Home / General Information / List of Monarch Reigns

Browse a list of all the monarch reigns that we know about.

List of monarch reigns, ordered by: Name A-Z / Name Z-A / Country A-Z / Country Z-A / Year 886-2015 / Year 2015-886

List of monarch reigns, with links to more detailed information (total 2392):
CountryNameFromTo
(click name to filter)
Yugoslavia Александар I Карађорђевић / Aleksandar I Karađorđević (King Alexander I) 16 August 1921 9 October 1934
Yugoslavia Петар I Карађорђевић / Petar I Karađorđević (King Peter I) 1 December 1918 16 August 1921
Yugoslavia Петар II Карађорђевић / Petar II Karađorđević (King Peter II) 9 October 1934 29 November 1945
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Western Roman Empire Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus (Emperor Constantine the Great) 25 July 306 29 October 312
Western Roman Empire Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Western Roman Empire Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Western Roman Empire Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Western Roman Empire Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 15 May 392 17 January 395
Western Roman Empire Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 17 November 375
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantine the Great and Constantine II 29 October 312 19 September 324
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only) 17 November 375 9 August 378
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (whole Empire) 9 August 378 19 January 379
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only again) 19 January 379 25 August 383
West Francia King Carloman II 5 August 882 6 December 884
West Francia King Charles III the Simple 28 January 898 30 June 922
West Francia King Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor August 843 6 October 877
West Francia King Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor 20 May 885 13 January 888
West Francia King Lothair 12 November 954 2 March 986
West Francia King Louis III 10 April 879 5 August 882
West Francia King Louis IV 19 June 936 10 September 954
West Francia King Louis the Stammerer 6 October 877 10 April 879
West Francia King Louis V 8 June 986 22 May 987
West Francia King Odo 29 February 888 1 January 898
West Francia King Robert I 30 June 922 15 June 923
West Francia Rodulfus (King Rudolph) 13 July 923 14 January 936
Visigothic Kingdom King Achila II 710 714
Visigothic Kingdom King Agila I December 549 March 554
Visigothic Kingdom King Alaric I 395 410
Visigothic Kingdom King Alaric II 28 December 484 August 507
Visigothic Kingdom King Amalaric 511 531
Visigothic Kingdom King Ardo 713 721
Visigothic Kingdom King Ataulf 410 15 August 415
Visigothic Kingdom King Athanagild March 554 December 567
Visigothic Kingdom King Chindasuinth 30 April 642 649
Visigothic Kingdom King Chindasuinth and King Recceswinth 649 30 September 653
Visigothic Kingdom King Chintila 636 20 September 639
Visigothic Kingdom King Egica 687 694
Visigothic Kingdom King Egica and King Wittiza 694 702
Visigothic Kingdom King Erwig 680 687
Visigothic Kingdom King Euric 466 28 December 484
Visigothic Kingdom King Gesalec August 507 511
Visigothic Kingdom King Gundemar April 610 February 612
Visigothic Kingdom King Iudila - pretender 632 633
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva I December 567 568
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva I and King Liuvigild 568 571
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuva II 31 May 601 December 603
Visigothic Kingdom King Liuvigild 571 21 April 586
Visigothic Kingdom King Reccared I 21 April 586 31 May 601
Visigothic Kingdom King Reccared II February 621 16 April 621
Visigothic Kingdom King Recceswinth 30 September 653 1 September 672
Visigothic Kingdom King Ruderic 710 712
Visigothic Kingdom King Sigeric 15 August 415 22 August 415
Visigothic Kingdom King Sisebut February 612 February 621
Visigothic Kingdom King Sisenand 631 12 March 636
Visigothic Kingdom King Suintila 16 April 621 631
Visigothic Kingdom King Theodoric I 419 24 June 451
Visigothic Kingdom King Theodoric II 24 June 453 466
Visigothic Kingdom King Theudigisel June 548 December 549
Visigothic Kingdom King Theudis 531 June 548
Visigothic Kingdom King Thorismund 24 June 451 453
Visigothic Kingdom King Tulga 640 642
Visigothic Kingdom King Wallia 22 August 415 419
Visigothic Kingdom King Wamba 672 680
Visigothic Kingdom King Witteric December 603 April 610
Visigothic Kingdom King Wittiza 702 710
Viguera Gartzea Ramirez (King García Ramírez) 1002 1006
Viguera Ramiro Gartzia (King Ramiro Garcés) 970 9 July 981
Viguera Antso Ramirez (King Sancho Ramírez) 9 July 981 1002
Vatican Papa Benedictus XVI (Pope Benedict XVI) 19 April 2005 28 February 2013
Vatican Papa Francis (Pope Francis) 13 March 2013
Vatican Papa Ioannes Paulus Primus (Pope John Paul I) 26 August 1978 28 September 1978
Vatican Papa Ioannes Paulus Secundus (Pope John Paul II) 19 October 1978 2 April 2005
Vatican Papa Ioannes XXIII (Pope John XXIII) 28 October 1958 3 June 1963
Vatican Papa Paulus Sextus (Pope Paul VI) 21 June 1963 6 August 1978
Vatican Papa Pius XI (Pope Pius XI) 11 February 1929 10 February 1939
Vatican Papa Pius XII (Pope Pius XII) 2 March 1939 9 October 1958
Valencia Alfons II (King Alfonso II), King of Aragon as Alfonso IV 2 November 1327 24 January 1336
Valencia King Alfonso III, King of Aragon as Alfonso V 2 April 1416 27 June 1458
Valencia Fernando I (King Ferdinand I), King of Aragon 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Valencia Fernando II (King Ferdinand II), King of Aragon 31 January 1504 23 January 1516
Valencia Jaime II (King James II), King of Aragon 18 June 1291 2 November 1327
Valencia Juan I (King John I), King of Aragon 6 January 1387 19 May 1396
Valencia Juan II (King John II), King of Aragon 27 June 1458 20 January 1479
Valencia King Martin I, King of Aragon 19 May 1396 31 May 1410
Valencia Pedro II (King Peter II), King of Aragon as Peter IV 24 January 1336 6 January 1387
United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves Dom João VI (King John VI) 20 March 1816 7 September 1822
United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves Dona Maria I (Queen Mary I) 16 December 1815 20 March 1816
United Kingdom King Edward VII 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
United Kingdom King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
United Kingdom King George III 1 January 1801 29 January 1820
United Kingdom King George IV 29 January 1820 26 June 1830
United Kingdom King George V 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
United Kingdom King George VI 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
United Kingdom King William IV 26 June 1830 20 June 1837
United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952
United Kingdom Queen Victoria 20 June 1837 22 January 1901
United Arab Emirates خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان (President Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan) Emir of Abu Dhabi 3 November 2004
United Arab Emirates زَايِـد بِـن سُـلْـطَـان آل نَـهْـيَـان‎ (President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan), Emir of Abu Dhabi 2 December 1971 2 November 2004
Uganda Queen Elizabeth II 9 October 1962 9 October 1963
Tuvalu Queen Elizabeth II 1 October 1978
Tuscany, Grand Duchy of Francesco II Stefano (Grand Duke Francis II), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis I 12 July 1737 18 August 1765
Tuscany, Grand Duchy of Pietro Leopoldo I (Grand Duke Peter Leopold I), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II 18 August 1765 22 July 1790
Trinidad and Tobago Queen Elizabeth II 31 August 1962 1 August 1976
Transylvania Bethlen Gábor (Prince Gabriel Bethlen) 27 October 1613 15 November 1629
Transylvania János - Szapolyai János Zsigmond István (Prince John Sigismund Zápolya) 16 August 1570 14 March 1571
Transjordan عبد الله الأول بن الحسين (Emir Abdullah I) 1 April 1921 25 May 1946
Tonga King George Tupou I 4 December 1845 18 February 1893
Tonga King George Tupou II 18 February 1893 5 April 1918
Tonga King George Tupou V 11 September 2006 18 March 2012
Tonga King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV 16 December 1965 10 September 2006
Tonga King Tupou VI 18 March 2012
Tonga Queen Sālote Tupou III 5 April 1918 16 December 1965
Tibet བྱམས་སྤེལ་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ (Jamphel Gyatso, 8th Dalai Lama) 1762 1804
Tibet བསྐལ་བཟང་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ (Kelzang Gyatso, 7th Dalai Lama) 1720 1757
Tibet མཁས་གྲུབ་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ (Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama) 25 May 1842 31 January 1856
Tibet ལུང་རྟོགས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ (Lungtok Gyatso, 9th Dalai Lama) 1810 6 March 1815
Tibet ངག་དབང་བློ་བཟང་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ (Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, 5th Dalai Lama) 1642 1682
Tibet བསྟན་འཛིན་རྒྱ་མཚོ། (Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama) 22 February 1940 30 March 1959
Tibet ཐུབ་བསྟན་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ (Thupten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama) 13 July 1879 17 December 1933
Tibet འཕྲིན་ལས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ (Trinley Gyatso, 12th Dalai Lama) 1860 25 April 1875
Tibet ཚངས་དབྱངས་རྒྱ་མཚོ (Tsangyang Gyatso, 6th Dalai Lama) 1697 1706
Tibet ཚུལ་ཁྲིམས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་ (Tsultrim Gyatso, 10th Dalai Lama) 1826 30 September 1837
Thonburi Kingdom สมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช (King Taksin) 28 December 1767 6 April 1782
Thessalonica King Boniface, Marquess of Montferrat 1204 4 September 1207
Thessalonica King Demetrius 4 September 1207 December 1224
Thailand พระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก (Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok, King Rama I) 6 April 1782 7 September 1809
Thailand พระพุทธเลิศหล้านภาลัย (Phra Phutthaloetla Naphalai, King Rama II) 7 September 1809 21 July 1824
Thailand นั่งเกล้า (Nangklao, King Rama III) 21 July 1824 2 April 1851
Thailand พระจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว (Mongkut, King Rama IV) 2 April 1851 1 October 1868
Thailand ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช (Bhumibol Adulyadej, King Rama IX) 9 June 1946 13 October 2016
Thailand พระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว (Chulalongkorn, King Rama V) 1 October 1868 23 October 1910
Thailand พระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว (Vajiravudh, King Rama VI) 23 October 1910 25 November 1925
Thailand พระปกเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว (Prajadhipok, King Rama VII) 25 November 1925 2 March 1935
Thailand อานันทมหิดล (Ananda Mahidol, King Rama VIII) 2 March 1935 9 June 1946
Thailand มหาวชิราลงกรณ (Maha Vajiralongkorn, King Rama X) 13 October 2016
Teutonic Order, State of the Albrecht von Preussen (Duke Albert) December 1510 10 April 1525
Tanganyika Queen Elizabeth II 9 December 1961 9 December 1962
Sweden Adolf Fredrik (King Adolph Frederick) 25 March 1751 12 February 1771
Sweden Albrekt av Mecklenburg (King Albert) 1364 24 February 1389
Sweden King Anund Gårdske 1070 1075
Sweden King Anund Jacob 1022 1050
Sweden Birger Magnusson (King Birger) 18 December 1290 March 1318
Sweden Blot-Sven (King Blot-Sweyn) 1084 1087
Sweden Knut Eriksson (King Canute I) 1167 1195
Sweden Knut Holmgersson (King Canute II) 1229 1234
Sweden King Carl XVI Gustaf 15 August 1973
Sweden Karl IX (King Charles IX) 22 March 1604 30 October 1611
Sweden Karl Sverkersson (King Charles VII) 1161 12 April 1167
Sweden Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), first reign 20 June 1448 24 February 1457
Sweden Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), second reign 9 August 1464 30 January 1465
Sweden Karl Knutsson Bonde (King Charles VIII), third reign 12 November 1467 15 May 1470
Sweden Karl X Gustav (King Charles X Gustav) 6 June 1654 13 February 1660
Sweden Karl XI (King Charles XI) 13 February 1660 5 April 1697
Sweden Karl XII (King Charles XII) 5 April 1697 29 November 1718
Sweden Karl XIII (King Charles XIII) 6 June 1809 5 February 1818
Sweden Karl XIV Johan (King Charles XIV John) 5 February 1818 8 March 1844
Sweden Karl XV (King Charles XV) 8 July 1859 18 September 1872
Sweden Kristian I (King Christian I) 23 June 1457 23 June 1464
Sweden Kristian II (King Christian II) 1 November 1520 23 August 1523
Sweden King Christopher 1441 5 January 1448
Sweden King Emund the Old 1050 1060
Sweden Erik Jedvardsson (King Eric IX) 1156 18 April 1160
Sweden Erik Segersäll (King Eric the Victorious) 970 995
Sweden Erik Knutsson (King Eric X) 1208 10 April 1216
Sweden Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), first reign 1222 1229
Sweden Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), second reign 1234 1250
Sweden Erik Magnusson (King Eric XII, rival king) 18 December 1356 March 1359
Sweden Erik av Pommern (King Eric XIII) 1396 1439
Sweden Erik XIV (King Eric XIV) 29 September 1560 29 September 1568
Sweden Fredrik I (King Frederick I) 24 March 1720 25 March 1751
Sweden King Gustaf V 8 December 1907 29 September 1950
Sweden King Gustaf VI Adolf 29 October 1950 15 September 1973
Sweden Gustav Vasa (King Gustav I) 6 June 1523 29 September 1560
Sweden Gustav II Adolf (King Gustav II Adolph) 30 October 1611 6 November 1632
Sweden King Gustav III 12 February 1771 29 March 1792
Sweden Gustav IV Adolf (King Gustav IV Adolph) 29 March 1792 29 March 1809
Sweden Håkan Magnusson (King Haakon Magnusson) 1362 1364
Sweden Håkan Röde (King Håkan the Red) 1075 1079
Sweden King Halsten Stenkilsson 1067 1070
Sweden Inge Stenkilsson (King Inge the Elder), first reign 1079 1084
Sweden Inge Stenkilsson (King Inge the Elder), second reign 1087 1105
Sweden King Inge the Younger 1110 1125
Sweden Johan Sverkersson (King John I) 1216 10 March 1222
Sweden Johan II (King John II) 6 October 1497 August 1501
Sweden Johan II (King John III) 30 September 1568 17 November 1592
Sweden Magnus Birgersson (King Magnus III) 1275 18 December 1290
Sweden King Magnus IV Eriksson 8 July 1319 February 1364
Sweden King Olof Skötkonung 995 1022
Sweden King Oscar I 8 March 1844 8 July 1859
Sweden King Oscar II 18 September 1872 8 December 1907
Sweden Filip Halstensson (King Philip) 1105 1118
Sweden King Ragnvald Knaphövde 1125 1126
Sweden Sigismund III Vasa (King Sigismund III) 17 November 1592 24 June 1599
Sweden King Stenkil 1060 1066
Sweden King Sverker I 1125 25 December 1156
Sweden Sverker Karlsson (King Sverker II) 1196 1208
Sweden Valdemar Birgersson (King Valdemar) 1250 1275
Sweden Queen Christina 6 November 1632 6 June 1654
Sweden Margareta Valdemarsdotter (Queen Margaret) 24 February 1389 28 October 1412
Sweden Queen Ulrika Eleonora 5 December 1718 29 February 1720
Sukhothai Kingdom บานเมือง์์ (King Ban Mueang) 1270 1279
Sukhothai Kingdom เลอไทย (King Loe Thai) 1298 1323
Sukhothai Kingdom มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๑ (King Mahathammaracha I) 1347 1368
Sukhothai Kingdom มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๒ (King Mahathammaracha II) 1368 1399
Sukhothai Kingdom มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๓ (King Mahathammaracha III) 1400 1419
Sukhothai Kingdom มหาธรรมราชาที่ ๔ (King Mahathammaracha IV) 1419 1438
Sukhothai Kingdom งั่วนำถุม (King Ngua Nam Thum) 1323 1347
Sukhothai Kingdom พ่อขุนรามคำแหง (King Ram Khamhaeng) 1279 1298
Sukhothai Kingdom พ่อขุนศรีอินทราทิตย์์ (King Sri Indraditya) 1238 1270
Spanish Netherlands Isabella and Albrecht (Isabella Clara Eugenia and Albert VII of Austria) 6 May 1598 13 July 1621
Spanish Netherlands Karel V (Charles V, Lord of the Netherlands), King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor 25 September 1506 25 October 1555
Spanish Netherlands Filips II (Philip II, Lord of the Netherlands), King of Spain 25 October 1555 13 September 1598
Spanish Netherlands Filips I (Philip I, Lord of the Netherlands), King of Castile 27 March 1482 25 September 1506
Spain Francisco Franco, Caudillo 1 October 1936 20 November 1975
Spain José I (King Joseph I) 6 June 1808 11 December 1813
Spain King Alfonso XII 29 December 1874 25 November 1885
Spain King Alfonso XIII 17 May 1886 14 April 1931
Spain King Amadeo I 16 November 1870 11 February 1873
Spain Carlos I (King Charles I), Holy Roman Emperor as Charles V 23 January 1516 16 January 1556
Spain Carlos II (King Charles II) 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Spain Carlos III (King Charles III) 10 August 1759 14 December 1788
Spain Carlos IV (King Charles IV) 14 December 1788 19 March 1808
Spain King Felipe VI 19 June 2014
Spain Fernando VI (King Ferdinand VI) 9 July 1746 10 August 1759
Spain Fernando VII (King Ferdinand VII), first reign 19 March 1808 6 May 1808
Spain Fernando VII (King Ferdinand VII), second reign 11 December 1813 29 September 1833
Spain King Juan Carlos I 22 November 1975 19 June 2014
Spain Luis Felipe (King Louis I) 15 January 1724 31 August 1724
Spain Felipe II (King Philip II) 16 January 1556 13 September 1598
Spain Felipe III (King Philip III) 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Spain Felipe IV (King Philip IV) 31 March 1621 17 September 1665
Spain Felipe V (King Philip V), first reign 1 November 1700 15 January 1724
Spain Felipe V (King Philip V), second reign 6 September 1724 9 July 1746
Spain Isabel II (Queen Isabella II) 29 September 1833 25 June 1870
South Australia King William IV 28 December 1836 20 June 1837
South Australia Queen Victoria 20 June 1837 1 January 1901
South Africa King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
South Africa King George V 31 May 1910 20 January 1936
South Africa King George VI 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
South Africa Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 31 May 1961
Solomon Islands Queen Elizabeth II 7 July 1978
Sint Maarten King Willem-Alexander 30 April 2013
Sint Maarten Queen Beatrix 10 October 2010 30 April 2013
Sierra Leone Queen Elizabeth II 27 April 1961 19 April 1971
Sicily King Alfonso I, King of Aragon as Alfonso V 2 April 1416 27 June 1458
Sicily Carlo II (King Charles II), King of Spain as Charles I and Holy Roman Emperor 14 March 1516 25 July 1554
Sicily Carlo III (King Charles III), King of Spain as Charles II 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Sicily Carlo IV (King Charles IV), Archduke of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VI 17 February 1720 18 November 1738
Sicily Ferdinando I (King Ferdinand I), King of Aragon 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Sicily Ferdinando II (King Ferdinand II), King of Aragon 20 January 1479 23 January 1516
Sicily Federico III (King Frederick III or IV) 16 October 1355 27 January 1377
Sicily Giacomo I (King James I), King of Aragon as James II 18 June 1291 11 December 1295
Sicily Giovanni (King John), King of Aragon as John II 27 June 1458 20 January 1479
Sicily King Joseph I 30 March 1806 6 June 1808
Sicily King Martin I, sole reign 25 May 1401 25 July 1409
Sicily King Martin II, King of Aragon as Martin I 25 July 1409 31 May 1410
Sicily Filippo I (King Philip I), King of Spain as Philip II 25 July 1554 13 September 1598
Sicily Filippo II (King Philip II), King of Spain as Philip III 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Sicily Filippo III (King Philip III), King of Spain as Philip IV 31 March 1621 17 September 1665
Sicily Vittorio Amedeo (King Victor Amadeus) 22 September 1713 17 February 1720
Sicily Queen Maria, sole reign 27 January 1377 February 1392
Sicily Queen Maria and King Martin I February 1392 25 May 1401
Serbia, Third Kingdom of Петар I Карађорђевић / Petar I Karađorđević (King Peter I) 15 June 1903 1 December 1918
Scotland Edward Balliol (pretender) September 1332 1336
Scotland King Áed 877 878
Scotland King Alexander I 8 January 1107 23 April 1124
Scotland King Alexander II 4 December 1214 6 July 1249
Scotland King Alexander III 6 July 1249 19 March 1286
Scotland King Amlaíb 971 977
Scotland King Charles I 27 March 1625 30 January 1649
Scotland King Charles II (first reign) 30 January 1649 3 September 1651
Scotland King Charles II (restoration) 29 May 1660 6 February 1685
Scotland King Constantine I 13 April 862 877
Scotland King Constantine II 900 943
Scotland King Cuilén 967 971
Scotland King David I 23 April 1124 24 May 1153
Scotland King David II 7 June 1329 22 February 1371
Scotland King Donald II 889 900
Scotland King Donald III (first reign) 13 November 1093 May 1094
Scotland King Donald III (second reign) 12 November 1094 1097
Scotland King Donald MacAlpin 13 February 858 13 April 862
Scotland King Dub 962 967
Scotland King Duncan I 1034 14 August 1040
Scotland King Duncan II May 1094 12 November 1094
Scotland King Edgar 1097 8 January 1107
Scotland King Eochaid 878 889
Scotland King Giric 878 889
Scotland King Indulf 954 962
Scotland King James I 4 April 1406 21 February 1437
Scotland King James II 21 February 1437 3 August 1460
Scotland King James III 3 August 1460 11 June 1488
Scotland King James IV 11 June 1488 9 September 1513
Scotland King James V 9 September 1513 14 December 1542
Scotland King James VI 24 July 1567 27 March 1625
Scotland King James VII 6 February 1685 11 December 1688
Scotland King John Balliol 17 November 1292 10 July 1296
Scotland King Kenneth II 971 995
Scotland King Kenneth III 997 1005
Scotland King Kenneth MacAlpin 843 13 February 858
Scotland King Lulach 15 August 1057 17 March 1058
Scotland King Macbeth 14 August 1040 15 August 1057
Scotland King Malcolm I 943 954
Scotland King Malcolm II 1005 1034
Scotland King Malcolm III 17 March 1058 13 November 1093
Scotland King Malcolm IV 24 May 1153 9 December 1165
Scotland King Robert I 25 March 1306 7 June 1329
Scotland King Robert II 22 February 1371 19 April 1390
Scotland King Robert III 19 April 1390 4 April 1406
Scotland King William I 9 December 1165 4 December 1214
Scotland King William II 28 December 1694 8 March 1702
Scotland Queen Anne 8 March 1702 1 May 1707
Scotland Queen Margaret (disputed) 25 November 1286 26 September 1290
Scotland Queen Mary I 14 December 1542 24 July 1567
Scotland William and Mary 13 February 1689 28 December 1694
Sardinia Alfonso IV (King Alfonso IV), King of Aragon 2 November 1327 24 January 1336
Sardinia King Alfonso V, King of Aragon 2 April 1416 27 June 1458
Sardinia Carlo Alberto I (King Charles Albert) 27 April 1831 23 March 1849
Sardinia Carlo Emanuele III (King Charles Emmanuel III) 3 September 1730 20 February 1773
Sardinia Carlo Emanuele IV (King Charles Emmanuel IV) 16 October 1796 4 June 1802
Sardinia Carlo Felice (King Charles Felix) 12 March 1821 27 April 1831
Sardinia Carlo I (King Charles I), King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor 12 April 1555 16 January 1556
Sardinia Carlo II (King Charles II), King of Spain 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Sardinia Carlo III (King Charles III), Archduke of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VI 7 March 1714 17 February 1720
Sardinia Ferdinando I (King Ferdinand I), King of Aragon 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Sardinia Ferdinando II (King Ferdinand II), King of Aragon 20 January 1479 23 January 1516
Sardinia Giacomo II (King James II), King of Aragon 1323 2 November 1327
Sardinia Giovanni I (King John I), King of Aragon 6 January 1387 19 May 1396
Sardinia Giovanni II (King John II), King of Aragon 27 June 1458 20 January 1479
Sardinia King Martin I, King of Aragon 19 May 1396 31 May 1410
Sardinia Pietro IV (King Peter IV), King of Aragon 24 January 1336 6 January 1387
Sardinia Filippo II (King Philip II), King of Spain 16 January 1556 13 September 1598
Sardinia Filippo III (King Phillip III), King of Spain 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Sardinia Filippo IV (King Philip IV), King of Spain 31 March 1621 17 September 1665
Sardinia Filippo V (King Philip V), King of Spain 1 November 1700 7 March 1714
Sardinia Vittorio Amedeo II (King Victor Amadeus II) 17 February 1720 3 September 1730
Sardinia Vittorio Amadeo III (King Victor Amadeus III) 20 February 1773 16 October 1796
Sardinia Vittorio Emanuele I (King Victor Emmanuel I) 4 June 1802 12 March 1821
Sardinia Vittorio Emanuele II (King Victor Emmanuel II) 23 March 1849 17 March 1861
Sardinia Queen Joanna and King Charles I of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor 23 January 1516 12 April 1555
Sarawak Charles Brooke, Rajah 3 August 1868 17 May 1917
Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke, Rajah 24 May 1917 1 July 1946
Sarawak James Brooke, Rajah 18 August 1842 11 June 1868
Samoa Malietoa Tanumafili II 5 April 1963 11 May 2007
Samoa Tufuga Efi 20 June 2007 21 July 2017
Samoa Tufuga Efi and Va'aletoa Sualauvi II 11 May 2007 20 June 2007
Samoa Tupua Tamasese Mea'ole and Malietoa Tanumafili II 1 January 1962 5 April 1963
Samoa Va'aleto'a Sualauvi II 21 July 2017
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen Elizabeth II 27 October 1979
Saint Lucia Queen Elizabeth II 22 February 1979
Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen Elizabeth II 19 September 1983
Rhodesia Queen Elizabeth II (unrecognised) 11 November 1965 2 March 1975
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich I. (King Frederick I) 18 January 1701 25 February 1713
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich II. (King Frederick II the Great) 31 May 1740 17 August 1786
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich III. (King Frederick III) 9 March 1888 15 June 1888
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich Wilhelm I. (King Frederick William I) 25 February 1713 31 May 1740
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich Wilhelm II. (King Frederick William II) 17 August 1786 16 November 1797
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich Wilhelm III. (King Frederick William III) 16 November 1797 7 June 1840
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich Wilhelm IV. (King Frederick William IV) 7 June 1840 2 January 1861
Prussia, Kingdom of Wilhelm I. (King William I) 2 January 1861 9 March 1888
Prussia, Kingdom of Wilhelm II. (King William II) 15 June 1888 9 November 1918
Prussia, Duchy of Albrecht von Preussen (Duke Albert) 10 April 1525 20 March 1568
Prussia, Duchy of Albrecht Friedrich von Preussen (Duke Albert Frederick) 20 March 1568 28 August 1618
Prussia, Duchy of Friedrich I. von Preussen (Duke Frederick I) 29 April 1688 18 January 1701
Prussia, Duchy of Friedrich Wilhelm (Duke Frederick William) of Brandenburg 1 December 1640 29 April 1688
Prussia, Duchy of Georg Wilhelm (Duke George William) of Brandenburg 23 December 1619 1 December 1640
Prussia, Duchy of Johann Sigismund (Duke John Sigismund) of Brandenburg 28 August 1618 23 December 1619
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso I (King Afonso I) 26 July 1139 6 December 1185
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso II (King Afonso II) 26 March 1211 25 March 1223
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso III (King Afonso III) 4 January 1248 16 February 1279
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso IV (King Afonso IV) 7 January 1325 28 May 1357
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso V (King Afonso V) 9 September 1438 28 August 1481
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso VI (King Afonso VI) 6 November 1656 12 September 1683
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom António (King António), disputed 24 July 1580 25 August 1580
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Carlos I (King Carlos I) 19 October 1889 1 February 1908
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Dinis (King Denis) 16 February 1279 7 January 1325
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Duarte (King Duarte) 14 August 1433 9 September 1438
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Fernando I (King Ferdinand I) 18 January 1367 22 October 1383
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Henrique (King Henry) 4 August 1578 31 January 1580
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João I (King João) 6 April 1385 14 August 1433
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João II (King João II) 28 August 1481 25 October 1495
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João III (King João III) 13 December 1521 11 June 1557
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João IV (King João IV) 1 November 1640 6 November 1656
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João V (King João V) 9 December 1706 31 July 1750
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João VI (King John VI) 20 March 1816 10 March 1826
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom José I (King José I) 31 July 1750 24 February 1777
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Luís I (King Luís I) 11 November 1861 19 October 1889
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Manuel I (King Manuel I) 25 October 1495 13 December 1521
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Manuel II (King Manuel II) 1 February 1908 5 October 1910
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Miguel I (King Miguel I) 11 July 1828 26 May 1834
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Pedro I (King Pedro I) 28 May 1357 18 January 1367
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Pedro II (King Pedro II) 12 September 1683 9 December 1706
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Pedro V (King Pedro V) 15 November 1853 11 November 1861
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Pedro IV (King Peter IV), Emperor of Brazil as Peter I 10 March 1826 2 May 1826
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Filipe I (King Philip I), King of Spain as Philip II 16 April 1581 13 September 1598
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Filipe II (King Philip II), King Philip III of Spain 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Filipe III (King Philip III), King of Spain as Philip IV 31 March 1621 1 December 1640
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Sancho I (King Sancho I) 6 December 1185 26 March 1211
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Sancho II (King Sancho II) 26 March 1223 4 December 1247
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Sebastião I (King Sebastião I) 11 June 1557 4 August 1578
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria II (Queen Maria II), first reign 2 May 1826 23 June 1828
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria II and Dom Ferdinand II (Queen Maria II and King Ferdinand II) 16 September 1837 15 November 1853
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria II (Queen Maria II), second reign (alone) 26 May 1834 16 September 1837
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria I (Queen Mary I) 25 May 1786 20 March 1816
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria I and Dom Pedro III (Queen Mary I and King Peter III) 24 February 1777 25 May 1786
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Henryk Walezy (Henri de Valois), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania 16 May 1573 12 May 1575
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Zygmunt III Waza (King Sigismund III) 18 September 1587 19 April 1632
Papua New Guinea Queen Elizabeth II 16 September 1975
Papal States Papa Alexander Quintus (Alexander V, Anti-pope) 26 June 1409 3 May 1410
Papal States Papa Benedictus XIII (Benedict XIII, Anti-pope) 28 September 1394 23 May 1423
Papal States Papa Benedictus XIV (Benedict XIV, Bernard Garnier, Anti-pope) 1424 1429
Papal States Papa Benedictus XIV (Benedict XIV, Jean Carrier, Anti-pope) 1429 1433
Papal States Papa Callistus Tertius (Callixtus III, Anti-pope) 20 September 1168 29 August 1178
Papal States Papa Clemens Septimus (Clement VII, Anti-pope) 20 September 1378 16 September 1394
Papal States Papa Clemens Octavus (Clement VIII, Anti-pope) 10 June 1423 26 July 1429
Papal States Papa Gregorius Octavus (Pope Gregory VIII, Anti-pope) 10 March 1118 22 April 1121
Papal States Papa Innocentius Tertius (Innocent III, Anti-pope) 29 September 1179 January 1180
Papal States Papa Ioannes XXIII (John XXIII, Anti-pope) 25 May 1410 29 May 1415
Papal States Papa Paschalis Tertius (Paschal III, Anti-pope) 22 April 1164 20 September 1168
Papal States Papa Victor Quartus (Victor IV, Anti-pope) 7 September 1159 20 April 1164
Papal States Papa Hadrianus (Pope Adrian I) 1 February 772 25 December 795
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Secundus (Pope Adrian II) 14 December 867 14 December 872
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Tertius (Pope Adrian III) 17 May 884 8 July 885
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Quartus (Pope Adrian IV) 4 December 1154 1 September 1159
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Quintus (Pope Adrian V) 11 July 1276 18 July 1276
Papal States Papa Hadrianus Sextus (Pope Adrian VI) 9 January 1522 14 September 1523
Papal States Papa Agapitus Secundus (Pope Agapetus II) 10 May 946 8 November 955
Papal States Papa Alexander Secundus (Pope Alexander II) 30 September 1061 21 April 1073
Papal States Papa Alexander Tertius (Pope Alexander III) 7 September 1159 30 August 1181
Papal States Papa Alexander Quartus (Pope Alexander IV) 12 December 1254 25 May 1261
Papal States Papa Alexander Sextus (Pope Alexander VI) 11 August 1492 18 August 1503
Papal States Papa Alexander Septimus (Pope Alexander VII) 7 April 1655 22 May 1667
Papal States Papa Alexander Octavus (Pope Alexander VIII) 6 October 1689 1 February 1691
Papal States Papa Anastasius Tertius (Pope Anastasius III) April 911 June 913
Papal States Papa Anastasius Quartus (Pope Anastasius IV) 8 July 1153 3 December 1154
Papal States Papa Benedictus Tertius (Pope Benedict III) 29 September 855 17 April 858
Papal States Papa Benedictus Quartus (Pope Benedict IV) 1 February 900 30 July 903
Papal States Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), first reign October 1032 September 1044
Papal States Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), second reign April 1045 May 1045
Papal States Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), third reign November 1047 July 1048
Papal States Papa Benedictus Quintus (Pope Benedict V) 22 May 964 23 June 964
Papal States Papa Benedictus Sextus (Pope Benedict VI) 19 January 973 8 June 974
Papal States Papa Benedictus Septimus (Pope Benedict VII) October 974 10 July 983
Papal States Papa Benedictus Octavus (Pope Benedict VIII) 18 May 1012 9 April 1024
Papal States Papa Benedictus Decimus (Benedict X, Anti-pope) 4 April 1058 October 1059
Papal States Papa Benedictus XI (Pope Benedict XI) 22 October 1303 7 July 1304
Papal States Papa Benedictus XII (Pope Benedict XII) 30 December 1334 25 April 1342
Papal States Papa Benedictus XIII (Pope Benedict XIII) 29 May 1724 21 February 1730
Papal States Papa Benedictus XIV (Pope Benedict XIV) 17 August 1740 3 May 1758
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Nonus (Pope Boniface IX) 2 November 1389 1 October 1404
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Sextius (Pope Boniface VI) 11 April 896 25 April 896
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Septimus (Boniface VII, Anti-pope), first reign June 974 July 974
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Septimus (Boniface VII, Anti-pope), second reign April 984 20 July 985
Papal States Papa Bonifatius Octavus (Pope Boniface VIII) 24 December 1294 11 October 1303
Papal States Papa Callistus Secundus (Pope Callixtus II) 1 February 1119 13 December 1124
Papal States Papa Callistus Tertius (Pope Callixtus III) 8 April 1455 6 August 1458
Papal States Papa Caelestinus Secundus (Pope Celestine II) 26 September 1143 8 March 1144
Papal States Papa Caelestinus Tertius (Pope Celestine III) 30 March 1191 8 January 1198
Papal States Papa Caelestinus Quartus (Pope Celestine IV) 25 October 1241 10 November 1241
Papal States Papa Caelestinus Quintus (Pope Celestine V) 5 July 1294 13 December 1294
Papal States Pope Christopher (Anti-pope) October 903 January 904
Papal States Papa Clemens Secundus (Pope Clement II) 25 December 1046 9 October 1047
Papal States Papa Clemens Tertius (Pope Clement III) 19 December 1187 20 March 1191
Papal States Papa Clemens Quartus (Pope Clement IV) 5 February 1265 29 November 1268
Papal States Papa Clemens Nonus (Pope Clement IX) 20 June 1667 9 December 1669
Papal States Papa Clemens Quintus (Pope Clement V) 5 June 1305 20 April 1314
Papal States Papa Clemens Sextus (Pope Clement VI) 7 May 1342 6 December 1352
Papal States Papa Clemens Septimus (Pope Clement VII) 19 November 1523 25 September 1534
Papal States Papa Clemens Octavus (Pope Clement VIII) 2 February 1592 3 March 1605
Papal States Papa Clemens Decimus (Pope Clement X) 29 April 1670 22 July 1676
Papal States Papa Clemens XI (Pope Clement XI) 23 November 1700 19 March 1721
Papal States Papa Clemens XII (Pope Clement XII) 12 July 1730 6 February 1740
Papal States Papa Clemens XIII (Pope Clement XIII) 6 July 1758 2 February 1769
Papal States Papa Clemens XIV (Pope Clement XIV) 19 May 1769 22 September 1774
Papal States Papa Damasus Secundus (Pope Damasus II) 17 July 1048 9 August 1048
Papal States Papa Eugenius Secundus (Pope Eugene II) 4 June 824 27 August 827
Papal States Papa Eugenius Tertius (Pope Eugene III) 15 February 1145 8 July 1153
Papal States Papa Eugenius Quartus (Pope Eugene IV) 3 March 1431 23 February 1447
Papal States Papa Formosus (Pope Formosus) 6 October 891 4 April 896
Papal States Papa Gelasius Secundus (Pope Gelasius II) 24 January 1118 29 January 1119
Papal States Papa Gregorius Quartus (Pope Gregory IV) 20 December 827 25 January 844
Papal States Papa Gregorius Nonus (Pope Gregory IX) 19 March 1227 22 August 1241
Papal States Papa Gregorius Quintus (Pope Gregory V) 3 May 996 18 February 999
Papal States Papa Gregorius Sextus (Pope Gregory VI) 1 May 1045 20 December 1046
Papal States Papa Gregorius Septimus (Pope Gregory VII) 22 April 1073 25 May 1085
Papal States Papa Gregorius Octavus (Pope Gregory VIII) 21 October 1187 17 December 1187
Papal States Papa Gregorius Decimus (Pope Gregory X) 1 September 1271 10 January 1276
Papal States Papa Gregorius XI (Pope Gregory XI) 30 December 1370 27 March 1378
Papal States Papa Gregorius XII (Pope Gregory XII) 30 November 1406 4 July 1415
Papal States Papa Gregorius XIII (Pope Gregory XIII) 13 May 1572 10 April 1585
Papal States Papa Gregorius XIV (Pope Gregory XIV) 5 December 1590 16 October 1591
Papal States Papa Gregorius XV (Pope Gregory XV) 9 February 1621 8 July 1623
Papal States Papa Gregorius XVI (Pope Gregory XVI) 2 February 1831 1 June 1846
Papal States Papa Honorius Secundus (Pope Honorius II) 21 December 1124 13 March 1130
Papal States Papa Honorius Tertius (Pope Honorius III) 18 July 1216 18 March 1227
Papal States Papa Honorius Quartus (Pope Honorius IV) 2 April 1285 3 April 1287
Papal States Papa Innocentius Secundus (Pope Innocent II) 14 February 1130 24 September 1143
Papal States Papa Innocentius Tertius (Pope Innocent III) 8 January 1198 16 July 1216
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