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Detailed information about Coin: Penny 1946 (Maundy) from United Kingdom

Coin: Penny 1946 (Maundy)

There were two forms of the silver penny, the currency issue (with a duller surface), and a special piece (like this one) for the Maundy Thursday ceremonies - both with numeral 1 on the reverse but the Maundy issues have a proof-like finish.

Apart from the surface quality, circulating silver and Maundy penny coins are indistinguishable. For the purpose of completeness though, the circulating coins are listed separately in the (normal) circulating coins section. These were only issued in 1817, 1818 and 1820. Some catalogues do not recognise the existence of these circulating coins and list only Maundy silver pennies.

Maundy coins are specially minted in varying (but always small) mintage for ceremonial purposes and not intended as circulating currency. They are handed by the British monarch in person to selected deserving individuals once every year. They are issued in "prooflike" condition and usually remain in it, especially the more recent ones.

The Royal Maundy is an ancient ceremony which has its origin in the commandment Christ gave after washing the feet of his disciples on the day before Good Friday.

The commandment (also known as a 'mandatum' from which the word Maundy is derived) ‘that ye love one another’ (John XIII 34) is still recalled regularly by Christian churches throughout the world. The ceremony of washing the feet of the poor which was accompanied by gifts of food and clothing can be traced back to the fourth century.

It seems to have been the custom as early as the thirteenth century for members of the royal family to take part in Maundy ceremonies, to distribute money and gifts, and to recall Christ's simple act of humility by washing the feet of the poor.

Henry IV began the practice of relating the number of recipients of gifts to the sovereign's age, and as it became the custom of the sovereign to perform the ceremony, the event became known as the Royal Maundy.

Maundy money has remained in much the same form since 1670, and the coins used for the Maundy ceremony have traditionally been struck in sterling silver, save for the brief interruptions of Henry VIII’s debasement of the coinage and the general change to 50% silver coins in 1920.

The sterling silver standard (92.5%) was resumed following the Coinage Act of 1946.

CountryUnited Kingdom CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Face value1 (x Penny) TypeMaundy Penny (Debased silver)
Year1946 CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Mintage1,365 (1365)
NameMint markMintage
Royal Mint No mint mark 1,365 (1365)
Material0.500 silver DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
MonarchKing George VI EffigyPortrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget
Production technologyMilled (machine-made) ShapeRound
Size (mm)11 Thickness (mm)
Mass (g)0.4700

Bare head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP. (George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India); below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials HP (for [Thomas] Humphrey Paget).

Obverse inscription GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.

At centre within an open oak wreath; the numeral 1; above, crown; the numeral dividing the date 1946.

Reverse inscription1 1946
EdgePlain Edge inscriptionNone
Penny 1946 (Maundy): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 846
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom4090
Penny 1946 (Maundy): References to Information Used
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mint
Whitman, Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 1962 Mintage
Remick, Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1971 Mintage
Royal Mint 2016 History link
Bullion Star - Buy and Store Bullion in Singapore
Bullion Star - Buy and Store Bullion in Singapore
List of all (152) coins of type: United Kingdom / Maundy Penny (Pre-decimal)
Penny 1817 (Maundy) Penny 1818 (Maundy) Penny 1820 (Maundy) Penny 1822 (Maundy) Penny 1823 (Maundy) Penny 1824 (Maundy)
Penny 1825 (Maundy) Penny 1826 (Maundy) Penny 1827 (Maundy) Penny 1828 (Maundy) Penny 1829 (Maundy) Penny 1830 (Maundy)
Penny 1831 (Maundy) Penny 1832 (Maundy) Penny 1833 (Maundy) Penny 1834 (Maundy) Penny 1835 (Maundy) Penny 1836 (Maundy)
Penny 1837 (Maundy) Penny 1838 (Maundy) Penny 1839 (Maundy) Penny 1840 (Maundy) Penny 1841 (Maundy) Penny 1842 (Maundy)
Penny 1843 (Maundy) Penny 1844 (Maundy) Penny 1845 (Maundy) Penny 1846 (Maundy) Penny 1847 (Maundy) Penny 1848 (Maundy)
Penny 1849 (Maundy) Penny 1850 (Maundy) Penny 1851 (Maundy) Penny 1852 (Maundy) Penny 1853 (Maundy) Penny 1854 (Maundy)
Penny 1855 (Maundy) Penny 1856 (Maundy) Penny 1857 (Maundy) Penny 1858 (Maundy) Penny 1859 (Maundy) Penny 1860 (Maundy)
Penny 1861 (Maundy) Penny 1862 (Maundy) Penny 1863 (Maundy) Penny 1864 (Maundy) Penny 1865 (Maundy) Penny 1866 (Maundy)
Penny 1867 (Maundy) Penny 1868 (Maundy) Penny 1869 (Maundy) Penny 1870 (Maundy) Penny 1871 (Maundy) Penny 1872 (Maundy)
Penny 1873 (Maundy) Penny 1874 (Maundy) Penny 1875 (Maundy) Penny 1876 (Maundy) Penny 1877 (Maundy) Penny 1878 (Maundy)
Penny 1879 (Maundy) Penny 1880 (Maundy) Penny 1881 (Maundy) Penny 1882 (Maundy) Penny 1883 (Maundy) Penny 1884 (Maundy)
Penny 1885 (Maundy) Penny 1886 (Maundy) Penny 1887 (Maundy) Penny 1888 (Maundy) Penny 1889 (Maundy) Penny 1890 (Maundy)
Penny 1891 (Maundy) Penny 1892 (Maundy) Penny 1893 (Maundy) Penny 1894 (Maundy) Penny 1895 (Maundy) Penny 1896 (Maundy)
Penny 1897 (Maundy) Penny 1898 (Maundy) Penny 1899 (Maundy) Penny 1900 (Maundy) Penny 1901 (Maundy) Penny 1902 (Maundy)
Penny 1903 (Maundy) Penny 1904 (Maundy) Penny 1905 (Maundy) Penny 1906 (Maundy) Penny 1907 (Maundy) Penny 1908 (Maundy)
Penny 1909 (Maundy) Penny 1910 (Maundy) Penny 1911 (Maundy) Penny 1912 (Maundy) Penny 1913 (Maundy) Penny 1914 (Maundy)
Penny 1915 (Maundy) Penny 1916 (Maundy) Penny 1917 (Maundy) Penny 1918 (Maundy) Penny 1919 (Maundy) Penny 1920 (Maundy)
Penny 1921 (Maundy) Penny 1922 (Maundy) Penny 1923 (Maundy) Penny 1924 (Maundy) Penny 1925 (Maundy) Penny 1926 (Maundy)
Penny 1927 (Maundy) Penny 1928 (Maundy) Penny 1929 (Maundy) Penny 1930 (Maundy) Penny 1931 (Maundy) Penny 1932 (Maundy)
Penny 1933 (Maundy) Penny 1934 (Maundy) Penny 1935 (Maundy) Penny 1936 (Maundy) Penny 1937 (Maundy) Penny 1938 (Maundy)
Penny 1939 (Maundy) Penny 1940 (Maundy) Penny 1941 (Maundy) Penny 1942 (Maundy) Penny 1943 (Maundy) Penny 1944 (Maundy)
Penny 1945 (Maundy) Penny 1946 (Maundy) Penny 1947 (Maundy) Penny 1948 (Maundy) Penny 1949 (Maundy) Penny 1950 (Maundy)
Penny 1951 (Maundy) Penny 1952 (Maundy) Penny 1953 (Maundy) Penny 1954 (Maundy) Penny 1955 (Maundy) Penny 1956 (Maundy)
Penny 1957 (Maundy) Penny 1958 (Maundy) Penny 1959 (Maundy) Penny 1960 (Maundy) Penny 1961 (Maundy) Penny 1962 (Maundy)
Penny 1963 (Maundy) Penny 1964 (Maundy) Penny 1965 (Maundy) Penny 1966 (Maundy) Penny 1967 (Maundy) Penny 1968 (Maundy)
Penny 1969 (Maundy) Penny 1970 (Maundy)