Information about effigy: Queen Victoria - Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head)

Queen Victoria - Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head)
United Kingdom / Penny 1863

The dies for the new bronze coinage in 1860 were engraved by Leonard Charles Wyon, then Engraver to the Mint, who designed both the reverse and the obverse; he had earlier designed Queen Victoria's effigy with a banksia in her hair for the gold coinage of New South Wales.

His portrait, based on a model by William Theed, features a bust of Queen Victoria facing left wearing bodice and a mantle decorated with rose, thistle and shamrock (the floral symbols of the constituent parts of the United Kingdom - England, Scotland and Ireland respectively); in her hair is a wreath of leaves and berries tied at back with ribbon, her hair is drawn to a plaited bun behind; she wears a circular brooch; at the back of her shoulder, a small part of the Star of the Garter is visible, with a small part of its motto ("HONI SO"...) readable.

On the smallest coins (e.g. the third-farthing denomination) the lower part of the portrait is not shown and it is truncated at the neck.

The effigy is also known as the Queen's "Second Laureate Portrait".

The effigy was updated later to show a slightly older monarch.

Queen Victoria - Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) - Example/s on coins
United Kingdom / Penny 1863

Queen Victoria - early Bun Head portrait

United Kingdom / Penny 1863

Seen on this bronze penny is the original version of Leonard Wyon's portrait of Queen Victoria. The relief is more detailed, and the monarch looks young.

United Kingdom / Penny 1889

Queen Victoria - later Bun Head portrait

United Kingdom / Penny 1889

On a later bronze penny, the updated "Bun Head" portrait of Queen Victoria shows many subtle differences with the first version. The Queen appears older, indicated most obviously by the thick neck. The profile is more coarse, the nose irregular, the eye closer to the bridge of the nose. The hair below the wreath is much straighter and there is a groove between the back of the head and the "bun". Only the top of the rose on the neckline is showing, and the design on the mantle is lower so that the bottom half of the thistle and some rose leaves no longer appear.

Queen Victoria - Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head) - showing 100 of 110 coins (Page 1 of 2)
CountryNameMintageLegend
United Kingdom Penny 1860 (Small) 5,053,440 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1860 2,867,200 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1860 (Small) 6,630,400 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1861 8,601,600 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1861 36,449,280 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1861 54,118,400 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1862 50,534,400 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1862 61,107,200 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1862 14,336,000 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1863 28,062,720 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1863 15,948,800 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1863 1,433,600 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1864 2,508,800 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1864 537,600 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1864 3,440,640 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1865 8,064,000 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1865 8,601,600 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1865 4,659,200 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1866 3,584,000 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1866 9,999,360 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Third Farthing 1866 576,000 VICTORIA D. G. BRITT. REG. F. D.
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1866 2,508,800 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1867 5,017,600 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1867 2,508,800 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1867 5,483,520 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Third Farthing 1868 144,000 VICTORIA D. G. BRITT. REG. F. D.
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1868 3,046,400 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1868 1,182,720 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1868 4,851,208 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1869 3,225,600 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1869 3,225,600 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1869 2,580,480 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1870 5,695,022 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1870 4,350,739 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1871 1,290,318 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1871 1,075,280 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1872 2,150,400 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1872 4,659,410 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1872 8,494,572 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1873 3,404,880 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1873 3,225,620 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1873 8,494,200 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1874 3,584,000 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1874 12,288,105 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1874 6,365,265 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1875 6,805,560 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1875 6,685,215 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1875 11,443,680 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1876 6,809,600 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Third Farthing 1876 162,000 VICTORIA D. G. BRITT. REG. F. D.
United Kingdom Penny 1876 11,074,560 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1876 1,175,200 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1877 9,624,747 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1877 (Proof only) unknown VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1877 5,209,505 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1878 2,764,470 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Third Farthing 1878 288,000 VICTORIA D. G. BRITT. REG. F. D.
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1878 1,425,535 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1878 4,008,540 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1879 3,977,180 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1879 7,666,476 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1879 3,582,545 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1880 3,000,831 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1880 1,842,710 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1880 2,423,465 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1881 5,286,670 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Third Farthing 1881 144,000 VICTORIA D. G. BRITT. REG. F. D.
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1881 3,799,515 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1881 6,065,562 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1882 1,792,000 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1882 4,480,000 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1882 7,526,400 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1883 6,237,438 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1883 3,000,725 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1883 1,128,680 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Third Farthing 1884 144,000 VICTORIA D. G. BRITT. REG. F. D.
United Kingdom Farthing 1884 5,782,000 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1884 6,989,580 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1884 11,702,802 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1885 7,145,862 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1885 5,442,308 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Third Farthing 1885 288,000 VICTORIA D. G. BRITT. REG. F. D.
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1885 8,600,574 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1886 6,087,759 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1886 8,586,155 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1886 7,767,790 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1887 10,701,305 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1887 1,340,800 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1887 5,315,085 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1888 6,814,070 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1888 1,887,250 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1888 5,125,020 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1889 12,559,737 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1889 7,748,234 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1890 15,330,840 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1890 11,254,235 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1890 2,133,070 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Farthing 1891 4,959,690 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Penny 1891 17,885,961 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
United Kingdom Halfpenny 1891 13,192,260 VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F : D :
Showing 1 to 100 of 110 Coins.
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Queen Victoria - Portrait by Leonard Charles Wyon (Bun Head): Details
Year1860
Personal InformationQueen Victoria
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