Home / General Information / List of Monarch Reigns

Browse a list of all the monarch reigns that we know about.

List of monarch reigns, ordered by: Name A-Z / Name Z-A / Country A-Z / Country Z-A / Year 886-2015 / Year 2015-886

List of monarch reigns, with links to more detailed information (total 2392):
CountryNameFromTo
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Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), first sole rule 15 June 1341 31 March 1347
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), fourth sole rule 17 September 1390 16 February 1391
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), third sole rule 1 July 1379 14 April 1390
Sweden Adolf Fredrik (King Adolph Frederick) 25 March 1751 12 February 1771
Ireland, Gaelic Áed mac Neíll, High King of Ireland 27 November 862 20 November 879
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Aelia Pulcheria (Empress Pulcheria) 28 July 450 July 453
Hungary, First Kingdom of Albert (King Albert), Duke of Lower Austria as Albert V 18 December 1437 27 October 1439
Croatia, Kingdom of (Union with Hungary) Albert (King Albert), Duke of Lower Austria as Albert V 18 December 1437 27 October 1439
Bohemia Albrecht (King Albert), Duke of Lower Austria as Albert V 6 May 1438 27 October 1439
Prussia, Duchy of Albrecht Friedrich von Preussen (Duke Albert Frederick) 20 March 1568 28 August 1618
Teutonic Order, State of the Albrecht von Preussen (Duke Albert) December 1510 10 April 1525
Prussia, Duchy of Albrecht von Preussen (Duke Albert) 10 April 1525 20 March 1568
Sweden Albrekt av Mecklenburg (King Albert) 1364 24 February 1389
Valencia Alfons II (King Alfonso II), King of Aragon as Alfonso IV 2 November 1327 24 January 1336
Aragon Alfonso I el Batallador (King Alfonso I the Battler) 28 September 1104 8 September 1134
Sardinia Alfonso IV (King Alfonso IV), King of Aragon 2 November 1327 24 January 1336
Navarre Alfontso I.a Borrokalaria (King Alfonso I the Battler) 28 September 1104 8 September 1134
Liechtenstein Alois I. Joseph von Liechtenstein (Prince Aloys I) 18 August 1781 24 March 1805
Liechtenstein Alois II. von Liechtenstein (Prince Aloys II) 20 April 1836 12 November 1858
Liechtenstein Anton Florian von Liechtenstein (Prince Anton Florian) 12 March 1718 11 October 1721
Navarre Antso Gartzez Nagusia (King Sancho Garcés III) 1004 18 October 1035
Navarre Antso Ia. Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés I) 905 10 December 925
Navarre Antso II.a Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés II) 970 994
Navarre Antso IV.a Gartzez (King Sancho Garcés IV) 15 September 1054 4 June 1076
Viguera Antso Ramirez (King Sancho Ramírez) 9 July 981 1002
Navarre Antso V.a Ramirez (King Sancho V Ramírez) 4 June 1076 4 June 1094
Navarre Antso VI.a (King Sancho VI Garcés) 21 November 1150 27 June 1194
Navarre Antso VII.a Azkarra (King Sancho VII Sánchez) 11 June 1194 7 April 1234
England, Anglo-Saxon Ælfweard of Wessex (disputed) 17 July 924 2 August 924
Latin Empire Baudouin (Emperor Baldwin I) 9 May 1204 14 April 1205
Latin Empire Baudouin de Courtenay (Emperor Baldwin II), first sole rule 1228 9 April 1229
Latin Empire Baudouin de Courtenay (Emperor Baldwin II), second sole rule 19 March 1237 24 July 1261
Hungary, First Kingdom of Bethlen Gábor (Prince Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania), contested 25 August 1620 31 December 1621
Transylvania Bethlen Gábor (Prince Gabriel Bethlen) 27 October 1613 15 November 1629
Ottoman Empire Beyazıt Yıldırım (Sultan Bayezid I) 19 June 1389 20 July 1402
Sweden Birger Magnusson (King Birger) 18 December 1290 March 1318
Sweden Blot-Sven (King Blot-Sweyn) 1084 1087
Ireland, Gaelic Brian Boru, High King of Ireland 1002 23 April 1014
Sardinia Carlo Alberto I (King Charles Albert) 27 April 1831 23 March 1849
Sardinia Carlo Emanuele III (King Charles Emmanuel III) 3 September 1730 20 February 1773
Sardinia Carlo Emanuele IV (King Charles Emmanuel IV) 16 October 1796 4 June 1802
Sardinia Carlo Felice (King Charles Felix) 12 March 1821 27 April 1831
Sardinia Carlo I (King Charles I), King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor 12 April 1555 16 January 1556
Milan Carlo II (Duke Charles II), King of Spain 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Sardinia Carlo II (King Charles II), King of Spain 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Sicily Carlo II (King Charles II), King of Spain as Charles I and Holy Roman Emperor 14 March 1516 25 July 1554
Sardinia Carlo III (King Charles III), Archduke of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VI 7 March 1714 17 February 1720
Sicily Carlo III (King Charles III), King of Spain as Charles II 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Sicily Carlo IV (King Charles IV), Archduke of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VI 17 February 1720 18 November 1738
Naples Carlo IV (King Charles IV), King of Spain as Charles I and Holy Roman Emperor 14 March 1516 25 July 1554
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) Carlo V (King Charles V), King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor 28 June 1519 27 August 1556
Naples Carlo V (King Charles V), King of Spain as Charles II 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Milan Carlo VI (Duke Charles VI), Holy Roman Emperor 12 January 1707 20 October 1740
Naples Carlo VI (King Charles VI), Archduke of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor 11 April 1713 2 June 1734
Spain Carlos I (King Charles I), Holy Roman Emperor as Charles V 23 January 1516 16 January 1556
Spain Carlos II (King Charles II) 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Spain Carlos III (King Charles III) 10 August 1759 14 December 1788
Spain Carlos IV (King Charles IV) 14 December 1788 19 March 1808
Sarawak Charles Brooke, Rajah 3 August 1868 17 May 1917
Luxemburg, Duchy of Charles III (Duke Charles III), King of Spain as Charles I and Holy Roman Emperor 25 September 1506 16 January 1556
Luxemburg, Duchy of Charles IV (Duke Charles IV), King of Spain as Charles II 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
France, Kingdom of Charles IV le Bel (King Charles IV the Fair) 3 January 1322 1 February 1328
Luxemburg, Duchy of Charles V (Duke Charles V), Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VI 11 April 1713 20 October 1740
France, Kingdom of Charles V le Sage (King Charles V the Wise) 8 April 1364 16 September 1380
France, Kingdom of Charles VI le Bienaimé (King Charles VI the Beloved) 16 September 1380 21 October 1422
France, Kingdom of Charles VII le Victorieux (King Charles VII the Victorious) 21 October 1422 22 July 1461
France, Kingdom of Charles VIII l'Affable (King Charles VIII the Affable) 30 August 1483 7 April 1498
Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke, Rajah 24 May 1917 1 July 1946
Albania, First Kingdom of Charles, Duke of Durazzo 1336 1348
Isle of Man Charles, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 1660 21 December 1672
Isle of Man Charlotte, Duchess of Atholl, Lord of Mann 8 January 1764 10 May 1765
Denmark Christian 1. (King Christian I) 1 September 1448 21 May 1481
Denmark Christian 10. (King Christian X) 14 May 1912 20 April 1947
Denmark Christian 2. (King Christian II) 22 July 1513 20 January 1523
Denmark Christian 3. (King Christian III) 4 July 1534 1 January 1559
Denmark Christian 4. (King Christian IV) 4 April 1588 28 February 1648
Denmark Christian 5. (King Christian V) 9 February 1670 25 August 1699
Denmark Christian 6. (King Christian VI) 12 October 1730 6 August 1746
Denmark Christian 7. (King Christian VII) 14 January 1766 13 March 1808
Denmark Christian 8. (King Christian VIII) 3 December 1839 20 January 1848
Denmark Christian 9. (King Christian IX) 15 November 1863 29 January 1906
Norway Christian Frederik (King Christian Frederick) 17 May 1814 10 October 1814
Denmark Christoffer 1. (King Christopher I) 1252 29 May 1259
Denmark Christoffer 2. (King Christopher II), first reign 1320 1326
Denmark Christoffer 2. (King Christopher II), second reign 1329 2 July 1332
Denmark Christoffer 3. af Bayern (King Christopher III of Bavaria) 9 April 1440 5 January 1448
Aragon Chuan I (King John I) 6 January 1387 19 May 1396
Aragon Chuan II (King John II) 27 June 1458 20 January 1479
Ireland, Gaelic Conghalach Cnoghbha, High King of Ireland 944 956
Luxemburg, County of Count Charles I, King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor as Charles IV 26 August 1346 1353
Luxemburg, County of Count Giselbert 16 October 1047 14 August 1059
Luxemburg, County of Count Otto I of Burgundy 1196 1197
Luxemburg, County of Count Sigfried 963 28 October 998
Luxemburg, County of Count Wenceslas I 1353 13 March 1354
Luxemburg, County of Countess Ermesinde and Count Theobald I of Bar 1197 13 February 1214
Luxemburg, County of Countess Ermesinde and Duke Waleran III of Limburg May 1214 2 July 1226
Luxemburg, County of Countess Ermesinde, first sole rule 13 February 1214 May 1214
Luxemburg, County of Countess Ermesinde, second sole rule 2 July 1226 12 February 1247
Ireland, Gaelic Diarmait mac Máel na mBó, High King of Ireland 1063 7 February 1072
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso I (King Afonso I) 26 July 1139 6 December 1185
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso II (King Afonso II) 26 March 1211 25 March 1223
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso III (King Afonso III) 4 January 1248 16 February 1279
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso IV (King Afonso IV) 7 January 1325 28 May 1357
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso V (King Afonso V) 9 September 1438 28 August 1481
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Afonso VI (King Afonso VI) 6 November 1656 12 September 1683
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom António (King António), disputed 24 July 1580 25 August 1580
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Carlos I (King Carlos I) 19 October 1889 1 February 1908
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Dinis (King Denis) 16 February 1279 7 January 1325
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Duarte (King Duarte) 14 August 1433 9 September 1438
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Fernando I (King Ferdinand I) 18 January 1367 22 October 1383
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Filipe I (King Philip I), King of Spain as Philip II 16 April 1581 13 September 1598
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Filipe II (King Philip II), King Philip III of Spain 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Filipe III (King Philip III), King of Spain as Philip IV 31 March 1621 1 December 1640
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Henrique (King Henry) 4 August 1578 31 January 1580
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João I (King João) 6 April 1385 14 August 1433
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João II (King João II) 28 August 1481 25 October 1495
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João III (King João III) 13 December 1521 11 June 1557
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João IV (King João IV) 1 November 1640 6 November 1656
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João V (King João V) 9 December 1706 31 July 1750
United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves Dom João VI (King John VI) 20 March 1816 7 September 1822
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom João VI (King John VI) 20 March 1816 10 March 1826
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom José I (King José I) 31 July 1750 24 February 1777
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Luís I (King Luís I) 11 November 1861 19 October 1889
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Manuel I (King Manuel I) 25 October 1495 13 December 1521
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Manuel II (King Manuel II) 1 February 1908 5 October 1910
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Miguel I (King Miguel I) 11 July 1828 26 May 1834
Brazil Dom Pedro I (Emperor Peter I) 12 October 1822 7 April 1831
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Pedro I (King Pedro I) 28 May 1357 18 January 1367
Brazil Dom Pedro II (Emperor Peter II) 7 April 1831 15 November 1889
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Pedro II (King Pedro II) 12 September 1683 9 December 1706
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Pedro IV (King Peter IV), Emperor of Brazil as Peter I 10 March 1826 2 May 1826
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Pedro V (King Pedro V) 15 November 1853 11 November 1861
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Sancho I (King Sancho I) 6 December 1185 26 March 1211
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Sancho II (King Sancho II) 26 March 1223 4 December 1247
Portugal, Kingdom of Dom Sebastião I (King Sebastião I) 11 June 1557 4 August 1578
Ireland, Gaelic Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, High King of Ireland 1084 10 February 1121
Ireland, Gaelic Domhnall ua Néill, High King of Ireland 956 980
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria I (Queen Mary I) 25 May 1786 20 March 1816
United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves Dona Maria I (Queen Mary I) 16 December 1815 20 March 1816
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria I and Dom Pedro III (Queen Mary I and King Peter III) 24 February 1777 25 May 1786
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria II (Queen Maria II), first reign 2 May 1826 23 June 1828
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria II (Queen Maria II), second reign (alone) 26 May 1834 16 September 1837
Portugal, Kingdom of Dona Maria II and Dom Ferdinand II (Queen Maria II and King Ferdinand II) 16 September 1837 15 November 1853
Ireland, Gaelic Donnchadh Donn mac Flainn, High King of Ireland 919 944
Ireland, Gaelic Donnchadh mac Briain, High King of Ireland 1022 1063
Luxemburg, Duchy of Duchess Elisabeth and Duke Anthony of Brabant 18 January 1411 25 October 1415
Luxemburg, Duchy of Duchess Elisabeth and Duke John III of Bavaria-Straubing 10 March 1418 6 January 1425
Luxemburg, Duchy of Duchess Elisabeth, first sole reign 25 October 1415 10 March 1418
Luxemburg, Duchy of Duchess Elisabeth, second sole reign 6 January 1425 1443
Athens, Duchy of Duchess Maria, Queen Maria of Sicily 27 January 1377 1379
Neopatras, Duchy of Duchess Maria, Queen Maria of Sicily 27 January 1377 1379
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert I and Duke Rudolf II, joint rule 27 December 1282 1 June 1283
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert I and Duke Rudolf III (King of Bohemia as Rudolf I), joint rule 21 November 1298 4 July 1307
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert II and Duke Otto, joint rule 13 January 1330 17 February 1339
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert III and Duke Leopold III, joint rule 27 July 1365 25 September 1379
Athens, Duchy of Duke Antonio I, first rule 25 September 1394 1395
Athens, Duchy of Duke Antonio I, second rule 1402 January 1435
Athens, Duchy of Duke Antonio II January 1439 1441
Luxemburg, Duchy of Duke Charles I of Burgundy 15 June 1467 5 January 1477
Athens, Duchy of Duke Francesco I 1451 1454
Athens, Duchy of Duke Francesco II 1455 1456
Athens, Duchy of Duke Frederick I 1348 11 July 1355
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Frederick I and Duke Leopold I, joint rule 1 May 1308 28 February 1326
Neopatras, Duchy of Duke Frederick I of Athens 1348 11 July 1355
Athens, Duchy of Duke Frederick II, King of Sicily as Frederick III or IV 11 July 1355 27 January 1377
Neopatras, Duchy of Duke Frederick II, King of Sicily as Frederick III or IV 11 July 1355 27 January 1377
Athens, Duchy of Duke Guy I 1225 1263
Athens, Duchy of Duke Guy II 1287 5 October 1308
Luxemburg, Duchy of Duke Jobst, Margrave of Moravia 1388 18 January 1411
Athens, Duchy of Duke John I 1263 1287
Neopatras, Duchy of Duke John of Randazzo 22 August 1338 1348
Athens, Duchy of Duke Manfred 1312 9 November 1317
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Matthias Corvinus (contested) 14 August 1487 6 April 1490
Athens, Duchy of Duke Nerio I 2 May 1388 25 September 1394
Athens, Duchy of Duke Nerio II, first rule January 1435 January 1439
Athens, Duchy of Duke Nerio II, second rule 1441 1451
Athens, Duchy of Duke Othon 1205 1225
Athens, Duchy of Duke Roger Deslaur 15 March 1311 1312
Luxemburg, Duchy of Duke Wenceslas I 13 March 1354 7 December 1383
Luxemburg, Duchy of Duke Wenceslas II, King of Bohemia as Wenceslaus IV 7 December 1383 1388
Athens, Duchy of Duke William I 1280 1287
Athens, Duchy of Duke William II 9 November 1317 22 August 1338
Norway Earls Eirik Håkonsson and Svein Håkonsson (joint de facto rule) 1000 1015
England, Anglo-Saxon Edgar Ætheling (claimant) 15 October 1066 17 December 1066
Scotland Edward Balliol (pretender) September 1332 1336
India, Empire of (British Raj) Edward VII, Emperor of India 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
India, Empire of (British Raj) Edward VIII, Emperor of India 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
Isle of Man Edward, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 23 May 1521 24 October 1572
Norway Eirik Blodøks (King Eric I Haraldsson) 931 933
Norway Eirik Magnusson (King Eric II Magnusson) 1273 15 July 1299
Isle of Man Elizabeth, Countess of Derby, Lord of Mann 1612 10 March 1627
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperor Alexios IV Angelos and Isaac II Angelos August 1203 27 January 1204
Ethiopia Emperor Amha Selassie 12 September 1974 21 March 1975
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Arnulf, Duke of Carinthia (disputed) 22 February 896 8 December 899
Ethiopia Emperor Baeda Maryam II 15 April 1795 December 1795
Ethiopia Emperor Baeda Maryam III April 1826 April 1826
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Charlemagne, King of the Franks 25 December 800 28 January 814
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Charles II the Bald, King of the Franks 29 December 875 6 October 877
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Charles III the Fat, King of the Franks 12 February 881 13 January 888
Ethiopia Emperor Demetros, first reign 25 July 1799 24 March 1800
Ethiopia Emperor Demetros, second reign June 1800 June 1801
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria 24 February 1558 25 July 1564
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria as Ferdinand III 28 August 1619 15 February 1637
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Ferdinand III, Archduke of Austria as Ferdinand IV 18 November 1637 2 April 1657
Latin Empire Emperor Henry 20 August 1206 11 June 1216
Ethiopia Emperor Hezqeyas 26 July 1789 January 1794
Ethiopia Emperor Iyasu III 16 February 1784 24 April 1788
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Joseph I, King of Germany 5 May 1705 17 April 1711
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Joseph II, Archduke of Austria 18 August 1765 20 February 1790
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Leopold I, Archduke of Austria as Leopold VI 18 July 1658 5 May 1705
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Leopold II, Archduke of Austria as Leopold VII 30 September 1790 1 March 1792
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Lothair I, King of Francia 817 29 September 855
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Louis II, King of Italy 844 12 August 875
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Louis the Pious, King of the Franks 11 September 813 20 June 840
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Matthias, Archduke of Austria 13 June 1612 20 March 1619
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Maximilian I, Archduke of Austria 19 August 1493 12 January 1519
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Maximilian II, Archduke of Lower and Upper Austria 25 July 1564 12 October 1576
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Otto I, King of Germany 2 February 962 7 May 973
Latin Empire Emperor Robert de Courtenay 25 March 1221 1228
Holy Roman Empire Emperor Rudolf II, Archduke of Lower and Upper Austria as Rudolf V 12 October 1576 20 January 1612
Ethiopia Emperor Sahle Dengel, fifth reign 1851 11 February 1855
Ethiopia Emperor Sahle Dengel, first reign 8 June 1832 1832
Ethiopia Emperor Sahle Dengel, fourth reign 1845 1850
Ethiopia Emperor Sahle Dengel, second reign October 1832 29 August 1840
Ethiopia Emperor Sahle Dengel, third reign October 1841 1845
Ethiopia Emperor Salomon III, first reign 20 May 1796 15 July 1797
Ethiopia Emperor Salomon III, second reign 16 June 1799 25 July 1799
Ethiopia Emperor Yohannes III, first reign 30 August 1840 October 1841
Ethiopia Emperor Yohannes III, second reign 1845 1845
Ethiopia Emperor Yohannes III, third reign 1850 1851
Ethiopia Emperor Yonas 18 August 1797 4 January 1798
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine III and Heraklonas 11 February 641 20 April 641
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantine the Great and Constantine II 29 October 312 19 September 324
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine V and Leo IV 751 14 September 775
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Western Roman Empire Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II 9 August 378 19 January 379
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only again) 19 January 379 25 August 383
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only) 17 November 375 9 August 378
Western Roman Empire Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (whole Empire) 9 August 378 19 January 379
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Heraclius and Constantine III 22 January 613 4 July 638
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Heraclius, Constantine III and Heraklonas 4 July 638 11 February 641
Nicaea Emperors John IV Doukas Laskaris and Michael VIII Palaiologos 1 January 1259 25 December 1261
Latin Empire Emperors John of Brienne and Baldwin II 9 April 1229 19 March 1237
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos and John VI Kantakouzenos 31 March 1347 13 April 1353
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos and Matthew Kantakouzenos 10 December 1354 1357
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos, John VI Kantakouzenos and Matthew Kantakouzenos 13 April 1353 10 December 1354
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Justinian II and Tiberius 706 11 December 711
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Leo III and Constantine V August 720 18 June 741
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Leo IV the Khazar and Constantine VI 24 April 776 8 September 780
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Nikephoros I and Staurakios December 803 26 July 811
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Romanos I Lekapenos and Constantine VII 17 December 920 16 December 944
England Empress Matilda (claimant) 7 April 1141 1148
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Empresses Zoë and Theodora 20 April 1042 11 June 1042
Navarre Eneko (King Íñigo Arista) 824 851
Denmark Erik 2. Emune (King Eric II) 1134 18 July 1137
Denmark Erik 3. Lam (King Eric III) 1137 1146
Denmark Erik 4. Plovpenning (King Eric IV Ploughpenny) 30 May 1232 10 August 1250
Denmark Erik 5. Klipping (King Eric V) 1259 22 November 1286
Denmark Erik 6. Menved (King Eric VI) 1286 13 November 1319
Denmark Erik 7. af Pommern (King Eric VII of Pomerania) 1396 1439
Norway Erik af Pommern (King Eric III) 1389 1442
Sweden Erik av Pommern (King Eric XIII) 1396 1439
Denmark Erik Christoffersen (Eric Christoffersen, junior king), first reign 1321 1326
Denmark Erik Christoffersen (Eric Christoffersen, junior king), second reign 1329 1332
Denmark Erik Ejegod (King Eric I) 1095 10 July 1103
Sweden Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), first reign 1222 1229
Sweden Erik Eriksson (King Eric XI), second reign 1234 1250
Sweden Erik Jedvardsson (King Eric IX) 1156 18 April 1160
Sweden Erik Knutsson (King Eric X) 1208 10 April 1216
Sweden Erik Magnusson (King Eric XII, rival king) 18 December 1356 March 1359
Sweden Erik Segersäll (King Eric the Victorious) 970 995
Sweden Erik XIV (King Eric XIV) 29 September 1560 29 September 1568
Hanover, Kingdom of Ernst August I. (King Ernest Augustus I) 20 June 1837 18 November 1851
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Albrecht VI. (Archduke Albert VI) 23 November 1457 2 December 1463
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Albrecht VII. (Archduke Albert VII of Lower and Upper Austria) 20 March 1619 9 October 1619
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Ernst (Archduke Ernest of Inner and Further Austria) 1406 10 June 1424
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand I. (Archduke Ferdinand I), Holy Roman Emperor 28 April 1521 25 July 1564
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand II. (Archduke Ferdinand II of Further Austria) 25 July 1564 24 January 1595
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand III. (Archduke Ferdinand III), Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand II 9 October 1619 15 February 1637
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand IV. (Archduke of Lower and Inner Austria), Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand III 15 February 1637 2 April 1657
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand Karl (Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Further Austria) 13 September 1632 30 December 1662
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Franz I. (Archduke Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor 21 November 1740 18 August 1765
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Franz II. (Archduke Francis II), Holy Roman Emperor 1 March 1792 11 August 1804
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Joseph I. (Archduke Joseph I), Holy Roman Emperor 5 May 1705 17 April 1711
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Joseph II. (Archduke Joseph II), Holy Roman Emperor 18 August 1765 20 February 1790
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Karl I. (Archduke Charles I), King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor 12 January 1519 28 April 1521
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Karl II. Franz (Archduke Charles II Francis of Inner Austria) 25 July 1564 10 July 1590
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Karl III. (Archduke Charles III), Holy Roman Emperor 17 April 1711 20 October 1740
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Leopold V. (Archduke Leopold V of Further Austria) 23 February 1623 13 September 1632
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Leopold VI (Archduke Leopold VI), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold I 2 April 1657 5 May 1705
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Leopold VII. (Archduke Leopold VII), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II 20 February 1790 1 March 1792
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Matthias (Archduke Matthias), Holy Roman Emperor 25 June 1608 20 March 1619
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Maximilian I. (Archduke Maximilian I), Holy Roman Emperor 16 March 1490 12 January 1519
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Maximilian II. (Archduke Maximilian II of Lower and Upper Austria), Holy Roman Emperor 25 July 1564 12 October 1576
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Maximilian III. (Archduke Maximilian III of Further Austria) 20 January 1612 2 November 1618
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Rudolf V. (Archduke Rudolf V of Lower and Upper Austria), Holy Roman Emperor as Rudolf II 12 October 1576 25 June 1608
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Siegmund (Archduke Sigismund of Upper Austria) 24 June 1439 16 March 1490
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Sigismund Franz (Archduke Sigismund Francis of Further Austria) 30 December 1662 25 June 1665
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzogin Maria Theresia (Archduchess Maria Theresa) 20 October 1740 29 November 1780
Sicily Federico III (King Frederick III or IV) 16 October 1355 27 January 1377
Spain Felipe II (King Philip II) 16 January 1556 13 September 1598
Spain Felipe III (King Philip III) 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Spain Felipe IV (King Philip IV) 31 March 1621 17 September 1665
Spain Felipe V (King Philip V), first reign 1 November 1700 15 January 1724
Spain Felipe V (King Philip V), second reign 6 September 1724 9 July 1746
Castile, Crown of Ferdinand I of Portugal, King of Galicia in Castille 23 March 1369 31 March 1371
Austrian Empire Ferdinand I. (Emperor Ferdinand I) 2 March 1835 2 December 1848
Dalmatia, Kingdom of Ferdinand I. (King Ferdinand I) 2 March 1835 2 December 1848
Bohemia Ferdinand I. (King Ferdinand I), Holy Roman Emperor 24 October 1526 25 July 1564
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Ferdinand I. (King Ferdinand I), Holy Roman Emperor 16 December 1526 25 July 1564
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Ferdinand II. (King Ferdinand II), Holy Roman Emperor 1 July 1618 15 February 1637
Bohemia Ferdinand II. (King Ferdinand II), Holy Roman Emperor 5 June 1617 15 February 1637
Bohemia Ferdinand III. (King Ferdinand III), Holy Roman Emperor 21 November 1627 2 April 1657
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Ferdinand III. (King Ferdinand III), Holy Roman Emperor 8 December 1625 2 April 1657
Bohemia Ferdinand V. (King Ferdinand V) 2 March 1835 2 December 1848
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Ferdinand V. (King Ferdinand V) 2 March 1835 2 December 1848
Sardinia Ferdinando I (King Ferdinand I), King of Aragon 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Sicily Ferdinando I (King Ferdinand I), King of Aragon 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Sicily Ferdinando II (King Ferdinand II), King of Aragon 20 January 1479 23 January 1516
Sardinia Ferdinando II (King Ferdinand II), King of Aragon 20 January 1479 23 January 1516
Naples Ferdinando III (King Ferdinand III), King of Aragon as Ferdinand II 31 January 1504 23 January 1516
Isle of Man Ferdinando, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 25 September 1593 16 April 1594
Aragon Fernando I (King Ferdinand I) 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Majorca Fernando I (King Ferdinand I), King of Aragon 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Valencia Fernando I (King Ferdinand I), King of Aragon 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Aragon Fernando II (King Ferdinand II) 20 January 1479 23 January 1516
Valencia Fernando II (King Ferdinand II), King of Aragon 31 January 1504 23 January 1516
Majorca Fernando II (King Ferdinand II), King of Aragon 31 January 1504 23 January 1516
Spain Fernando VI (King Ferdinand VI) 9 July 1746 10 August 1759
Spain Fernando VII (King Ferdinand VII), first reign 19 March 1808 6 May 1808
Spain Fernando VII (King Ferdinand VII), second reign 11 December 1813 29 September 1833
Sweden Filip Halstensson (King Philip) 1105 1118
Naples Filippo I (King Philip I), King of Spain as Philip II 25 July 1554 13 September 1598
Sicily Filippo I (King Philip I), King of Spain as Philip II 25 July 1554 13 September 1598
Milan Filippo II (Duke Philip II), King of Spain 11 October 1540 13 September 1598
Sardinia Filippo II (King Philip II), King of Spain 16 January 1556 13 September 1598
Sicily Filippo II (King Philip II), King of Spain as Philip III 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Milan Filippo III (Duke Philip III), King of Spain 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Sicily Filippo III (King Philip III), King of Spain as Philip IV 31 March 1621 17 September 1665
Naples Filippo III (King Philip III), King of Spain as Philip IV 5 April 1648 17 September 1665
Sardinia Filippo III (King Phillip III), King of Spain 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Milan Filippo IV (Duke Philip IV), King of Spain 31 March 1621 17 September 1665
Sardinia Filippo IV (King Philip IV), King of Spain 31 March 1621 17 September 1665
Milan Filippo V (Duke Philip V), King of Spain 16 November 1700 24 September 1706
Sardinia Filippo V (King Philip V), King of Spain 1 November 1700 7 March 1714
Spanish Netherlands Filips I (Philip I, Lord of the Netherlands), King of Castile 27 March 1482 25 September 1506
Spanish Netherlands Filips II (Philip II, Lord of the Netherlands), King of Spain 25 October 1555 13 September 1598
Ireland, Gaelic Flann Sinna, High King of Ireland 20 November 879 25 May 916
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Arcadius Augustus (Emperor Arcadius) 17 January 395 1 May 408
Western Roman Empire Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Western Roman Empire Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Western Roman Empire Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Julius Valens Augustus (Emperor Valens) 28 March 364 9 August 378
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Marcianus Augustus (Emperor Marcian) 450 27 January 457
Western Roman Empire Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 15 May 392 17 January 395
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 19 January 379 17 January 395
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Theodosius Iunior Augustus (Emperor Theodosius II) 1 May 408 28 July 450
Western Roman Empire Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 17 November 375
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 28 March 364
Lombardy-Venetia Francesco Giuseppe I (King Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 12 October 1866
Milan Francesco I (Duke Francis I), King of France 11 October 1515 19 November 1521
Lombardy-Venetia Francesco I (King Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 9 June 1815 2 March 1835
Milan Francesco II (Duke Francis II), Holy Roman Emperor 1 March 1792 15 May 1796
Tuscany, Grand Duchy of Francesco II Stefano (Grand Duke Francis II), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis I 12 July 1737 18 August 1765
Spain Francisco Franco, Caudillo 1 October 1936 20 November 1975
France, Kingdom of François Ier le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres (King Francis I the Father and Restorer of Letters) 1 January 1515 31 March 1547
Luxemburg, Duchy of François II (Duke Francis II), Holy Roman Emperor 1 March 1792 7 June 1795
France, Kingdom of François II (King Francis II) 10 July 1559 5 December 1560
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Franjo I. (King Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 1 March 1792 2 March 1835
Dalmatia, Kingdom of Franjo I. (King Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 22 June 1815 2 March 1835
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Franjo Josip I. (King Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 26 September 1868
Dalmatia, Kingdom of Franjo Josip I. (King Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 21 November 1916
Croatia-Slavonia, Kingdom of Franjo Josip I. (King Francis Joseph I) 26 September 1868 21 November 1916
Bohemia František I. (King Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 1 March 1792 2 March 1835
Bohemia František Josef I. (King Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 21 November 1916
Navarre Frantzisko Febus (King Francis Phoebus) 12 February 1479 7 January 1483
Austrian Empire Franz I. (Emperor Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 11 August 1804 2 March 1835
Holy Roman Empire Franz I. Stephan (Emperor Francis I), Archduke of Austria 13 September 1745 18 August 1765
Liechtenstein Franz I. von Liechtenstein (Prince Franz I) 11 February 1929 25 July 1938
Holy Roman Empire Franz II. (Emperor Francis II), Emperor of Austria as Francis I 5 July 1792 6 August 1806
Lorraine Franz III. Stephan (Duke Francis III), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis I 27 March 1729 9 July 1737
Austrian Empire Franz Joseph I. (Emperor Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 21 November 1916
Liechtenstein Franz Joseph I. von Liechtenstein (Prince Franz Joseph I) 10 February 1772 18 August 1781
Liechtenstein Franz Joseph II. von Liechtenstein (Prince Franz Joseph II) 25 July 1938 13 November 1989
Denmark Frederik 1. (King Frederick I) 1523 10 April 1533
Denmark Frederik 2. (King Frederick II) 1 January 1559 4 April 1588
Denmark Frederik 3. (King Frederick III) 28 February 1648 9 February 1670
Denmark Frederik 4. (King Frederick IV) 25 August 1699 12 October 1730
Denmark Frederik 5. (King Frederick V) 6 August 1746 14 January 1766
Denmark Frederik 6. (King Frederick VI) 13 March 1808 3 December 1839
Denmark Frederik 7. (King Frederick VII) 20 January 1848 15 November 1863
Denmark Frederik 8. (King Frederick VIII) 29 January 1906 14 May 1912
Denmark Frederik 9. (King Frederick IX) 20 April 1947 14 January 1972
Norway Frederik I (King Frederick I) 1523 10 April 1533
Norway Frederik II (King Frederick II) 1 January 1559 4 April 1588
Norway Frederik III (King Frederick III) 28 February 1648 9 February 1670
Norway Frederik IV (King Frederick IV) 25 August 1699 12 October 1730
Norway Frederik V (King Frederick V) 6 August 1746 14 January 1766
Norway Frederik VI (King Frederick VI) 13 March 1808 7 February 1814
Sweden Fredrik I (King Frederick I) 24 March 1720 25 March 1751
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich I. (King Frederick I) 18 January 1701 25 February 1713
Prussia, Duchy of Friedrich I. von Preussen (Duke Frederick I) 29 April 1688 18 January 1701
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich II. (King Frederick II the Great) 31 May 1740 17 August 1786
Holy Roman Empire Friedrich III. (Emperor Frederick III), Archduke of Lower Austria as Frederick V 19 March 1452 19 August 1493
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich III. (King Frederick III) 9 March 1888 15 June 1888
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich V. (Margrave-elector Frederick V, King Frederick I of Prussia) 29 April 1688 25 February 1713
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich VII. (Margrave-elector Frederick VII, King Frederick II of Prussia) 31 May 1740 17 August 1786
Prussia, Duchy of Friedrich Wilhelm (Duke Frederick William) of Brandenburg 1 December 1640 29 April 1688
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich Wilhelm (Margrave-elector Frederick William) 1 December 1640 29 April 1688
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich Wilhelm I. (King Frederick William I) 25 February 1713 31 May 1740
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich Wilhelm II. (King Frederick William II) 17 August 1786 16 November 1797
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich Wilhelm III. (King Frederick William III) 16 November 1797 7 June 1840
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich Wilhelm III. (Margrave-elector Frederick William III, King Frederick William I of Prussia) 25 February 1713 31 May 1740
Prussia, Kingdom of Friedrich Wilhelm IV. (King Frederick William IV) 7 June 1840 2 January 1861
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich Wilhelm IV. (Markgrave-elector Frederick William IV, King Frederick William II of Prussia) 17 August 1786 16 November 1797
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich Wilhelm V. (Markgrave-elector Frederick William V, King Frederick William III of Prussia) 16 November 1797 6 August 1806
Western Roman Empire Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus (Emperor Constantine the Great) 25 July 306 29 October 312
Navarre Gartzea Eneko (King García Íñiguez) 851 870
Navarre Gartzea I.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez I) 10 December 925 970
Navarre Gartzea II.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez II) 994 1000
Navarre Gartzea III.a Sanoitz (King García Sánchez III) 18 October 1035 15 September 1054
Navarre Gartzea IV.a Ramirez Berrezarlea (King García Ramírez the Restorer) 8 September 1134 21 November 1150
Viguera Gartzea Ramirez (King García Ramírez) 1002 1006
Athens, Duchy of Gautier (Duke Walter), Count Walter V of Brienne 5 October 1308 15 March 1311
Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) Georg II. August (George Augustus, Elector of Hanover) 11 June 1727 25 October 1760
Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) Georg III. Wilhelm Friedrich (George William Frederick, Elector of Hanover) 25 October 1760 6 August 1806
Hanover, Kingdom of Georg III. Wilhelm Friedrich (King George William Frederick) 12 October 1814 29 January 1820
Hanover, Kingdom of Georg IV. (King George Augustus Frederick) 29 January 1820 26 June 1830
Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) Georg Ludwig (George Louis, Elector of Hanover) 23 January 1698 11 June 1727
Hanover, Kingdom of Georg V. (King George V) 18 November 1851 20 September 1866
Prussia, Duchy of Georg Wilhelm (Duke George William) of Brandenburg 23 December 1619 1 December 1640
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Georg Wilhelm (Margrave-elector George William) 23 December 1619 1 December 1640
India, Empire of (British Raj) George V, Emperor of India 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
India, Empire of (British Raj) George VI, Emperor of India 11 December 1936 14 August 1946
Sicily Giacomo I (King James I), King of Aragon as James II 18 June 1291 11 December 1295
Sardinia Giacomo II (King James II), King of Aragon 1323 2 November 1327
Sicily Giovanni (King John), King of Aragon as John II 27 June 1458 20 January 1479
Sardinia Giovanni I (King John I), King of Aragon 6 January 1387 19 May 1396
Sardinia Giovanni II (King John II), King of Aragon 27 June 1458 20 January 1479
Milan Giuseppe (Duke Joseph), Holy Roman Emperor as Joseph II 29 November 1780 20 February 1790
Denmark Gorm den Gamle (King Gorm the Old) 936 958
Luxembourg Grand-Duc Adolphe (Grand Duke Adolphe) 23 November 1890 17 November 1905
Luxembourg Grand-Duc Guillaume I (Grand Duke William I), King William I of the Netherlands 16 March 1815 7 October 1840
Luxembourg Grand-Duc Guillaume II (Grand Duke William II), King William II of the Netherlands 7 October 1840 17 March 1849
Luxembourg Grand-Duc Guillaume III (Grand Duke William III), King William III of the Netherlands 17 March 1849 23 November 1890
Luxembourg Grand-Duc Guillaume IV (Grand Duke William IV) 17 November 1905 25 February 1912
Luxembourg Grand-Duc Henri (Grand Duke Henri) 7 October 2000
Luxembourg Grand-Duc Jean (Grand Duke Jean) 12 November 1964 7 October 2000
Luxembourg Grande-Duchesse Charlotte (Grand Duchess Charlotte) 14 January 1919 12 November 1964
Luxembourg Grande-Duchesse Marie-Adélaïde (Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde) 25 February 1912 14 January 1919
Sweden Gustav II Adolf (King Gustav II Adolph) 30 October 1611 6 November 1632
Sweden Gustav IV Adolf (King Gustav IV Adolph) 29 March 1792 29 March 1809
Sweden Gustav Vasa (King Gustav I) 6 June 1523 29 September 1560
Sweden Håkan Magnusson (King Haakon Magnusson) 1362 1364
Sweden Håkan Röde (King Håkan the Red) 1075 1079
Norway Håkon den gode (King Haakon I Haraldsson) 934 960
Norway Håkon Eiriksson (Earl Haakon Ericsson) 1028 1029
Norway Håkon Håkonsson (King Haakon IV Haakonsson) June 1217 16 December 1263
Norway Håkon Håkonsson Unge (King Haakon Haakonsson the Young) 1 April 1240 5 May 1257
Norway Håkon Magnusson (King Haakon (II) Magnusson) 22 September 1093 February 1095
Norway Håkon Magnusson (King Haakon V Magnusson) 15 July 1299 8 May 1319
Norway Håkon Magnusson (King Haakon VI Magnusson) 15 August 1343 1380
Norway Håkon Sigurdsson (Earl Haakon Sigurdsson) 965 995
Norway Håkon Sverresson (King Haakon III Sverresson) 9 March 1202 1 January 1204
Denmark Hans (King John) 21 May 1481 20 February 1513
Norway Hans (King John) 1483 20 February 1513
Liechtenstein Hans-Adam II. von Liechtenstein (Prince Hans-Adam II) 13 November 1989
Denmark Harald 2. Svendsen (King Harald II Svendsen) 3 February 1014 1018
Denmark Harald 3. Hen (King Harald III) 1074 17 April 1080
Denmark Harald Blåtand Gormsen (King Harald I Bluetooth) 958 986
Norway Harald Blåtand Gormsson (King Harald Bluetooth) 961 980
Norway Harald Gille (King Harald IV Magnusson) April 1130 14 December 1136
Norway Harald Gråfell, (King Harald II Ericsson) 961 970
Norway Harald Hardrada (King Harald III Sigurdsson) 1046 25 September 1066
Norway Harald Hårfagre (King Harald I Halfdansson) 872 930
Denmark Hardeknud (King Harthacnut) 12 November 1035 8 June 1042
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich I. (Count Henry I), Duke of Bavaria as Henry V 28 October 998 27 February 1026
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich II. (Count Henry II), Duke of Bavaria as Henry VII 27 February 1026 16 October 1047
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich III. (Count Henry III) 8 August 1086 1096
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich IV. (Count Henry IV) 1136 14 August 1196
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich V. (Count Henry V) 12 February 1247 24 December 1281
Bavaria, Duchy of Heinrich V. (Duke Henry V) 1004 27 February 1026
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich VI. (Count Henry VI) 24 December 1281 5 June 1288
Luxemburg, County of Heinrich VII. (Count Henry VII), Holy Roman Emperor 5 June 1288 24 August 1313
Bavaria, Duchy of Heinrich VII. (Duke Henry VII) 1042 16 October 1047
Holy Roman Empire Heinrich VII. (Emperor Henry VII), Count of Luxembourg 29 June 1312 24 August 1313
Italy, Kingdom of (Holy Roman Empire) Heinrich VII. (King Henry VII), Holy Roman Emperor 6 January 1311 24 August 1313
France, Kingdom of Henri Ier (King Henry I) 20 July 1031 4 August 1060
France, Kingdom of Henri II (King Henry II) 31 March 1547 10 July 1559
France, Kingdom of Henri III (King Henry III) 30 May 1574 2 August 1589
France, Kingdom of Henri IV (King Henry IV) 2 July 1589 14 May 1610
France, First Restoration and Second Kingdom Henri V (King Henry V), disputed 2 August 1830 9 August 1830
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