The Habsburg Monarchy (German: Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine until 1918. The Monarchy was a composite state composed of territories within and outside the Holy Roman Empire, united only in the person of the monarch. The dynastic capital was Vienna, except from 1583 to 1611, when it was moved to Prague.
From 1804 to 1867 the Habsburg Monarchy was formally unified as the Austrian Empire, and from 1867 to 1918 as the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The head of the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg was often elected Holy Roman Emperor: from 1415 until the Empire's dissolution in 1806, Charles VII of Bavaria (1742-1745) was the only Holy Roman Emperor who was not Habsburg ruler of Austria. The two entities were never coterminous, as the Habsburg Monarchy covered many lands beyond the Holy Roman Empire, and most of the Empire was ruled by other dynasties.
This Austrian Habsburg Monarchy must not be confused with the House of Habsburg, existing since the 11th century, whose vast domains were split up in 1521 between this "junior" Austrian branch and the "senior" Spanish branch.
|Reign / Rule||From||To||Coins Issued|
|Erzherzog Ferdinand I. (Archduke Ferdinand I), Holy Roman Emperor||28 April 1521||25 July 1564|
|Erzherzog Maximilian II. (Archduke Maximilian II of Lower and Upper Austria), Holy Roman Emperor||25 July 1564||12 October 1576|
|Erzherzog Karl II. Franz (Archduke Charles II Francis of Inner Austria)||25 July 1564||10 July 1590|
|Erzherzog Ferdinand II. (Archduke Ferdinand II of Further Austria)||25 July 1564||24 January 1595|
|Erzherzog Rudolf V. (Archduke Rudolf V of Lower and Upper Austria), Holy Roman Emperor as Rudolf II||12 October 1576||25 June 1608|
|Erzherzog Matthias (Archduke Matthias), Holy Roman Emperor||25 June 1608||20 March 1619|
|Erzherzog Maximilian III. (Archduke Maximilian III of Further Austria)||20 January 1612||2 November 1618|
|Erzherzog Albrecht VII. (Archduke Albert VII of Lower and Upper Austria)||20 March 1619||9 October 1619|
|Erzherzog Ferdinand III. (Archduke Ferdinand III), Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand II||9 October 1619||15 February 1637|
|Erzherzog Leopold V. (Archduke Leopold V of Further Austria)||23 February 1623||13 September 1632|
|Erzherzog Ferdinand Karl (Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Further Austria)||13 September 1632||30 December 1662|
|Erzherzog Ferdinand IV. (Archduke of Lower and Inner Austria), Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand III||15 February 1637||2 April 1657|
|Erzherzog Leopold VI (Archduke Leopold VI), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold I||2 April 1657||5 May 1705||1|
|Erzherzog Sigismund Franz (Archduke Sigismund Francis of Further Austria)||30 December 1662||25 June 1665|
|Erzherzog Joseph I. (Archduke Joseph I), Holy Roman Emperor||5 May 1705||17 April 1711|
|Erzherzog Karl III. (Archduke Charles III), Holy Roman Emperor||17 April 1711||20 October 1740|
|Erzherzogin Maria Theresia (Archduchess Maria Theresa)||20 October 1740||29 November 1780|
|Erzherzog Franz I. (Archduke Francis I), Holy Roman Emperor||21 November 1740||18 August 1765|
|Erzherzog Joseph II. (Archduke Joseph II), Holy Roman Emperor||18 August 1765||20 February 1790|
|Erzherzog Leopold VII. (Archduke Leopold VII), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II||20 February 1790||1 March 1792|
|Erzherzog Franz II. (Archduke Francis II), Holy Roman Emperor||1 March 1792||11 August 1804|