Milan: Information

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Milan (1395 - 1796)

The Duchy of Milan was a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire in northern Italy. It was created in 1395, when it included twenty-six towns and the wide rural area of the middle Padan Plain east of the hills of Montferrat. During much of its existence, it was wedged between Savoy to the west, Venice to the east, the Swiss Confederacy to the north, and separated from the Mediterranean by Genoa to the south. The Duchy eventually fell to Habsburg Austria with the Treaty of Baden (1714), concluding the War of the Spanish Succession. The Duchy remained an Austrian possession until 1796, when a French army under Napoleon Bonaparte conquered it, and it ceased to exist a year later as a result of the Treaty of Campo Formio, when Austria ceded it to the new Cisalpine Republic.

After the defeat of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna of 1815 restored many other states which he had destroyed, but not the Duchy of Milan. Instead, its former territory became part of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, with the Emperor of Austria as its king. In 1859, Lombardy was ceded to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, which would become the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.

Milan: List of Rulers.
Reign / RuleFromToCoins Issued
Luigi XII (Duke Louis XII), King of France 6 September 1499 16 June 1512
Francesco I (Duke Francis I), King of France 11 October 1515 19 November 1521
Filippo II (Duke Philip II), King of Spain 11 October 1540 13 September 1598
Filippo III (Duke Philip III), King of Spain 13 September 1598 31 March 1621
Filippo IV (Duke Philip IV), King of Spain 31 March 1621 17 September 1665
Carlo II (Duke Charles II), King of Spain 17 September 1665 1 November 1700
Filippo V (Duke Philip V), King of Spain 16 November 1700 24 September 1706
Carlo VI (Duke Charles VI), Holy Roman Emperor 12 January 1707 20 October 1740
Maria Teresa (Duchess Maria Theresa), Archduchess of Austria 20 October 1740 29 November 1780
Giuseppe (Duke Joseph), Holy Roman Emperor as Joseph II 29 November 1780 20 February 1790
Leopoldo (Duke Leopold), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II 20 February 1790 1 March 1792
Francesco II (Duke Francis II), Holy Roman Emperor 1 March 1792 15 May 1796
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Milan: Details
Official NameDuchy of Milan
Original NameDucato di Milano
FlagFlag of Milan
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