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Browse a list of all the monarch reigns that we know about.

List of monarch reigns, ordered by: Name A-Z / Name Z-A / Country A-Z / Country Z-A / Year 886-2015 / Year 2015-886

List of monarch reigns, with links to more detailed information / Page 2 (total 2392):
CountryNameFromTo
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England, Anglo-Saxon King Æthelred the Unready (first reign) 18 March 978 25 December 1013
Ireland, Gaelic Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, High King of Ireland (first reign) 980 1002
Viguera Antso Ramirez (King Sancho Ramírez) 9 July 981 1002
Holy See Papa Ioannes XIV (Pope John XIV) December 983 20 August 984
Papal States Papa Ioannes XIV (Pope John XIV) December 983 20 August 984
Japan 花山天皇 (Emperor Kazan) 984 986
Holy See Papa Bonifatius Septimus (Boniface VII, Anti-pope), second reign April 984 20 July 985
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Septimus (Boniface VII, Anti-pope), second reign April 984 20 July 985
Holy See Papa Ioannes XV (Pope John XV) 20 August 985 1 April 996
Papal States Papa Ioannes XV (Pope John XV) 20 August 985 1 April 996
Norway Sveinn Tjúguskegg (King Sweyn Forkbeard), first reign 986 995
Denmark Svend Tveskæg (King Sweyn I Forkbeard) 986 3 February 1014
West Francia King Louis V 8 June 986 22 May 987
Japan 一条天皇 (Emperor Ichijō) 1 August 986 16 July 1011
France, Kingdom of King Hugh Capet 3 July 987 24 October 996
Navarre Gartzea II.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez II) 994 1000
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Heinrich I. (Margrave Henry I) 10 July 994 23 June 1018
Norway King Olaf I Tryggvason 995 1000
Sweden King Olof Skötkonung 995 1022
Holy See Papa Gregorius Quintus (Pope Gregory V) 3 May 996 18 February 999
Papal States Papa Gregorius Quintus (Pope Gregory V) 3 May 996 18 February 999
France, Kingdom of Robert II le Pieux (King Robert II the Pious) 24 October 996 20 July 1031
Scotland King Kenneth III 997 1005
Holy See Papa Ioannes XVI (John XVI, Anti-pope) May 997 March 998
Papal States Papa Ioannes XVI (John XVI, Anti-pope) May 997 March 998
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich I. (Count Henry I), Duke of Bavaria as Henry V 28 October 998 27 February 1026
Holy See Papa Silvester Secundus (Pope Sylvester II) 2 April 999 12 May 1003
Papal States Papa Silvester Secundus (Pope Sylvester II) 2 April 999 12 May 1003
Norway Sveinn Tjúguskegg (King Sweyn Forkbeard), second reign 1000 3 February 1014
Norway Earls Eirik Håkonsson and Svein Håkonsson (joint de facto rule) 1000 1015
Ireland, Gaelic Brian Boru, High King of Ireland 1002 23 April 1014
Viguera Gartzea Ramirez (King García Ramírez) 1002 1006
Holy See Papa Ioannes XVII (Pope John XVII) 16 May 1003 6 November 1003
Papal States Papa Ioannes XVII (Pope John XVII) 16 May 1003 6 November 1003
Holy See Papa Ioannes XVIII (Pope John XVIII) 25 December 1003 June 1009
Papal States Papa Ioannes XVIII (Pope John XVIII) 25 December 1003 June 1009
Navarre Antso Gartzez Nagusia (King Sancho Garcés III) 1004 18 October 1035
Bavaria, Duchy of Heinrich V. (Duke Henry V) 1004 27 February 1026
Scotland King Malcolm II 1005 1034
Holy See Papa Sergius Quartus (Pope Sergius IV) 31 July 1009 12 May 1012
Papal States Papa Sergius Quartus (Pope Sergius IV) 31 July 1009 12 May 1012
Japan 三条天皇 (Emperor Sanjō) 1011 10 March 1016
Holy See Papa Benedictus Octavus (Pope Benedict VIII) 18 May 1012 9 April 1024
Papal States Papa Benedictus Octavus (Pope Benedict VIII) 18 May 1012 9 April 1024
England, Anglo-Saxon King Sweyn Forkbeard 25 December 1013 3 February 1014
Ireland, Gaelic Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, High King of Ireland (second reign) 1014 2 September 1022
England, Anglo-Saxon King Æthelred the Unready (second reign) 3 February 1014 23 April 1016
Denmark Harald 2. Svendsen (King Harald II Svendsen) 3 February 1014 1018
Norway King Olaf II Haraldsson 1015 1028
Japan 後一条天皇 (Emperor Go-Ichijō) 1016 15 May 1036
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edmund Ironside 23 April 1016 30 November 1016
England, Anglo-Saxon King Cnut the Great 30 November 1016 12 November 1035
Denmark Knud den Store (King Cnut the Great) 1018 12 November 1035
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Albrecht (Margrave Adalbert) 23 June 1018 26 May 1055
Sweden King Anund Jacob 1022 1050
Ireland, Gaelic Donnchadh mac Briain, High King of Ireland 1022 1063
Holy See Papa Ioannes XIX (Pope John XIX) 14 May 1024 6 October 1032
Papal States Papa Ioannes XIX (Pope John XIX) 14 May 1024 6 October 1032
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄ (Emperor Constantine VIII) 15 December 1025 11 November 1028
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich II. (Count Henry II), Duke of Bavaria as Henry VII 27 February 1026 16 October 1047
Norway Håkon Eiriksson (Earl Haakon Ericsson) 1028 1029
Norway King Cnut the Great 1028 12 November 1035
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Ῥωμανὸς Γ΄ Ἀργυρὸς (Emperor Romanos III Argyros) 15 November 1028 11 April 1034
Norway Sveinn Knútsson (Sweyn Cnutsson) and Ælfgifu (regents) 1030 1035
France, Kingdom of Henri Ier (King Henry I) 20 July 1031 4 August 1060
Holy See Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), first reign October 1032 September 1044
Papal States Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), first reign October 1032 September 1044
Scotland King Duncan I 1034 14 August 1040
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Μιχαὴλ Δ΄ ὁ Παφλαγὼν (Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian) 11 April 1034 10 December 1041
Norway Magnus Olavsson (King Magnus I Olafsson) 1035 25 October 1047
Navarre Gartzea III.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez III) 18 October 1035 15 September 1054
England, Anglo-Saxon King Harold Harefoot 12 November 1035 17 March 1040
Denmark Hardeknud (King Harthacnut) 12 November 1035 8 June 1042
Japan 後朱雀天皇 (Emperor Go-Suzaku) 1036 5 February 1045
England, Anglo-Saxon King Harthacnut 17 March 1040 8 June 1042
Scotland King Macbeth 14 August 1040 15 August 1057
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Μιχαὴλ Ε΄ ὁ Καλαφάτης (Emperor Michael V the Caulker) 10 December 1041 20 April 1042
Bavaria, Duchy of Heinrich VII. (Duke Henry VII) 1042 16 October 1047
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Empresses Zoë and Theodora 20 April 1042 11 June 1042
Denmark Magnus Olavsson (King Magnus I Olafsson) 8 June 1042 25 October 1047
England, Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Confessor 8 June 1042 5 January 1066
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος (Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos) 11 June 1042 June 1050
Japan 後冷泉天皇 (Emperor Go-Reizei) 1045 22 May 1068
Holy See Papa Silvester Tertius (Pope Sylvester III) 20 January 1045 10 March 1045
Papal States Papa Silvester Tertius (Pope Sylvester III) 20 January 1045 10 March 1045
Holy See Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), second reign April 1045 May 1045
Papal States Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), second reign April 1045 May 1045
Holy See Papa Gregorius Sextus (Pope Gregory VI) 1 May 1045 20 December 1046
Papal States Papa Gregorius Sextus (Pope Gregory VI) 1 May 1045 20 December 1046
Norway Harald Hardrada (King Harald III Sigurdsson) 1046 25 September 1066
Holy See Papa Clemens Secundus (Pope Clement II) 25 December 1046 9 October 1047
Papal States Papa Clemens Secundus (Pope Clement II) 25 December 1046 9 October 1047
Luxemburg, County of Count Giselbert 16 October 1047 14 August 1059
Denmark Svend 2. Estridsen (King Sweyn II Estridsson) 25 October 1047 28 April 1074
Holy See Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), third reign November 1047 July 1048
Papal States Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), third reign November 1047 July 1048
Holy See Papa Damasus Secundus (Pope Damasus II) 17 July 1048 9 August 1048
Papal States Papa Damasus Secundus (Pope Damasus II) 17 July 1048 9 August 1048
Holy See Papa Leo Nonus (Pope Leo IX) 12 February 1049 19 April 1054
Papal States Papa Leo Nonus (Pope Leo IX) 12 February 1049 19 April 1054
Sweden King Emund the Old 1050 1060
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος (Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos) June 1050 11 January 1055
Navarre Antso IV.a Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés IV) 15 September 1054 4 June 1076
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεοδώρα Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Theodora) 11 January 1055 31 August 1056
Holy See Papa Victor Secundus (Pope Victor II) 13 April 1055 28 July 1057
Papal States Papa Victor Secundus (Pope Victor II) 13 April 1055 28 July 1057
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Ernst (Margrave Ernest) 26 May 1055 10 June 1075
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ ΣΤ΄ Βρίγγας (Emperor Michael VI Bringas) September 1056 31 August 1057
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός (Emperor Isaac I Komnenos) 5 June 1057 22 November 1059
Holy See Papa Stephanus Nonus (Pope Stephen IX) 3 August 1057 29 March 1058
Papal States Papa Stephanus Nonus (Pope Stephen IX) 3 August 1057 29 March 1058
Scotland King Lulach 15 August 1057 17 March 1058
Scotland King Malcolm III 17 March 1058 13 November 1093
Holy See Papa Benedictus Decimus (Benedict X, Anti-pope) 4 April 1058 October 1059
Papal States Papa Benedictus Decimus (Benedict X, Anti-pope) 4 April 1058 October 1059
Holy See Papa Nicholaus Secundus (Pope Nicholas II) 24 January 1059 27 July 1061
Papal States Papa Nicholaus Secundus (Pope Nicholas II) 24 January 1059 27 July 1061
Luxemburg, County of Konrad I. (Count Conrad I) 14 August 1059 8 August 1086
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ι΄ Δούκας (Emperor Constantine X Doukas) 24 November 1059 22 May 1067
Sweden King Stenkil 1060 1066
France, Kingdom of Philippe Ier l' Amoureux (King Philip I the Amorous) 4 August 1060 29 July 1108
Holy See Papa Alexander Secundus (Pope Alexander II) 30 September 1061 21 April 1073
Papal States Papa Alexander Secundus (Pope Alexander II) 30 September 1061 21 April 1073
Ireland, Gaelic Diarmait mac Máel na mBó, High King of Ireland 1063 7 February 1072
Aragon King Sancho Ramírez 1063 4 June 1094
England, Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson 5 January 1066 14 October 1066
Norway King Magnus II Haraldsson 25 September 1066 1067
England, Anglo-Saxon Edgar Ætheling (claimant) 15 October 1066 17 December 1066
England King William the Conqueror 25 December 1066 9 September 1087
Norway Magnus and Olaf Haraldsson (joint rule) 1067 28 April 1069
Sweden King Halsten Stenkilsson 1067 1070
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας (Emperor Michael VII Doukas), first sole reign 22 May 1067 1 January 1068
Japan 後三条天皇 (Emperor Go-Sanjō) 1068 18 January 1072
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ρωμανός Δʹ Διογένης (Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes) and Michael VII 1 January 1068 24 October 1071
Norway King Olaf III Haraldsson 28 April 1069 22 September 1093
Sweden King Anund Gårdske 1070 1075
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας (Emperor Michael VII Doukas), second sole reign 24 October 1071 24 March 1078
Ireland, Gaelic Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, High King of Ireland 7 February 1072 14 July 1086
Japan 白河天皇 (Emperor Shirakawa) 1073 3 January 1087
Holy See Papa Gregorius Septimus (Pope Gregory VII) 22 April 1073 25 May 1085
Papal States Papa Gregorius Septimus (Pope Gregory VII) 22 April 1073 25 May 1085
Denmark Harald 3. Hen (King Harald III) 1074 17 April 1080
Sweden Håkan Röde (King Håkan the Red) 1075 1079
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Luitpold II. (Margrave Leopold II) 10 June 1075 12 October 1095
Navarre Antso V.a Ramirez (King Sancho V Ramírez) 4 June 1076 4 June 1094
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης (Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates) 7 January 1078 1 April 1081
Sweden Inge Stenkilsson (King Inge the Elder), first reign 1079 1084
Denmark Knud 4. den Hellige (King Canute IV) 1080 10 July 1086
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios I Komnenos) 1 April 1081 15 August 1118
Sweden Blot-Sven (King Blot-Sweyn) 1084 1087
Ireland, Gaelic Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, High King of Ireland 1084 10 February 1121
Holy See Papa Victor Tertius (Pope Victor III) 24 May 1086 16 September 1087
Papal States Papa Victor Tertius (Pope Victor III) 24 May 1086 16 September 1087
Denmark Oluf Hunger (King Olaf I) 10 July 1086 18 August 1095
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich III. (Count Henry III) 8 August 1086 1096
Sweden Inge Stenkilsson (King Inge the Elder), second reign 1087 1105
Japan 堀河天皇 (Emperor Horikawa) 1087 9 August 1107
England King William II 9 September 1087 2 August 1100
Holy See Papa Urbanus Secundus (Pope Urban II) 12 March 1088 29 July 1099
Papal States Papa Urbanus Secundus (Pope Urban II) 12 March 1088 29 July 1099
Norway Magnus Olavsson (King Magnus III Olafsson) September 1093 24 August 1103
Norway Håkon Magnusson (King Haakon (II) Magnusson) 22 September 1093 February 1095
Scotland King Donald III (first reign) 13 November 1093 May 1094
Scotland King Duncan II May 1094 12 November 1094
Aragon King Peter I 4 June 1094 27 September 1104
Navarre Petri I.a Sanoitz (King Peter I) 4 June 1094 27 September 1104
Scotland King Donald III (second reign) 12 November 1094 1097
Denmark Erik Ejegod (King Eric I) 1095 10 July 1103
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Luitpold III. (Margrave Leopold III) 12 October 1095 15 November 1136
Luxemburg, County of Wilhelm I. (Count William I) 1096 1131
Scotland King Edgar 1097 8 January 1107
Holy See Papa Paschalis Secundus (Pope Paschal II) 13 August 1099 21 January 1118
Papal States Papa Paschalis Secundus (Pope Paschal II) 13 August 1099 21 January 1118
England King Henry I 2 August 1100 1 December 1135
Ireland, Gaelic Muircheartach Ua Briain, High King of Ireland (self declared) 1101 10 March 1119
Norway King Olaf (IV) Magnusson 24 August 1103 22 December 1115
Norway Øystein and Sigurd Magnusson (joint rule) 24 August 1103 29 August 1123
Denmark King Niels 1104 25 June 1134
Aragon Alfonso I el Batallador (King Alfonso I the Battler) 28 September 1104 8 September 1134
Navarre Alfontso I.a Borrokalaria (King Alfonso I the Battler) 28 September 1104 8 September 1134
Sweden Filip Halstensson (King Philip) 1105 1118
Japan 鳥羽天皇 (Emperor Toba) 1107 25 February 1123
Scotland King Alexander I 8 January 1107 23 April 1124
France, Kingdom of Louis VI le Gros (King Louis VI the Fat) 29 July 1108 1 August 1137
Sweden King Inge the Younger 1110 1125
Holy See Papa Gelasius Secundus (Pope Gelasius II) 24 January 1118 29 January 1119
Papal States Papa Gelasius Secundus (Pope Gelasius II) 24 January 1118 29 January 1119
Holy See Papa Gregorius Octavus (Pope Gregory VIII, Anti-pope) 10 March 1118 22 April 1121
Papal States Papa Gregorius Octavus (Pope Gregory VIII, Anti-pope) 10 March 1118 22 April 1121
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Βʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor John II Komnenos) 15 August 1118 8 April 1143
Holy See Papa Callistus Secundus (Pope Callixtus II) 1 February 1119 13 December 1124
Papal States Papa Callistus Secundus (Pope Callixtus II) 1 February 1119 13 December 1124
Ireland, Gaelic Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, High King of Ireland 1120 1156
Japan 崇徳天皇 (Emperor Sutoku) 1123 1142
Norway King Sigurd I Magnusson 29 August 1123 26 March 1130
Scotland King David I 23 April 1124 24 May 1153
Holy See Papa Honorius Secundus (Pope Honorius II) 21 December 1124 13 March 1130
Papal States Papa Honorius Secundus (Pope Honorius II) 21 December 1124 13 March 1130
Sweden King Ragnvald Knaphövde 1125 1126
Sweden King Sverker I 1125 25 December 1156
Holy See Papa Innocentius Secundus (Pope Innocent II) 14 February 1130 24 September 1143
Papal States Papa Innocentius Secundus (Pope Innocent II) 14 February 1130 24 September 1143
Norway King Magnus IV Sigurdsson (first reign) 26 March 1130 1135
Norway Harald Gille (King Harald IV Magnusson) April 1130 14 December 1136
Luxemburg, County of Konrad II. (Count Conrad II) 1131 1136
Denmark Erik 2. Emune (King Eric II) 1134 18 July 1137
Navarre Gartzea IV.a Ramirez Berrezarlea (King García Ramírez the Restorer) 8 September 1134 21 November 1150
England King Stephen 22 December 1135 25 October 1154
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich IV. (Count Henry IV) 1136 14 August 1196
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Luitpold IV. (Margrave Leopold IV), Duke of Bavaria as Leopold I 15 November 1136 18 October 1141
Norway Sigurd Munn (King Sigurd II Haraldsson) 14 December 1136 6 February 1155
Norway King Inge I Haraldsson 14 December 1136 3 February 1161
Norway King Magnus IV Sigurdsson (second reign) 1137 12 November 1139
Denmark Erik 3. Lam (King Eric III) 1137 1146
France, Kingdom of Louis VII le Jeune (King Louis VII the Younger) 1 August 1137 18 September 1180
Bavaria, Duchy of Herzog Luitpold I. (Duke Leopold I) 1139 18 October 1141
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso I (King Afonso I) 26 July 1139 6 December 1185
Palatinate, Electorate of the Pfalzgraf Heinrich IV. (Count Palatine Henry IV) April 1140 18 October 1141
England Empress Matilda (claimant) 7 April 1141 1148
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Heinrich II. (Margrave Henry II) 18 October 1141 17 August 1156
Bavaria, Duchy of Herzog Heinrich XI. (Duke Henry XI) 18 October 1141 17 August 1156
Norway King Magnus (V) Haraldsson 1142 1145
Japan 崇徳天皇 (Emperor Konoe) 1142 22 August 1155
Norway Øystein Haraldsson (King Eystein II Haraldsson) 1142 1157
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός (Emperor Manuel I Komnenos) 8 April 1143 24 September 1180
Holy See Papa Caelestinus Secundus (Pope Celestine II) 26 September 1143 8 March 1144
Papal States Papa Caelestinus Secundus (Pope Celestine II) 26 September 1143 8 March 1144
Holy See Papa Lucius Secundus (Pope Lucius II) 9 March 1144 15 February 1145
Papal States Papa Lucius Secundus (Pope Lucius II) 9 March 1144 15 February 1145
Holy See Papa Eugenius Tertius (Pope Eugene III) 15 February 1145 8 July 1153
Papal States Papa Eugenius Tertius (Pope Eugene III) 15 February 1145 8 July 1153
Denmark Knud 5. Magnussen (King Canute V Magnussen) 1146 9 August 1157
Denmark Svend 3. Grathe (King Sweyn III) 1146 23 October 1157
Denmark Valdemar 1. den Store (King Valdemar I) 1146 12 May 1182
Navarre Antso VI.a (King Sancho VI Garcés) 21 November 1150 27 June 1194
Scotland King Malcolm IV 24 May 1153 9 December 1165
Holy See Papa Anastasius Quartus (Pope Anastasius IV) 8 July 1153 3 December 1154
Papal States Papa Anastasius Quartus (Pope Anastasius IV) 8 July 1153 3 December 1154
England King Henry II 25 October 1154 6 July 1189
Holy See Papa Hadrianus Quartus (Pope Adrian IV) 4 December 1154 1 September 1159
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Quartus (Pope Adrian IV) 4 December 1154 1 September 1159
Japan 後白河天皇 (Emperor Go-Shirakawa) 1155 1158
Sweden Erik Jedvardsson (King Eric IX) 1156 18 April 1160
Ireland, Gaelic Muircheartach Mac Lochlainn, High King of Ireland 1156 1166
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Heinrich II. (Duke Henry II) 17 August 1156 13 January 1177
Norway King Haakon II Sigurdsson 1157 7 July 1162
Japan 二条天皇 (Emperor Nijō) 1158 1165
Holy See Papa Victor Quartus (Victor IV, Anti-pope) 7 September 1159 20 April 1164
Papal States Papa Victor Quartus (Victor IV, Anti-pope) 7 September 1159 20 April 1164
Holy See Papa Alexander Tertius (Pope Alexander III) 7 September 1159 30 August 1181
Papal States Papa Alexander Tertius (Pope Alexander III) 7 September 1159 30 August 1181
Sweden Karl Sverkersson (King Charles VII) 1161 12 April 1167
Norway King Magnus V Erlingsson 1161 15 June 1184
Holy See Papa Paschalis Tertius (Paschal III, Anti-pope) 22 April 1164 20 September 1168
Papal States Papa Paschalis Tertius (Paschal III, Anti-pope) 22 April 1164 20 September 1168
Japan 六条天皇 (Emperor Rokujō) 1165 1168
Scotland King William I 9 December 1165 4 December 1214
Ireland, Gaelic Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, High King of Ireland 1166 1193
Sweden Knut Eriksson (King Canute I) 1167 1195
Japan 高倉天皇 (Emperor Takakura) 1168 1180
Holy See Papa Callistus Tertius (Callixtus III, Anti-pope) 20 September 1168 29 August 1178
Papal States Papa Callistus Tertius (Callixtus III, Anti-pope) 20 September 1168 29 August 1178
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Luitpold V. (Duke Leopold V) 13 January 1177 31 December 1194
Ireland, Lordship of King John, Lord of Ireland May 1177 19 October 1216
Holy See Papa Innocentius Tertius (Innocent III, Anti-pope) 29 September 1179 January 1180
Papal States Papa Innocentius Tertius (Innocent III, Anti-pope) 29 September 1179 January 1180
Japan 安徳天皇 (Emperor Antoku) 1180 24 March 1185
France, Kingdom of Philippe II Auguste (King Philip II Augustus) 18 September 1180 14 July 1223
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios II Komnenos) 24 September 1180 October 1183
Holy See Papa Lucius Tertius (Pope Lucius III) 1 September 1181 25 November 1185
Papal States Papa Lucius Tertius (Pope Lucius III) 1 September 1181 25 November 1185
Denmark Knud 6. Valdemarsøn (King Canute VI) 1182 12 November 1202
Japan 後鳥羽天皇 (Emperor Go-Toba) 1183 1198
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos) 24 September 1183 12 September 1185
Norway King Sverre Sigurdsson 1184 9 March 1202
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Петър IV (Tsar Peter IV), first reign 1185 1190
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος (Emperor Isaac II Angelos), first sole reign 12 September 1185 March 1195
Holy See Papa Urbanus Tertius (Pope Urban III) 25 November 1185 20 October 1187
Papal States Papa Urbanus Tertius (Pope Urban III) 25 November 1185 20 October 1187
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Sancho I (King Sancho I) 6 December 1185 26 March 1211
Holy See Papa Gregorius Octavus (Pope Gregory VIII) 21 October 1187 17 December 1187
Papal States Papa Gregorius Octavus (Pope Gregory VIII) 21 October 1187 17 December 1187
Holy See Papa Clemens Tertius (Pope Clement III) 19 December 1187 20 March 1191
Papal States Papa Clemens Tertius (Pope Clement III) 19 December 1187 20 March 1191
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен II (Tsar Ivan Asen I) 1189 1196
England King Richard I 6 July 1189 6 April 1199
Holy See Papa Caelestinus Tertius (Pope Celestine III) 30 March 1191 8 January 1198
Papal States Papa Caelestinus Tertius (Pope Celestine III) 30 March 1191 8 January 1198
Navarre Antso VII.a Azkarra (King Sancho VII Sánchez) 11 June 1194 7 April 1234
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Friedrich I. (Duke Frederick I the Catholic) 31 December 1194 16 April 1198
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος (Emperor Alexios III Angelos) March 1195 17 July 1203
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Петър IV (Tsar Peter IV), second reign 1196 1197
Sweden Sverker Karlsson (King Sverker II) 1196 1208
Luxemburg, County of Count Otto I of Burgundy 1196 1197
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калоян (Tsar Kaloyan) 1197 October 1207
Luxemburg, County of Countess Ermesinde and Count Theobald I of Bar 1197 13 February 1214
Japan 土御門天皇 (Emperor Tsuchimikado) 1198 1210
Holy See Papa Innocentius Tertius (Pope Innocent III) 8 January 1198 16 July 1216
Papal States Papa Innocentius Tertius (Pope Innocent III) 8 January 1198 16 July 1216
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Luitpold VI. (Duke Leopold VI) 16 April 1198 28 July 1230
England King John 6 April 1199 19 October 1216
Denmark Valdemar 2. Sejr (King Valdemar II) 1202 28 March 1241
Norway Håkon Sverresson (King Haakon III Sverresson) 9 March 1202 1 January 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος (Emperor Isaac II Angelos), second sole reign 17 July 1203 August 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperor Alexios IV Angelos and Isaac II Angelos August 1203 27 January 1204
Norway Inge Bårdsson (King Inge II Baardsson) 1204 23 April 1217
Nicaea Θεόδωρος Α' Λάσκαρις (Emperor Theodoros I Komnenos Laskaris) 1204 November 1221
Thessalonica King Boniface, Marquess of Montferrat 1204 4 September 1207
Norway King Guttorm Sigurdsson 2 January 1204 11 August 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀλέξιος Εʹ Δούκας (Emperor Alexios V Doukas) 5 February 1204 12 April 1204
Latin Empire Baudouin (Emperor Baldwin I) 9 May 1204 14 April 1205
Athens, Duchy of Duke Othon 1205 1225
Jerusalem, Latin Kingdom of Queen Maria of Montferrat, sole rule 5 April 1205 3 October 1210
Latin Empire Emperor Henry 20 August 1206 11 June 1216
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Борил (Tsar Boril) 1207 1218
Thessalonica King Demetrius 4 September 1207 December 1224
Sweden Erik Knutsson (King Eric X) 1208 10 April 1216
Japan 順徳天皇 (Emperor Juntoku) 1210 1221
Jerusalem, Latin Kingdom of King John of Brienne and Queen Maria 3 October 1210 December 1225
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso II (King Afonso II) 26 March 1211 25 March 1223
Luxemburg, County of Countess Ermesinde, first sole rule 13 February 1214 May 1214
Luxemburg, County of Countess Ermesinde and Duke Waleran III of Limburg May 1214 2 July 1226
Scotland King Alexander II 4 December 1214 6 July 1249
Denmark Valdemar den Unge (King Valdemar the Young) 1215 28 November 1231
Latin Empire Pierre de Courtenay (Emperor Peter) 1216 1217
Sweden Johan Sverkersson (King John I) 1216 10 March 1222
England King Louis VIII of France (claimant) 21 May 1216 22 September 1217
Holy See Papa Honorius Tertius (Pope Honorius III) 18 July 1216 18 March 1227
Papal States Papa Honorius Tertius (Pope Honorius III) 18 July 1216 18 March 1227
Ireland, Lordship of King Henry III, Lord of Ireland 19 October 1216 16 November 1272
England King Henry III 19 October 1216 16 November 1272
Latin Empire Yolande de Hainault (Yolanda of Flanders), Regent 1217 August 1219
Norway Håkon Håkonsson (King Haakon IV Haakonsson) June 1217 16 December 1263
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен II (Tsar Ivan Asen II) 1218 24 June 1241
Japan 仲恭天皇 (Emperor Chūkyō) 1221 1221
Japan 後堀河天皇 (Emperor Go-Horikawa) 1221 1232
Latin Empire Emperor Robert de Courtenay 25 March 1221 1228
Nicaea Ιωάννης Γ΄ Δούκας Βατάτζης (Emperor John III Doukas Vatatzes) 15 December 1221 3 November 1254
Sweden Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), first reign 1222 1229
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Sancho II (King Sancho II) 26 March 1223 4 December 1247
France, Kingdom of Louis VIII le Lion (King Louis VIII the Lion) 14 July 1223 8 November 1226
Athens, Duchy of Duke Guy I 1225 1263
Luxemburg, County of Countess Ermesinde, second sole rule 2 July 1226 12 February 1247
France, Kingdom of Saint Louis (King Louis IX the Saint) 8 November 1226 25 July 1270
Holy See Papa Gregorius Nonus (Pope Gregory IX) 19 March 1227 22 August 1241
Papal States Papa Gregorius Nonus (Pope Gregory IX) 19 March 1227 22 August 1241
Latin Empire Baudouin de Courtenay (Emperor Baldwin II), first sole rule 1228 9 April 1229
Sweden Knut Holmgersson (King Canute II) 1229 1234
Latin Empire Emperors John of Brienne and Baldwin II 9 April 1229 19 March 1237
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Friedrich II. (Duke Frederick II) 28 July 1230 15 June 1246
Japan 四条天皇 (Emperor Shijō) 1232 10 February 1242
Granada محمد ابن الأحمر (Sultan Muhammed I ibn Nasr) 1232 1273
Denmark Erik 4. Plovpenning (King Eric IV Ploughpenny) 30 May 1232 10 August 1250
Sweden Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), second reign 1234 1250
Navarre Tibalt I.a Trobalaria (King Theobald I the Troubadour) 7 April 1234 8 July 1253
Latin Empire Baudouin de Courtenay (Emperor Baldwin II), second sole rule 19 March 1237 24 July 1261
Sukhothai Kingdom พ่อขุนศรีอินทราทิตย์์ (King Sri Indraditya) 1238 1270
Moravia, Margraviate of Markrabě Vladislav III. (Margrave Vladislaus III) 16 October 1239 3 January 1247
Norway Håkon Håkonsson Unge (King Haakon Haakonsson the Young) 1 April 1240 5 May 1257
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калиман I (Tsar Kaliman I) 1241 1246
Holy See Papa Caelestinus Quartus (Pope Celestine IV) 25 October 1241 10 November 1241
Papal States Papa Caelestinus Quartus (Pope Celestine IV) 25 October 1241 10 November 1241
Japan 後嵯峨天皇 (Emperor Go-Saga) 1242 1246
Baden, Margraviate of Markgraf Hermann VI. (Margrave Herman VI) 16 January 1243 4 October 1250
Holy See Papa Innocentius Quartus (Pope Innocent IV) 25 June 1243 7 December 1254
Papal States Papa Innocentius Quartus (Pope Innocent IV) 25 June 1243 7 December 1254
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Михаил II Асен (Tsar Michael II Asen) 1246 1256
Japan 後深草天皇 (Emperor Go-Fukakusa) 1246 1260
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Margrave Vladislaus III of Moravia, claimant 1246 3 January 1247
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich V. (Count Henry V) 12 February 1247 24 December 1281
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Margrave Herman VI of Baden, claimant 1248 4 October 1250
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso III (King Afonso III) 4 January 1248 16 February 1279
Scotland King Alexander III 6 July 1249 19 March 1286
Sweden Valdemar Birgersson (King Valdemar) 1250 1275
Denmark King Abel 1 October 1250 29 June 1252
Baden, Margraviate of Markgraf Friedrich I. (Margrave Frederick I) 4 October 1250 29 October 1268
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Margrave Frederick I of Baden, claimant 4 October 1250 29 October 1268
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy King Ottokar II of Bohemia, claimant 1251 November 1276
Denmark Christoffer 1. (King Christopher I) 1252 29 May 1259
Navarre Tibalt II.a Gaztea (King Theobald II the Young) 8 July 1253 4 December 1270
Bohemia Přemysl II. Otakar (King Ottokar II) 23 September 1253 26 August 1278
Nicaea Θεόδωρος Β΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις (Emperor Theodoros II Doukas Laskaris) 4 November 1254 18 August 1258
Holy See Papa Alexander Quartus (Pope Alexander IV) 12 December 1254 25 May 1261
Papal States Papa Alexander Quartus (Pope Alexander IV) 12 December 1254 25 May 1261
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калиман Асен II (Tsar Kaliman Asen II) 1256 1256
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Мицо Асен (Tsar Mitso Asen) 1256 1257
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Константин Тих (Tsar Constantine Tikh) 1257 1277
Norway Magnus Håkonsson (King Magnus VI Haakonsson) 1257 9 May 1280
Nicaea Ἰωάννης Δ΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις (Emperor John IV Doukas Laskaris), sole rule 18 August 1258 1 January 1259
Japan 亀山天皇 (Emperor Kameyama) 1259 1274
Denmark Erik 5. Klipping (King Eric V) 1259 22 November 1286
Nicaea Emperors John IV Doukas Laskaris and Michael VIII Palaiologos 1 January 1259 25 December 1261
Holy See Papa Urbanus Quartus (Pope Urban IV) 29 August 1261 2 October 1264
Papal States Papa Urbanus Quartus (Pope Urban IV) 29 August 1261 2 October 1264
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos) 25 December 1261 11 December 1282
Athens, Duchy of Duke John I 1263 1287
Holy See Papa Clemens Quartus (Pope Clement IV) 5 February 1265 29 November 1268
Papal States Papa Clemens Quartus (Pope Clement IV) 5 February 1265 29 November 1268
Sukhothai Kingdom บานเมือง์์ (King Ban Mueang) 1270 1279
France, Kingdom of Philippe III le Hardi (King Philip III the Bold) 25 July 1270 5 October 1285
Ethiopia ይኵኖ አምላክ (Emperor Yekuno Amlak) 10 August 1270 19 June 1285
Navarre Henrike I.a Gizena (King Henry I the Fat) 4 December 1270 22 July 1274
Holy See Papa Gregorius Decimus (Pope Gregory X) 1 September 1271 10 January 1276
Papal States Papa Gregorius Decimus (Pope Gregory X) 1 September 1271 10 January 1276
Albania, First Kingdom of King Charles I February 1272 7 January 1285
Ireland, Lordship of King Edward I, Lord of Ireland 16 November 1272 7 July 1307
England King Edward I 20 November 1272 7 July 1307
Norway Eirik Magnusson (King Eric II Magnusson) 1273 15 July 1299
Granada Sultan Muhammed II al-Faqih 1273 8 April 1302
Japan 後宇多天皇 (Emperor Go-Uda) 1274 1287
Navarre Joana I.a (Queen Joan I), sole rule 22 July 1274 16 August 1284
Sweden Magnus Birgersson (King Magnus III) 1275 18 December 1290
Holy See Papa Innocentius Quintus (Pope Innocent V) 21 January 1276 22 June 1276
Papal States Papa Innocentius Quintus (Pope Innocent V) 21 January 1276 22 June 1276
Holy See Papa Hadrianus Quintus (Pope Adrian V) 11 July 1276 18 July 1276
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Quintus (Pope Adrian V) 11 July 1276 18 July 1276
Holy See Papa Ioannes XXI (Pope John XXI) 8 September 1276 20 May 1277
Papal States Papa Ioannes XXI (Pope John XXI) 8 September 1276 20 May 1277
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Михаил Асен II (Tsar Michael Asen II) 1277 1278
Holy See Papa Nicolaus Tertius (Pope Nicholas III) 25 November 1277 22 August 1280
Papal States Papa Nicolaus Tertius (Pope Nicholas III) 25 November 1277 22 August 1280
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Ивайло и Цар Михаил Асен II (Tsar Ivaylo and Tsar Michael Asen II) 1278 1279
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Rudolf I. (Duke Rudolf I), King of Germany 26 August 1278 27 December 1282
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен III (Tsar Ivan Asen III) 1279 1280
Sukhothai Kingdom พ่อขุนรามคำแหง (King Ram Khamhaeng) 1279 1298
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Dinis (King Denis) 16 February 1279 7 January 1325
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Георги Тертер I (Tsar George Terter I) 1280 1292
Athens, Duchy of Duke William I 1280 1287
Holy See Papa Martinus Quartus (Pope Martin IV) 22 February 1281 28 March 1285
Papal States Papa Martinus Quartus (Pope Martin IV) 22 February 1281 28 March 1285
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich VI. (Count Henry VI) 24 December 1281 5 June 1288
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀνδρόνικος Βʹ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos) 11 December 1282 23 May 1328
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert I and Duke Rudolf II, joint rule 27 December 1282 1 June 1283
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht I. (Duke Albert I), first sole reign 1 June 1283 21 November 1298
Navarre Joana I.a (Queen Joan I) and Filipe Ederra (King Philip I) 16 August 1284 4 April 1305
Albania, First Kingdom of King Charles II 7 January 1285 1294
Holy See Papa Honorius Quartus (Pope Honorius IV) 2 April 1285 3 April 1287
Papal States Papa Honorius Quartus (Pope Honorius IV) 2 April 1285 3 April 1287
Ethiopia ይግባ ጽዮን (Emperor Yagbe'u Seyon) 19 June 1285 1294
France, Kingdom of Philippe IV le Bel (King Philip IV the Fair) 5 October 1285 29 November 1314
Denmark Erik 6. Menved (King Eric VI) 1286 13 November 1319
Scotland Queen Margaret (disputed) 25 November 1286 26 September 1290
Japan 伏見天皇 (Emperor Fushimi) 1287 1298
Athens, Duchy of Duke Guy II 1287 5 October 1308
Holy See Papa Nicolaus Quartus (Pope Nicholas IV) 22 February 1288 4 April 1292
Papal States Papa Nicolaus Quartus (Pope Nicholas IV) 22 February 1288 4 April 1292
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich VII. (Count Henry VII), Holy Roman Emperor 5 June 1288 24 August 1313
Sweden Birger Magnusson (King Birger) 18 December 1290 March 1318
Majorca Jaime III (King James III, disputed), King of Aragon as James II 18 June 1291 20 June 1295
Sicily Giacomo I (King James I), King of Aragon as James II 18 June 1291 11 December 1295
Aragon Jaime II (King James II) 18 June 1291 2 November 1327
Valencia Jaime II (King James II), King of Aragon 18 June 1291 2 November 1327
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Смилец (Tsar Smilets) 1292 1298
Scotland King John Balliol 17 November 1292 10 July 1296
Ethiopia ሰይፈ አርድ ፬ኛ (Emperor Senfa Ared IV) 1294 1295
Holy See Papa Caelestinus Quintus (Pope Celestine V) 5 July 1294 13 December 1294
Papal States Papa Caelestinus Quintus (Pope Celestine V) 5 July 1294 13 December 1294
Albania, First Kingdom of Philip I, Lord of the Kingdom of Albania 13 August 1294 23 December 1332
Holy See Papa Bonifatius Octavus (Pope Boniface VIII) 24 December 1294 11 October 1303
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Octavus (Pope Boniface VIII) 24 December 1294 11 October 1303
Ethiopia ህዝብ አስገድ (Emperor Hezba Asgad) 1295 1296
Ethiopia ቅድመ አስግድ (Emperor Qedma Asgad) 1296 1297
Ethiopia ጅን አሰገድ (Emperor Jin Asgad) 1297 1298
Ethiopia ሳባ አሰገድ (Emperor Saba Asgad) 1298 1299
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван II (Tsar Ivan II) 1298 1299
Japan 後伏見天皇 (Emperor Go-Fushimi) 1298 1301
Sukhothai Kingdom เลอไทย (King Loe Thai) 1298 1323
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert I and Duke Rudolf III (King of Bohemia as Rudolf I), joint rule 21 November 1298 4 July 1307
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Чака (Tsar Chaka) 1299 1300
Ethiopia ወደም አራድ (Emperor Wedem Arad) 1299 1314
Ethiopia ዐምደ ፡ ጽዮን (Emperor Amda Seyon I) 1299 1314
Ottoman Empire Osman Gazi (Osman I) 17 January 1299 29 July 1326
Norway Håkon Magnusson (King Haakon V Magnusson) 15 July 1299 8 May 1319
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Теодор Светослав (Tsar Theodore Svetoslav) 1300 1322
Japan 後二条天皇 (Emperor Go-Nijō) 3 March 1301 10 September 1308
Granada Sultan Muhammed III 8 April 1302 1309
Holy See Papa Benedictus XI (Pope Benedict XI) 22 October 1303 7 July 1304
Papal States Papa Benedictus XI (Pope Benedict XI) 22 October 1303 7 July 1304
Navarre Luis I.a (King Louis I) 4 April 1305 5 June 1316
Holy See Papa Clemens Quintus (Pope Clement V) 5 June 1305 20 April 1314
Papal States Papa Clemens Quintus (Pope Clement V) 5 June 1305 20 April 1314
Scotland King Robert I 25 March 1306 7 June 1329
Bohemia Rudolf I. (King Rudolf I) 4 August 1306 4 July 1307
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht I. (Duke Albert I), second sole reign 4 July 1307 1 May 1308
Ireland, Lordship of King Edward II, Lord of Ireland 7 July 1307 25 January 1327
England King Edward II 7 July 1307 25 January 1327
Japan 花園天皇 (Emperor Hanazono) 1308 1318
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Frederick I and Duke Leopold I, joint rule 1 May 1308 28 February 1326
Athens, Duchy of Gautier (Duke Walter), Count Walter V of Brienne 5 October 1308 15 March 1311
Granada Sultan Nasr 1309 1314
Bohemia Jan (King John the Blind) 3 December 1310 26 August 1346
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) Heinrich VII. (King Henry VII), Holy Roman Emperor 6 January 1311 24 August 1313
Athens, Duchy of Duke Roger Deslaur 15 March 1311 1312
Athens, Duchy of Duke Manfred 1312 9 November 1317
Holy Roman Empire Heinrich VII. (Emperor Henry VII), Count of Luxembourg 29 June 1312 24 August 1313
Luxemburg, County of Jean (Count John), King John the Blind of Bohemia 24 August 1313 26 August 1346
Granada Sultan Ismail I 1314 6 July 1325
France, Kingdom of Louis X le Hutin (King Louis X the Quarreler) 29 November 1314 5 June 1316
Holy See Papa Ioannes XXII (Pope John XXII) 7 August 1316 4 December 1334
Papal States Papa Ioannes XXII (Pope John XXII) 7 August 1316 4 December 1334
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