Sixpence, Wreath First Design, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Sixpence, Wreath First Design, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1831 - 1887)
Coin TypeSixpence, Wreath First Design

The pre-decimal sixpence (6d) was a unit of currency equalling one fortieth of a pound sterling, or six pence sterling. It was used in the United Kingdom, and earlier in Great Britain and England.

The "wreath" type of sixpence was introduced at the beginning of the reign of King William IV and was issued from 1831 to 1887, well into the reign of Queen Victoria. Its design is the same as the shilling coin issued in the same period, only with a different inscription. The reverse inscription was an innovation at the time, breaking with two earlier traditions - it shows the value and denomination, whereas earlier coins did not, and was in English - whereas earlier coins carried inscriptions only in Latin.

The composition is Sterling Silver (0.925 silver) and the coins have 0.0841 oz ASW (ounce of Absolute Silver Weight). Sixpences continued to be legal tender for a while after the currency became decimal in 1971, with a value of 2 1⁄2 new pence, until they were demonetised on 30th June 1980.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Sixpence, Wreath First Design - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

During the existence of this coin type, sixpence coins were issued for:
- King William IV (1831 - 1837)
- Queen Victoria (1838 - 1887)

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Sixpence, Wreath First Design - reverse photo

Surrounded by a beaded border, the reverse of the coin shows, within an open wreath of olive (left) and oak (right) branches, the value and denomination in words, on two lines: SIX PENCE.

Above the value, St Edward's Crown. Named after Saint Edward the Confessor, it has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century (with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911).

Below the ribbon tying the wreath, the date of issue: [year].

Reverse Inscription SIX PENCE [year]
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Krause lists a 1849 sixpence with mintage of 210,000 and a note that it is "not confirmed". Such a coin is not listed elsewhere.

Coin Type: Sixpence, Wreath First Design - (53) Coins
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Sixpence 1831 1,340,195 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1834 5,892,480 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1835 1,555,320 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1836 1,987,920 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1837 506,880 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1838 1,607,760 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1839 3,310,560 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1840 2,098,800 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F:D:
Sixpence 1841 1,386,000 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1842 601,920 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1843 3,160,080 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1844 3,975,846 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1845 3,714,480 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1846 4,268,880 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1847 unknown Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1848 586,080 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1850 489,960 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1851 2,288,107 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1852 904,587 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1853 3,837,930 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1854 840,116 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1855 1,129,084 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1856 2,779,920 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1857 2,233,440 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1858 1,932,480 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1859 4,688,640 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1860 1,100,880 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1862 990,000 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1863 491,040 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1864 4,253,040 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1865 1,631,520 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1866 5,140,080 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1867 1,362,240 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1868 1,069,200 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1869 388,080 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1870 479,613 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1871 3,662,684 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1872 3,382,049 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1873 4,594,733 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1874 4,225,726 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1875 3,256,646 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1876 941,435 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1877 4,066,486 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1878 2,624,525 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1879 3,326,313 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1880 3,892,051 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1881 6,239,447 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1882 759,809 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1883 4,986,558 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1884 3,422,565 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1885 4,652,771 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1886 2,728,249 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1887 Old Wreath Design 3,675,607 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Sixpence, Wreath First Design: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofSixpence
From1831
To1887
Face Value6 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1980)
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size19.0000 mm
Mass2.8276 g
Sixpence, Wreath First Design: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - Sixpence, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Common wreath reverse (1831 - 1887).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Great Britain 1877 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young head (1838 - 1887).
Source