Home / General Information / List of Monarch Reigns

Browse a list of all the monarch reigns that we know about.

List of monarch reigns, ordered by: Name A-Z / Name Z-A / Country A-Z / Country Z-A / Year 886-2015 / Year 2015-886

List of monarch reigns, with links to more detailed information / Page 2 (total 1374):
CountryNameFromTo
(click name to filter)
Japan 二条天皇 (Emperor Nijō) 1158 1165
Sweden Karl Sverkersson (King Charles VII) 1161 12 April 1167
Norway King Magnus V Erlingsson 1161 15 June 1184
Japan 六条天皇 (Emperor Rokujō) 1165 1168
Scotland King William I 9 December 1165 4 December 1214
Ireland, Gaelic Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, High King of Ireland 1166 1193
Sweden Knut Eriksson (King Canute I) 1167 1195
Japan 高倉天皇 (Emperor Takakura) 1168 1180
Lordship of Ireland King John, Lord of Ireland May 1177 19 October 1216
Japan 安徳天皇 (Emperor Antoku) 1180 24 March 1185
Kingdom of France Philippe II Auguste (King Philip II Augustus) 18 September 1180 14 July 1223
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios II Komnenos) 24 September 1180 October 1183
Denmark Knud 6. Valdemarsøn (King Canute VI) 1182 12 November 1202
Japan 後鳥羽天皇 (Emperor Go-Toba) 1183 1198
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos) 24 September 1183 12 September 1185
Norway King Sverre Sigurdsson 1184 9 March 1202
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Петър IV (Tsar Peter IV), first reign 1185 1190
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος (Emperor Isaac II Angelos), first sole reign 12 September 1185 March 1195
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен II (Tsar Ivan Asen I) 1189 1196
England King Richard I 6 July 1189 6 April 1199
Navarre Antso VII.a Azkarra (King Sancho VII Sánchez) 11 June 1194 7 April 1234
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος (Emperor Alexios III Angelos) March 1195 17 July 1203
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Петър IV (Tsar Peter IV), second reign 1196 1197
Sweden Sverker Karlsson (King Sverker II) 1196 1208
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калоян (Tsar Kaloyan) 1197 October 1207
Japan 土御門天皇 (Emperor Tsuchimikado) 1198 1210
England King John 6 April 1199 19 October 1216
Denmark Valdemar 2. Sejr (King Valdemar II) 1202 28 March 1241
Norway Håkon Sverresson (King Haakon III Sverresson) 9 March 1202 1 January 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος (Emperor Isaac II Angelos), second sole reign 17 July 1203 August 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperor Alexios IV Angelos and Isaac II Angelos August 1203 27 January 1204
Norway Inge Bårdsson (King Inge II Baardsson) 1204 23 April 1217
Nicaea Θεόδωρος Α' Λάσκαρις (Emperor Theodoros I Komnenos Laskaris) 1204 November 1221
Norway King Guttorm Sigurdsson 2 January 1204 11 August 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀλέξιος Εʹ Δούκας (Emperor Alexios V Doukas) 5 February 1204 12 April 1204
Latin Empire Baudouin (Emperor Baldwin I) 9 May 1204 14 April 1205
Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem Queen Maria of Montferrat, sole rule 5 April 1205 3 October 1210
Latin Empire Emperor Henry 20 August 1206 11 June 1216
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Борил (Tsar Boril) 1207 1218
Sweden Erik Knutsson (King Eric X) 1208 10 April 1216
Japan 順徳天皇 (Emperor Juntoku) 1210 1221
Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem King John of Brienne and Queen Maria 3 October 1210 December 1225
Scotland King Alexander II 4 December 1214 6 July 1249
Denmark Valdemar den Unge (King Valdemar the Young) 1215 28 November 1231
Latin Empire Pierre de Courtenay (Emperor Peter) 1216 1217
Sweden Johan Sverkersson (King John I) 1216 10 March 1222
England King Louis VIII of France (claimant) 21 May 1216 22 September 1217
Lordship of Ireland King Henry III, Lord of Ireland 19 October 1216 16 November 1272
England King Henry III 19 October 1216 16 November 1272
Latin Empire Yolande de Hainault (Yolanda of Flanders), Regent 1217 August 1219
Norway Håkon Håkonsson (King Haakon IV Haakonsson) June 1217 16 December 1263
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен II (Tsar Ivan Asen II) 1218 24 June 1241
Japan 仲恭天皇 (Emperor Chūkyō) 1221 1221
Japan 後堀河天皇 (Emperor Go-Horikawa) 1221 1232
Latin Empire Emperor Robert de Courtenay 25 March 1221 1228
Nicaea Ιωάννης Γ΄ Δούκας Βατάτζης (Emperor John III Doukas Vatatzes) 15 December 1221 3 November 1254
Sweden Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), first reign 1222 1229
Kingdom of France Louis VIII le Lion (King Louis VIII the Lion) 14 July 1223 8 November 1226
Kingdom of France Saint Louis (King Louis IX the Saint) 8 November 1226 25 July 1270
Latin Empire Baudouin de Courtenay (Emperor Baldwin II), first sole rule 1228 9 April 1229
Sweden Knut Holmgersson (King Canute II) 1229 1234
Latin Empire Emperors John of Brienne and Baldwin II 9 April 1229 19 March 1237
Japan 四条天皇 (Emperor Shijō) 1232 10 February 1242
Granada محمد ابن الأحمر (Sultan Muhammed I ibn Nasr) 1232 1273
Denmark Erik 4. Plovpenning (King Eric IV Ploughpenny) 30 May 1232 10 August 1250
Sweden Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), second reign 1234 1250
Navarre Tibalt I.a Trobalaria (King Theobald I the Troubadour) 7 April 1234 8 July 1253
Latin Empire Baudouin de Courtenay (Emperor Baldwin II), second sole rule 19 March 1237 24 July 1261
Sukhothai Kingdom พ่อขุนศรีอินทราทิตย์์ (King Sri Indraditya) 1238 1270
Norway Håkon Håkonsson Unge (King Haakon Haakonsson the Young) 1 April 1240 5 May 1257
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калиман I (Tsar Kaliman I) 1241 1246
Japan 後嵯峨天皇 (Emperor Go-Saga) 1242 1246
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Михаил II Асен (Tsar Michael II Asen) 1246 1256
Japan 後深草天皇 (Emperor Go-Fukakusa) 1246 1260
Scotland King Alexander III 6 July 1249 19 March 1286
Sweden Valdemar Birgersson (King Valdemar) 1250 1275
Denmark King Abel 1 October 1250 29 June 1252
Denmark Christoffer 1. (King Christopher I) 1252 29 May 1259
Navarre Tibalt II.a Gaztea (King Theobald II the Young) 8 July 1253 4 December 1270
Nicaea Θεόδωρος Β΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις (Emperor Theodoros II Doukas Laskaris) 4 November 1254 18 August 1258
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калиман Асен II (Tsar Kaliman Asen II) 1256 1256
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Мицо Асен (Tsar Mitso Asen) 1256 1257
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Константин Тих (Tsar Constantine Tikh) 1257 1277
Norway Magnus Håkonsson (King Magnus VI Haakonsson) 1257 9 May 1280
Nicaea Ἰωάννης Δ΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις (Emperor John IV Doukas Laskaris), sole rule 18 August 1258 1 January 1259
Japan 亀山天皇 (Emperor Kameyama) 1259 1274
Denmark Erik 5. Klipping (King Eric V) 1259 22 November 1286
Nicaea Emperors John IV Doukas Laskaris and Michael VIII Palaiologos 1 January 1259 25 December 1261
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos) 25 December 1261 11 December 1282
Sukhothai Kingdom บานเมือง์์ (King Ban Mueang) 1270 1279
Kingdom of France Philippe III le Hardi (King Philip III the Bold) 25 July 1270 5 October 1285
Ethiopia ይኵኖ አምላክ (Emperor Yekuno Amlak) 10 August 1270 19 June 1285
Navarre Henrike I.a Gizena (King Henry I the Fat) 4 December 1270 22 July 1274
Albania, First Kingdom of King Charles I February 1272 7 January 1285
Lordship of Ireland King Edward I, Lord of Ireland 16 November 1272 7 July 1307
England King Edward I 20 November 1272 7 July 1307
Norway Eirik Magnusson (King Eric II Magnusson) 1273 15 July 1299
Granada Sultan Muhammed II al-Faqih 1273 8 April 1302
Japan 後宇多天皇 (Emperor Go-Uda) 1274 1287
Navarre Joana I.a (Queen Joan I), sole rule 22 July 1274 16 August 1284
Sweden Magnus Birgersson (King Magnus III) 1275 18 December 1290
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Михаил Асен II (Tsar Michael Asen II) 1277 1278
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Ивайло и Цар Михаил Асен II (Tsar Ivaylo and Tsar Michael Asen II) 1278 1279
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен III (Tsar Ivan Asen III) 1279 1280
Sukhothai Kingdom พ่อขุนรามคำแหง (King Ram Khamhaeng) 1279 1298
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Георги Тертер I (Tsar George Terter I) 1280 1292
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀνδρόνικος Βʹ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos) 11 December 1282 23 May 1328
Navarre Joana I.a (Queen Joan I) and Filipe Ederra (King Philip I) 16 August 1284 4 April 1305
Albania, First Kingdom of King Charles II 7 January 1285 1294
Ethiopia ይግባ ጽዮን (Emperor Yagbe'u Seyon) 19 June 1285 1294
Kingdom of France Philippe IV le Bel (King Philip IV the Fair) 5 October 1285 29 November 1314
Denmark Erik 6. Menved (King Eric VI) 1286 13 November 1319
Scotland Queen Margaret (disputed) 25 November 1286 26 September 1290
Japan 伏見天皇 (Emperor Fushimi) 1287 1298
Sweden Birger Magnusson (King Birger) 18 December 1290 March 1318
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Смилец (Tsar Smilets) 1292 1298
Scotland King John Balliol 17 November 1292 10 July 1296
Ethiopia ሰይፈ አርድ ፬ኛ (Emperor Senfa Ared IV) 1294 1295
Albania, First Kingdom of Philip I, Lord of the Kingdom of Albania 13 August 1294 23 December 1332
Ethiopia ህዝብ አስገድ (Emperor Hezba Asgad) 1295 1296
Ethiopia ቅድመ አስግድ (Emperor Qedma Asgad) 1296 1297
Ethiopia ጅን አሰገድ (Emperor Jin Asgad) 1297 1298
Ethiopia ሳባ አሰገድ (Emperor Saba Asgad) 1298 1299
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван II (Tsar Ivan II) 1298 1299
Japan 後伏見天皇 (Emperor Go-Fushimi) 1298 1301
Sukhothai Kingdom เลอไทย (King Loe Thai) 1298 1323
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Чака (Tsar Chaka) 1299 1300
Ethiopia ወደም አራድ (Emperor Wedem Arad) 1299 1314
Ethiopia ዐምደ ፡ ጽዮን (Emperor Amda Seyon I) 1299 1314
Ottoman Empire Osman Gazi (Osman I) 17 January 1299 29 July 1326
Norway Håkon Magnusson (King Haakon V Magnusson) 15 July 1299 8 May 1319
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Теодор Светослав (Tsar Theodore Svetoslav) 1300 1322
Japan 後二条天皇 (Emperor Go-Nijō) 3 March 1301 10 September 1308
Granada Sultan Muhammed III 8 April 1302 1309
Navarre Luis I.a (King Louis I) 4 April 1305 5 June 1316
Scotland King Robert I 25 March 1306 7 June 1329
Lordship of Ireland King Edward II, Lord of Ireland 7 July 1307 25 January 1327
England King Edward II 7 July 1307 25 January 1327
Japan 花園天皇 (Emperor Hanazono) 1308 1318
Granada Sultan Nasr 1309 1314
Granada Sultan Ismail I 1314 6 July 1325
Kingdom of France Louis X le Hutin (King Louis X the Quarreler) 29 November 1314 5 June 1316
Kingdom of France Jean Ier le Posthume (King John I the Posthumous) 15 November 1316 20 November 1316
Navarre King John I the Posthumous 15 November 1316 20 November 1316
Kingdom of France Philippe V le Long (King Philip V the Tall) 20 November 1316 3 January 1322
Navarre King Philip II 20 November 1316 3 January 1322
Japan 後醍醐天皇 (Emperor Go-Daigo) 29 March 1318 18 September 1339
Sweden King Magnus IV Eriksson 8 July 1319 February 1364
Norway King Magnus VII Eriksson August 1319 15 August 1343
Denmark Christoffer 2. (King Christopher II), first reign 1320 1326
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Георги Тертер II (Tsar George Terter II) 1321 1322
Denmark Erik Christoffersen (Eric Christoffersen, junior king), first reign 1321 1326
Kingdom of France Charles IV le Bel (King Charles IV the Fair) 3 January 1322 1 February 1328
Navarre Karlos I.a (King Charles I the Bald) 3 January 1322 1 February 1328
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Михаил Асен III (Tsar Mihail Asen III) 1323 31 July 1330
Sukhothai Kingdom งั่วนำถุม (King Ngua Nam Thum) 1323 1347
Granada Sultan Muhammed IV 6 July 1325 25 August 1333
Denmark Valdemar 3. (King Valdemar III) 1326 1329
Lordship of Ireland King Edward III, Lord of Ireland 25 January 1327 21 June 1377
England King Edward III 25 January 1327 21 June 1377
Ottoman Empire Orhan Bey 10 August 1327 1362
Navarre Queen Joan II and King Philip III 1 February 1328 16 September 1343
Kingdom of France Philippe VI de Valois, le Fortuné (King Philip VI the Fortunate) 1 April 1328 22 August 1350
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ανδρόνικος Γʹ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos) 23 May 1328 15 June 1341
Denmark Erik Christoffersen (Eric Christoffersen, junior king), second reign 1329 1332
Denmark Christoffer 2. (King Christopher II), second reign 1329 2 July 1332
Scotland King David II 7 June 1329 22 February 1371
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Стефан (Tsar Ivan Stefan) August 1330 March 1331
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Александър (Tsar Ivan Alexander) 1331 17 February 1371
Japan 光厳天皇 (Emperor Kōgon) - Pretender 1332 1334
Albania, First Kingdom of John, Duke of Durazzo 1332 1336
Scotland Edward Balliol (pretender) September 1332 1336
Albania, First Kingdom of Robert, Lord of the Kingdom of Albania 23 December 1332 10 September 1364
Granada Sultan Yusuf I 25 August 1333 19 October 1354
Albania, First Kingdom of Charles, Duke of Durazzo 1336 1348
Japan 光明天皇 (Emperor Kōmyō) - Pretender 1336 1348
Japan 後村上天皇 (Emperor Go-Murakami) 18 September 1339 29 March 1368
Denmark Valdemar 4. Atterdag (King Valdemar IV) 24 June 1340 24 October 1375
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), first sole rule 15 June 1341 31 March 1347
Norway Håkon Magnusson (King Haakon VI Magnusson) 15 August 1343 1380
Navarre Queen Joan II (sole rule) 16 September 1343 6 October 1349
Ethiopia ንዋየ ክርስቶስ (Emperor Newaya Krestos) 1344 1372
Sukhothai Kingdom มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๑ (King Mahathammaracha I) 1347 1368
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos and John VI Kantakouzenos 31 March 1347 13 April 1353
Japan 崇光天皇 (Emperor Sukō) - Pretender 1348 1351
Albania, First Kingdom of Joanna, Duchess of Durazzo 1348 1368
Navarre Karlos II.a (King Charles II) 6 October 1349 1 January 1387
Ayutthaya รามาธิบดีที่ 1 (King Ramathibodi I) 1350 1369
Kingdom of France Jean II le Bon (King John II the Good) 22 August 1350 8 April 1364
Japan 後光厳天皇 (Emperor Go-Kōgon) - Pretender 25 September 1352 9 April 1371
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos, John VI Kantakouzenos and Matthew Kantakouzenos 13 April 1353 10 December 1354
Granada Sultan Muhammed V (first reign) 19 October 1354 August 1359
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos and Matthew Kantakouzenos 10 December 1354 1357
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Срацимир (Tsar Ivan Sratsimir) 1356 1396
Sweden Erik Magnusson (King Eric XII, rival king) 18 December 1356 March 1359
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), second sole rule 1357 12 August 1376
Albania, First Kingdom of Karl Topia, Prince of Albania 1358 1388
Granada Sultan Ismail II August 1359 24 June 1360
Granada Sultan Muhammed VI 24 June 1360 25 April 1362
Sweden Håkan Magnusson (King Haakon Magnusson) 1362 1364
Ottoman Empire Murat Hüdavendigâr (Sultan Murad I) 1362 15 June 1389
Granada Sultan Muhammed V (second reign) 25 April 1362 16 January 1391
Sweden Albrekt av Mecklenburg (King Albert) 1364 24 February 1389
Kingdom of France Charles V le Sage (King Charles V the Wise) 8 April 1364 16 September 1380
Albania, First Kingdom of Louis, Duke of Durazzo 1366 1368
Japan 長慶天皇 (Emperor Chōkei) 1368 1383
Sukhothai Kingdom มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๒ (King Mahathammaracha II) 1368 1399
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระราเมศวร (King Ramesuan), first reign 1369 1370
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 1 (King Borommarachathirat I) 1370 1388
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Шишман (Tsar Ivan Shishman) 17 February 1371 3 June 1395
Scotland King Robert II 22 February 1371 19 April 1390
Japan 後円融天皇 (Emperor Go-En'yū) - Pretender 9 April 1371 24 May 1382
Ethiopia ንዋየ ማርያም (Emperor Newaya Maryam) 1372 1382
Albania, First Kingdom of Louis, Duke of Durazzo (restoration) 1376 1376
Denmark Oluf 2. Håkonsen (King Olaf II Haakonsson) 3 May 1376 23 August 1387
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀνδρόνικος Δ' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos IV Palaiologos) 12 August 1376 1 July 1379
Lordship of Ireland King Richard II, Lord of Ireland 21 June 1377 30 September 1399
England King Richard II 21 June 1377 30 September 1399
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), third sole rule 1 July 1379 14 April 1390
Norway King Olaf IV Haakonsson 29 July 1380 23 August 1387
Kingdom of France Charles VI le Bienaimé (King Charles VI the Beloved) 16 September 1380 21 October 1422
Ethiopia ዳዊት (Emperor Dawit I) 1382 6 October 1413
Japan 後小松天皇 (Emperor Go-Komatsu) - Pretender 24 May 1382 21 October 1392
Japan 後亀山天皇 (Emperor Go-Kameyama) 1383 21 October 1392
Navarre Karlos III.a (King Charles III) 1 January 1387 8 September 1425
Norway Margrete Valdemarsdatter (Queen Margaret) 3 August 1387 28 October 1412
Denmark Margrete 1. Valdemarsdatter (Queen Margaret I) 10 August 1387 28 October 1412
Ayutthaya ทองลัน (King Thong Lan) 1388 1388
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระราเมศวร (King Ramesuan), second reign 1388 1395
Norway Erik af Pommern (King Eric III) 1389 1442
Sweden Margareta Valdemarsdotter (Queen Margaret) 24 February 1389 28 October 1412
Ottoman Empire Beyazıt Yıldırım (Sultan Bayezid I) 19 June 1389 20 July 1402
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ιωάννης Ζ' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John VII Palaiologos) 14 April 1390 17 September 1390
Scotland King Robert III 19 April 1390 4 April 1406
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), fourth sole rule 17 September 1390 16 February 1391
Granada Sultan Yusuf II 16 January 1391 1392
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos) 16 February 1391 21 July 1425
Granada Sultan Muhammed VII 1392 1408
Japan 後小松天皇 (Emperor Go-Komatsu) 21 October 1392 5 October 1412
Ayutthaya รามราชาธิราช (King Ramrachathirat) 1395 1409
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Константин II (Tsar Constantine II) 1396 17 September 1422
Denmark Erik 7. af Pommern (King Eric VII of Pomerania) 1396 1439
Sweden Erik av Pommern (King Eric XIII) 1396 1439
Lordship of Ireland King Henry IV, Lord of Ireland 30 September 1399 20 March 1413
England King Henry IV 30 September 1399 20 March 1413
Isle of Man Henry Percy, King of Mann 19 October 1399 1405
Sukhothai Kingdom มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๓ (King Mahathammaracha III) 1400 1419
Ottoman Empire Süleyman Çelebi (pretender, first Sultan of Rumelia) 20 July 1402 17 February 1411
Ottoman Empire İsa Çelebi (pretender, Sultan of the Western Anatolian Territory) 1403 1406
Ottoman Empire Mehmed Çelebi (pretender, Sultan of Anatolia) 1403 5 July 1413
Isle of Man John I Stanley, King of Mann 1405 1414
Scotland King James I 4 April 1406 21 February 1437
Granada يوسف الثالث‎‎ (Sultan Yusuf III) 1408 1417
Ayutthaya อินทราชา (King Intharacha) 1409 1424
Ottoman Empire Musa Çelebi (pretender, second Sultan of Rumelia) 18 February 1411 5 July 1413
Japan 称光天皇 (Emperor Shōkō) 5 October 1412 30 July 1428
Ethiopia ቴዎድሮስ (Emperor Tewodros I) 1413 1414
Lordship of Ireland King Henry V, Lord of Ireland 20 March 1413 31 August 1422
England King Henry V 20 March 1413 31 August 1422
Ottoman Empire I. Mehmed (Sultan Mehmed I) 5 July 1413 26 May 1421
Ethiopia ይሥሓቅ (Emperor Yeshaq I) 1414 1429
Isle of Man John II Stanley, King of Mann 1414 1437
Granada Sultan Muhammed VIII (first reign) 1417 1419
Granada Sultan Muhammed IX (first reign) 1419 1427
Sukhothai Kingdom มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๔ (King Mahathammaracha IV) 1419 1438
Ottoman Empire II. Murat (Sultan Murad II), first reign 26 May 1421 August 1444
Lordship of Ireland King Henry VI, Lord of Ireland (first reign) 31 August 1422 4 March 1461
England King Henry VI (first reign) 31 August 1422 4 March 1461
Kingdom of France King Henry VI of England (disputed) 21 October 1422 19 October 1453
Kingdom of France Charles VII le Victorieux (King Charles VII the Victorious) 21 October 1422 22 July 1461
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 2 (King Borommarachathirat II) 1424 1448
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Η' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John VIII Palaiologos) 21 July 1425 31 October 1448
Navarre Zuria I.a (Queen Blanche I) and Joanes II.a (King John II) 8 September 1425 1 April 1441
Granada Sultan Muhammed VIII (second reign) 1427 1429
Japan 後花園天皇 (Emperor Go-Hanazono) 1428 1464
Ethiopia አንድሬያስ (Emperor Andreyas) 1429 1430
Granada Sultan Muhammed IX (second reign) 1430 1431
Ethiopia ተክለ ማርያም (Emperor Takla Maryam) 1430 1433
Granada Sultan Yusuf IV 1 January 1432 April 1432
Granada Sultan Muhammed IX (third reign) April 1432 1445
Ethiopia ሣርወ ኢየሱስ (Emperor Sarwe Iyasus) 1433 1433
Ethiopia ዓምደ ኢየሱስ (Emperor Amda Iyasus) 1433 1434
Ethiopia ዘርአ ያዕቆብ (Emperor Zara Yaqob) 19 June 1434 26 August 1468
Isle of Man Thomas, Lord Stanley, King of Mann 1437 20 February 1459
Scotland King James II 21 February 1437 3 August 1460
Denmark Christoffer 3. af Bayern (King Christopher III of Bavaria) 9 April 1440 5 January 1448
Sweden King Christopher 1441 5 January 1448
Navarre Karlos IV.a (Charles, Prince of Viana), de jure only 1 April 1441 23 September 1461
Navarre Joanes II.a (King John II), sole rule 1 April 1441 20 January 1479
Norway King Christopher June 1442 5 January 1448
Ottoman Empire II. Mehmed (Sultan Mehmed II), first reign August 1444 September 1446
Granada Sultan Muhammed X (first reign) 1445 1445
Granada Sultan Yusuf V (first reign) 1445 1446
Granada Sultan Muhammed X (second reign) 1446 1447
Ottoman Empire II. Murat (Sultan Murad II), second reign September 1446 3 February 1451
Granada Sultan Muhammed IX (fourth reign) 1448 1453
Ayutthaya บรมไตรโลกนาถ (King Borommatrailokkanat) 1448 1488
Sweden Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), first reign 20 June 1448 24 February 1457
Denmark Christian 1. (King Christian I) 1 September 1448 21 May 1481
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos) 6 January 1449 29 May 1453
Norway Karl I (King Charles I) 20 November 1449 June 1450
Norway King Christian I 13 May 1450 21 May 1481
Ottoman Empire II. Mehmed (Sultan Mehmed II) ,second reign 3 February 1451 3 May 1481
Granada Sultan Muhammed XI 1453 1455
Granada Sultan Sa'ad (first reign) 1455 1462
Sweden Kristian I (King Christian I) 23 June 1457 23 June 1464
Aragon Chuan II (King John II) 27 June 1458 20 January 1479
Isle of Man Thomas, Earl of Derby, King of Mann 20 February 1459 29 July 1504
Scotland King James III 3 August 1460 11 June 1488
Lordship of Ireland King Edward IV, Lord of Ireland (first reign) 4 March 1461 3 October 1470
England King Edward IV (first reign) 4 March 1461 3 October 1470
Kingdom of France Louis XI le Prudent (King Louis XI the Prudent) 22 July 1461 30 August 1483
Navarre Zuria II.a (Queen Blanche II), claimant 23 September 1461 2 December 1464
Granada Sultan Yusuf V (second reign) 1462 1462
Granada Sultan Sa'ad (second reign) 1462 1464
Granada أبو الحسن علي (Sultan Abu l-Hasan Ali), first reign 1464 1482
Sweden Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), second reign 9 August 1464 30 January 1465
Japan 後土御門天皇 (Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado) 21 August 1464 21 October 1500
Sweden Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), third reign 12 November 1467 15 May 1470
Ethiopia በእደ ማርያም (Emperor Baeda Maryam I) 26 August 1468 8 November 1478
Lordship of Ireland King Henry VI, Lord of Ireland (second reign) 3 October 1470 11 April 1471
England King Henry VI (second reign) 3 October 1470 11 April 1471
Lordship of Ireland King Edward IV, Lord of Ireland (second reign) 11 April 1471 9 April 1483
England King Edward IV (second reign) 11 April 1471 9 April 1483
Ethiopia እስክንድር (Emperor Eskender) 8 November 1478 7 May 1494
Navarre Leonor (Queen Eleanor) 28 January 1479 12 February 1479
Navarre Frantzisko Febus (King Francis Phoebus) 12 February 1479 7 January 1483
Ottoman Empire II. Beyazıt (Sultan Bayezid II) 3 May 1481 26 May 1512
Denmark Hans (King John) 21 May 1481 20 February 1513
Granada أبو عبد الله محمد الثاني عشر‎‎‎‎ (Sultan Muhammed XII), first reign 1482 1483
Granada أبو الحسن علي (Sultan Abu l-Hasan Ali), second reign 1483 1485
Norway Hans (King John) 1483 20 February 1513
Navarre Katalina (Queen Catherine), first sole rule 7 January 1483 1484
Lordship of Ireland King Edward V, Lord of Ireland 9 April 1483 26 June 1483
England King Edward V 9 April 1483 26 June 1483
Lordship of Ireland King Richard III, Lord of Ireland 26 June 1483 22 August 1485
England King Richard III 26 June 1483 22 August 1485
Kingdom of France Charles VIII l'Affable (King Charles VIII the Affable) 30 August 1483 7 April 1498
Navarre Katalina (Queen Catherine) and Joanes III.a (King John III) 1484 14 June 1516
Granada Sultan Muhammed XIII 1485 1486
Lordship of Ireland King Henry VII, Lord of Ireland 22 August 1485 21 April 1509
England King Henry VII 22 August 1485 21 April 1509
Granada أبو عبد الله محمد الثاني عشر‎‎‎‎ (Sultan Muhammed XII), second reign 1487 2 January 1492
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 3 (King Borommarachathirat III) 1488 1491
Scotland King James IV 11 June 1488 9 September 1513
Ayutthaya รามาธิบดีที่ 2 (King Ramathibodi II) 1491 1529
Ethiopia ዓምደ ፡ ጽዮን (Emperor Amda Seyon II) 7 May 1494 26 October 1494
Ethiopia ናዖስ (Emperor Na'od) 26 October 1494 31 July 1508
Sweden Johan II (King John II) 6 October 1497 August 1501
Kingdom of France Louis XII le Père du Peuple (King Louis XII Father of the People) 7 April 1498 1 January 1515
Milan King Louis XII of France, Duke of Milan 6 September 1499 16 June 1512
Japan 後柏原天皇 (Emperor Go-Kashiwabara) 16 November 1500 19 May 1526
Kingdom of Naples King Louis XII 2 August 1501 31 January 1504
Isle of Man Thomas, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 29 July 1504 23 May 1521
Ethiopia ዳዊት (Emperor Dawit II) 31 July 1508 2 September 1540
Lordship of Ireland King Henry VIII, Lord of Ireland 21 April 1509 15 February 1542
England King Henry VIII 21 April 1509 28 January 1547
Ottoman Empire I. Selim (Sultan Selim I) 26 May 1512 22 September 1520
Denmark Christian 2. (King Christian II) 22 July 1513 20 January 1523
Norway King Christian II 22 July 1513 20 January 1523
Scotland King James V 9 September 1513 14 December 1542
Kingdom of France François Ier le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres (King Francis I the Father and Restorer of Letters) 1 January 1515 31 March 1547
Milan François I (King Francis I of France), Duke of Milan 11 October 1515 19 November 1521
Navarre Katalina (Queen Catherine), second sole rule 14 June 1516 12 February 1517
Navarre Henrike II.a (King Henry II) 12 February 1517 25 May 1555
Ottoman Empire I. Süleyman (Sultan Suleiman I) 30 September 1520 7 September 1566
Sweden Kristian II (King Christian II) 1 November 1520 23 August 1523
Isle of Man Edward, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 23 May 1521 24 October 1572
Denmark Frederik 1. (King Frederick I) 1523 10 April 1533
Norway Frederik I (King Frederick I) 1523 10 April 1533
Sweden Gustav Vasa (King Gustav I) 6 June 1523 29 September 1560
Japan 後奈良天皇 (Emperor Go-Nara) 9 June 1526 27 September 1557
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 4 (King Borommarachathirat IV) 1529 1533
Ayutthaya รัษฎาธิราช (King Ratsadathirat) 1533 1534
Ayutthaya ไชยราชาธิราช (King Chairachathirat) 1534 1546
Denmark Christian 3. (King Christian III) 4 July 1534 1 January 1559
Norway King Christian III 1537 1 January 1559
Ethiopia ገላውዴዎስ (Emperor Gelawdewos) 3 September 1540 23 March 1559
Kingdom of Ireland King Henry VIII 15 February 1542 28 January 1547
Scotland Queen Mary I 14 December 1542 24 July 1567
Ayutthaya ยอดฟ้า (King Yotfa) 1546 10 June 1548
England King Edward VI 28 January 1547 6 July 1553
Kingdom of Ireland King Edward VI 28 January 1547 6 July 1553
Kingdom of France Henri II (King Henry II) 31 March 1547 10 July 1559
Ayutthaya วรวงศาธิราช (King Worawongsathirat) 1548 11 November 1548
Ayutthaya มหาจักรพรรดิ (King Maha Chakkraphat), first reign 11 November 1548 1564
England Lady Jane Grey (claimant) 10 July 1553 19 July 1553
Kingdom of Ireland Lady Jane Grey (claimant) 10 July 1553 19 July 1553
Kingdom of Ireland Queen Mary I 19 July 1553 25 July 1554
England Queen Mary I 19 July 1553 25 July 1554
Kingdom of Ireland Philip and Mary 25 July 1554 17 November 1558
England Philip and Mary 25 July 1554 17 November 1558
Navarre Joana Albretekoa (Queen Jeanne III d'Albret) and King Antoine 25 May 1555 17 November 1562
Japan 正親町天皇 (Emperor Ōgimachi) 27 October 1557 17 December 1586
Kingdom of Ireland Queen Elizabeth I 17 November 1558 24 March 1603
England Queen Elizabeth I 17 November 1558 24 March 1603
Ethiopia ሜናስ (Emperor Menas) 1559 1 February 1563
Norway Frederik II (King Frederick II) 1 January 1559 4 April 1588
Denmark Frederik 2. (King Frederick II) 1 January 1559 4 April 1588
Kingdom of France François II (King Francis II) 10 July 1559 5 December 1560
Sweden Erik XIV (King Eric XIV) 29 September 1560 29 September 1568
Kingdom of France King Charles IX 5 December 1560 30 May 1574
Navarre Joana Albretekoa (Queen Jeanne III d'Albret), sole rule 17 November 1562 9 June 1572
Ethiopia ሠረጸ ድንግል (Emperor Sarsa Dengel) 1563 4 October 1597
Ayutthaya มหินทราธิราช (King Mahinthrathirat), first reign 1564 1568
Ottoman Empire II. Selim (Sultan Selim II) 29 September 1566 21 December 1574
Scotland King James VI 24 July 1567 27 March 1625
Ayutthaya มหาจักรพรรดิ (King Maha Chakkraphat), second reign 1568 1569
Sweden Johan II (King John III) 30 September 1568 17 November 1592
Ayutthaya มหินทราธิราช (King Mahinthrathirat), second reign 1569 1569
Ayutthaya มหาธรรมราชาธิราช (King Mahathammarachathirat) 1569 1590
Navarre King Henry III the Great 9 June 1572 14 May 1610
Isle of Man Henry, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 24 October 1572 25 September 1593
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Henryk Walezy (Henri de Valois), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania 16 May 1573 12 May 1575
Kingdom of France Henri III (King Henry III) 30 May 1574 2 August 1589
Ottoman Empire III. Murat (Sultan Murad III) 22 December 1574 16 January 1595
Japan 後陽成天皇 (Emperor Go-Yōzei) 17 December 1586 9 May 1611
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Zygmunt III Waza (King Sigismund III) 18 September 1587 19 April 1632
Denmark Christian 4. (King Christian IV) 4 April 1588 28 February 1648
Norway King Christian IV 4 April 1588 28 February 1648
Kingdom of France Henri IV (King Henry IV) 2 July 1589 14 May 1610
Ayutthaya นเรศวร (King Naresuan) 29 July 1590 25 April 1605
Sweden Sigismund III Vasa (King Sigismund III) 17 November 1592 24 June 1599
Isle of Man Ferdinando, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 25 September 1593 16 April 1594
Ottoman Empire III. Mehmed (Sultan Mehmed III) 27 January 1595 20 December 1603
Ethiopia ያዕቆብ (Emperor Yaqob I), first reign 1597 1603
Lan Na นเรศวร (Emperor Naresuan) 1602 25 April 1605
Ethiopia ዘድንግል (Emperor Za Dengel) 1603 24 October 1604
England King James I 24 March 1603 27 March 1625
Kingdom of Ireland King James I 24 March 1603 27 March 1625
Ottoman Empire I. Ahmed (Sultan Ahmed I) 21 December 1603 22 November 1617
Ethiopia ያዕቆብ (Emperor Yaqob I), second reign 1604 10 March 1606
Sweden Karl IX (King Charles IX) 22 March 1604 30 October 1611
Lan Na เอกาทศรถ (Emperor Ekathotsarot) 25 April 1605 1608
Ayutthaya เอกาทศรถ (King Ekathotsarot) 25 April 1605 1620
Ethiopia ሱስንዮስ (Emperor Susenyos I) 1606 17 September 1632
Isle of Man Henry, Earl of Northampton, Lord of Mann 1607 1608
Isle of Man Robert, Earl of Salisbury, Lord of Mann 1608 1609
Isle of Man William, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 1609 1612
Kingdom of France Louis XIII le Juste (King Louis XIII the Just) 14 May 1610 14 May 1643
Navarre Louis II le Juste (King Louis II the Just) 14 May 1610 14 May 1643
Japan 後水尾天皇 (Emperor Go-Mizunoo) 9 May 1611 22 December 1629
Sweden Gustav II Adolf (King Gustav II Adolph) 30 October 1611 6 November 1632
Isle of Man Elizabeth, Countess of Derby, Lord of Mann 1612 10 March 1627
Ottoman Empire I. Mustafa (Sultan Mustafa I), first reign 22 November 1617 26 February 1618
Ottoman Empire II. Osman (Sultan Osman II) 26 February 1618 19 May 1622
Ayutthaya ศรีเสาวภาคย์ (King Si Saowaphak) 1620 1620
Ayutthaya ทรงธรรม (King Songtham) 1620 1628
Ottoman Empire I. Mustafa (Sultan Mustafa I), second reign 22 May 1622 10 September 1623
Ottoman Empire IV. Murad (Sultan Murad IV) 10 September 1623 8 February 1640
England King Charles I 27 March 1625 30 January 1649
Scotland King Charles I 27 March 1625 30 January 1649
Kingdom of Ireland King Charles I 27 March 1625 30 January 1649
Isle of Man James, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 10 March 1627 15 October 1651
Ayutthaya เชษฐาธิราช (King Chetthathirat) 1628 1629
Ayutthaya อาทิตยวงศ (King Athittayawong) 1629 1629
Ayutthaya ปราสาททอง (King Prasatthong) 1629 1656
Japan 明正天皇 (Empress Meishō) 22 December 1629 14 November 1643
Ethiopia ፋሲልደስ (Emperor Fasilides) 1632 18 October 1667
Sweden Queen Christina 6 November 1632 6 June 1654
Ottoman Empire İbrahim (Sultan Ibrahim) 9 February 1640 8 August 1648
Navarre Louis XIV le Grand, le Roi Soleil (Louis XIV the Great, the Sun King) 14 May 1643 1 September 1715
Kingdom of France Louis XIV le Grand, le Roi Soleil (Louis XIV the Great, the Sun King) 14 May 1643 1 September 1715
Japan 後光明天皇 (Emperor Go-Kōmyō) 14 November 1643 30 October 1654
Denmark Frederik 3. (King Frederick III) 28 February 1648 9 February 1670
Norway Frederik III (King Frederick III) 28 February 1648 9 February 1670
Ottoman Empire IV. Mehmed (Sultan Mehmed IV) 8 August 1648 8 November 1687
Scotland King Charles II (first reign) 30 January 1649 3 September 1651
Isle of Man Thomas, Lord Fairfax of Cameron, Lord of Mann 15 October 1651 1660
England Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell 16 December 1653 3 September 1658
Sweden Karl X Gustav (King Charles X Gustav) 6 June 1654 13 February 1660
Japan 後西天皇 (Emperor Go-Sai) 1655 1663
Ayutthaya ไชย (King Chai) 1656 1656
Ayutthaya ศรีสุธรรมราชา (King Si Suthammaracha) August 1656 26 October 1656
Ayutthaya นารายณ (King Narai) 26 October 1656 11 July 1688
England Lord Protector Richard Cromwell 3 September 1658 25 May 1659
Isle of Man Charles, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 1660 21 December 1672
Sweden Karl XI (King Charles XI) 13 February 1660 5 April 1697
England King Charles II 29 May 1660 6 February 1685
Scotland King Charles II (restoration) 29 May 1660 6 February 1685
Kingdom of Ireland King Charles II 29 May 1660 6 February 1685
Japan 霊元天皇 (Emperor Reigen) 1663 1687
Ethiopia ዮሐንስ (Emperor Yohannes I) 1667 19 July 1682
Norway King Christian V 9 February 1670 25 August 1699
Denmark Christian 5. (King Christian V) 9 February 1670 25 August 1699
Isle of Man William, 9th Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 21 December 1672 5 November 1702
Ethiopia ኢያሱ (Emperor Iyasu I) 19 July 1682 13 October 1706
England King James II 6 February 1685 11 December 1688
Kingdom of Ireland King James II 6 February 1685 11 December 1688
Scotland King James VII 6 February 1685 11 December 1688
Japan 東山天皇 (Emperor Higashiyama) 1687 27 July 1709
Ottoman Empire II. Süleyman (Sultan Suleiman II) 8 November 1687 22 June 1691
Ayutthaya เพทราชา (King Phetracha) 11 July 1688 February 1703
England William and Mary 13 February 1689 28 December 1694
Scotland William and Mary 13 February 1689 28 December 1694
Kingdom of Ireland William and Mary 13 February 1689 28 December 1694
Ottoman Empire II. Ahmed (Sultan Ahmed II) 22 June 1691 6 February 1695
England King William III 28 December 1694 8 March 1702
Kingdom of Ireland King William III 28 December 1694 8 March 1702
Scotland King William II 28 December 1694 8 March 1702
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