Empress Go-Sakuramachi (後桜町天皇 Go-Sakuramachi-tennō) was the 117th monarch of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Go-Sakuramachi's reign spanned the years from 1762 through 1771.
This 18th-century sovereign was named after her father Emperor Sakuramachi and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, she could be called the "Later Sakuramachi". The Japanese word "go" has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this empress might be identified as "Sakuramachi II".
In the history of Japan, Go-Sakuramachi was the last of eight women to take on the role of empress regnant. The seven female monarchs who reigned before Go-Sakuramachi were Suiko, Kōgyoku (Saimei), Jitō, Gemmei, Genshō, Kōken (Shōtoku), and Meishō.