Home / General Information / List of Monarch Reigns (page 1)

Browse a list of all the monarch reigns that we know about.

List of monarch reigns, ordered by: Name A-Z / Name Z-A / Country A-Z / Country Z-A / Year 886-2015 / Year 2015-886

List of monarch reigns, with links to more detailed information (total 2,445):
CountryNameFromTo
(click name to filter)
Japan 神武天皇 (Emperor Jimmu) 11 February 660 BC 9 April 585 BC
Japan 綏靖天皇 (Emperor Suizei) 581 BC 549 BC
Japan 安寧天皇 (Emperor Annei) 549 BC 511 BC
Japan 懿徳天皇 (Emperor Itoku) 510 BC 476 BC
Japan 孝昭天皇 (Emperor Kōshō) 475 BC 393 BC
Japan 孝安天皇 (Emperor Kōan) 392 BC 291 BC
Japan 孝霊天皇 (Emperor Kōrei) 290 BC 215 BC
Japan 孝元天皇 (Emperor Kōgen) 214 BC 158 BC
Japan 開化天皇 (Emperor Kaika) 157 BC 98 BC
Japan 崇神天皇 (Emperor Sujin) 97 BC 30 BC
Japan 垂仁天皇 (Emperor Suinin) 28 BC 70
Holy See Saint Peter 1 April 33 29 June 67
Holy See Papa Linus (Pope Linus) 29 June 67 23 September 76
Japan 景行天皇 (Emperor Keikō) 71 130
Holy See Papa Anacletus (Pope Anacletus) 23 September 76 26 April 88
Holy See Papa Clemens Romanus (Pope Clement I) 26 April 88 23 November 99
Holy See Papa Evaristus (Pope Evaristus) 23 November 99 27 October 107
Holy See Papa Alexander (Pope Alexander I) 27 October 107 3 May 115
Holy See Papa Xystus (Pope Sixtus I) 3 May 115 3 April 125
Holy See Papa Telesphorus (Pope Telesphorus) 3 April 125 5 January 136
Japan 成務天皇 (Emperor Seimu) 131 191
Holy See Papa Hyginus (Pope Hyginus) 5 January 136 11 January 140
Holy See Papa Pius (Pope Pius I) 11 January 140 11 July 155
Holy See Papa Anicetus (Pope Anicetus) 11 July 155 20 April 166
Holy See Papa Soterius (Pope Soter) 20 April 166 22 April 174
Holy See Papa Eleutherius (Pope Eleuterus) 22 April 174 26 May 189
Holy See Papa Victor (Pope Victor I) 26 May 189 28 July 199
Japan 仲哀天皇 (Emperor Chūai) 192 200
Holy See Papa Zephyrinus (Pope Zephyrinus) 28 July 199 20 December 217
Japan 神功皇后 (Empress Consort Jingū) 201 269
Holy See Papa Callistus (Pope Callixtus I) 218 223
Holy See Papa Urbanus (Pope Urban I) 223 23 May 230
Holy See Papa Pontianus (Pope Pontian) 21 July 230 28 September 235
Holy See Papa Anterus (Pope Anterus) 21 November 235 3 January 236
Holy See Papa Fabianus (Pope Fabian) 10 January 236 20 January 250
Holy See Papa Cornelius (Pope Cornelius) 6 March 251 June 253
Holy See Papa Lucius (Pope Lucius I) 25 June 253 5 March 254
Holy See Papa Stephanus (Pope Stephen I) 12 May 254 2 August 257
Holy See Papa Xystus Secundus (Pope Sixtus II) 31 August 257 6 August 258
Holy See Papa Dionysius (Pope Dionysius) 22 July 259 26 December 268
Holy See Papa Felix (Pope Felix I) 5 January 269 30 December 274
Japan 応神天皇 (Emperor Ōjin) 270 310
Holy See Papa Eutychianus (Pope Eutychian) 4 January 275 7 December 283
Holy See Papa Caius (Pope Caius) 17 December 283 22 April 296
Holy See Papa Marcellinus (Pope Marcellinus) 30 June 296 26 April 304
Western Roman Empire Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus (Emperor Constantine the Great) 25 July 306 29 October 312
Holy See Papa Marcellus (Pope Marcellus I) 27 May 308 16 January 309
Holy See Papa Eusebius (Pope Eusebius) 18 April 309 17 August 309
Holy See Papa Miltiades (Pope Miltiades) 2 July 311 10 January 314
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantine the Great and Constantine II 29 October 312 19 September 324
Japan 仁徳天皇 (Emperor Nintoku) 313 399
Holy See Papa Silvester (Pope Sylvester I) 31 January 314 31 December 335
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Holy See Papa Marcus (Pope Mark) 18 January 336 7 October 336
Holy See Papa Iulius (Pope Julius I) 6 February 337 12 April 352
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Western Roman Empire Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Holy See Papa Liberius (Pope Liberius) 17 May 352 24 September 366
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Western Roman Empire Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Western Roman Empire Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 28 March 364
Western Roman Empire Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 17 November 375
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Julius Valens Augustus (Emperor Valens) 28 March 364 9 August 378
Holy See Papa Damasus (Pope Damasus I) 1 October 366 11 December 384
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only) 17 November 375 9 August 378
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (whole Empire) 9 August 378 19 January 379
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II 9 August 378 19 January 379
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only again) 19 January 379 25 August 383
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 19 January 379 17 January 395
Holy See Papa Siricius (Pope Siricius) 17 December 384 26 November 399
Western Roman Empire Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 15 May 392 17 January 395
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Arcadius Augustus (Emperor Arcadius) 17 January 395 1 May 408
Visigothic Kingdom King Alaric I 395 410
Holy See Papa Anastasius (Pope Anastasius I) 27 November 399 19 December 401
Japan 履中天皇 (Emperor Richū) 400 405
Holy See Papa Innocentius (Pope Innocent I) 22 December 401 12 March 417
Japan 反正天皇 (Emperor Hanzei) 406 410
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Theodosius Iunior Augustus (Emperor Theodosius II) 1 May 408 28 July 450
Visigothic Kingdom King Ataulf 410 15 August 415
Japan 允恭天皇 (Emperor Ingyō) 410 453
Visigothic Kingdom King Sigeric 15 August 415 22 August 415
Visigothic Kingdom King Wallia 22 August 415 419
Holy See Papa Zosimus (Pope Zosimus) 18 March 417 26 December 418
Holy See Papa Bonifatius (Pope Boniface I) 28 December 418 4 September 422
Visigothic Kingdom King Theodoric I 419 24 June 451
Holy See Papa Coelestinus (Pope Celestine I) 10 September 422 26 July 432
Holy See Papa Xystus Tertius (Pope Sixtus III) 31 July 432 18 August 440
Holy See Papa Leo Magnus (Pope Leo I the Great) 29 September 440 10 November 461
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Aelia Pulcheria (Empress Pulcheria) 28 July 450 July 453
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Marcianus Augustus (Emperor Marcian) 450 27 January 457
Visigothic Kingdom King Thorismund 24 June 451 453
Visigothic Kingdom King Theodoric II 24 June 453 466
Japan 安康天皇 (Emperor Ankō) 453 456
Japan 雄略天皇 (Emperor Yūryaku) 456 479
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Α' ὁ Θρᾷξ / Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus (Emperor Leo I) 27 January 457 18 January 474
Holy See Papa Hilarius (Pope Hilarius) 19 November 461 29 February 468
Visigothic Kingdom King Euric 466 28 December 484
Holy See Papa Simplicius (Pope Simplicius) 3 March 468 10 March 483
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Β' / Flavius Leo Iunior Augustus (Emperor Leo II) 18 January 474 17 November 474
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζήνων / Flavius Zeno Augustus (Emperor Zeno), first reign 9 February 474 9 January 475
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασιλίσκος / Flavius Basiliscus Augustus (Emperor Basiliscus) 9 January 475 August 476
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζήνων / Flavius Zeno Augustus (Emperor Zeno), second reign August 476 9 April 491
Japan 清寧天皇 (Emperor Seinei) 480 484
Holy See Papa Felix Tertius (Pope Felix III) 13 March 483 1 March 492
Visigothic Kingdom King Alaric II 28 December 484 August 507
Japan 顕宗天皇 (Emperor Kenzō) 485 487
Japan 仁賢天皇 (Emperor Ninken) 488 498
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀναστάσιος Α' ὁ Δίκορος / Flavius Anastasius Augustus (Emperor Anastasius I) 11 April 491 9 July 518
Holy See Papa Gelasius (Pope Gelasius I) 1 March 492 19 November 496
Holy See Papa Anastasius Secundus (Pope Anastasius II) 24 November 496 19 November 498
Holy See Papa Symmachus (Pope Symmachus) 22 November 498 19 July 514
Japan 武烈天皇 (Emperor Buretsu) 498 506
Visigothic Kingdom King Gesalec August 507 511
Japan 継体天皇 (Emperor Keitai) 507 531
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Clovis I 509 27 November 511
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlodomer (Orléans) 27 November 511 524
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic I (Reims) 27 November 511 533
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childebert I (Paris 511-524, Paris and Orléans 524-558) 27 November 511 13 December 558
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlothar I 27 November 511 29 November 561
Visigothic Kingdom King Amalaric 511 531
Holy See Papa Hormisdas (Pope Hormisdas) 20 July 514 6 August 523
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστίνος / Flavius Iustinus Augustus (Emperor Justin I) July 518 1 August 527
Holy See Papa Ioannes (Pope John I) 13 August 523 18 May 526
Holy See Papa Felix Quartus (Pope Felix IV) 12 July 526 22 September 530
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Πέτρος Σαββάτιος Ἰουστινιανός / Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus (Justinian I) 1 August 527 14 November 565
Holy See Papa Bonifatius Secundus (Pope Boniface II) 22 September 530 17 October 532
Japan 安閑天皇 (Emperor Ankan) 531 536
Visigothic Kingdom King Theudis 531 June 548
Holy See Papa Ioannes Secundus (Pope John II) 2 January 533 8 May 535
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theudebert I (Reims) 533 548
Holy See Papa Agapitus (Pope Agapetus I) 13 May 535 22 April 536
Holy See Papa Silverius (Pope Silverius) 8 June 536 11 March 537
Japan 宣化天皇 (Emperor Senka) 536 539
Holy See Papa Vigilius (Pope Vigilius) 29 March 537 7 June 555
Japan 欽明天皇 (Emperor Kinmei) 539 571
Visigothic Kingdom King Theudigisel June 548 December 549
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theudebald (Reims) 548 555
Visigothic Kingdom King Agila I December 549 March 554
Visigothic Kingdom King Athanagild March 554 December 567
Holy See Papa Pelagius (Pope Pelagius I) 16 April 556 4 March 561
Holy See Papa Ioannes Tertius (Pope John III) 17 July 561 13 July 574
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Charibert I (Paris) 29 November 561 December 567
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Sigebert I (Reims and Metz) 29 November 561 575
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chilperic I (Soissons) 29 November 561 September 584
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Guntram (Orléans) 29 November 561 28 January 592
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Ἰουστίνος ὁ νεώτερος / Flavius Iustinus Iunior Augustus (Emperor Justin II) 15 November 565 7 December 574
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva I December 567 568
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva I and King Liuvigild 568 571
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuvigild 571 21 April 586
Japan 敏達天皇 (Emperor Bidatsu) 572 14 September 585
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Τιβέριος Β' / Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Tiberius II Constantine) 7 December 574 13 August 582
Holy See Papa Benedictus (Pope Benedict I) 2 June 575 30 July 579
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childebert II (Reims and Metz) 575 595
Holy See Papa Pelagius Secundus (Pope Pelagius II) 26 November 579 7 February 590
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Μαυρίκιος Τιβέριος Αὔγουστος / Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus (Emperor Maurice) 13 August 582 27 November 602
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φωκᾶς / Flavius Phocas Augustus (Emperor Phocas) 13 August 582 5 October 610
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlothar II September 584 18 October 629
Japan 用明天皇 (Emperor Yōmei) 585 587
Visigothic Kingdom King Reccared I 21 April 586 31 May 601
Japan 崇峻天皇 (Emperor Sushun) 587 592
Holy See Papa Gregorius Magnus (Pope Gregory I the Great) 3 September 590 12 March 604
Japan 推古天皇 (Empress Suiko) 593 15 April 628
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theudebert II (Reims and Metz) 595 612
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic II (Orléans) 595 613
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva II 31 May 601 December 603
Visigothic Kingdom King Witteric December 603 April 610
Holy See Papa Sabinianus (Pope Sabinian) 13 September 604 22 February 606
Holy See Papa Bonifatius Tertius (Pope Boniface III) 19 February 607 12 November 607
Holy See Papa Bonifatius Quartus (Pope Boniface IV) 25 September 608 8 May 615
Visigothic Kingdom King Gundemar April 610 February 612
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος / Flavius Heraclius Augustus (Emperor Heraclius) 5 October 610 22 January 613
Visigothic Kingdom King Sisebut February 612 February 621
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Heraclius and Constantine III 22 January 613 4 July 638
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Sigebert II (Orléans) 613 613
Holy See Papa Adeodatus (Pope Adeodatus I) 19 October 615 8 November 618
Holy See Papa Bonifatius Quintus (Pope Boniface V) 23 December 619 25 October 625
Visigothic Kingdom King Reccared II February 621 16 April 621
Visigothic Kingdom King Suintila 16 April 621 631
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Dagobert I 623 19 January 639
Holy See Papa Honorius (Pope Honorius I) 27 October 625 12 October 638
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Charibert II (Aquitaine) 629 8 April 632
Japan 舒明天皇 (Emperor Jomei) 629 17 November 641
Visigothic Kingdom King Sisenand 631 12 March 636
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chilperic (Aquitaine) 632 632
Visigothic Kingdom King Iudila - pretender 632 633
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Sigebert III (Austrasia) 634 656
Visigothic Kingdom King Chintila 636 20 September 639
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Heraclius, Constantine III and Heraklonas 4 July 638 11 February 641
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Clovis II (Neustria and Burgundy) 19 January 639 27 November 657
Holy See Papa Severinus (Pope Severinus) 28 May 640 2 August 640
Holy See Papa Ioannes Quartus (Pope John IV) 24 December 640 12 October 642
Visigothic Kingdom King Tulga 640 642
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine III and Heraklonas 11 February 641 20 April 641
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ἡράκλειος / Flavius Constantinus Heraclius (Emperor Heraklonas) 20 April 641 September 641
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κώνστας Β' / Heraclius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Constans II) September 641 15 September 668
Japan 皇極天皇 (Empress Kōgyoku) 25 January 642 14 June 645
Visigothic Kingdom King Chindasuinth 30 April 642 649
Holy See Papa Theodorus (Pope Theodore I) 24 November 642 14 May 649
Japan 孝徳天皇 (Emperor Kōtoku) 645 24 November 654
Holy See Papa Martinus (Pope Martin I) 21 July 649 16 September 655
Visigothic Kingdom King Chindasuinth and King Recceswinth 649 30 September 653
Visigothic Kingdom King Recceswinth 30 September 653 1 September 672
Holy See Papa Eugenius (Pope Eugene I) 10 August 654 2 August 657
Japan 斉明天皇 (Empress Saimei) 3 January 655 24 July 661
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childebert III the Adopted (Austrasia) 656 661
Holy See Papa Vitalianus (Pope Vitalian) 30 July 657 27 January 672
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlothar III (Neustria and Burgundy) 27 November 657 673
Japan 天智天皇 (Emperor Tenji) 661 7 January 672
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childeric II (Austrasia 662-673, Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy to 675) 662 675
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιζίζιος (Mizizios), usurper in Sicily 15 September 668 669
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Δ' / Flavius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Constantine IV) 15 September 668 14 September 685
Holy See Papa Adeodatus Secundus (Pope Adeodatus II) 11 April 672 17 June 676
Japan 弘文天皇 (Emperor Kōbun) 672 21 August 672
Visigothic Kingdom King Wamba 672 680
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic III (Neustria and Burgundy), first reign 673 673
Japan 天武天皇 (Emperor Tenmu) 673 1 October 686
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Clovis III (Austrasia) 675 676
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic III (Neustria and Burgundy second reign, then unified) 675 12 April 691
Holy See Papa Donus (Pope Donus) 2 November 676 11 April 678
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Dagobert II (Austrasia) 676 23 December 679
Holy See Papa Agatho (Pope Agatho) 27 June 678 10 January 681
Visigothic Kingdom King Erwig 680 687
Holy See Papa Leo Secundus (Pope Leo II) 17 August 682 28 June 683
Holy See Papa Benedictus Secundus (Pope Benedict II) 26 June 684 8 May 685
Holy See Papa Ioannes Quintus (Pope John V) 23 July 685 2 August 686
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστινιανός Β΄ / Iustinianus Augustus (Emperor Justinian II), first reign 14 September 685 695
Holy See Papa Conon (Pope Conon) 21 October 686 21 September 687
Japan 持統天皇 (Empress Jitō) 686 697
Holy See Papa Sergius (Pope Sergius I) 15 December 687 8 September 701
Visigothic Kingdom King Egica 687 694
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Clovis IV 691 695
Visigothic Kingdom King Egica and King Wittiza 694 702
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λεόντιος / Leontius Augustus (Emperor Leontios) 695 698
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childebert III 695 23 April 711
Japan 文武天皇 (Emperor Monmu) 697 707
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Τιβέριος Γʹ / Tiberius Augustus (Emperor Tiberius III) 698 21 August 705
Holy See Papa Ioannes Sextus (Pope John VI) 30 October 701 11 January 705
Visigothic Kingdom King Wittiza 702 710
Holy See Papa Ioannes Septimus (Pope John VII) 1 March 705 18 October 707
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστινιανός Β΄ / Iustinianus Augustus (Emperor Justinian II), second reign 21 August 705 706
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Justinian II and Tiberius 706 11 December 711
Japan 元明皇后 (Empress Genmei) 707 715
Holy See Papa Sisinnius (Pope Sisinnius) 15 January 708 4 February 708
Holy See Papa Constantinus (Pope Constantine) 25 March 708 9 April 715
Visigothic Kingdom King Ruderic 710 712
Visigothic Kingdom King Achila II 710 714
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Dagobert III 23 April 711 31 December 715
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φιλιππικός (Emperor Philippikos) 11 December 711 3 June 713
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀρτέμιος Ἀναστάσιος Β΄ (Emperor Anastasius II) 3 June 713 November 715
Visigothic Kingdom King Ardo 713 721
Holy See Papa Gregorius Secundus (Pope Gregory II) 19 May 715 11 February 731
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεοδόσιος Γ΄ (Emperor Theodosius III) May 715 25 March 717
Japan 元正天皇 (Empress Genshō) 3 October 715 3 March 724
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chilperic II 31 December 715 13 February 721
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Γ΄ ὁ Ἴσαυρος (Emperor Leo III the Isaurian) 25 March 717 August 720
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Chlothar IV (rival king in Austrasia) 717 718
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Leo III and Constantine V August 720 18 June 741
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Theuderic IV 13 February 721 737
Japan 聖武天皇 (Emperor Shōmu) 3 March 724 19 August 749
Holy See Papa Gregorius Tertius (Pope Gregory III) 11 February 731 28 November 741
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ε΄ (Emperor Constantine V) 18 June 741 751
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀρταύασδος (Artavasdos), usurper June 741 November 743
Holy See Papa Zacharias (Pope Zachary) 3 December 741 15 March 752
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Childeric III 743 March 751
Japan 孝謙天皇 (Empress Kōken) 749 758
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Pepin the Short 751 24 September 768
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine V and Leo IV 751 14 September 775
Holy See Papa Stephanus Secundus (Pope Stephen II) 26 March 752 26 April 757
Papal States Papa Stephanus Secundus (Pope Stephen II) 756 26 April 757
Papal States Papa Paulus (Pope Paul I) 29 May 757 28 June 767
Holy See Papa Paulus (Pope Paul I) 29 May 757 28 June 767
Japan 淳仁天皇 (Emperor Junnin) 758 764
Japan 称徳天皇 (Empress Shōtoku) 764 770
Papal States Papa Stephanus Tertius (Pope Stephen III) 7 August 768 1 February 772
Holy See Papa Stephanus Tertius (Pope Stephen III) 7 August 768 1 February 772
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Carloman I 24 September 768 4 December 771
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor 24 September 768 28 January 814
Japan 光仁天皇 (Emperor Kōnin) 28 August 770 781
Papal States Papa Hadrianus (Pope Adrian I) 1 February 772 25 December 795
Holy See Papa Hadrianus (Pope Adrian I) 1 February 772 25 December 795
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor 10 July 774 28 January 814
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Δ΄ ὁ Χάζαρος (Leo IV the Khazar) 14 September 775 24 April 776
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Leo IV the Khazar and Constantine VI 24 April 776 8 September 780
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ϛ΄ (Emperor Constantine VI) 8 September 780 August 797
Japan 桓武天皇 (Emperor Kanmu) 781 5 February 806
Papal States Papa Leo Tertius (Pope Leo III) 27 December 795 12 June 816
Holy See Papa Leo Tertius (Pope Leo III) 27 December 795 12 June 816
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Εἰρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία (Empress Irene) August 797 31 October 802
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Charlemagne, King of the Franks 25 December 800 28 January 814
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Α΄ (Emperor Nikephoros I) 31 October 802 December 803
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Nikephoros I and Staurakios December 803 26 July 811
Japan 平城天皇 (Emperor Heizei) 9 April 806 809
Japan 嵯峨天皇 (Emperor Saga) 18 May 809 23 May 823
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Σταυράκιος (Emperor Staurakios) 26 July 811 2 October 811
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαῆλ A' Ῥαγγαβέ (Emperor Michael I Rhangabe) 2 October 811 22 June 813
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων ὁ ἐξ Ἀρμενίας (Emperor Leo V the Armenian) 22 June 813 25 December 820
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Louis the Pious, King of the Franks 11 September 813 20 June 840
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Louis the Pious, Holy Roman Emperor 28 January 814 20 June 840
Papal States Papa Stephanus Quartus (Pope Stephen IV) 22 June 816 24 January 817
Holy See Papa Stephanus Quartus (Pope Stephen IV) 22 June 816 24 January 817
Holy See Papa Paschalis (Pope Paschal I) 25 January 817 11 February 824
Papal States Papa Paschalis (Pope Paschal I) 25 January 817 11 February 824
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Lothair I, King of Francia 817 29 September 855
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Lothair I, Holy Roman Emperor 818 29 September 855
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Β' (Emperor Michael II) 25 December 820 2 October 829
Japan 淳和天皇 (Emperor Junna) 30 May 823 22 March 833
Papal States Papa Eugenius Secundus (Pope Eugene II) 4 June 824 27 August 827
Holy See Papa Eugenius Secundus (Pope Eugene II) 4 June 824 27 August 827
Navarre Eneko (King Íñigo Arista) 824 851
Holy See Papa Valentinus (Pope Valentine) 31 August 827 10 October 827
Papal States Papa Valentinus (Pope Valentine) 31 August 827 10 October 827
Papal States Papa Gregorius Quartus (Pope Gregory IV) 20 December 827 25 January 844
Holy See Papa Gregorius Quartus (Pope Gregory IV) 20 December 827 25 January 844
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεόφιλος (Emperor Theophilos) 2 October 829 20 January 842
Moravia Mojmír I. (Duke Mojmir I) 830 846
Japan 仁明天皇 (Emperor Ninmyō) 22 March 833 6 May 850
Francia (Kingdom of the Franks) King Charles the Bald 20 June 840 August 843
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Γʹ (Emperor Michael III) 20 January 842 23 September 867
Middle Francia King Lothair I, Holy Roman Emperor August 843 29 September 855
East Francia King Louis the German August 843 28 August 876
West Francia King Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor August 843 6 October 877
Scotland King Kenneth MacAlpin 843 13 February 858
Papal States Papa Sergius Secundus (Pope Sergius II) 25 January 844 27 January 847
Holy See Papa Sergius Secundus (Pope Sergius II) 25 January 844 27 January 847
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor 844 12 August 875
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Louis II, King of Italy 844 12 August 875
Moravia Rastislav (Duke Rastislav) 846 870
Papal States Papa Leo Quartus (Pope Leo IV) 10 April 847 17 July 855
Holy See Papa Leo Quartus (Pope Leo IV) 10 April 847 17 July 855
Japan 文徳天皇 (Emperor Montoku) 850 7 October 858
Navarre Gartzea Eneko (King García Íñiguez) 851 870
Holy See Papa Benedictus Tertius (Pope Benedict III) 29 September 855 17 April 858
Papal States Papa Benedictus Tertius (Pope Benedict III) 29 September 855 17 April 858
Scotland King Donald MacAlpin 13 February 858 13 April 862
Holy See Papa Nicolaus (Pope Nicholas I) 24 April 858 13 November 867
Papal States Papa Nicolaus (Pope Nicholas I) 24 April 858 13 November 867
Japan 清和天皇 (Emperor Seiwa) 858 876
Ireland, Gaelic Máel Sechnaill mac Máele Ruanaid, High King of Ireland 860 27 November 862
Scotland King Constantine I 13 April 862 877
Ireland, Gaelic Áed mac Neíll, High King of Ireland 27 November 862 20 November 879
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασίλειος ὁ Μακεδών (Emperor Basil I the Macedonian) 23 September 867 29 August 886
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Secundus (Pope Adrian II) 14 December 867 14 December 872
Holy See Papa Hadrianus Secundus (Pope Adrian II) 14 December 867 14 December 872
Moravia Svatopluk I (Duke Svatopluk I), first reign 870 871
Navarre Orti Gartzez (King Fortún Garcés) 870 905
Moravia Slavomir (Duke Slavomir) 871 871
Moravia Svatopluk I (Duke Svatopluk I), second reign 871 894
England, Anglo-Saxon King Alfred the Great 871 26 October 899
Holy See Papa Ioannes Octavus (Pope John VIII) 14 December 872 16 December 882
Papal States Papa Ioannes Octavus (Pope John VIII) 14 December 872 16 December 882
Norway Harald Hårfagre (King Harald I Halfdansson) 872 930
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor 29 December 875 6 October 877
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Charles II the Bald, King of the Franks 29 December 875 6 October 877
East Francia King Louis the Younger 28 August 876 20 January 882
Japan 陽成天皇 (Emperor Yōzei) 18 December 876 4 March 884
West Francia King Louis the Stammerer 6 October 877 10 April 879
Scotland King Áed 877 878
Scotland King Giric 878 889
Scotland King Eochaid 878 889
West Francia King Louis III 10 April 879 5 August 882
Ireland, Gaelic Flann Sinna, High King of Ireland 20 November 879 25 May 916
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor 879 26 December 887
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Charles III the Fat, King of the Franks 12 February 881 13 January 888
East Francia King Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor 20 January 882 17 November 887
West Francia King Carloman II 5 August 882 6 December 884
Papal States Papa Marinus (Pope Marinus I) 16 December 882 15 May 884
Holy See Papa Marinus (Pope Marinus I) 16 December 882 15 May 884
Japan 光孝天皇 (Emperor Kōkō) 23 March 884 17 September 887
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Tertius (Pope Adrian III) 17 May 884 8 July 885
Holy See Papa Hadrianus Tertius (Pope Adrian III) 17 May 884 8 July 885
West Francia King Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor 20 May 885 13 January 888
Holy See Papa Stephanus Quintus (Pope Stephen V) 14 September 885 14 September 891
Papal States Papa Stephanus Quintus (Pope Stephen V) 14 September 885 14 September 891
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων ΣΤ΄ ὁ Σοφός (Emperor Leo VI) 29 August 886 11 May 912
East Francia King Arnulf of Carinthia, Holy Roman Emperor (disputed) 17 November 887 8 December 899
Japan 宇多天皇 (Emperor Uda) 887 897
West Francia King Odo 29 February 888 1 January 898
Scotland King Donald II 889 900
Papal States Papa Formosus (Pope Formosus) 6 October 891 4 April 896
Holy See Papa Formosus (Pope Formosus) 6 October 891 4 April 896
Moravia Mojmír II. (Duke Mojmir II) 894 906
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Arnulf of Carinthia, Holy Roman Emperor (disputed) 894 8 December 899
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Arnulf, Duke of Carinthia (disputed) 22 February 896 8 December 899
Holy See Papa Bonifatius Sextius (Pope Boniface VI) 11 April 896 25 April 896
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Sextius (Pope Boniface VI) 11 April 896 25 April 896
Holy See Papa Stephanus Sextius (Pope Stephen VI) 22 May 896 14 August 897
Papal States Papa Stephanus Sextius (Pope Stephen VI) 22 May 896 14 August 897
Holy See Papa Romanus (Pope Romanus) August 897 November 897
Papal States Papa Romanus (Pope Romanus) August 897 November 897
Holy See Papa Theodorus Secundus (Pope Theodore II) December 897 December 897
Papal States Papa Theodorus Secundus (Pope Theodore II) December 897 December 897
Japan 醍醐天皇 (Emperor Daigo) 897 16 October 930
Holy See Papa Ioannes Nonus (Pope John IX) 18 January 898 5 January 900
Papal States Papa Ioannes Nonus (Pope John IX) 18 January 898 5 January 900
West Francia King Charles III the Simple 28 January 898 30 June 922
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Elder 26 October 899 17 July 924
Papal States Papa Benedictus Quartus (Pope Benedict IV) 1 February 900 30 July 903
Holy See Papa Benedictus Quartus (Pope Benedict IV) 1 February 900 30 July 903
East Francia King Louis the Child 4 February 900 20 September 911
Scotland King Constantine II 900 943
Holy See Papa Leo Quintus (Pope Leo V) 30 July 903 December 903
Papal States Papa Leo Quintus (Pope Leo V) 30 July 903 December 903
Holy See Pope Christopher (Anti-pope) October 903 January 904
Papal States Pope Christopher (Anti-pope) October 903 January 904
Holy See Papa Sergius Tertius (Pope Sergius III) 29 January 904 14 April 911
Papal States Papa Sergius Tertius (Pope Sergius III) 29 January 904 14 April 911
Navarre Antso Ia. Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés I) 905 10 December 925
Holy See Papa Anastasius Tertius (Pope Anastasius III) April 911 June 913
Papal States Papa Anastasius Tertius (Pope Anastasius III) April 911 June 913
East Francia King Conrad I 10 November 911 23 December 918
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξανδρος (Emperor Alexander) 11 May 912 6 June 913
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος (Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos), first sole reign 6 June 913 17 December 920
Holy See Papa Lando (Pope Lando) September 913 March 914
Papal States Papa Lando (Pope Lando) September 913 March 914
Papal States Papa Ioannes Decimus (Pope John X) March 914 28 May 928
Holy See Papa Ioannes Decimus (Pope John X) March 914 28 May 928
Ireland, Gaelic Niall Glúndubh mac Aodha, High King of Ireland 25 May 916 14 September 919
Germany, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Henry the Fowler 24 May 919 2 July 936
Ireland, Gaelic Donnchadh Donn mac Flainn, High King of Ireland 919 944
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Romanos I Lekapenos and Constantine VII 17 December 920 16 December 944
West Francia King Robert I 30 June 922 15 June 923
West Francia Rodulfus (King Rudolph) 13 July 923 14 January 936
England, Anglo-Saxon Ælfweard of Wessex (disputed) 17 July 924 2 August 924
England, Anglo-Saxon King Æthelstan 17 July 924 27 October 939
Navarre Semero Gartzez (King Jimeno Garcés) 10 December 925 29 May 931
Navarre Gartzea I.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez I) 10 December 925 970
Holy See Papa Leo Sextus (Pope Leo VI) June 928 12 February 929
Papal States Papa Leo Sextus (Pope Leo VI) June 928 12 February 929
Holy See Papa Stephanus Septimus (Pope Stephen VII) 3 February 929 15 March 931
Papal States Papa Stephanus Septimus (Pope Stephen VII) 3 February 929 15 March 931
Japan 朱雀天皇 (Emperor Suzaku) 930 946
Papal States Papa Ioannes XI (Pope John XI) March 931 December 935
Holy See Papa Ioannes XI (Pope John XI) March 931 December 935
Norway Eirik Blodøks (King Eric I Haraldsson) 931 933
Norway Håkon den gode (King Haakon I Haraldsson) 934 960
Papal States Papa Leo Septimus (Pope Leo VII) 3 January 936 13 July 939
Holy See Papa Leo Septimus (Pope Leo VII) 3 January 936 13 July 939
West Francia King Louis IV 19 June 936 10 September 954
Germany, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor 2 July 936 7 May 973
Denmark Gorm den Gamle (King Gorm the Old) 936 958
Holy See Papa Stephanus Octavus (Pope Stephen VIII) 14 July 939 30 October 942
Papal States Papa Stephanus Octavus (Pope Stephen VIII) 14 July 939 30 October 942
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edmund the Elder 27 October 939 26 May 946
Holy See Papa Marinus Secundus (Pope Marinus II) 30 October 942 1 May 946
Papal States Papa Marinus Secundus (Pope Marinus II) 30 October 942 1 May 946
Scotland King Malcolm I 943 954
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος (Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos), second sole reign 16 December 944 9 November 959
Ireland, Gaelic Conghalach Cnoghbha, High King of Ireland 944 956
Papal States Papa Agapitus Secundus (Pope Agapetus II) 10 May 946 8 November 955
Holy See Papa Agapitus Secundus (Pope Agapetus II) 10 May 946 8 November 955
England, Anglo-Saxon King Eadred 26 May 946 23 November 955
Japan 村上天皇 (Emperor Murakami) 31 May 946 5 July 967
West Francia King Lothair 12 November 954 2 March 986
Scotland King Indulf 954 962
England, Anglo-Saxon King Eadwig 23 November 955 1 October 959
Papal States Papa Ioannes XII (Pope John XII) 16 December 955 14 May 964
Holy See Papa Ioannes XII (Pope John XII) 16 December 955 14 May 964
Ireland, Gaelic Domhnall ua Néill, High King of Ireland 956 980
Denmark Harald Blåtand Gormsen (King Harald I Bluetooth) 958 986
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edgar the Peaceful 1 October 959 8 July 975
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ρωμανός Β΄ (Emperor Romanos II) 9 November 959 15 March 963
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) King Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor 25 December 961 7 May 973
Norway Harald Gråfell, (King Harald II Ericsson) 961 970
Norway Harald Blåtand Gormsson (King Harald Bluetooth) 961 980
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Otto I, King of Germany 2 February 962 7 May 973
Scotland King Dub 962 967
Luxemburg, County of Count Sigfried 963 28 October 998
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Β΄ Φωκᾶς (Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas) 16 August 963 11 December 969
Holy See Papa Leo Octavus (Pope Leo VIII) 6 December 963 1 March 965
Papal States Papa Leo Octavus (Pope Leo VIII) 6 December 963 1 March 965
Papal States Papa Benedictus Quintus (Pope Benedict V) 22 May 964 23 June 964
Holy See Papa Benedictus Quintus (Pope Benedict V) 22 May 964 23 June 964
Papal States Papa Ioannes XIII (Pope John XIII) 1 October 965 6 September 972
Holy See Papa Ioannes XIII (Pope John XIII) 1 October 965 6 September 972
Norway Håkon Sigurdsson (Earl Haakon Sigurdsson) 965 995
Japan 冷泉天皇 (Emperor Reizei) 967 969
Scotland King Cuilén 967 971
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰωάννης Α΄ Τζιμισκής (Emperor John I Tzimiskes) 11 December 969 10 January 976
Japan 円融天皇 (Emperor En'yū) 969 24 September 984
Viguera Ramiro Gartzia (King Ramiro Garcés) 970 9 July 981
Navarre Antso II.a Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés II) 970 994
Sweden Erik Segersäll (King Eric the Victorious) 970 995
Scotland King Amlaíb 971 977
Scotland King Kenneth II 971 995
Holy See Papa Benedictus Sextus (Pope Benedict VI) 19 January 973 8 June 974
Papal States Papa Benedictus Sextus (Pope Benedict VI) 19 January 973 8 June 974
Holy See Papa Bonifatius Septimus (Boniface VII, Anti-pope), first reign June 974 July 974
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Septimus (Boniface VII, Anti-pope), first reign June 974 July 974
Papal States Papa Benedictus Septimus (Pope Benedict VII) October 974 10 July 983
Holy See Papa Benedictus Septimus (Pope Benedict VII) October 974 10 July 983
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Martyr 8 July 975 18 March 978
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασίλειος Β΄ (Emperor Basil II) 10 January 976 15 December 1025
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Luitpold I. (Margrave Leopold I) 21 July 976 10 July 994
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