Information about mint: Papal Mint, Rome

Papal Mint, Rome (1305 - 1870)

The right to coin money being one of the regalia (sovereign prerogatives), there can be no papal coins of earlier date than that of the temporal power of the popes. Nevertheless, there are coins of Pope Zacharias (741-52), of Gregory III (Ficoroni, "Museo Kircheriano"), and possibly of Gregory II (715-741). There is no doubt that these pieces, two of which are of silver, are true coins - and not medals like those distributed as "presbyterium" at the coronation of the popes since the time of Valentine (827). Their stamp resembles the Byzantine and Merovingian coins of the seventh and eighth centuries, and their square shape is also found in Byzantine pieces.

There is no pontifical money of a date between the last-named year and 1305; this is explained, in part, by the fact that the Senate of Rome, which sought to replace the papacy in the temporal government of the city, took over the mint in 1143. On the other hand, Prince Alberic had already coined money in his own name. The coins of the Senate of Rome usually bear the inscription "ROMA CAPUT MUNDI", or, S. P. Q. R., or both, with or without emblems. In 1188 the mint was restored to pope Clement III, with the agreement that half of its profits should be assigned to the sindaco, or mayor. The Senate, meanwhile, continued to coin money, and there is no reference on the coins of that time to the papal authority. In the thirteenth century the Sindaco caused his own name to be stamped upon the coins, and, consequently, we have coins of Brancaleone, of Charles I of Anjou, of Francesco Anguillara, viceroy of Robert of Naples, etc.; so did King Ladislao. Cola di Rienzi, during his brief tribunate, likewise struck coins, with the inscription: N. TRIBUN. AUGUST.: ROMA CAPU. MU.

The popes, and also the Senate when it coined money, appear to have used the imperial mint of Rome, which was on the slope of the Campidoglio, not far from the Arch of Septimius Severus; but in the fifteenth century the mint was near the bank of Santo Spirito. Finally, in 1665, Alexander VII moved it to the rear of the apse of St. Peter's. Bernini invented for it a machine to do the work more rapidly, and Francesco Girardini furnished a very sensitive balance; so that the mint of Rome was technically the most perfect one of those times. In 1845 Pius IX equipped it with the most modern appliances.

The administration of the mint was at first entrusted to the Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church; direct supervision, however, was exercised by the senate, from the time at least when that body took possession of the mint, until the reign of Pope Martin V. The sindaco and the conservators of the Camera Capitolina appointed the masters of the mint, while the minting was witnessed by the heads of the guild of goldsmiths and silversmiths. In 1322 John XXII created the office of treasurer for the mint of Avignon, and its incumbent, little by little, made himself independent of the Camerlengo. Later, the office of prelate president of the mint was created. According to Lunadori (Relaz. della Corte di Roma, 1646), the establishments for the coining of money were in charge of a congregation of Cardinals.

The Papal States joined the Latin Monetary Union in 1866.

With the unification of Italy and the altered status of Rome, the Italian government took over the operation of the Papal mint in September 1870. The mint was used to make Italian coins, and due to the presence of Italian soldiers guarding the mint, a tunnel was constructed beneath the Apostolic Palace to ensure private access to the Vatican gardens.

Coins struck by: Papal Mint, Rome (91)
CountryYearNameMintageMint Mark
Papal States 1471 Grosso of Pope Sixtus IV unknown None
Papal States 1555 Testone of Pope Paul IV unknown None
Papal States 1575 Testone 1575 unknown None
Papal States 1585 Testone of Sixtus V Roma unknown None
Papal States 1585 Testone of Sixtus V unknown None
Papal States 1605 Testone of Pope Paul V unknown None
Papal States 1625 Testone 1628 unknown None
Papal States 1655 Luigino of Pope Alexander VII unknown None
Papal States 1667 Testone 1667 unknown None
Papal States 1676 Grosso 1676 unknown None
Papal States 1684 Testone 1684 unknown None
Papal States 1690 Testone 1690 unknown None
Papal States 1690 Giulio 1690 unknown None
Papal States 1706 Giulio 1706 unknown None
Papal States 1719 One Baioccho 1851 5,706,000 None
Papal States 1719 Quattrino An. XIX unknown None
Papal States 1734 Testone 1734 unknown None
Papal States 1738 Quattrino 1738 unknown None
Papal States 1740 Half Baiocco 1740 unknown None
Papal States 1741 Zecchino 1741 unknown None
Papal States 1743 Zecchino 1743 unknown None
Papal States 1746 Grosso 1746 unknown None
Papal States 1746 Zecchino 1746 unknown None
Papal States 1753 Scudo 1753 unknown None
Papal States 1754 Zecchino 1754 unknown None
Papal States 1755 Doppio Giulio 1755 unknown None
Papal States 1758 Scudo 1758 Sede Vacante unknown None
Papal States 1759 One Baioccho 1759 unknown None
Papal States 1774 Half Scudo 1774 Sede Vacante unknown None
Papal States 1776 Zecchino 1776 unknown None
Papal States 1779 Half Scudo 1779 unknown None
Papal States 1780 Scudo 1780 unknown None
Papal States 1784 Thirty Paoli 1784 unknown None
Papal States 1784 Doppio Giulio 1784 unknown None
Papal States 1784 Grosso 1784 unknown None
Papal States 1785 Testone 1785 unknown None
Papal States 1786 Testone 1786 unknown None
Papal States 1787 Thirty Paoli 1787 unknown None
Papal States 1788 Thirty Paoli 1788 unknown None
Papal States 1793 Thirty Paoli 1793 unknown None
Papal States 1794 Two Baiocchi 1794 unknown None
Papal States 1795 Half Baiocco 1795 unknown None
Papal States 1800 Doppia 1800 unknown None
Papal States 1800 Scudo 1800 unknown None
Papal States 1801 One Baioccho 1801 unknown None
Papal States 1802 Scudo 1802 unknown None
Papal States 1803 Doppia 1803 unknown None
Papal States 1809 Doppia 1809 unknown None
Papal States 1825 Scudo 1852 unknown None
Papal States 1826 Scudo 1826 unknown None
Papal States 1831 Scudo 1831 unknown None
Papal States 1833 Scudo 1833 unknown None
Papal States 1834 Twenty Baiocchi 1834 unknown None
Papal States 1834 Scudo 1834 unknown None
Papal States 1839 Scudo 1839 unknown None
Papal States 1841 One Baioccho 1841 unknown None
Papal States 1845 Five Baiocchi 1845 unknown None
Papal States 1845 Scudo 1845 unknown None
Papal States 1846 Scudo 1846 unknown None
Papal States 1847 Scudo 1847 12,000 None
Papal States 1847 One Baioccho 1847 unknown None
Papal States 1849 Five Baiocchi 1849 938,000 None
Papal States 1850 Scudo 1850 9,222 None
Papal States 1850 Five Baiocchi 1850 10,164,000 None
Papal States 1851 Five Baiocchi 1851 unknown None
Papal States 1852 Five Baiocchi 1852 9,746,000 None
Papal States 1853 Fifty Baiocchi 1853 684,000 None
Papal States 1853 Scudo 1853 3,306 None
Papal States 1853 Ten Baiocchi 1853 41,000 None
Papal States 1853 Five Baiocchi 1853 unknown None
Papal States 1854 Five Baiocchi 1854 unknown None
Papal States 1854 Scudo 1854 146,000 None
Papal States 1858 Two and a Half Scudi 1858 unknown None
Papal States 1860 Twenty Baiocchi 1860 unknown None
Papal States 1862 Scudo 1862 unknown None
Papal States 1866 Ten Lire 1866 8,579 None
Papal States 1866 Twenty Lire 1866 102,000 None
Papal States 1867 One Soldo 1867 unknown None
Papal States 1867 Twenty Lire 1867 57,000 None
Papal States 1867 Five Lire 1867 3,787 None
Papal States 1867 Two and a Half Lire 1867 257,000 None
Papal States 1867 One Lira 1867 3,876,000 None
Papal States 1867 Ten Lire 1867 9,176 None
Papal States 1867 Two Lire 1867 224,000 None
Papal States 1868 Twenty Lire 1868 38,000 None
Papal States 1868 Two Lire 1868 530,000 None
Papal States 1869 Twenty Lire 1869 54,000 None
Papal States 1869 Ten Lire 1869 unknown None
Papal States 1870 Twenty Lire 1870 unknown None
Papal States 1870 Two Lire 1870 179,000 None
Papal States 1870 Five Lire 1870 99,000 None
Advertising
Bullion Star - Preserve and Protect Your Wealth in Singapore
Bullion Star - Preserve and Protect Your Wealth in Singapore
Papal Mint, Rome: Details
From Year1305
To Year1870
CountryPapal States
LocationRome
Advertising (helps this site)
Share or Bookmark this Page