Home / General Information / List of Monarch Reigns (page 1)

Browse a list of all the monarch reigns that we know about.

List of monarch reigns, ordered by: Name A-Z / Name Z-A / Country A-Z / Country Z-A / Year 886-2015 / Year 2015-886

List of monarch reigns, with links to more detailed information (total 2,479):
CountryNameCoinsFromTo
(click name to filter)
Abu Dhabi زَايِـد بِـن سُـلْـطَـان آل نَـهْـيَـان‎ (Emir Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan) 6 August 1966 2 November 2004
Abu Dhabi خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان (Emir Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan) 2 November 2004
Albania Princ Vidi I (Prince Vidi I) 7 March 1914 31 January 1925
Albania King Zog I 1 September 1928 7 April 1939
Albania Viktor Emanueli III (Victor Emmanuel III), King of Italy 16 April 1939 8 September 1943
Albania, First Kingdom of King Charles I February 1272 7 January 1285
Albania, First Kingdom of King Charles II 7 January 1285 1294
Albania, First Kingdom of Philip I, Lord of the Kingdom of Albania 13 August 1294 23 December 1332
Albania, First Kingdom of Robert, Lord of the Kingdom of Albania 23 December 1332 10 September 1364
Albania, First Kingdom of John, Duke of Durazzo 1332 1336
Albania, First Kingdom of Charles, Duke of Durazzo 1336 1348
Albania, First Kingdom of Joanna, Duchess of Durazzo 1348 1368
Albania, First Kingdom of Louis, Duke of Durazzo 1366 1368
Albania, First Kingdom of Louis, Duke of Durazzo (restoration) 1376 1376
Albania, First Kingdom of Karl Topia, Prince of Albania 1358 1388
Antigua and Barbuda Queen Elizabeth II 1 November 1981
Aragon King Sancho Ramírez 1063 4 June 1094
Aragon King Peter I 4 June 1094 27 September 1104
Aragon Alfonso I el Batallador (King Alfonso I the Battler) 28 September 1104 8 September 1134
Aragon Chuan II (King John II) 27 June 1458 20 January 1479
Aragon Fernando II (King Ferdinand II) 20 January 1479 23 January 1516
Aragon King Alfonso V 2 April 1416 27 June 1458
Aragon Fernando I (King Ferdinand I) 3 September 1412 2 April 1416
Aragon King Martin I 19 May 1396 31 May 1410
Aragon Chuan I (King John I) 6 January 1387 19 May 1396
Aragon Pero IV (King Peter IV) 24 January 1336 6 January 1387
Aragon King Alfonso IV 2 November 1327 24 January 1336
Aragon Jaime II (King James II) 18 June 1291 2 November 1327
Aruba King Willem-Alexander 30 April 2013
Aruba Queen Beatrix 1 January 1986 30 April 2013
Athens, Duchy of Juan III (Duke John III), King of Aragon as John I 6 January 1387 2 May 1388
Athens, Duchy of Pedro (Duke Peter), King of Aragon as Peter IV 1379 6 January 1387
Athens, Duchy of Duchess Maria, Queen Maria of Sicily 27 January 1377 1379
Athens, Duchy of Duke Frederick II, King of Sicily as Frederick III or IV 11 July 1355 27 January 1377
Athens, Duchy of Duke Frederick I 1348 11 July 1355
Athens, Duchy of John II (Duke John of Randazzo) 22 August 1338 1348
Athens, Duchy of Duke William II 9 November 1317 22 August 1338
Athens, Duchy of Duke Francesco II 1455 1456
Athens, Duchy of Duke Francesco I 1451 1454
Athens, Duchy of Duke Antonio II January 1439 1441
Athens, Duchy of Duke Nerio II, first rule January 1435 January 1439
Athens, Duchy of Duke Nerio II, second rule 1441 1451
Athens, Duchy of Duke Antonio I, first rule 25 September 1394 1395
Athens, Duchy of Duke Antonio I, second rule 1402 January 1435
Athens, Duchy of Duke Nerio I 2 May 1388 25 September 1394
Athens, Duchy of Duke Manfred 1312 9 November 1317
Athens, Duchy of Duke Roger Deslaur 15 March 1311 1312
Athens, Duchy of Gautier (Duke Walter), Count Walter V of Brienne 5 October 1308 15 March 1311
Athens, Duchy of Duke Guy II 1287 5 October 1308
Athens, Duchy of Duke William I 1280 1287
Athens, Duchy of Duke John I 1263 1287
Athens, Duchy of Duke Guy I 1225 1263
Athens, Duchy of Duke Othon 1205 1225
Australia Queen Elizabeth II 468 6 February 1952
Australia Queen Victoria 1 January 1901 22 January 1901
Australia King Edward VII 4 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
Australia King George V 139 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
Australia King Edward VIII 3 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
Australia King George VI 86 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Karl I. (Archduke Charles I), King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor 12 January 1519 28 April 1521
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Maximilian I. (Archduke Maximilian I), Holy Roman Emperor 16 March 1490 12 January 1519
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Matthias Corvinus (contested) 14 August 1487 6 April 1490
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Siegmund (Archduke Sigismund of Upper Austria) 24 June 1439 16 March 1490
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Friedrich IV. (Duke Frederick IV of Upper Austria) 1402 24 June 1439
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Albrecht VI. (Archduke Albert VI) 23 November 1457 2 December 1463
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht VI. (Duke Albert VI of Inner Austria) 10 June 1424 23 November 1457
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Friedrich V. (Duke Frederick V of Lower Austria), Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick III 23 November 1457 19 August 1493
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Erzherzog Ernst (Archduke Ernest of Inner and Further Austria) 1406 10 June 1424
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Leopold IV. (Duke Leopold IV of Inner and Further Austria) November 1386 3 June 1411
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Wilhelm (Duke William of Inner and Further Austria) November 1386 15 July 1406
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Leopold III. (Duke Leopold III of Inner and Further Austria) 25 September 1379 9 July 1386
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Ladislaus (Duke Ladislaus of Lower Austria), King of Hungary as Ladislaus V 15 May 1440 23 November 1457
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht V. (Duke Albert V of Lower Austria) 14 September 1404 27 October 1439
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht IV. (Duke Albert IV of Lower Austria) 29 August 1395 14 September 1404
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht III. (Duke Albert III of Lower Austria) 25 September 1379 29 August 1395
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert III and Duke Leopold III, joint rule 27 July 1365 25 September 1379
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Rudolf IV. (Duke Rudolf IV) 16 August 1358 27 July 1365
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert II and Duke Otto, joint rule 13 January 1330 17 February 1339
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht II. (Duke Albert II) 17 February 1339 16 August 1358
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Frederick I and Duke Leopold I, joint rule 1 May 1308 28 February 1326
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Friedrich I. (Duke Frederick I) 28 February 1326 13 January 1330
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert I and Duke Rudolf III (King of Bohemia as Rudolf I), joint rule 21 November 1298 4 July 1307
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Duke Albert I and Duke Rudolf II, joint rule 27 December 1282 1 June 1283
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht I. (Duke Albert I), first sole reign 1 June 1283 21 November 1298
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Albrecht I. (Duke Albert I), second sole reign 4 July 1307 1 May 1308
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Rudolf I. (Duke Rudolf I), King of Germany 26 August 1278 27 December 1282
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy King Ottokar II of Bohemia, claimant 1251 November 1276
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Margrave Frederick I of Baden, claimant 4 October 1250 29 October 1268
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Margrave Herman VI of Baden, claimant 1248 4 October 1250
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Margrave Vladislaus III of Moravia, claimant 1246 3 January 1247
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Friedrich II. (Duke Frederick II) 28 July 1230 15 June 1246
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Luitpold VI. (Duke Leopold VI) 16 April 1198 28 July 1230
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Friedrich I. (Duke Frederick I the Catholic) 31 December 1194 16 April 1198
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Luitpold V. (Duke Leopold V) 13 January 1177 31 December 1194
Austria, Duchy and Archduchy Herzog Heinrich II. (Duke Henry II) 17 August 1156 13 January 1177
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Franz II. (Archduke Francis II), Holy Roman Emperor 1 March 1792 11 August 1804
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Joseph I. (Archduke Joseph I), Holy Roman Emperor 5 May 1705 17 April 1711
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Karl III. (Archduke Charles III), Holy Roman Emperor 17 April 1711 20 October 1740
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzogin Maria Theresia (Archduchess Maria Theresa) 20 October 1740 29 November 1780
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Franz I. (Archduke Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor 21 November 1740 18 August 1765
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Joseph II. (Archduke Joseph II), Holy Roman Emperor 18 August 1765 20 February 1790
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Leopold VII. (Archduke Leopold VII), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II 20 February 1790 1 March 1792
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Leopold VI (Archduke Leopold VI), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold I 2 April 1657 5 May 1705
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Sigismund Franz (Archduke Sigismund Francis of Further Austria) 30 December 1662 25 June 1665
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand Karl (Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Further Austria) 13 September 1632 30 December 1662
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Leopold V. (Archduke Leopold V of Further Austria) 23 February 1623 13 September 1632
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand IV. (Archduke of Lower and Inner Austria), Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand III 15 February 1637 2 April 1657
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand III. (Archduke Ferdinand III), Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand II 9 October 1619 15 February 1637
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Karl II. Franz (Archduke Charles II Francis of Inner Austria) 25 July 1564 10 July 1590
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Maximilian III. (Archduke Maximilian III of Further Austria) 20 January 1612 2 November 1618
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Matthias (Archduke Matthias), Holy Roman Emperor 25 June 1608 20 March 1619
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand II. (Archduke Ferdinand II of Further Austria) 25 July 1564 24 January 1595
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Albrecht VII. (Archduke Albert VII of Lower and Upper Austria) 20 March 1619 9 October 1619
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Rudolf V. (Archduke Rudolf V of Lower and Upper Austria), Holy Roman Emperor as Rudolf II 12 October 1576 25 June 1608
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Maximilian II. (Archduke Maximilian II of Lower and Upper Austria), Holy Roman Emperor 25 July 1564 12 October 1576
Austria, Habsburg Monarchy Erzherzog Ferdinand I. (Archduke Ferdinand I), Holy Roman Emperor 28 April 1521 25 July 1564
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Heinrich II. (Margrave Henry II) 18 October 1141 17 August 1156
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Luitpold IV. (Margrave Leopold IV), Duke of Bavaria as Leopold I 15 November 1136 18 October 1141
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Luitpold III. (Margrave Leopold III) 12 October 1095 15 November 1136
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Luitpold II. (Margrave Leopold II) 10 June 1075 12 October 1095
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Ernst (Margrave Ernest) 26 May 1055 10 June 1075
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Albrecht (Margrave Adalbert) 23 June 1018 26 May 1055
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Heinrich I. (Margrave Henry I) 10 July 994 23 June 1018
Austria, Margraviate of Markgraf Luitpold I. (Margrave Leopold I) 21 July 976 10 July 994
Austrian Empire Franz I. (Emperor Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 11 August 1804 2 March 1835
Austrian Empire Ferdinand I. (Emperor Ferdinand I) 2 March 1835 2 December 1848
Austrian Empire Franz Joseph I. (Emperor Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 21 November 1916
Austrian Empire Karl I. (Emperor Charles I) 21 November 1916 11 November 1918
Ayutthaya รามาธิบดีที่ 1 (King Ramathibodi I) 1350 1369
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระราเมศวร (King Ramesuan), first reign 1369 1370
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระราเมศวร (King Ramesuan), second reign 1388 1395
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 1 (King Borommarachathirat I) 1370 1388
Ayutthaya ทองลัน (King Thong Lan) 1388 1388
Ayutthaya รามราชาธิราช (King Ramrachathirat) 1395 1409
Ayutthaya อินทราชา (King Intharacha) 1409 1424
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 2 (King Borommarachathirat II) 1424 1448
Ayutthaya บรมไตรโลกนาถ (King Borommatrailokkanat) 1448 1488
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 3 (King Borommarachathirat III) 1488 1491
Ayutthaya รามาธิบดีที่ 2 (King Ramathibodi II) 1491 1529
Ayutthaya สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 4 (King Borommarachathirat IV) 1529 1533
Ayutthaya รัษฎาธิราช (King Ratsadathirat) 1533 1534
Ayutthaya ไชยราชาธิราช (King Chairachathirat) 1534 1546
Ayutthaya ยอดฟ้า (King Yotfa) 1546 10 June 1548
Ayutthaya วรวงศาธิราช (King Worawongsathirat) 1548 11 November 1548
Ayutthaya มหาจักรพรรดิ (King Maha Chakkraphat), first reign 11 November 1548 1564
Ayutthaya มหาจักรพรรดิ (King Maha Chakkraphat), second reign 1568 1569
Ayutthaya มหินทราธิราช (King Mahinthrathirat), first reign 1564 1568
Ayutthaya มหินทราธิราช (King Mahinthrathirat), second reign 1569 1569
Ayutthaya มหาธรรมราชาธิราช (King Mahathammarachathirat) 1569 1590
Ayutthaya นเรศวร (King Naresuan) 29 July 1590 25 April 1605
Ayutthaya เอกาทศรถ (King Ekathotsarot) 25 April 1605 1620
Ayutthaya ศรีเสาวภาคย์ (King Si Saowaphak) 1620 1620
Ayutthaya ทรงธรรม (King Songtham) 1620 1628
Ayutthaya เชษฐาธิราช (King Chetthathirat) 1628 1629
Ayutthaya อาทิตยวงศ (King Athittayawong) 1629 1629
Ayutthaya ปราสาททอง (King Prasatthong) 1629 1656
Ayutthaya ไชย (King Chai) 1656 1656
Ayutthaya ศรีสุธรรมราชา (King Si Suthammaracha) August 1656 26 October 1656
Ayutthaya นารายณ (King Narai) 26 October 1656 11 July 1688
Ayutthaya เพทราชา (King Phetracha) 11 July 1688 February 1703
Ayutthaya สุริเยนทราธิบดี (King Suriyenthrathibodi) 1703 1709
Ayutthaya ท้ายสระี (King Thai Sa) 1709 1732
Ayutthaya บรมโกศ (King Borommakot) 1733 1758
Ayutthaya อุทุมพร (King Uthumphon) 1758 1758
Ayutthaya เอกทัศ (King Ekkathat) 1758 7 April 1767
Baden, Margraviate of Markgraf Friedrich I. (Margrave Frederick I) 4 October 1250 29 October 1268
Baden, Margraviate of Markgraf Hermann VI. (Margrave Herman VI) 16 January 1243 4 October 1250
Bahamas Queen Elizabeth II 224 10 July 1973
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King George I 6 January 1718 11 June 1727
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King George II 11 June 1727 25 October 1760
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King George III 2 25 October 1760 29 January 1820
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King George IV 29 January 1820 26 June 1830
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King William IV 26 June 1830 20 June 1837
Bahamas, British Crown Colony Queen Victoria 20 June 1837 22 January 1901
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King Edward VII 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King George V 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
Bahamas, British Crown Colony King George VI 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
Bahamas, British Crown Colony Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 10 July 1973
Bahrain عيسى بن سلمان آل خليف (Emir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa) 16 August 1971 6 March 1999
Bahrain حمد بن عيسى بن سلمان آل خليفة (Emir Hamad bin Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa) 6 March 1999 14 February 2002
Bahrain حمد بن عيسى بن سلمان آل خليفة (King Hamad bin Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa) 14 February 2002
Barbados Queen Elizabeth II 30 November 1966
Bavaria, Duchy of Herzog Heinrich XI. (Duke Henry XI) 18 October 1141 17 August 1156
Bavaria, Duchy of Herzog Luitpold I. (Duke Leopold I) 1139 18 October 1141
Bavaria, Duchy of Heinrich VII. (Duke Henry VII) 1042 16 October 1047
Bavaria, Duchy of Heinrich V. (Duke Henry V) 1004 27 February 1026
Bavaria, Electorate of Karl Albrecht (Prince-elector Charles Albert), Holy Roman Emperor 26 February 1726 20 January 1745
Bavaria, Electorate of Maximilian II. Emanuel (Prince-elector Maximilian II Emanuel) 26 April 1679 26 February 1726
Belize Queen Elizabeth II 21 September 1981
Bhutan ཨོ་རྒྱན་དབང་ཕྱུག (King Ugyen Wangchuck) 17 December 1907 26 August 1926
Bhutan འཇིགས་མེད་དབང་ཕྱུག (King Jigme Wangchuck) 26 August 1926 30 March 1952
Bhutan འཇིགས་མེད་རྡོ་རྗེ་དབང་ཕྱུག (King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck) 30 March 1952 21 July 1972
Bhutan འཇིགས་མེད་སེང་གེ་དབང་ཕྱུག (King Jigme Singye Wangchuck) 21 July 1972 9 December 2006
Bhutan འཇིགས་མེད་གེ་སར་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་དབང་ཕྱུག (King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck) 6 December 2006
Bohemia František I. (King Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 1 March 1792 2 March 1835
Bohemia Ferdinand V. (King Ferdinand V) 2 March 1835 2 December 1848
Bohemia František Josef I. (King Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 21 November 1916
Bohemia Karel III. (King Charles III) 21 November 1916 11 November 1918
Bohemia Karel Albrecht (Prince-elector Charles VII), Holy Roman Emperor 19 December 1741 12 May 1743
Bohemia Josef I. (King Joseph I), Holy Roman Emperor 5 May 1705 17 April 1711
Bohemia Karel II. (King Charles II), Holy Roman Emperor 17 April 1711 20 October 1740
Bohemia Marie Terezie (Queen Maria Theresa), Archduchess of Austria 20 October 1740 19 December 1741
Bohemia Josef II. (King Joseph II), Holy Roman Emperor 29 November 1780 20 February 1790
Bohemia Leopold II. (King Leopold II), Holy Roman Emperor 20 February 1790 1 March 1792
Bohemia Leopold I. (King Leopold I), Holy Roman Emperor 2 April 1657 5 May 1705
Bohemia Ferdinand III. (King Ferdinand III), Holy Roman Emperor 21 November 1627 2 April 1657
Bohemia Ferdinand II. (King Ferdinand II), Holy Roman Emperor 5 June 1617 15 February 1637
Bohemia Matyáš (King Matthias), Holy Roman Emperor 11 March 1611 16 May 1617
Bohemia Rudolf II. (King Rudolf II), Holy Roman Emperor 22 September 1575 11 March 1611
Bohemia Maxmilián II. (King Maximilian II), Holy Roman Emperor 20 September 1562 12 October 1576
Bohemia Ferdinand I. (King Ferdinand I), Holy Roman Emperor 24 October 1526 25 July 1564
Bohemia Matyáš Korvín (King Matthias Corvinus) 3 May 1469 6 April 1490
Bohemia Ladislav (King Ladislaus), King of Hungary as Ladislaus V 28 October 1453 23 November 1457
Bohemia Albrecht (King Albert), Duke of Lower Austria as Albert V 6 May 1438 27 October 1439
Bohemia Rudolf I. (King Rudolf I) 4 August 1306 4 July 1307
Bohemia Přemysl II. Otakar (King Ottokar II) 23 September 1253 26 August 1278
Bohemia Václav IV. (King Wenceslaus IV) 29 November 1378 16 August 1419
Bohemia Karel IV. (King Charles IV), Holy Roman Emperor 26 August 1346 29 November 1378
Bohemia Jan (King John the Blind) 3 December 1310 26 August 1346
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Johann Sigismund (Margrave-elector John Sigismund) 18 July 1608 23 December 1619
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Georg Wilhelm (Margrave-elector George William) 23 December 1619 1 December 1640
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich Wilhelm (Margrave-elector Frederick William) 1 December 1640 29 April 1688
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich V. (Margrave-elector Frederick V, King Frederick I of Prussia) 29 April 1688 25 February 1713
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich Wilhelm III. (Margrave-elector Frederick William III, King Frederick William I of Prussia) 25 February 1713 31 May 1740
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich VII. (Margrave-elector Frederick VII, King Frederick II of Prussia) 31 May 1740 17 August 1786
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich Wilhelm IV. (Markgrave-elector Frederick William IV, King Frederick William II of Prussia) 17 August 1786 16 November 1797
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Friedrich Wilhelm V. (Markgrave-elector Frederick William V, King Frederick William III of Prussia) 16 November 1797 6 August 1806
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Margrave-elector Jobst of Moravia 1388 18 January 1411
Brandenburg, Margraviate of Margrave-elector Wenzel, King of Bohemia as Wenceslaus IV 2 October 1373 29 November 1378
Brazil Dom Pedro I (Emperor Peter I) 12 October 1822 7 April 1831
Brazil Dom Pedro II (Emperor Peter II) 7 April 1831 15 November 1889
British Honduras Queen Victoria 14 12 May 1862 22 January 1901
British Honduras King Edward VII 9 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
British Honduras King George V 23 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
British Honduras King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
British Honduras King George VI 25 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
British Honduras Queen Elizabeth II 57 6 February 1952 21 September 1981
British West Africa Queen Victoria 13 January 1850 22 January 1901
British West Africa King Edward VII 9 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
British West Africa King George V 127 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
British West Africa King Edward VIII 3 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
British West Africa King George VI 72 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
British West Africa Queen Elizabeth II 7 6 February 1952 5 October 1965
Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) Georg Ludwig (George Louis, Elector of Hanover) 23 January 1698 11 June 1727
Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) Georg II. August (George Augustus, Elector of Hanover) 11 June 1727 25 October 1760
Brunswick-Lüneburg (Electorate of Hanover) Georg III. Wilhelm Friedrich (George William Frederick, Elector of Hanover) 25 October 1760 6 August 1806
Bulgaria Княз Александър Батенберг (Prince Alexander of Battenberg) 8 29 April 1879 7 September 1886
Bulgaria Княз Фердинанд I (Prince Ferdinand I) 22 7 July 1887 5 October 1908
Bulgaria Цар Фердинанд I (Tsar Ferdinand I) 22 5 October 1908 3 October 1918
Bulgaria Цар Борис III (Tsar Boris III) 23 3 October 1918 28 August 1943
Bulgaria Цар Симеон II (Tsar Simeon II) 28 August 1943 15 September 1946
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Петър IV (Tsar Peter IV), first reign 1185 1190
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Петър IV (Tsar Peter IV), second reign 1196 1197
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен II (Tsar Ivan Asen I) 1189 1196
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калоян (Tsar Kaloyan) 1197 October 1207
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Борил (Tsar Boril) 1207 1218
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен II (Tsar Ivan Asen II) 1218 24 June 1241
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калиман I (Tsar Kaliman I) 1241 1246
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Михаил II Асен (Tsar Michael II Asen) 1246 1256
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Калиман Асен II (Tsar Kaliman Asen II) 1256 1256
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Мицо Асен (Tsar Mitso Asen) 1256 1257
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Константин Тих (Tsar Constantine Tikh) 1257 1277
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Михаил Асен II (Tsar Michael Asen II) 1277 1278
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Ивайло и Цар Михаил Асен II (Tsar Ivaylo and Tsar Michael Asen II) 1278 1279
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Асен III (Tsar Ivan Asen III) 1279 1280
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Георги Тертер I (Tsar George Terter I) 1280 1292
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Смилец (Tsar Smilets) 1292 1298
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван II (Tsar Ivan II) 1298 1299
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Чака (Tsar Chaka) 1299 1300
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Теодор Светослав (Tsar Theodore Svetoslav) 1300 1322
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Георги Тертер II (Tsar George Terter II) 1321 1322
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Михаил Асен III (Tsar Mihail Asen III) 1323 31 July 1330
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Стефан (Tsar Ivan Stefan) August 1330 March 1331
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Александър (Tsar Ivan Alexander) 1331 17 February 1371
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Срацимир (Tsar Ivan Sratsimir) 1356 1396
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Иван Шишман (Tsar Ivan Shishman) 17 February 1371 3 June 1395
Bulgaria, Second Kingdom of Цар Константин II (Tsar Constantine II) 1396 17 September 1422
Canada Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952
Canada Queen Victoria 1 July 1867 22 January 1901
Canada King Edward VII 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
Canada King George V 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
Canada King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
Canada King George VI 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
Castile, Crown of Ferdinand I of Portugal, King of Galicia in Castille 23 March 1369 31 March 1371
Castile, Crown of Queen Joanna and King Philip I 12 July 1506 25 September 1506
Castile, Crown of Queen Isabella I and King Ferdinand V (II of Aragon) 15 January 1475 26 November 1504
Castile, Crown of Queen Isabella I, sole reign 11 December 1474 15 January 1475
Cayman Islands Queen Elizabeth II 6 August 1962
Ceylon, British Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 22 May 1972
Ceylon, British King George VI 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
Ceylon, British King George III 10 March 1815 29 January 1820
Ceylon, British King George IV 29 January 1820 26 June 1830
Ceylon, British King William IV 26 June 1830 20 June 1837
Ceylon, British Queen Victoria 20 June 1837 22 January 1901
Ceylon, British King Edward VII 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
Ceylon, British King George V 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
Ceylon, British King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
Cook Islands Queen Elizabeth II 1 4 August 1965
Cretan State Πρίγκηψ Γεώργιος της Ελλάδος (Prince George of Greece) 11 21 December 1898 30 September 1906
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Franjo I. (King Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 1 March 1792 2 March 1835
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Ferdinand V. (King Ferdinand V) 2 March 1835 2 December 1848
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Franjo Josip I. (King Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 26 September 1868
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Josip I. (King Joseph I), Holy Roman Emperor 5 May 1705 17 April 1711
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Karlo III. (King Charles III), Holy Roman Emperor 17 April 1711 20 October 1740
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Marija Terezija (Queen Maria Theresa), Archduchess of Austria 20 October 1740 29 November 1780
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Josip II. (King Joseph II), Holy Roman Emperor 29 November 1780 20 February 1790
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Leopold II. (King Leopold II), Holy Roman Emperor 20 February 1790 1 March 1792
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Leopold I. (King Leopold I), Holy Roman Emperor 2 April 1657 5 May 1705
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Ferdinand III. (King Ferdinand III), Holy Roman Emperor 8 December 1625 2 April 1657
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Ferdinand II. (King Ferdinand II), Holy Roman Emperor 1 July 1618 15 February 1637
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Matija II. (King Matthias II), Holy Roman Emperor as Matthias 25 June 1608 1 July 1618
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of King Rudolf, Holy Roman Emperor as Rudolf II 25 September 1572 25 June 1608
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Maksimilijan I. (King Maximilian I), Holy Roman Emperor as Maximilian II 8 September 1563 12 October 1576
Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of Ferdinand I. (King Ferdinand I), Holy Roman Emperor 16 December 1526 25 July 1564
Croatia, Independent State of King Tomislav II 18 May 1941 31 July 1943
Croatia, Kingdom of (Union with Hungary) Matija Korvin (King Matthias Corvinus) 24 January 1458 6 April 1490
Croatia, Kingdom of (Union with Hungary) Ladislav V. (King Ladislaus V the Posthumous) 15 May 1440 23 November 1457
Croatia, Kingdom of (Union with Hungary) Albert (King Albert), Duke of Lower Austria as Albert V 18 December 1437 27 October 1439
Croatia-Slavonia, Kingdom of Franjo Josip I. (King Francis Joseph I) 26 September 1868 21 November 1916
Croatia-Slavonia, Kingdom of Karlo IV. (King Charles IV) 21 November 1916 11 November 1918
Curaçao King Willem-Alexander 30 April 2013
Curaçao Queen Beatrix 10 October 2010 30 April 2013
Cyprus, British Queen Victoria 4 June 1878 22 January 1901
Cyprus, British King Edward VII 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
Cyprus, British King George V 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
Cyprus, British King Edward VIII 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
Cyprus, British King George VI 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
Cyprus, British Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 16 August 1960
Dalmatia, Kingdom of Franjo I. (King Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II 22 June 1815 2 March 1835
Dalmatia, Kingdom of Ferdinand I. (King Ferdinand I) 2 March 1835 2 December 1848
Dalmatia, Kingdom of Franjo Josip I. (King Francis Joseph I) 2 December 1848 21 November 1916
Dalmatia, Kingdom of Karlo IV. (King Charles IV) 21 November 1916 11 November 1918
Denmark Magnus Olavsson (King Magnus I Olafsson) 8 June 1042 25 October 1047
Denmark Oluf 2. Håkonsen (King Olaf II Haakonsson) 3 May 1376 23 August 1387
Denmark Margrete 1. Valdemarsdatter (Queen Margaret I) 10 August 1387 28 October 1412
Denmark Erik 7. af Pommern (King Eric VII of Pomerania) 1396 1439
Denmark Christoffer 3. af Bayern (King Christopher III of Bavaria) 9 April 1440 5 January 1448
Denmark Christian 1. (King Christian I) 1 September 1448 21 May 1481
Denmark Hans (King John) 21 May 1481 20 February 1513
Denmark Christian 2. (King Christian II) 22 July 1513 20 January 1523
Denmark Frederik 1. (King Frederick I) 1523 10 April 1533
Denmark Christian 3. (King Christian III) 4 July 1534 1 January 1559
Denmark Frederik 2. (King Frederick II) 1 January 1559 4 April 1588
Denmark Christian 4. (King Christian IV) 4 April 1588 28 February 1648
Denmark Frederik 3. (King Frederick III) 28 February 1648 9 February 1670
Denmark Christian 5. (King Christian V) 9 February 1670 25 August 1699
Denmark Frederik 4. (King Frederick IV) 25 August 1699 12 October 1730
Denmark Christian 6. (King Christian VI) 12 October 1730 6 August 1746
Denmark Frederik 5. (King Frederick V) 6 August 1746 14 January 1766
Denmark Christian 7. (King Christian VII) 14 January 1766 13 March 1808
Denmark Frederik 6. (King Frederick VI) 13 March 1808 3 December 1839
Denmark Christian 8. (King Christian VIII) 3 December 1839 20 January 1848
Denmark Gorm den Gamle (King Gorm the Old) 936 958
Denmark Harald Blåtand Gormsen (King Harald I Bluetooth) 958 986
Denmark Svend Tveskæg (King Sweyn I Forkbeard) 986 3 February 1014
Denmark Harald 2. Svendsen (King Harald II Svendsen) 3 February 1014 1018
Denmark Knud den Store (King Cnut the Great) 1018 12 November 1035
Denmark Hardeknud (King Harthacnut) 12 November 1035 8 June 1042
Denmark Svend 2. Estridsen (King Sweyn II Estridsson) 25 October 1047 28 April 1074
Denmark Harald 3. Hen (King Harald III) 1074 17 April 1080
Denmark Knud 4. den Hellige (King Canute IV) 1080 10 July 1086
Denmark Oluf Hunger (King Olaf I) 10 July 1086 18 August 1095
Denmark Erik Ejegod (King Eric I) 1095 10 July 1103
Denmark King Niels 1104 25 June 1134
Denmark Erik 2. Emune (King Eric II) 1134 18 July 1137
Denmark Erik 3. Lam (King Eric III) 1137 1146
Denmark Svend 3. Grathe (King Sweyn III) 1146 23 October 1157
Denmark Knud 5. Magnussen (King Canute V Magnussen) 1146 9 August 1157
Denmark Valdemar 1. den Store (King Valdemar I) 1146 12 May 1182
Denmark Knud 6. Valdemarsøn (King Canute VI) 1182 12 November 1202
Denmark Valdemar 2. Sejr (King Valdemar II) 1202 28 March 1241
Denmark Valdemar den Unge (King Valdemar the Young) 1215 28 November 1231
Denmark Erik 4. Plovpenning (King Eric IV Ploughpenny) 30 May 1232 10 August 1250
Denmark King Abel 1 October 1250 29 June 1252
Denmark Christoffer 1. (King Christopher I) 1252 29 May 1259
Denmark Erik 5. Klipping (King Eric V) 1259 22 November 1286
Denmark Erik 6. Menved (King Eric VI) 1286 13 November 1319
Denmark Christoffer 2. (King Christopher II), first reign 1320 1326
Denmark Christoffer 2. (King Christopher II), second reign 1329 2 July 1332
Denmark Erik Christoffersen (Eric Christoffersen, junior king), first reign 1321 1326
Denmark Valdemar 3. (King Valdemar III) 1326 1329
Denmark Erik Christoffersen (Eric Christoffersen, junior king), second reign 1329 1332
Denmark Valdemar 4. Atterdag (King Valdemar IV) 24 June 1340 24 October 1375
Denmark Frederik 7. (King Frederick VII) 20 January 1848 15 November 1863
Denmark Frederik 8. (King Frederick VIII) 29 January 1906 14 May 1912
Denmark Frederik 9. (King Frederick IX) 20 April 1947 14 January 1972
Denmark Christian 9. (King Christian IX) 15 November 1863 29 January 1906
Denmark Christian 10. (King Christian X) 14 May 1912 20 April 1947
Denmark Margrethe 2. (Queen Margrethe II) 14 January 1972
Dutch Republic Willem V (Stadtholder William V), Prince of Orange 22 October 1751 23 February 1795
Dutch Republic Willem IV (Stadtholder William IV), Prince of Orange 22 November 1747 22 October 1751
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine the Great, Constantine II and Constantius II 19 September 324 22 May 337
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantius II, Constantine II and Constans 22 May 337 340
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantius II and Constans 340 350
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus (Emperor Constantius II) 350 3 November 361
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus (Emperor Julian the Apostate) 3 November 361 26 June 363
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Iovianus Augustus (Emperor Jovian) 27 June 363 17 February 364
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Valentinianus Augustus (Emperor Valentinian I) 26 February 364 28 March 364
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Julius Valens Augustus (Emperor Valens) 28 March 364 9 August 378
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II 9 August 378 19 January 379
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Theodosius Augustus (Emperor Theodosius I) 19 January 379 17 January 395
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Arcadius Augustus (Emperor Arcadius) 17 January 395 1 May 408
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Theodosius Iunior Augustus (Emperor Theodosius II) 1 May 408 28 July 450
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Aelia Pulcheria (Empress Pulcheria) 28 July 450 July 453
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Flavius Marcianus Augustus (Emperor Marcian) 450 27 January 457
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Α' ὁ Θρᾷξ / Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus (Emperor Leo I) 27 January 457 18 January 474
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Β' / Flavius Leo Iunior Augustus (Emperor Leo II) 18 January 474 17 November 474
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζήνων / Flavius Zeno Augustus (Emperor Zeno), first reign 9 February 474 9 January 475
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζήνων / Flavius Zeno Augustus (Emperor Zeno), second reign August 476 9 April 491
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασιλίσκος / Flavius Basiliscus Augustus (Emperor Basiliscus) 9 January 475 August 476
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀναστάσιος Α' ὁ Δίκορος / Flavius Anastasius Augustus (Emperor Anastasius I) 11 April 491 9 July 518
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστίνος / Flavius Iustinus Augustus (Emperor Justin I) July 518 1 August 527
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Πέτρος Σαββάτιος Ἰουστινιανός / Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus (Justinian I) 1 August 527 14 November 565
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Ἰουστίνος ὁ νεώτερος / Flavius Iustinus Iunior Augustus (Emperor Justin II) 15 November 565 7 December 574
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Τιβέριος Β' / Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Tiberius II Constantine) 7 December 574 13 August 582
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Μαυρίκιος Τιβέριος Αὔγουστος / Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus (Emperor Maurice) 13 August 582 27 November 602
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φωκᾶς / Flavius Phocas Augustus (Emperor Phocas) 13 August 582 5 October 610
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος / Flavius Heraclius Augustus (Emperor Heraclius) 5 October 610 22 January 613
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Heraclius and Constantine III 22 January 613 4 July 638
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Heraclius, Constantine III and Heraklonas 4 July 638 11 February 641
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine III and Heraklonas 11 February 641 20 April 641
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ἡράκλειος / Flavius Constantinus Heraclius (Emperor Heraklonas) 20 April 641 September 641
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κώνστας Β' / Heraclius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Constans II) September 641 15 September 668
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Δ' / Flavius Constantinus Augustus (Emperor Constantine IV) 15 September 668 14 September 685
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστινιανός Β΄ / Iustinianus Augustus (Emperor Justinian II), first reign 14 September 685 695
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰουστινιανός Β΄ / Iustinianus Augustus (Emperor Justinian II), second reign 21 August 705 706
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Justinian II and Tiberius 706 11 December 711
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λεόντιος / Leontius Augustus (Emperor Leontios) 695 698
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Τιβέριος Γʹ / Tiberius Augustus (Emperor Tiberius III) 698 21 August 705
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Φιλιππικός (Emperor Philippikos) 11 December 711 3 June 713
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀρτέμιος Ἀναστάσιος Β΄ (Emperor Anastasius II) 3 June 713 November 715
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεοδόσιος Γ΄ (Emperor Theodosius III) May 715 25 March 717
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιζίζιος (Mizizios), usurper in Sicily 15 September 668 669
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Γ΄ ὁ Ἴσαυρος (Emperor Leo III the Isaurian) 25 March 717 August 720
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ε΄ (Emperor Constantine V) 18 June 741 751
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Leo III and Constantine V August 720 18 June 741
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀρταύασδος (Artavasdos), usurper June 741 November 743
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Constantine V and Leo IV 751 14 September 775
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων Δ΄ ὁ Χάζαρος (Leo IV the Khazar) 14 September 775 24 April 776
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Leo IV the Khazar and Constantine VI 24 April 776 8 September 780
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ϛ΄ (Emperor Constantine VI) 8 September 780 August 797
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Εἰρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία (Empress Irene) August 797 31 October 802
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Α΄ (Emperor Nikephoros I) 31 October 802 December 803
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Nikephoros I and Staurakios December 803 26 July 811
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Σταυράκιος (Emperor Staurakios) 26 July 811 2 October 811
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαῆλ A' Ῥαγγαβέ (Emperor Michael I Rhangabe) 2 October 811 22 June 813
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων ὁ ἐξ Ἀρμενίας (Emperor Leo V the Armenian) 22 June 813 25 December 820
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Β' (Emperor Michael II) 25 December 820 2 October 829
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεόφιλος (Emperor Theophilos) 2 October 829 20 January 842
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Γʹ (Emperor Michael III) 20 January 842 23 September 867
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασίλειος ὁ Μακεδών (Emperor Basil I the Macedonian) 23 September 867 29 August 886
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Λέων ΣΤ΄ ὁ Σοφός (Emperor Leo VI) 29 August 886 11 May 912
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξανδρος (Emperor Alexander) 11 May 912 6 June 913
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος (Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos), first sole reign 6 June 913 17 December 920
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος (Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos), second sole reign 16 December 944 9 November 959
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors Romanos I Lekapenos and Constantine VII 17 December 920 16 December 944
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ρωμανός Β΄ (Emperor Romanos II) 9 November 959 15 March 963
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Β΄ Φωκᾶς (Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas) 16 August 963 11 December 969
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰωάννης Α΄ Τζιμισκής (Emperor John I Tzimiskes) 11 December 969 10 January 976
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Βασίλειος Β΄ (Emperor Basil II) 10 January 976 15 December 1025
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄ (Emperor Constantine VIII) 15 December 1025 11 November 1028
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Ῥωμανὸς Γ΄ Ἀργυρὸς (Emperor Romanos III Argyros) 15 November 1028 11 April 1034
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Μιχαὴλ Δ΄ ὁ Παφλαγὼν (Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian) 11 April 1034 10 December 1041
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Μιχαὴλ Ε΄ ὁ Καλαφάτης (Emperor Michael V the Caulker) 10 December 1041 20 April 1042
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Empresses Zoë and Theodora 20 April 1042 11 June 1042
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ζωὴ Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Zoë) and Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος (Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos) 11 June 1042 June 1050
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος (Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos) June 1050 11 January 1055
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Θεοδώρα Πορφυρογέννητη (Empress Theodora) 11 January 1055 31 August 1056
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ ΣΤ΄ Βρίγγας (Emperor Michael VI Bringas) September 1056 31 August 1057
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός (Emperor Isaac I Komnenos) 5 June 1057 22 November 1059
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος Ι΄ Δούκας (Emperor Constantine X Doukas) 24 November 1059 22 May 1067
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας (Emperor Michael VII Doukas), second sole reign 24 October 1071 24 March 1078
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ρωμανός Δʹ Διογένης (Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes) and Michael VII 1 January 1068 24 October 1071
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας (Emperor Michael VII Doukas), first sole reign 22 May 1067 1 January 1068
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης (Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates) 7 January 1078 1 April 1081
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios I Komnenos) 1 April 1081 15 August 1118
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Βʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor John II Komnenos) 15 August 1118 8 April 1143
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός (Emperor Manuel I Komnenos) 8 April 1143 24 September 1180
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός (Emperor Alexios II Komnenos) 24 September 1180 October 1183
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός (Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos) 24 September 1183 12 September 1185
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος (Emperor Isaac II Angelos), first sole reign 12 September 1185 March 1195
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος (Emperor Isaac II Angelos), second sole reign 17 July 1203 August 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος (Emperor Alexios III Angelos) March 1195 17 July 1203
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀλέξιος Εʹ Δούκας (Emperor Alexios V Doukas) 5 February 1204 12 April 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperor Alexios IV Angelos and Isaac II Angelos August 1203 27 January 1204
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos) 25 December 1261 11 December 1282
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀνδρόνικος Βʹ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos) 11 December 1282 23 May 1328
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ανδρόνικος Γʹ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos) 23 May 1328 15 June 1341
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), first sole rule 15 June 1341 31 March 1347
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), third sole rule 1 July 1379 14 April 1390
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John V Palaiologos), fourth sole rule 17 September 1390 16 February 1391
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos and John VI Kantakouzenos 31 March 1347 13 April 1353
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos, John VI Kantakouzenos and Matthew Kantakouzenos 13 April 1353 10 December 1354
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Emperors John V Palaiologos and Matthew Kantakouzenos 10 December 1354 1357
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos) 6 January 1449 29 May 1453
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ίωάννης Η' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John VIII Palaiologos) 21 July 1425 31 October 1448
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Μανουήλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Manuel II Palaiologos) 16 February 1391 21 July 1425
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ιωάννης Ζ' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor John VII Palaiologos) 14 April 1390 17 September 1390
Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) Ἀνδρόνικος Δ' Παλαιολόγος (Emperor Andronikos IV Palaiologos) 12 August 1376 1 July 1379
1 | Next page ->