Greece: Information

Greece (1822 - )

Greece (officially the Hellenic Republic), is a country located in southeastern Europe. According to the 2011 census, Greece's population is around 11 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, with Thessaloniki being the second largest and referred to as the co-capital.

Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, Greece shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and Turkey to the northeast. The country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km in length, featuring a vast number of islands (approximately 1,400, of which 227 are inhabited). Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, of which Mount Olympus is the highest peak at 2,917 m).

Greece: List of Rulers.
Reign / RuleFromToCoins Issued
Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας (Ioannis Kapodistrias) May 1827 9 October 1831 11
Όθων (King Otto) 27 May 1832 23 October 1862
Γεώργιος Αʹ (King George I) 30 March 1863 18 March 1913
Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ (King Constantine I), first reign 18 March 1913 11 June 1917
Ἀλέξανδρος (King Alexander) 11 June 1917 25 October 1920
Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ (King Constantine I), second reign 19 December 1920 27 September 1922
Γεώργιος Βʹ (King George II), first reign 27 September 1922 25 March 1924
Γεώργιος Βʹ (King George II), second reign 3 November 1935 1 April 1947
Παῦλος (King Paul) 1 April 1947 6 March 1964
Κωνσταντῖνος Β΄ (King Constantine II) 6 March 1964 1 June 1973
Greece: Details
Official NameGreece
From1822
FlagFlag of Greece
Coat of ArmsCoat of Arms of of Greece
WikiSee Wikipedia page
See Also...
CountryFromTo
Nicaea 1204 1261
Thessalonica 1204 1224
Athens, Duchy of 1205 1458
Neopatras, Duchy of 1319 1390
Flag of Septinsular Republic Septinsular Republic 1800 1815
Flag of Ionian Islands Ionian Islands 1815 1864
Flag of Cretan State Cretan State 1898 1908
Greece: Currencies Used
CurrencyFromTo
Phoenix 1828 1832
First Drachma 1832 1868
Second Drachma 1944 1953
Third Drachma 1953 2002
Euro 2001