Information about Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria (24 May 1819 - 22 January 1901)

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India.

Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at age 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power. Privately, Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments; publicly, she became a national icon who was identified with strict standards of personal morality.

Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. Their nine children married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together and earning her the sobriquet "the grandmother of Europe". After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances. As a result of her seclusion, republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration.

Her reign of 63 years and seven months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. Her son and successor, Edward VII, belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father.

Queen Victoria reigned in...
Reigned asIn CountryFromToCoins Issued
Queen Victoria Flag of New South Wales New South Wales 20 June 1837 1 January 1901 29
Queen Victoria Flag of South Australia South Australia 20 June 1837 1 January 1901 3
Queen Victoria Flag of Bahamas, British Crown Colony Bahamas, British Crown Colony 20 June 1837 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of Ceylon, British Ceylon, British 20 June 1837 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of Gibraltar Gibraltar 20 June 1837 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria, Lady of Mann Flag of Isle of Man Isle of Man 20 June 1837 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 20 June 1837 22 January 1901 882
Queen Victoria Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 6 February 1840 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of Hong Kong, British Hong Kong, British 26 January 1841 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of British West Africa British West Africa 13 January 1850 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of British Honduras British Honduras 12 May 1862 22 January 1901 14
Queen Victoria Flag of Canada Canada 1 July 1867 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of Fiji Fiji 10 October 1874 22 January 1901
Victoria, Empress of India Flag of India, Empire of (British Raj) India, Empire of (British Raj) 1 May 1876 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of Cyprus, British Cyprus, British 4 June 1878 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of East Africa Protectorate East Africa Protectorate 1 July 1895 22 January 1901
Queen Victoria Flag of Australia Australia 1 January 1901 22 January 1901 1
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