Empress Genmei (元明皇后 Genmei-kōgō), also known as Empress Genmyō, was the 43rd monarch of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Genmei's reign spanned the years 707 through 715.
In the history of Japan, Genmei was the fourth of eight women to take on the role of empress regnant. The three female monarchs before Genmei were Suiko, Kōgyoku/Saimei, and Jitō. The four women sovereigns reigning after Genmei were Genshō, Kōken/Shōtoku, Meishō, and Go-Sakuramachi.