Withdrawn Sixpence, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Withdrawn Sixpence, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1887 - 1887)
Coin TypeWithdrawn Sixpence

The pre-decimal sixpence (6d) was a unit of currency equalling one fortieth of a pound sterling, or six pence sterling. It was used in the United Kingdom, and earlier in Great Britain and England.

This type of sixpence was struck as part of a new coinage in gold and silver to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria - fifty years on the throne, 1837-1887. The coins all shared a new "Jubilee" obverse of the Queen by Joseph Edgar Boehm, adapted from his own Jubilee medal. The new obverse proved unpopular and was only used until 1893.

The reverse is adapted from the Second Issue sixpence of King George IV (1824 - 1826), which is the same as the shilling of King George IV issued from 1823 to 1825. This denomination though was so close to the gold half sovereign in size and design that it led to wide-spread frauds by gilding this coin type and passing it as a half-sovereign. Production of the shield reverse sixpence was quickly stopped, and it was replaced later the same year by a new coin with the words SIX PENCE within a wreath on the reverse with the new Jubilee obverse - leading to the unique situation of having three different sixpence designs with the same date.

The composition is Sterling Silver (0.925 silver) and the coins have 0.0841 oz ASW (ounce of Absolute Silver Weight). Sixpences continued to be legal tender for a while after the currency became decimal in 1971, with a value of 2 1⁄2 new pence, until they were demonetised on 30th June 1980.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Withdrawn Sixpence - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows an older bust of Queen Victoria facing left, wearing the small imperial crown, a long veil falling behind her head, a pearl necklace and earrings, the Ribbon and Star of the Garter and the badge of the Imperial Order of India.

The effigy was created by Joseph Edgar Boehm to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria (50 years on the throne), 1837-1887, and is known as her "Jubilee Head" portrait.

Around, the monarch's legend: VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:. Translated from Latin: Victoria, by the Grace of God, Queen of the British, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Reverse
United Kingdom / Withdrawn Sixpence - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, with the motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · inscribed on it.

"Honi soit qui mal y pense" is an Anglo-Norman maxim which means "Shame on whosoever would think badly of it," or "May he be shamed who thinks badly of it". Its literal translation from Old French is "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it."

The shield is quartered, depicting in the first and fourth quarters the three passant guardant lions of England; in the second, the rampant lion and double tressure flory-counterflory of Scotland; and in the third, a harp for Ireland.

The crown on top is St Edward's Crown, named after Saint Edward the Confessor, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England. It has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century, with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911 so King George IV was not himself crowned with it.

Around below, divided by the pendant of the Garter, the date of issue 1887.

Reverse Inscription HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · 1887
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Withdrawn Sixpence - (1) Coins
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Withdrawn Sixpence: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofSixpence
From1887
To1887
Face Value6 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1980)
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerLeonard Charles Wyon
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size
Mass2.8276 g
Withdrawn Sixpence: Photos
ImageDetails
Great Britain 1887 6 Pence
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Source
Great Britain 1887 6 Pence
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Source