second reign) 1137 12 November 1139
Denmark Erik 3. Lam (King Eric III) 1137 1146
Kingdom of France Louis VII le Jeune (King Louis VII the Younger) 1 August 1137 18 September 1180
England Empress Matilda (claimant) 7 April 1141 1148
Norway King Magnus (V) Haraldsson 1142 1145
Japan 崇徳天皇 (Emperor Konoe) 1142 22 August 1155
Norway Øystein Haraldsson (King Eystein II Haraldsson) 1142 1157
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός (Emperor Manuel I Komnenos) 8 April 1143 24 September 1180
Denmark Knud 5. Magnussen (King Canute V Magnussen) 1146 9 August 1157
Denmark Svend 3. Grathe (King Sweyn III) 1146 23 October 1157
Denmark Valdemar 1. den Store (King Valdemar I) 1146 12 May 1182
Navarre Antso VI.a (King Sancho VI Garcés) 21 November 1150 27 June 1194
Scotland King Malcolm IV 24 May 1153 9 December 1165
England King Henry II 25 October 1154 6 July 1189
Japan 後白河天皇 (Emperor Go-Shirakawa) 1155 1158
Sweden Erik Jedvardsson (King Eric IX) 1156 18 April 1160
Ireland, Gaelic Muircheartach Mac Lochlainn, High King of Ireland 1156 1166
Norway King Haakon II Sigurdsson 1157 7 July 1162
Japan 二条天皇 (Emperor Nijō) 1158 1165
Sweden Karl Sverkersson (King Charles VII) 1161 12 April 1167
Norway King Magnus V Erlingsson 1161 15 June 1184
Japan 六条天皇 (Emperor Rokujō) 1165 1168
Scotland King William I 9 December 1165 4 December 1214
Ireland, Gaelic Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, High King of Ireland 1166 1193
Sweden Knut Eriksson (King Canute I) 1167 1195
Japan 高倉天皇 (Emperor Takakura) 1168 1180
Lordship of Ireland King John, Lord of Ireland May 1177 19 October 1216
Japan 安徳天皇 (Emperor Antoku) 1180 24 March 1185
Kingdom of France Philippe II Auguste (King Philip II Augustus) 18 September 1180 14 July 1223
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios II Komnenos) 24 September 1180 October 1183
Denmark Knud 6. Valdemarsøn (King Canute VI) 1182 12 November 1202
Japan 後鳥羽天皇 (Emperor Go-Toba) 1183 1198
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos) 24 September 1183 12 September 1185
Norway King Sverre Sigurdsson 1184 9 March 1202
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Петър IV (Tsar Peter IV), first reign 1185 1190
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