The five dollar denomination of the Australian dollar (written as $5) is served by a banknote for normal daily transactions.
From time to time, the Royal Australian Mint also issues $5 coins for collectors (Non-Circulating Legal Tender, or NCLT). Some special coins, such as this one, are made with a triangular shape.
This commemorative $5 coin is the second triangular issue in the Royal Australian Mint's ANZAC Centenary Coin Program.
The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. It was formed in Egypt in December 1914, and operated during the Gallipoli campaign. General William Birdwood commanded the corps, which primarily consisted of troops from the First Australian Imperial Force and 1st New Zealand Expeditionary Force, although there were also British and Indian units attached at times throughout the campaign. The corps disbanded in 1916, following the Allied evacuation of the Gallipoli peninsula and the formation of I ANZAC Corps and II ANZAC Corps.
The Mint says about the coin:
"As we commemorate the centenary of the First World War, we pay tribute to the 60,000 Australians who endured personal hardships, sacrifices and suffering for their country. Partnering with the Australian War Memorial, the Royal Australian Mint has produced this fine silver proof triangular coin representing part of the Memorial’s Hall of Memory striking mosaic in colour. The Hall of Memory at the heart of the Australian War Memorial features an impressive mosaic which was crafted over a period of 20 years, commencing in 1937, by a soldier who was wounded in the First World War, Napier Waller.
The hall of Memory now also houses the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, one of the most visited areas in the Memorial. A portrait of one of the seemingly ordinary soldiers has been taken from the remarkable mosaic and features in the design. Radiating feelings of strength and endurance, the enlarged and intense eyes of the soldier are characteristic of the ancient Greek sculpture and Byzantine mosaic.
The Gallipoli peninsula where ANZAC troops fought is represented in this piece with sprigs of rosemary, which were commonly found growing wild on the battlefield. This coin is struck by The Royal Australian Mint in partnership with the Australian War Memorial to Remember the Fallen. The colour printed fine silver coin is finished to the Royal Australian Mint proof standard."
The coins were released in frosted Proof FDC grade, in special gift packaging with a Certificate of Authenticity. No coins of this type were released into circulation.