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Information about Papal States.

Country: Papal States
From year754
Existed to1870
Description

The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Italian: Stato della Chiesa; Latin: Status Ecclesiae) were territories in the Italian Peninsula under the sovereign direct rule of the pope, from the 8th century until 1870. They were among the major states of Italy from roughly the 8th century until the Italian Peninsula was unified in 1861 by the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. At their zenith, they covered most of the modern Italian regions of Lazio (which includes Rome), Marche, Umbria and Romagna, and portions of Emilia. These holdings were considered to be a manifestation of the temporal power of the pope, as opposed to his ecclesiastical primacy.

By 1861, much of the Papal States' territory had been conquered by the Kingdom of Italy. Only Lazio, including Rome, remained under the Pope's temporal control. In 1870, the pope lost Lazio and Rome and had no physical territory at all, not even the Vatican. Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini ended the crisis between unified Italy and the Vatican by signing the Lateran Treaty granting the Vatican City State sovereignty.

Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_States
Monarch reigns
NameFromTo
Papa Stephanus Secundus (Pope Stephen II) 756 26 April 757
Papa Paulus (Pope Paul I) 29 May 757 28 June 767
Papa Stephanus Tertius (Pope Stephen III) 7 August 768 1 February 772
Papa Hadrianus (Pope Adrian I) 1 February 772 25 December 795
Papa Leo Tertius (Pope Leo III) 27 December 795 12 June 816
Papa Stephanus Quartus (Pope Stephen IV) 22 June 816 24 January 817
Papa Paschalis (Pope Paschal I) 25 January 817 11 February 824
Papa Eugenius Secundus (Pope Eugene II) 4 June 824 27 August 827
Papa Valentinus (Pope Valentine) 31 August 827 10 October 827
Papa Gregorius Quartus (Pope Gregory IV) 20 December 827 25 January 844
Papa Sergius Secundus (Pope Sergius II) 25 January 844 27 January 847
Papa Leo Quartus (Pope Leo IV) 10 April 847 17 July 855
Papa Benedictus Tertius (Pope Benedict III) 29 September 855 17 April 858
Papa Nicolaus (Pope Nicholas I) 24 April 858 13 November 867
Papa Hadrianus Secundus (Pope Adrian II) 14 December 867 14 December 872
Papa Ioannes Octavus (Pope John VIII) 14 December 872 16 December 882
Papa Marinus (Pope Marinus I) 16 December 882 15 May 884
Papa Hadrianus Tertius (Pope Adrian III) 17 May 884 8 July 885
Papa Stephanus Quintus (Pope Stephen V) 14 September 885 14 September 891
Papa Formosus (Pope Formosus) 6 October 891 4 April 896
Papa Bonifatius Sextius (Pope Boniface VI) 11 April 896 25 April 896
Papa Stephanus Sextius (Pope Stephen VI) 22 May 896 14 August 897
Papa Romanus (Pope Romanus) August 897 November 897
Papa Theodorus Secundus (Pope Theodore II) December 897 December 897
Papa Ioannes Nonus (Pope John IX) 18 January 898 5 January 900
Papa Benedictus Quartus (Pope Benedict IV) 1 February 900 30 July 903
Papa Leo Quintus (Pope Leo V) 30 July 903 December 903
Pope Christopher (Anti-pope) October 903 January 904
Papa Sergius Tertius (Pope Sergius III) 29 January 904 14 April 911
Papa Anastasius Tertius (Pope Anastasius III) April 911 June 913
Papa Lando (Pope Lando) September 913 March 914
Papa Ioannes Decimus (Pope John X) March 914 28 May 928
Papa Leo Sextus (Pope Leo VI) June 928 12 February 929
Papa Stephanus Septimus (Pope Stephen VII) 3 February 929 15 March 931
Papa Ioannes XI (Pope John XI) March 931 December 935
Papa Leo Septimus (Pope Leo VII) 3 January 936 13 July 939
Papa Stephanus Octavus (Pope Stephen VIII) 14 July 939 30 October 942
Papa Marinus Secundus (Pope Marinus II) 30 October 942 1 May 946
Papa Agapitus Secundus (Pope Agapetus II) 10 May 946 8 November 955
Papa Ioannes XII (Pope John XII) 16 December 955 14 May 964
Papa Leo Octavus (Pope Leo VIII) 6 December 963 1 March 965
Papa Benedictus Quintus (Pope Benedict V) 22 May 964 23 June 964
Papa Ioannes XIII (Pope John XIII) 1 October 965 6 September 972
Papa Benedictus Sextus (Pope Benedict VI) 19 January 973 8 June 974
Papa Bonifatius Septimus (Boniface VII, Anti-pope), first reign June 974 July 974
Papa Benedictus Septimus (Pope Benedict VII) October 974 10 July 983
Papa Ioannes XIV (Pope John XIV) December 983 20 August 984
Papa Bonifatius Septimus (Boniface VII, Anti-pope), second reign April 984 20 July 985
Papa Ioannes XV (Pope John XV) 20 August 985 1 April 996
Papa Gregorius Quintus (Pope Gregory V) 3 May 996 18 February 999
Papa Ioannes XVI (John XVI, Anti-pope) May 997 March 998
Papa Silvester Secundus (Pope Sylvester II) 2 April 999 12 May 1003
Papa Ioannes XVII (Pope John XVII) 16 May 1003 6 November 1003
Papa Ioannes XVIII (Pope John XVIII) 25 December 1003 June 1009
Papa Sergius Quartus (Pope Sergius IV) 31 July 1009 12 May 1012
Papa Benedictus Octavus (Pope Benedict VIII) 18 May 1012 9 April 1024
Papa Ioannes XIX (Pope John XIX) 14 May 1024 6 October 1032
Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), first reign October 1032 September 1044
Papa Silvester Tertius (Pope Sylvester III) 20 January 1045 10 March 1045
Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), second reign April 1045 May 1045
Papa Gregorius Sextus (Pope Gregory VI) 1 May 1045 20 December 1046
Papa Clemens Secundus (Pope Clement II) 25 December 1046 9 October 1047
Papa Benedictus Nonus (Pope Benedict IX), third reign November 1047 July 1048
Papa Damasus Secundus (Pope Damasus II) 17 July 1048 9 August 1048
Papa Leo Nonus (Pope Leo IX) 12 February 1049 19 April 1054
Papa Victor Secundus (Pope Victor II) 13 April 1055 28 July 1057
Papa Stephanus Nonus (Pope Stephen IX) 3 August 1057 29 March 1058
Papa Benedictus Decimus (Benedict X, Anti-pope) 4 April 1058 October 1059
Papa Nicholaus Secundus (Pope Nicholas II) 24 January 1059 27 July 1061
Papa Alexander Secundus (Pope Alexander II) 30 September 1061 21 April 1073
Papa Gregorius Septimus (Pope Gregory VII) 22 April 1073 25 May 1085
Papa Victor Tertius (Pope Victor III) 24 May 1086 16 September 1087
Papa Urbanus Secundus (Pope Urban II) 12 March 1088 29 July 1099
Papa Paschalis Secundus (Pope Paschal II) 13 August 1099 21 January 1118
Papa Gelasius Secundus (Pope Gelasius II) 24 January 1118 29 January 1119
Papa Gregorius Octavus (Pope Gregory VIII, Anti-pope) 10 March 1118 22 April 1121
Papa Callistus Secundus (Pope Callixtus II) 1 February 1119 13 December 1124
Papa Honorius Secundus (Pope Honorius II) 21 December 1124 13 March 1130
Papa Innocentius Secundus (Pope Innocent II) 14 February 1130 24 September 1143
Papa Caelestinus Secundus (Pope Celestine II) 26 September 1143 8 March 1144
Papa Lucius Secundus (Pope Lucius II) 9 March 1144 15 February 1145
Papa Eugenius Tertius (Pope Eugene III) 15 February 1145 8 July 1153
Papa Anastasius Quartus (Pope Anastasius IV) 8 July 1153 3 December 1154
Papa Hadrianus Quartus (Pope Adrian IV) 4 December 1154 1 September 1159
Papa Victor Quartus (Victor IV, Anti-pope) 7 September 1159 20 April 1164
Papa Alexander Tertius (Pope Alexander III) 7 September 1159 30 August 1181
Papa Paschalis Tertius (Paschal III, Anti-pope) 22 April 1164 20 September 1168
Papa Callistus Tertius (Callixtus III, Anti-pope) 20 September 1168 29 August 1178
Papa Innocentius Tertius (Innocent III, Anti-pope) 29 September 1179 January 1180
Papa Lucius Tertius (Pope Lucius III) 1 September 1181 25 November 1185
Papa Urbanus Tertius (Pope Urban III) 25 November 1185 20 October 1187
Papa Gregorius Octavus (Pope Gregory VIII) 21 October 1187 17 December 1187
Papa Clemens Tertius (Pope Clement III) 19 December 1187 20 March 1191
Papa Caelestinus Tertius (Pope Celestine III) 30 March 1191 8 January 1198
Papa Innocentius Tertius (Pope Innocent III) 8 January 1198 16 July 1216
Papa Honorius Tertius (Pope Honorius III) 18 July 1216 18 March 1227
Papa Gregorius Nonus (Pope Gregory IX) 19 March 1227 22 August 1241
Papa Caelestinus Quartus (Pope Celestine IV) 25 October 1241 10 November 1241
Papa Innocentius Quartus (Pope Innocent IV) 25 June 1243 7 December 1254
Papa Alexander Quartus (Pope Alexander IV) 12 December 1254 25 May 1261
Papa Urbanus Quartus (Pope Urban IV) 29 August 1261 2 October 1264
Papa Clemens Quartus (Pope Clement IV) 5 February 1265 29 November 1268
Papa Gregorius Decimus (Pope Gregory X) 1 September 1271 10 January 1276
Papa Innocentius Quintus (Pope Innocent V) 21 January 1276 22 June 1276
Papa Hadrianus Quintus (Pope Adrian V) 11 July 1276 18 July 1276
Papa Ioannes XXI (Pope John XXI) 8 September 1276 20 May 1277
Papa Nicolaus Tertius (Pope Nicholas III) 25 November 1277 22 August 1280
Papa Martinus Quartus (Pope Martin IV) 22 February 1281 28 March 1285
Papa Honorius Quartus (Pope Honorius IV) 2 April 1285 3 April 1287
Papa Nicolaus Quartus (Pope Nicholas IV) 22 February 1288 4 April 1292
Papa Caelestinus Quintus (Pope Celestine V) 5 July 1294 13 December 1294
Papa Bonifatius Octavus (Pope Boniface VIII) 24 December 1294 11 October 1303
Papa Benedictus XI (Pope Benedict XI) 22 October 1303 7 July 1304
Papa Clemens Quintus (Pope Clement V) 5 June 1305 20 April 1314
Papa Ioannes XXII (Pope John XXII) 7 August 1316 4 December 1334
Papa Benedictus XII (Pope Benedict XII) 30 December 1334 25 April 1342
Papa Clemens Sextus (Pope Clement VI) 7 May 1342 6 December 1352
Papa Innocentius Sextus (Pope Innocent VI) 18 December 1352 12 September 1362
Papa Urbanus Quintus (Pope Urban V) 28 September 1362 19 December 1370
Papa Gregorius XI (Pope Gregory XI) 30 December 1370 27 March 1378
Papa Urbanus Sextus (Pope Urban VI) 8 April 1378 15 October 1389
Papa Clemens Septimus (Clement VII, Anti-pope) 20 September 1378 16 September 1394
Papa Bonifatius Nonus (Pope Boniface IX) 2 November 1389 1 October 1404
Papa Benedictus XIII (Benedict XIII, Anti-pope) 28 September 1394 23 May 1423
Papa Innocentius Septimus (Pope Innocent VII) 17 October 1404 6 November 1406
Papa Gregorius XII (Pope Gregory XII) 30 November 1406 4 July 1415
Papa Alexander Quintus (Alexander V, Anti-pope) 26 June 1409 3 May 1410
Papa Ioannes XXIII (John XXIII, Anti-pope) 25 May 1410 29 May 1415
Papa Martinus Quintus (Pope Martin V) 11 November 1417 20 February 1431
Papa Clemens Octavus (Clement VIII, Anti-pope) 10 June 1423 26 July 1429
Papa Benedictus XIV (Benedict XIV, Bernard Garnier, Anti-pope) 1424 1429
Papa Benedictus XIV (Benedict XIV, Jean Carrier, Anti-pope) 1429 1433
Papa Eugenius Quartus (Pope Eugene IV) 3 March 1431 23 February 1447
Papa Nicholaus Quintus (Pope Nicholas V) 6 March 1447 24 March 1455
Papa Callistus Tertius (Pope Callixtus III) 8 April 1455 6 August 1458
Papa Pius Secundus (Pope Pius II) 19 August 1458 14 August 1464
Papa Paulus Secundus (Pope Paul II) 30 August 1464 26 July 1471
Papa Xystus Quartus (Pope Sixtus IV) 9 August 1471 12 August 1484
Papa Innocentius Octavus (Pope Innocent VIII) 29 August 1484 25 July 1492
Papa Alexander Sextus (Pope Alexander VI) 11 August 1492 18 August 1503
Papa Pius Tertius (Pope Pius III) 22 September 1503 18 October 1503
Papa Iulius Secundus (Pope Julius II) 1 November 1503 21 February 1513
Papa Leo Decimus (Pope Leo X) 9 March 1513 1 December 1521
Papa Hadrianus Sextus (Pope Adrian VI) 9 January 1522 14 September 1523
Papa Clemens Septimus (Pope Clement VII) 19 November 1523 25 September 1534
Papa Paulus Tertius (Pope Paul III) 13 October 1534 10 November 1549
Papa Iulius Tertius (Pope Julius III) 7 February 1550 23 March 1555
Papa Marcellus Secundus (Pope Marcellus II) 9 April 1555 1 May 1555
Papa Paulus Quartus (Pope Paul IV) 23 May 1555 18 August 1559
Papa Pius Quartus (Pope Pius IV) 25 December 1559 9 December 1565
Papa Pius Quintus (Pope Pius V) 8 January 1566 1 May 1572
Papa Gregorius XIII (Pope Gregory XIII) 13 May 1572 10 April 1585
Papa Xystus Quintus (Pope Sixtus V) 24 April 1585 27 August 1590
Papa Urbanus Septimus (Pope Urban VII) 15 September 1590 27 September 1590
Papa Gregorius XIV (Pope Gregory XIV) 5 December 1590 16 October 1591
Papa Innocentius Nonus (Pope Innocent IX) 29 October 1591 30 December 1591
Papa Clemens Octavus (Pope Clement VIII) 2 February 1592 3 March 1605
Papa Leo XI (Pope Leo XI) 1 April 1605 27 April 1605
Papa Paulus Quintus (Pope Paul V) 16 May 1605 28 January 1621
Papa Gregorius XV (Pope Gregory XV) 9 February 1621 8 July 1623
Papa Urbanus Octavus (Pope Urban VIII) 6 August 1623 29 July 1644
Papa Innocentius Decimus (Pope Innocent X) 15 September 1644 7 January 1655
Papa Alexander Septimus (Pope Alexander VII) 7 April 1655 22 May 1667
Papa Clemens Nonus (Pope Clement IX) 20 June 1667 9 December 1669
Papa Clemens Decimus (Pope Clement X) 29 April 1670 22 July 1676
Papa Innocentius XI (Pope Innocent XI) 21 September 1676 12 August 1689
Papa Alexander Octavus (Pope Alexander VIII) 6 October 1689 1 February 1691
Papa Innocentius XII (Pope Innocent XII) 12 July 1691 27 September 1700
Papa Clemens XI (Pope Clement XI) 23 November 1700 19 March 1721
Papa Innocentius XIII (Pope Innocent XIII) 8 May 1721 7 March 1724
Papa Benedictus XIII (Pope Benedict XIII) 29 May 1724 21 February 1730
Papa Clemens XII (Pope Clement XII) 12 July 1730 6 February 1740
Papa Benedictus XIV (Pope Benedict XIV) 17 August 1740 3 May 1758
Papa Clemens XIII (Pope Clement XIII) 6 July 1758 2 February 1769
Papa Clemens XIV (Pope Clement XIV) 19 May 1769 22 September 1774
Papa Pius Sextus (Pope Pius VI) 15 February 1775 29 August 1799
Papa Pius Septimus (Pope Pius VII) 14 March 1800 20 August 1823
Papa Leo XII (Pope Leo XII) 28 September 1823 10 February 1829
Papa Pius Octavus (Pope Pius VIII) 31 March 1829 30 November 1830
Papa Gregorius XVI (Pope Gregory XVI) 2 February 1831 1 June 1846
Papa Pius Nonus (Pope Pius IX) 16 June 1846 20 September 1870