Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only), Coin from Germany - detailed information

Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only), Coin from Germany (demonetised 2002)
CoinTwo Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only)

The Two Marks coin, abbreviated 2 DM and known in English as 2 German Marks, was a relatively large circulating denomination of the Deutsche Mark (German mark), which was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later of unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.

The initial design was similar to the 1 Mark coin and was only issued in 1951. It was superseded by a design honouring Max Planck, which was issued between 1957 and 1971.

Those earlier coins were made of CuproNickel and were confusing to vending machines (which mistakenly accepted cheap foreign coins instead of 2 DM), so were demonetized in 1973 and replaced by a new series of coins called the "politicians series" because it depicts portraits of German politicians on the obverse. These coins are three-layered: CuproNickel with a Nickel core, which makes them magnetic unlike the earlier ones.

This type of coins honours Dr. Franz Josef Strauß (1915 - 1988; his surname is spelled Strauss in English), a German politician was defence minister in 1956 in charge of rebuilding the Bundeswehr, chairman of the Bavarian political party CSU from 1961 on and Bavarian minister-president from 1978 to his death.

Other coins of the "politicians series" include:
- Konrad Adenauer, 1969 - 1987
- Theodor Heuss, 1970 - 1987
- Kurt Schumacher, 1979 - 1993
- Ludwig Erhard, 1988 - 2001
- Willy Brandt, 1994 - 2001

Note that the introduction of new designs did not supplant the previous ones; older designs continued to be issued and used in parallel.

The edge inscription was the same throughout the history of the denomination: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit, meaning "Unity and Justice and Freedom".

In 1999, the Deutsche Mark was replaced by the Euro; its coins and banknotes remained in circulation, defined in terms of euros, until the introduction of euro notes and coins on 1 January 2002. In preparation for the event, Germany stopped issuing new German Mark coins. Some were struck for the mint sets of the year (in uncirculated and in proof grades), but none were issued into circulation.

All coins of this type were demonetised only one year later, and were not acceptable as payment after 28 February 2002.

MintMint markTotal Mintage
Berlin Mint Letter A 208,000
Bavarian Central Mint - Munich Letter D 208,000
SMBW - Stuttgart Letter F 208,000
SMBW - Karlsruhe Letter G 208,000
Hamburg Mint Letter J 208,000
Obverse
Germany / Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin, designed by Erich Ott, features the portrait of Dr. Franz Josef Strauß, a German politician who was minister-president of Bavaria from 1978 to his death in 1988. His name is not written on the coin.

Around above, · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND ·, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around below, separated by the portrait, are the dates 1949 1989, representing the 40th anniversary of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Obverse Inscription · BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND · 1949 1989
Reverse
Germany / Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin, designed by Reinhart Heinsdorff, depicts at its centre the Federal Eagle of Germany, being a one headed eagle, its head facing left, its wings open and with open feathering.

Around left, the legend BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND, meaning Federal Republic of Germany.

Around right, facing in the opposite direction, the value and denomination 2 DEUTSCHE MARK (2 German marks).

The date 2001 is above the eagle's head. The mint mark of the mint which produced the coin is a small letter to the left of the numeral 2 of the value and under the eagle's left foot.

Mint marks used in this year were:
A for Berlin Mint
D for Bavarian Central Mint - Munich
F for State Mints of Baden-Württemberg - Stuttgart
G for State Mints of Baden-Württemberg - Karlsruhe
J for Hamburg Mint

Reverse Inscription BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND 2 DEUTSCHE MARK 2001
EdgeInscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionEINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT
Notes

Mintage comprised of (uncirculated coins in sets + proofs):

Berlin (2001 A): 130,000 + 78,000
Munich (2001 D): 130,000 + 78,000
Stuttgart (2001 F): 130,000 + 78,000
Karlsruhe (2001 G): 130,000 + 78,000
Hamburg (2001 J): 130,000 + 78,000

Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only): Known varieties
Variety Proof 2001 A (Berlin Mint)
Mintage Issued: 78,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "A" proof sets from the Berlin Mint.

Variety Proof 2001 D (Munich Mint)
Images Germany / Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) / Proof 2001 D (Munich Mint) - obverse photo Germany / Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only) / Proof 2001 D (Munich Mint) - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: 78,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "D" proof sets from the Bavarian Central Mint - Munich.

Variety Proof 2001 F (Stuttgart Mint)
Mintage Issued: 78,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "F" proof sets from the State Mints of Baden-Württemberg - Stuttgart.

Variety Proof 2001 G (Karlsruhe Mint)
Mintage Issued: 78,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "G" proof sets from the State Mints of Baden-Württemberg - Karlsruhe.

Variety Proof 2001 J (Hamburg Mint)
Mintage Issued: 78,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) in the year's "J" proof sets from the Hamburg Mint.

Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Deutsche Bundesbank Dimensions, mass link
Advertising
Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only): Details
CountryGermany
CurrencyDeutsche Mark
Coin TypeTwo Marks, Franz Josef Strauß
Issued2001
ReverseFederal Eagle of Germany
Face Value2 (x Mark)
Circulation MintageNone
Total Mintage1,040,000 (1.0 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 2002
MaterialCuproNickel-clad Nickel
DesignerErich Ott, Reinhart Heinsdorff
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size26.750 mm
Thickness1.790 mm
Mass7.000 g
OCC IDMXKD-EKQC-JYLZ-EWQJ
Share or Bookmark this Page
Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only): Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin, Germany, 2 Mark 2001
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Proof, Munich Mint (D mint mark).
Source
Proof Coin, Germany, 2 Mark 2001
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Proof.
Source
Two Marks 2001 Franz Josef Strauß (mint sets only): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogDeutschland Schön# 174
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGermany, Federal Republic KM# 175