Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II, Coin from Saint Helena - detailed information

Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II, Coin from Saint Helena
CoinGold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II

Saint Helena is a small island in the South Atlantic Ocean which is part of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. The currency of the island is the Saint Helena pound, fixed at parity with the pound sterling. The island has authorised some private mints to issue coins under its jurisdiction, which come in a variety of sizes - including in the popular gold quarter ounce (1/4 oz gold) format, usually denominated as £2.

This coin (denominated as £1 and slightly heavier than a quarter ounce) is part of The 2017 Empire Collection gold proof set issued by The East India Company, which features nine English monarchs, and is dedicated to King George II of Great Britain (1683 - 1760).

George II (George Augustus; German: Georg II) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death. George was the last British monarch born outside Great Britain: he was born and brought up in northern Germany. In 1701, his grandmother, Sophia of Hanover, became second in line to the British throne after about 50 Catholics higher in line were excluded by the Act of Settlement, which restricted the succession to Protestants. After the deaths of Sophia and Anne, Queen of Great Britain, in 1714, his father George I, Elector of Hanover, inherited the British throne.

The Mint says about the set:
“Whosoever commands the sea, commands the trade, whosoever commands the trade of the world, commands the riches of the world and consequently the world itself.”
– Sir Walter Raleigh

From its very first voyage in January 1601, until it was dissolved and absorbed into the British Crown in 1874, The East India Company laid the foundation of the British Empire in the East. Overtime "The Company" rose to account for half of the world’s trade including cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea and bullion. It had its own army and navy, its stocks were central to London’s financial markets and at one point it ruled over 400 million people. Learn the story of the world’s most famous Company through its coins. The 2019 Empire Collection is a series of nine silver proof coins which tell the story of a band of merchants who created an Empire through the monopoly, privilege and power bestowed on them by the Monarchs that ruled.

Considered the most important event in the company’s history, the Battle of Plassey was a colossal victory even though the battle only lasted 40 minutes on June 23, 1757. It secured company rule in Bengal, the richest of all presidencies, laying the foundation for British rule in India. Sir Robert Clive rebuilt Fort William in Bengal as the company headquarters, which along with Fort St. George in Madras and Bombay Castle, demonstrated the supreme power of the British in India. Over the next few decades, the East India Company would become the single largest trading organisation in the world.

In this era, the ruling monarch was King George II, and the coin features his portrait from his 1758 silver shilling. Inset is an image of the Battle of Plassey medal issued by the Society for Promoting Arts and Commerce in 1758 to commemorate the victory.

MintEast India Company (modern) Mint MarkEIC Total Mintage500
Obverse
Saint Helena / Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows the crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II, facing right (her effigy known as the "Third Portrait"). The Queen is wearing the royal diadem which she wears on her way to and from the State Opening of Parliament, a pearl necklace and earrings.

Incuse in tiny letters on the neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend and the date of issue: ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·.

Obverse Inscription ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Reverse
Saint Helena / Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II - reverse photo

Within a beaded border, the reverse of the coin shows the laureate and cuirassed bust of King George II of Great Britain, facing left. To the left, overlaid on an olive branch, a medal commemorating Robert Clive's victory at Plassey in 1757, bearing the inscriptions VICTORY · AT · PLASSY, CLIVE · COMMANDER, MDCCLVIII (1758) and SOC · P · A ·C (Society for Promoting Arts and Commerce).

This medal shows the figure of Victory bearing a trophy and palm branch, mounted upon an elephant. In Indian culture elephants have been symbols of imperial power and prestige since Alexander the Great's day. They are also important religious icons. Ganesh, the Hindu god of wisdom, has an elephant's head. Robert Clive and the British adopted this much-respected emblem. Elephants were also used as weapons by Indian armies. Their thick hides and protective armour made them extremely hard to kill or injure.

Elephants were used against Clive's forces at Plassey on 23 June 1757. That day, around 3,500 East India Company troops defeated an army of 50,000 under the French supported Nawab of Bengal Siraj-ud-daula. The outcome had been decided long before the soldiers came to blows. The aspirant to the Nawab's throne, Mir Jafar, had thrown in his lot with Clive. The result was that the wealthy province of Bengal passed into British hands. Mir Jafar, however, was soon sidelined. The Bengal treasury allowed the Company to strengthen its military might. It was transformed from a trading company into an imperial power.

Below the king's the portrait on the right, the EIC mint mark of the East India Company; the letters are separated by arrows radiating from the centre around which they are situated.

Around left, the inscription GEORGE II - THE BATTLE OF PLASSEY.

Reverse Inscription GEORGE II - THE BATTLE OF PLASSEY
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Finish: proof.
Available in a nine coin set only.

Issued in Set
The 2017 Empire Collection - Monarchs - Gold Proof Set, mintage 500
9 coins: 1/4 oz Gold, Queen Elizabeth I, 1/4 oz Gold, King James I, 1/4 oz Gold, King Charles II, 1/4 oz Gold, King William III, 1/4 oz Gold, Queen Anne, 1/4 oz Gold, King George II, 1/4 oz Gold, King George III, 1/4 oz Gold, King William IV, 1/4 oz Gold, Queen Victoria
See also

A silver one ounce coin with the same design was issued in 2019.

All (15) coins of type: Gold Quarter Ounce (1/4 oz)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - Queen Elizabeth I 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - James I 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - Charles II 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - William III 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - Queen Anne 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George III 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - William IV 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - Queen Victoria 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · ONE POUND · 2017 ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2018 Rose Crown Guinea unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · 2018 · £25 · THE EAST INDIA COMPANY ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2020 Una and the Lion 499 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · D · G · REGINA · F · D · ST. HELENA · 2 POUNDS ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2020 Rose Crown Guinea unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ST. HELENA · QUEEN ELIZABETH II · 2020 · £25 · THE EAST INDIA COMPANY ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2021 Una and the Lion 499 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · D · G · REGINA · F · D · ST. HELENA · 2 POUNDS ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2021 Napoleon 200th Anniversary 500 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ST. HELENA · 2021 ELIZABETH II · FIVE POUNDS ·
Gold Quarter Ounce 2022 Una and the Lion 499 Queen Elizabeth II - Uncouped Portrait by Jody Clark ELIZABETH II · D · G · REGINA · F · D · ST. HELENA · 2 POUNDS ·
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Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II: Details
CountrySaint Helena
CurrencySaint Helena Pound
Coin TypeGold Quarter Ounce (1/4 oz)
Issued2017
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait, by Raphael Maklouf
Face Value1 (x Pound)
Total Mintage500
CurrentYes
Material0.9999 Gold
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size25.000 mm
Mass8.000 g
OCC IDRNAZ-EGWC-BLLA-EXJL
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Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II: Photos
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Coin, Saint Helena, Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II
Copyright: The East India Company
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Coin, Saint Helena, Gold Quarter Ounce 2017 Empire - George II
Copyright: Chards
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