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Information about person: Emperor Gratian of the Roman Empire

From18 April 359
To25 August 383
Description

Gratian (Latin: Flavius Gratianus Augustus) was Roman emperor from 367 to 383. The eldest son of Valentinian I, during his youth Gratian accompanied his father on several campaigns along the Rhine and Danube frontiers.

Upon the death of Valentinian in 375, Gratian's brother Valentinian II was declared emperor by his father's soldiers. In 378, Gratian's generals won a decisive victory over the Lentienses, a branch of the Alamanni, at the Battle of Argentovaria. Gratian subsequently led a campaign across the Rhine, the last emperor to do so, and attacked the Lentienses, forcing the tribe to surrender.

That same year, his uncle Valens was killed in the Battle of Adrianople against the Goths – making Gratian essentially ruler of the entire Roman Empire. He favoured Christianity over traditional Roman religion, refusing the divine attributes of the Emperors and removing the Altar of Victory from the Roman Senate.

Emperor Gratian of the Roman Empire reigned in...
Reigned asIn countryCoinsFromTo
Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only) Western Roman Empire 17 November 375 9 August 378
Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) 9 August 378 19 January 379
Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (whole Empire) Western Roman Empire 9 August 378 19 January 379
Emperors Gratian and Valentinan II (West only again) Western Roman Empire 19 January 379 25 August 383